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Active Learning Dr Phyllis Dawkins


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Active Learning Dr Phyllis Dawkins

  1. 1. Active Learning: Collaborative Learning Techniques Phyllis Worthy Dawkins, Director CTLAT [email_address]
  2. 2. Outline <ul><li>Icebreaker </li></ul><ul><li>Learning Strategies for the Classroom </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning Styles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cooperative Learning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collaborative Learning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Discussion Strategies </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Collaborative Learning Techniques (CoTLS) Cross, Barkley, Major 2005 <ul><li>Techniques for Discussion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>pp. 101-126 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Techniques for Reciprocal Teaching </li></ul><ul><ul><li>pp.133-163 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Techniques for Problem Solving </li></ul><ul><ul><li>pp.163-199 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Techniques Using Graphic Organizers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>pp.199-226 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Focusing on Writing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>pp.233-266 </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Active Learning Techniques <ul><li>Cooperative learning techniques (base groups, visual diagrams, think/pair/share, write/share, jigsaw, affinity diagrams, team discussion, vision exercise, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborative learning (consensus groups, peer writing, peer tutoring, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Technology helps students manage all the different aspects of the activity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Word processing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Presentation tools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spread sheets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social networking tools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chat rooms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Chickering and Ehrmann </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Cases </li></ul><ul><li>Mini lectures </li></ul>
  5. 5. Learning Styles <ul><li>Kholb’s Learning Style Inventory </li></ul><ul><li>Definition: Assists you in evaluating how your students learn and how they deal with ideas and day to day situations </li></ul><ul><li>4 Stages of The Cycles of Learning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Concrete Experience </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reflective Observation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Abstract Conceptualization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Active Experimentation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>4 Learning Style Types </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Accomodator </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Diverger </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Converger </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assimilator </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Implication of Knowing Learning Styles <ul><li>Help students understand and expand how they learn </li></ul><ul><li>Use your knowledge of how your students learn to plan and implement classroom presentations and assignments </li></ul><ul><li>Consider assessment and evaluation techniques in relation to learning styles </li></ul><ul><li>Consider other learning styles: auditory, visual and tactile </li></ul><ul><li>Appreciate the complexity and the diversity of learning Lynn Celli Sarasin, Learning Style Perspectives, 1999 </li></ul>
  7. 7. Cooperative Learning is instruction that involves people working in teams to accomplish a common goal, under conditions that involve both positive interdependence (all members must cooperate to complete the task) and individual and group accountability for the complete final outcome Johnson, Johnson, & Smith, 1991
  8. 8. Cooperative Learning: Key Concepts <ul><li>Positive interdependence </li></ul><ul><li>Individual and Group Accountability </li></ul><ul><li>Face-to-Face Promote Interaction </li></ul><ul><li>Teamwork Skills </li></ul><ul><li>Group Processing </li></ul>
  9. 9. Cooperative Learning Types of Groups <ul><li>Cooperative Base Groups </li></ul><ul><li>Formal Learning Groups </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Jigsaw </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Problem-Based Learning </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Informal Learning Groups </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Think-Pair-Share </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quick Thinks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Classroom Assessment Techniques </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Collaborative learning gives students practice in working together when the stakes are relatively low, so that they can work effectively together later when the stakes are high. Kenneth A. Bruffee, 1993
  11. 11. Principles of Collaboration <ul><li>Students work on focused but open-ended tasks </li></ul><ul><li>Students discuss issues in small consensus groups </li></ul><ul><li>Students plan and carry out long-term projects in research team </li></ul><ul><li>Students tutor one another </li></ul><ul><li>Students analyze and work problems together </li></ul><ul><li>Students puzzle out different lab instructions together </li></ul><ul><li>Students read aloud to one another what they have written </li></ul><ul><li>Students help one another edit and revise research reports and term papers </li></ul>
  12. 12. Collaborative Learning Activities <ul><li>Consensus Groups </li></ul><ul><li>Writing and Collaboration </li></ul><ul><li>Peer Tutoring </li></ul>
  13. 13. Discussions provide students practice in thinking, formulating arguments and counter arguments, testing ideas, evaluating the evidence and responding thoughtfully and critically. Barbara Gross Davis, 2001b
  14. 14. Strategies for Starting a Discussion (Davis, 2001) <ul><li>Start with a question </li></ul><ul><li>Pair or group students to discuss assigned reading materials in a question and answer format, or a questionnaire </li></ul><ul><li>Phrase questions so students feel comfortable responding </li></ul><ul><li>Pose an opening question and give students a few minutes to write down an answer </li></ul><ul><li>Relate questions to a critical incident, recalled images, or shared experience </li></ul><ul><li>Use student panels, storyboard, or role playing </li></ul>
  15. 15. Engaged Learning Student Success Adapted from Vincent Tinto, May 12, 2005
  16. 16. Engaging Students in Learning-Academic <ul><li>Academic Engagement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cooperative Learning Activities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collaborative Learning Activities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Service Learning Projects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning Communities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Problem Based Learning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Supplemental Instruction/Study Groups </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Classroom Assessment Techniques </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Engaging Students in Learning-Social <ul><li>Social Engagement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Co-curricular Activities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Internships </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Experiential activities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Study Abroad </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Student Activities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fraternities & Sororities </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Discipline Clubs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Honor Societies </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Debate Teams </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Athletics </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Band </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Choir </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>etc </li></ul></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Engaged Student Activities – “Doing” Domain <ul><li>Engage students with the content of the course by requiring students to “do” or “perform” something </li></ul><ul><li>Writing assignments </li></ul><ul><li>Writing and thinking </li></ul><ul><li>Reading and writing </li></ul><ul><li>Studying and preparing for class </li></ul><ul><li>Using higher order thinking skills </li></ul><ul><li>Asking questions </li></ul><ul><li>Making classroom presentations </li></ul><ul><li>Serving as a peer mentor </li></ul><ul><li>Tutoring others </li></ul>
  19. 19. Student Success Variables <ul><li>Setting high expectations </li></ul><ul><li>Providing academic and social support </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Developing supportive peer groups </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Giving feedback by conducting </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Placement testing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Early warning systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Formative classroom assessment techniques </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Creating a collaborative learning environment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Studying together </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning better together </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adapted from Vincent Tinto, 2005, JCSU Summer Retreat on Learning Communities </li></ul></ul>