Input I CC and Network Trends


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Input I CC and Network Trends

  1. 1. SDC & UNFCCC United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change Global Programme Climate Change – GYN – 23.5.2011 Federal Department of Foreign Affairs FDFA Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation SDC
  2. 2. UNFCCC negotiation: Switzerland Federal Office for the Environment SDC Seco Federal Dept. Foreign Affairs MeteoSwiss Federal Office for Agriculture Federal office of Energy … NGO Science Private sector
  3. 3. <ul><li>Negotiate for Switzerland on specific topics: Finance (ODA), Adaptation, Capacity Building (Forest, Tech Transfer) </li></ul><ul><li>Bring developing country perspective in the Swiss inter-Ministries platform and delegation </li></ul><ul><li>Bring SDC views in, e.g.: per capita emissions, flexibility in the commitments of the countries, exemption rule for LDCs </li></ul><ul><li>Co-represent Switzerland in GEF Council </li></ul><ul><li>Represent Switzerland in Adaptation Fund Board </li></ul>Role of SDC in UNFCCC
  4. 4. <ul><li>A balanced/consensual text was adopted by 193 countries </li></ul><ul><li>Main components of Copenhagen Accord are now anchored in official UNFCCC decisions and a new fund was established </li></ul><ul><li>Still no legally binding GHG reduction commitments, but national targets and new processes for increased transparency </li></ul><ul><li>The sum of Cancun mitigation pledges is insufficient to keep global warming to below 2°C </li></ul><ul><li>Cancun Agreements lay out a very heavy work programme for 2011 and beyond (including for new institutions building) </li></ul><ul><li>Momentum for Bottom-up national and regional approaches, to be progressively linked internationally? International cooperation on CC outside UNFCCC (incl. SDC) is therefore becoming more important </li></ul>Cancun Agreement
  5. 5. <ul><li>Cancun Agreements </li></ul><ul><li>About 80 national mitigation pledges by industrialized & dev./ emerging countries </li></ul><ul><li>New registry to be set up to record mitigation actions seeking support </li></ul><ul><li>Processes launched for MRV </li></ul><ul><li>Challenges </li></ul><ul><li>2 nd commitment period of Kyoto Protocol: who will do it? </li></ul><ul><li>No new market mechanisms, no new incentives for existing ones </li></ul><ul><li>Next steps </li></ul><ul><li>Further negotiating rounds and multiple technical workshops </li></ul><ul><li>Major showdown at COP 17 South Africa Dec. 2011 </li></ul>Mitigation
  6. 6. <ul><li>Cancun Agreements </li></ul><ul><li>Establishment of a ‘Technology Mechanism’: </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Technology Executive Committee’: assessing technology needs and issues, recommending actions and promote int. cooperation </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Climate Technology Centre and Network’: to support dev. countries identify needs, facilitate capacity building and partnership, accelerate diffusion of technologies </li></ul><ul><li>Challenges </li></ul><ul><li>Design of these new bodies, processes and their usefulness? Relevance of UNFCCC bodies for multi & bilateral dev. cooperation? </li></ul><ul><li>Next steps </li></ul><ul><li>Nominations for the new Technology Executive Committee </li></ul><ul><li>Design of the Mechanism to be operational in 2012 </li></ul>Technology Transfer
  7. 7. <ul><li>Cancun Agreements </li></ul><ul><li>30 Billion USD fast start financing for 2010-12 reconfirmed, to be reported on Green Climate Fund established </li></ul><ul><li>Transitional Committee launched to structure the Fund </li></ul><ul><li>Reconfirmation of funding level of 100 Billion/year from variety of sources by 2020 </li></ul><ul><li>Challenges </li></ul><ul><li>To agree in 2011 on how to structure and finance the new Fund ? </li></ul><ul><li>Implications for other existing CC funds? </li></ul><ul><li>Who will pay when, how much, from what budgets? ODA implications? </li></ul><ul><li>Next steps </li></ul><ul><li>Establish Transitional Committee by 31.1., first meeting March </li></ul>Finance
  8. 8. <ul><li>Cancun Agreements </li></ul><ul><li>Establishment of new ‘Cancun Adaptation Framework’ to enhance adaptation action, int. cooperation & support Least Developed Countries (LDC National Adaptation Plans) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>DRR: ‘Hyogo Framework for Action’ is anchored in the text </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>New ‘Adaptation Committee’ to promote coherent adaptation action & provide technical support to parties </li></ul><ul><li>New ‘Work Programme’ to address ‘loss & damages’ in dev. countries </li></ul><ul><li>Challenges </li></ul><ul><li>Will these new initiatives be able to deliver? Relevance of UNFCCC bodies for dev. cooperation operations and impact? </li></ul><ul><li>Next steps </li></ul><ul><li>In 2011 define the above components of the Adaptation Framework </li></ul>Adaptation
  9. 9. National Adaptation Plan (NAP) Cancun Agreement Chapter II: Enhanced action on adaptation 15. Decides to hereby establish a process to enable least developed country Parties to formulate and implement national adaptation plans , building upon their experience in preparing and implementing national adaptation programmes of action , as a means of identifying medium- and long-term adaptation needs and developing and implementing strategies and programmes to address those needs; 17. Requests the Subsidiary Body for Implementation to elaborate modalities and guidelines for the provisions of paragraphs 15 and 16 above, for adoption by the Conference of the Parties at its seventeenth session ;
  10. 10. Least Developed Countries & SDC Afghanistan Bangladesh Benin Bhutan Burkina Faso Chad Haiti Laos Madagascar Mali Mozambique Nepal Niger Rwanda Sudan United Republic of Tanzania