Open Science at the European Commission


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Presentation at the Open Knowledge Festival: Open Research and Education Stream, 20 September 2012, Helsinki; also
Presentation at the DINI-Jahrestagung - Bausteine für Open Science, 24 September 2012, Karlsruhe;
also Belgian Open Access Week: Open Access to Excellence in Research, 22 October 2012, Brussels.

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Open Science at the European Commission

  1. Belgian OA Week: Open Access to Excellence in Research 22 October 2012, Brussels EU Policies for Open Access Carl-Christian Buhr, @ccbuhr (All expressed views are those of the speaker.)
  2. DINI Jahrestagung: Bausteine für Open Science 24 September 2012, Karlsruhe DieOpen-Access-Politik der Europäischen Union Carl-Christian Buhr, @ccbuhr (All expressed views are those of the speaker.)
  3. Open Knowledge Festival: Open Research & Education 20 September 2012, Helsinki Open Science at theEuropean Commission Carl-Christian Buhr, @ccbuhr (All expressed views are those of the speaker.)
  4. 101 Actions DAE,@NeelieKroesEU
  5. 101 Actions Advising on... ICT Research Policy Digital Science Scientific Information Open Access Research Infrastructures etc.,, @ccbuhr@NeelieKroesEU
  6. The European Commission as......Policy Maker Launches policy debates Invites Member States to take action Proposes EU legislation...Funding Agency e.g. Research & Innovation Access policies for funded research...Infrastructure Builder Funds research infrastructures Funds related research Supports networking activities
  7. 27 Commissioners... Digital Agenda R&I, ERA Neelie Kroes Máire Geoghegan-Quinn
  8. ...proposed Horizon 2020 Key elements- For 2014-2020- For R&D and for Innovation projects- Funding: EUR 80bn...- Strong increase for e-Infrastructures- Open Access to research results: for all publications, to data where appropriate Press Release IP/11/1475 of 30 November 2011 Informationsportal:
  9. debated in Parliament and CouncilEuropean Parliament Council of the European Union particularon Open Access &looking good
  10. What is open access (OA) to publications? Online access at no charge to the user to scientific publications(more detail: BOAI (2001) and BOAI10 (2012)) OA comes after a decision to publish, no mandatory publishing
  11. How to make a publication OA?Gold OA: Publication in an OA journal, payment by the author, immediately accessibleIssues: Hybrid journals (mixing OA/non-OA content), amount of author charges, licenses & use/re-use rightsGreen OA: Deposit of peer-reviewed manuscripts in an OA repository, short embargo acceptableIssues: length of embargo, ensuring deposit &
  12. Status Quo until 2013 OA to Publications Covers 20% FP7 budget Best effort mandate Embargo (6/12m) Costs reimbursable OA to Data Some projects Not systematic
  13. Strong political support “Access to scientific results for free, for all, for ever is a compelling vision indeed.”“The question is no longer ‘if’we should have open access. Thequestion is about ‘how’ weshould develop it further andpromote it.”“Scientific information has the power to transform our lives for the better – it is too valuable to be locked away.”
  14. Digital Agenda & Open Access“[…] publicly funded research should be widely disseminated through Open Access publication of scientific data and papers”“[…] the Commission will appropriately extend current Open Access publication requirements […]” A Digital Agenda for Europe (COM(2010)245, 19.05.2010),
  15. Innovation Union & Open Access“[...] the Commission will propose aEuropean Research Area framework and […]open access to publications and data frompublicly funded research”.“The Commission will promoteopen access to the results ofpublicly funded research. Itwill aim to make open access topublications the generalprinciple for projects fundedby the EU research FrameworkProgrammes […]” Innovation Union (COM(2010)546, 06.10.2010),
  16. Communication & Recommendation on Scientific InformationAdopted on 17 July 2012: Documents at 100% OA for publications in Horizon 2020 Member States to have OA policies by 2014 60% of publicly funded research OA by 2014
  17. OA in Horizon 2020OA Pilot in FP7 OA mandate in H2020 "Best effort" OA OA Obligation Green OA 7 work programmes All work programmes Peer-reviewed publications Allowed embargos: 6/12 months " (for social sciences " & humanities) Plus: Pilot for OA to dataOA publishing costs OA publishing costs Gold OA Eligibile while Eligibile while project runs project runs New financial tool to cover later publications
  18. OA in the Member StatesConclusions of policy reviewDisparate follow-up to 2007 EU initiativeNo clear OA obligations in many MS 2007 policy needs to be updatedCommission RecommendationsComplete set of recommendations to MSConsistency between H2020/MS policiesOA to publicationsOA to data (with some caveats)Accompanying measures
  19. Preparing for Data OA ”the data themselves become the infrastructure”.Geant High Level Expert Group,Report of October 2011
  20. "My goal is to raise awareness of the opportunities represented by scientific data" reference=SPEECH/10/518"[T]ruly free access to scientific data is notpossible without a coordinated effort ofEuropean and global stakeholders to build andsustain an underlying seamless and trustedinfrastructure.""[Interoperability] is the key toglobal, multi-disciplinary science,supported by reliable and high-performance data infrastructure. Weneed datasets and software to workwith each other"
  21. What next for Open Science?PolicyWho will run science data infrastructures?Towards a common approach in EuropeInternational coordinationFundingBuild on PRACE, GÉANT, OpenAIREplus etc.Infrastructures to cope with “Big Data”Drive research into tools & methodsCommunity BuildingFor example: Digital HumanitiesEuropeana as a research infrastructure (fundedthrough the Connecting Europe Facility)
  22. Building Infrastructures plus http://www.geant.netmaintain, link, extend
  23. DiscussionHow to bring together the Open Access and OpenData Communities? (On policy, on technology?)Joint projects?Institutional questions: Role of Libraries?Common challenges? E.g. (publications/documentsas data, micro publications, text mining, etc.)What should Horizon 2020 fund?Learning from each other: Formats, architecture,infrastructureIs research data just a special case?
  24. Pointers The EC and open access Communication & Recommendation on Scientific Information Relevant Speeches by Neelie Kroes Expert Group Report: “Riding the wave” GÉANT Expert Group: “Knowledge without Borders” Horizon 2020 proposal Budapest Open Access Initiative Contacts <web>{NeelieKroesEU, cc_buhr}</web> <twitter>@NeelieKroesEU, @ccbuhr</twitter> <facebook></facebook>