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Open Access to Research Publications and Data


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Presentation at the 24th LERU Rectors' Assembly, 17 May 2013, Leiden

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Open Access to Research Publications and Data

  1. 1. LERU Rectors Assembly17 May 2013, LeidenOpen AccesstoResearchPublicationsand Data
  2. 2.
  3. 3. Carl-Christian Buhr@ccbuhr
  4. 4. (...but I am speaking in a personal capacity.)
  5. 5. Europe States
  6. 6. The European Commission as......Policy MakerLaunches policy debatesInvites Member States to take actionProposes EU legislation...Funding Agencye.g. Research & InnovationAccess policies for funded research...Infrastructure BuilderFunds research infrastructuresFunds related researchSupports networking activities
  7. 7.
  8. 8.áire Geoghegan-Quinn
  9. 9. @NeelieKroesEU
  10. 10.
  11. 11. Main Actions:More ICT R&D&IMore pooling of resources
  12. 12. Waiting for the Budget...February 2013: European CouncilAgreement on theMulti-Annual Financial Framework(2014-2020)
  13. 13. ca. EUR 71bn, 3 pillars:1. Excellence (ca. 23%)2. Competitiveness (ca. 38%)3. Societal Challenges (ca. 39%)Health, Transport,Energy, Food, Climate,Security & Innovation& Inclusion
  14. 14. Open Accessin EuropeOn the Roadto 2020
  15. 15. Optimize impact of publicly-funded researchFaster growth: Better exploitation ofresearch results for and by innovativeindustry in the ERA – products comefaster to the market;Greater efficiency: foster collaborationand avoid duplication of effort;More transparency: Involve citizens andsociety in the scientific processWhy Open Access?
  16. 16. Strong political support“Scientific information has thepower to transform our livesfor the better – it is toovaluable to be locked away.”“The question is no longer ‘if’we should have open access. Thequestion is about ‘how’ weshould develop it further andpromote it.”“Access to scientific results forfree, for all, for ever is acompelling vision indeed.”
  17. 17. Digital Agenda &Open Access“[…] publicly funded research shouldbe widely disseminated through OpenAccess publication of scientificdata and papers”A Digital Agenda for Europe (COM(2010)245, 19.05.2010),“[…] the Commission willappropriately extend currentOpen Access publicationrequirements […]”
  18. 18. “[...] the Commission will propose aEuropean Research Area framework and […]open access to publications and data frompublicly funded research”.Innovation Union (COM(2010)546, 06.10.2010),“The Commission [...] will aimto make open access topublications the generalprinciple for projects fundedby the EU research FrameworkProgrammes […]”Innovation Union &Open Access
  19. 19. What is open access (OA)to publications?Online accessat no charge to the user(more detail: BOAI (2001) and BOAI10 (2012))OA comes after a decision to publish =>no mandatory publishing
  20. 20. How to makea publication OA?Gold OA: Publication in an OA journal, paymentby the author, immediately accessibleIssues: Hybrid journals (mixing OA/non-OAcontent), amount of author charges, licenses& use/re-use rightsGreen OA: Deposit of peer-reviewed manuscriptsin an OA repository, short embargo acceptableIssues: length of embargo, ensuring deposit &availability, licenses & use/re-use rights
  21. 21. What about OA to Data?What?Online access at no charge to the user.(but clear re-use rights even more important!)How?Deposit in data repository/infrastructureLinks to related publications
  22. 22. Status Quountil 2013 to PublicationsCovers 20% FP7 budgetBest effort mandateEmbargo (6/12m)Costs reimbursableOA to DataSome projectsNot systematic
  23. 23. 17 July 2012Commission Communication& Recommendation to MSon Scientific Information
  24. 24. Goals2014: OA policies in all MS2016: 60% OA in Europe2014-2020: H2020 100% OA
  25. 25. Whats plannedPublicationsOA Mandate(Green/Gold, Embargo 6/12m)&OA to Data PilotImage CreditsGreen:
  26. 26. Conclusions of policy reviewDisparate follow-up to 2007 EU initiativeNo clear OA obligations in many MS 2007 policy needs to be updatedCommission RecommendationsComplete set of recommendations to MSConsistency between H2020/MS policiesOA to publicationsOA to data (with some caveats)Accompanying measuresOA in the Member States
  27. 27. Now itsthe infrastructure, stupid
  28. 28.”the data themselves become the infrastructure”.
  29. 29.”the data themselves become the infrastructure”. EuropeanResearchArea
  30. 30. Building Infrastructureshttp://www.openaire.eu, link, extendplushttp://www.prace-project.eu
  31. 31.
  32. 32."[T]ruly free access to scientific data is notpossible without a coordinated effort ofEuropean and global stakeholders to build andsustain an underlying seamless and trustedinfrastructure.""[Interoperability] is the key toglobal, multi-disciplinary science,supported by reliable and high-performance data infrastructure. Weneed datasets and software to workwith each other"
  33. 33. Public Consultation on ResearchData Infrastructures in H2020closed 27/3/2013
  34. 34. Preliminary ConclusionsResearch Data is an Infrastructure for modern scienceCrossing disciplinary and geographic boundaries requiresexploring the commonalities of data infrastructures"Draft priorities" for H2020 e-Infrastructures include:- e-Infrastructures for Open Access- Managing, preserving and computing big data- Community-driven advanced data services- Centres of Excellence for computing applications- Supercomputing for data-driven applications- Development of data-centric science skills- GÉANT/research networking
  35. 35. Global Collaboration
  36. 36. or Bottom-up? Both!
  37. 37. A propos... On content in the Digital Single Market
  38. 38. PointersThe EC and open access & Recommendation on Scientific Information Speeches by Neelie Kroes Expert Group Report: “Riding the wave”ÉANT Expert Group: “Knowledge without Borders” 2020 proposal Open Access Initiative<web>{NeelieKroesEU, cc_buhr}</web><twitter>@NeelieKroesEU, @ccbuhr</twitter><facebook></facebook>
  39. 39. you!
  40. 40. Add-On: What next forOpen Science?PolicyWho will run science data infrastructures?Towards a common approach in EuropeInternational coordinationFundingBuild on PRACE, GÉANT, OpenAIREplus etc.infrastructures to cope with “Big Data”Drive research into tools & methodsCommunity BuildingFor example: Digital Humanities;Europeana as a research