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E-Books in the Digital Agenda for Europe


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Remarks at the Document Freedom Day event "Open Standards in the e-Book market" in the European Parliament, 28 March 2012, Brussels

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E-Books in the Digital Agenda for Europe

  1. 1. Document Freedom Day: Open Standards in the e-Book market Brussels, 28 March 2012E-Books in theDigital Agenda for Europe Carl-Christian Buhr, @ccbuhr (All expressed views are those of the speaker.)
  2. 2. 101 Actions DAE,@NeelieKroesEU
  3. 3. 101 Actions Advising on... ICT Standardisation Interoperability ICT Research Policy Cloud Computing Key Enabling Technologies etc., @ccbuhr,@NeelieKroesEU
  4. 4. The Commission has a role......Policy Maker Launches policy debates Invites Member States to take action Proposes EU legislation Supports coordination...Funding Agency Research & Innovation projects...Information producer Reports, studies, proposals and other documents that should be readable
  5. 5. Some History...16 December 2009: Commission-brokered MicrosoftPublic Interoperability Undertaking, e.g. ODFsupport and other standard formats and protocols(Link Commission, Link Microsoft)Neelie Kroes speeches on open standards in thepublic sector, interoperability more generally:1. 10 June 2008 (“Being Open about Standards”)2. 10 June 2010 (“How to get more interoperability in Europe”)
  6. 6. Interoperability & Standards in the Digital Agenda “We need effectiveinteroperability betweenIT products and servicesto build a truly digital society.” A Digital Agenda for Europe (COM(2010)245, 19.05.2010),
  7. 7. Digital Agenda Actions(ICT) Standardisation Reform (2011)Guidance on standardisation (2011)Public procurement & Standards (2012)EU Interoperability Framework (2010)Interoperability w/o standards (2012)
  8. 8. Open Standards for e-Books - A Better Deal for Readers“[...] that people can buy content for any device from any supplier, transfer that content between their own devices, and keep possession of it even beyond the devices lifespan. That could deliver openness, freedom and choice for the consumer - with benefits too for smaller market players like independent bookshops. Open standards already exist in this field [...]” Books in the 21st centuryOpening address to representatives & members of Federation of European Publishers, Frankfurt Book fair, 13 October 2011.
  9. 9. Issues 1: CommercialClear deal for consumers? (DRM? Which uses? How long?On which devices? Is transfer possible/simple?)Owner or licensor? (Analogy to buying or lending?)Likely scenarios? (Lending-only, buying-only, hybrids,price differentials?)(Linked to, but different from, discussions oncopyright & its exceptions, general (and trusted)computing etc. Cf., one example of many, R. Stallman‘sdystopia The Right to Read.)
  10. 10. Issues 2: CulturalAvoiding bottlenecksOpen access to publicy funded research.Availability of textbooks and educational material.Archiving and PreservationLegal deposit and eBooks?European Digital Library: www.europeana.euProposed Directive on orphan worksMemorandum of Understanding on out-of-commerce works
  11. 11. Final thought...“Member States may apply a reduced VAT rate to certain cultural products but have to apply the standard rate to competing on-line services such as e-books”Green Paper on the future of VAT (p. 15, 1 December 2010).
  12. 12. Selected Pointers The Digital Agenda for Europe Interoperability & Standards Digital Agenda actions Neelie Kroes SpeechesBeing open about standards: More interoperability: Books in the 21st century: European Commission and Open Access to the results of publicly funded research Contacts <web>{NeelieKroesEU, cc_buhr}</web> <twitter>@NeelieKroesEU, @ccbuhr</twitter> <facebook></facebook>