Amadeo I (1845 – 1890) was the only
King of Spain from the House of Savoy. He
was the second son of King Vittorio
Emanuele II of Italy and was known for
most of his life as the Duke of Aosta, but
reigned briefly as King of Spain from 1870
He was elected by the Cortes as Spain's
monarch in 1870, following the deposition
of Isabella II, and sworn in the following
year. Amadeo's reign was fraught with
growing republicanism, Carlist rebellions in
the north, and the Cuban independence
movement. He abdicated and returned to
Italy in 1873, and the First Spanish
Republic was declared as a result.
Farmers / Peasant
They are laborers or owners of small
farms, especially in the Middle Ages
under feudalism, or more generally,
in any pre-industrial society.
They could be a slave, serf, and freeman.
Farmers occupies the lowest part of the old society
They lived in very difficult conditions
Don Juan Prim y Prats, Marquis of Los Castillejos,
Grandee of Spain, Count of Reus, Viscount of El Bruch
(1814 in Reus, Spain – 30 December 1870 in Madrid)
was a Spanish general and statesman.
Prim commanded the Spanish army in Mexico when it
refused to consent to the ambitious schemes of
In September 1868 General Serrano and General Prim
returned, and Brigadier Topete, commanding the fleet,
raised the standard of revolt at Cádiz. In July 1869
General Serrano was elected regent, and Prim became
president of the council and was made a marshal.
On 6 November 1870 Amadeo, Duke of Aosta, was
elected king of Spain, but General Prim, on leaving the
chamber of the Cortes on 28 December, was shot by
unknown assassins and died two days later.
Alfonso XII of Spain
Alfonso XII (Alfonso Francisco de Asís
Fernando Pío Juan María de la Concepción
Gregorio Pelayo; 1857 –1885) was King of
Spain, reigning from 1874 to 1885, after the
ephemeral First Spanish Republic.
Having been forced into exile after the
Glorious Revolution deposed his mother
Isabella II from the throne in 1868, Alfonso
studied in Austria and France.
His mother abdicated in his favour in 1870,
and he returned to Spain as king in 1874
following a military coup.
Alfonso died aged 27 in 1885, and was
succeeded by his unborn son, who became
Alfonso XIII on his birth the following year.
Antonio Cánovas del
Antonio Cánovas del Castillo (1828 –
1897) was a Spanish politician and
historian known principally for serving six
terms as Spanish Prime Minister, his role
in supporting the restoration of the
Bourbon monarchy to the Spanish throne
and for his death at the hands of an
anarchist, Michele Angiolillo.