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Banned books presentation


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Presentation for Banned Books Week 2012

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Banned books presentation

  1. 1. Banned Books Week Celebrating the Freedom to Read! September 30 – October 6 2012A Democratic Societyand theIssue of Censorship
  2. 2. • Banned Books Week is the only national celebration of the freedom to read.• Launched in 1982 to sudden surge in number of challenges to books in schools, libraries and bookstores.• More than 1,000 books have been challenged since 1982.• The United States take the acts of banning or challenging a book as a serious matter, because these are forms of censorship which strike at the very core of our freedom to read.Banned Books Week Begins
  3. 3. Deciding to get rid of something that offends you…for everyone.Censorship.
  4. 4. • When you were in elementary school, you might have read In the Night Kitchen by Maurice Sendak. • It’s about a little boy named Mickey who wakes up in the middle of the night to a loud noise. He suddenly starts to float up out of his bed and eventually enters a bakers’ kitchen where he has lovely adventures.Here’s an example.
  5. 5. • Mickey falls out of his clothes as he enters the kitchen, and thus runs around naked for parts of the story. • Parents, teachers, and librarians have been so embarrassed and upset by this that they have taken to drawing shorts on Mickey or gluing stickers over his “private area.”The Problem?
  6. 6. Revealed!
  7. 7. FOR THE RECORD…The author, Maurice Sendak, said he wasn’t trying to be controversial.He just thought that it would be easier for Mickey to be naked when hefell in a bowl of cake batter so he wouldn’t have dirty clothes!
  8. 8. • Secular and religious authorities have censored books for as long as people have been writing them.• In ancient times, when hand-scribed books existed in only one or a few copies, destroying them (usually by burning) guaranteed no one would ever read them.• Invention of the printing press by Johann Gutenberg around 1450 made it possible to circulate more copies of books, essentially reducing the power of book burning to disseminate texts.History of BookCensorship
  9. 9. Censorship Timeline 1933: Frightening 1872: 1874-1915 views of Nazi 1933: 1535: 1559 - 1650 New York Anthony book burnings 1470: Comstock Law 1529: French king Censorship Society for the Comstocks in Germany First popular broken. Henry VIII Francis I issued followed Suppression of reign as special began to create books printed outlawed all Vice founded an edict European agent of the an anti- and sold in imported by pioneer of prohibiting the settlers to U.S. Post censorship Germany publications. American printing of America. Office. sentiment in the books. censorship, United States. Anthony Comstock.1450 1550 1650 1750 1850 1950 1490: 1490 - 1529: 1559: Germanys first Henry VIII of Roman 1650: 1873: 1900’s: official England Catholic First book "Comstock Paul Boyer, 1920’s: censorship established a Church issued burning in Law" author of Purity Nationally office licensing the first America. established, in Print: Book publicized established system published and banning Censorship in court battles when local requiring most notorious mailing of America from over censored archbishop printers to list of materials found the Gilded Age books began to pleaded with submit all forbidden to be "lewd, to the erode the law. town officials manuscripts to books, Index indecent, filthy, Computer Age, to censor Church of Librorum or obscene." claims "dangerous England Prohibitorum, i "Comstock publications". authorities for n response to Law" merely a approval. spread of gentlemans Protestantism agreement. and scientific inquiry.
  10. 10. Nazi Germany
  11. 11. STILL?•Small forms of censorship
  12. 12. • Tango is based on a real-life story. In a zoo in New York City, a baby penguin egg was abandoned. Rather than let it die, two male penguins “adopted” the egg and took turns sitting on it until it hatched! • Aww…Most “dangerous” book of 2009
  13. 13. Author Laurn Myracle wrote a whole series of books starting in 2004 written entirely in instant messages. Banned in numerous places across for “adult situations,” “Flirtation with a teacher” and sexually explicitness.Most “dangerous” book of 2011
  14. 14. Challenges to Books• Challenges occur in every state and in hundreds of communities.• People challenge books based on political, religious, sexual, or social grounds.• People target books that explore the latest problems to beloved works of American literature.
  15. 15. Book Challenges 2007 -2011
  16. 16. United States Banning Books Challenging Books• Old practice of restricting access. • Fair practice in a democratic society.• Forcing control or regulation over First Amendment rights to • Invites questions, discussions, free speech and free expression. learning, exposure of issues and problems, raises awareness and• Burning books to suppress stirs various viewpoints. opinions, questions, and exposure to new thoughts and practices. • No restriction on First Amendment rights.• Create a like-mindedness— control content to maintain power (i.e. China and media • No centralized power or censorship). authority.
  17. 17. Who Challenges Books?
  18. 18. Books are usually challenged with the best intentions—to protect others, frequently children, from difficult ideas and information. *It is important to note that books must be taken as a whole and not out of context. Most challenges dispute certain parts of a written work without consideration of the nature of the work as a whole.  However, challenges do not simply involve a person expressing a point of view; rather, they are an attempt to remove material from the curriculum or library, thereby restricting the access of others.  Most challenges are unsuccessful, and most books are retained in the school curriculum and on the library and bookstore shelves.Why are BooksChallenged?
  19. 19. Reasons for BookChallenges
  20. 20. Tabulating Most ChallengedBooksAmerican Library Association (ALA) Office of Intellectual Freedom collects challenge information from newspapers, from reports submitted by individuals, and from those individuals who use the Challenge Database Form.Challenges are compiled in a database, and the full list is released each year for Banned Books Week.All challenges made to ALA are kept confidential.
  21. 21. I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings
  22. 22. The Absolutely True Diary of a Part Time Indian
  23. 23. Twisted
  24. 24. Joy of Sex
  25. 25. Nickel and Dimed on (Not) Getting by in America
  26. 26. Anne Frank: Diary of a Young Girl
  27. 27. Merriam-WebsterCollegiate Dictionary
  28. 28. Perks of Being a Wallflower
  29. 29. Mein Kempf
  30. 30. “If there is a bedrock principle underlying the FirstAmendment, it is that the government may not prohibit theexpression of an idea simply because society finds the ideaitself offensive or disagreeable.” William Brennan US Supreme Court JusticeFirst Amendment
  31. 31. Individuals may restrict what they themselves or theirchildren read, but they must not call on governmental orpublic agencies to prevent others from reading or seeingthat material.First Amendment
  32. 32. Fight Censorship• Visit anti-censorship groups to join the fight!  The American Booksellers Foundation for Free Expression (ABFFE)  American Library Association  National Coalition Against Censorship  Book Censorship Toolkit• Visit pro-censorship groups to learn about their issues.  Parents Against Bad Books in Schools (PABBIS)  Citizens for Literary Standards in Schools  Facts on Fiction• READ A BANNED BOOK!
  33. 33. information?
  34. 34. Thank You!Questions?