Copy right2


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Copy right2

  2. 2. What is copyright? © • It is “original works of authorship fixed in any tangible medium of expression, now known or later developed, from which they can be perceived, reproduced, or otherwise communicated, either directly or with the aid of a machine or device.” (Section 102 Copyright Act, “Subject matter of copyright: In general.”)
  3. 3. WHAT IS COPYRIGHT INFRINGEMENT? • The unauthorized use of copyrighted material in a manner that violates one of the copyright owner’s exclusive rights.
  4. 4. WHAT IS PROTECTED? • Literary works • Musical works, including the words • Dramatic works including the accompanying music • Pantomimes and choreographic works • Pictorial, graphic, and sculptural works • Motion pictures and other audiovisual works • Sound recordings • Architectural works
  5. 5. WHAT IS NOT PROTECTED? • Titles (trademarks) • Names(trademark) • Short phrase(trademark) • Slogans(trademark) • Familiar symbols or designs(™) • Listing of ingredients • Ideas
  6. 6. WHAT IS NOT PROTECTED? • Procedures • Methods • Systems processes • Concepts • Principles • Discoveries • Works consisting of information that is common property and containing no original authorship: calendars, height charts, rulers
  7. 7. HOW LONG DOES COPYRIGHT LAST? • Single author created after Jan 1, 1978: author’s life plus 70 years • Joint authors created after Jan 1, 1978: the last surviving author, plus 70 years • Created before Jan 1, 1978: if copyright was obtained, 28 years. If renewed, 47 additional years for a total of 75 years
  8. 8. WHAT IS PUBLIC DOMAIN? • Creative work in which there are no laws which restrict its use by the public at large • Works published before Jan. 1,1923 • Works published between 1923 and 1978 that did not contain a valid copyright notice • Works authored by employees of the federal government • Copyright owner freely granted to public domain
  9. 9. WHAT IS FAIR USE? • The use of copyrighted material in the context of teaching, researching, news reporting, or criticism. Is that the intent of your web site? To teach, for research, reporting or criticism. Then it is fair use.
  10. 10. Four Fair Use Factors • What is the character of the use? • What is the nature of the work to be used? • How much of the work will you use? • What effect would this use have on the market for the original or for permissions if the use were widespread?
  11. 11. Factor 1 What is the character of the use? Fair Use Not Fair Use Nonprofit Commercial Educational Personal Commentary News reporting Parody
  12. 12. Factor 2 • What is the nature of the work to be used? (What is being used?) Fair Use Not Fair Use Fact Imaginative Published Unpublished
  13. 13. Factor 3 How much of the work will you use? Fair Use Not Fair Use Small Amount More than a small amount
  14. 14. Factor 4 Fair Use Original is out of print or otherwise unavailable No ready market for permission Copyright owner is unidentifiable Not Fair Use Competes with (takes away sales from) the original Avoids payment for permission (royalties) in an established permissions market What effect would this use have on the market for the original or for permissions if the use were widespread?
  15. 15. FAIR USE GUIDELINES FOR MULTIMEDIA in EDUCATION • Up to 10 percent or three minutes whichever is less of a motion picture • Up to 10 percent but no more that 30 seconds of a musical work • A photograph or illustration may be used in its entirety, but no more that five images by an artist or photographer may be used
  16. 16. ASK FOR PERMISSION • When the intended use is for commercial purposes. • When you use the materials repeatedly. • When you want to use a work in its entirety.
  17. 17. How to get permission? Sample letter at: • Date • Material Permissions Department Hypothetical Book Company 400 Any Street City, State Zip Code • Dear Sir/Madam: • I would like permission to copy the following for continued use in _____________________. • Title:Learning in College, Second EditionCopyright:Hypothetical Book Company, 1970, 1972Author:John DoeMaterial to be duplicated:Chapters 5, 6, and 15 (photocopy enclosed)Number of Copies:500 Distribution:The material will be distributed to students in my classes and they will pay only the cost of the photocopyingType of Reprint:Photocopy Use:The chapters are to be used as supplementary teaching materials. • I have enclosed a self-addressed stamped envelope for your convenience in replying to this request. • Sincerely, Faculty Member
  18. 18. References “Copyright Crash Course for the Classroom” Texas Computer Education Association State Conference February 8, 2002 Tom Brawley