The History Of Children’s Books

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The History Of Children’s Books

  1. 1. THE HISTORY OF CHILDREN’S BOOKS Cambridge College ELM 523 Christina J. Brownell
  2. 2. THE EARLIEST BOOKS <ul><li>Books reflect the times </li></ul><ul><li>In the earliest times, children and adults listened to the same stories </li></ul><ul><li>1450s Gutenburg’s movable type influenced the use of books </li></ul>
  3. 3. 1400’s <ul><li>In the 1400s hornbooks were made. </li></ul><ul><li>Small, wooden paddles with one sheet of paper attached to it. </li></ul><ul><li>This paper was expensive and to protect it, a thin piece of cow’s horn was used to cover the paper. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Varieties of Hornbooks <ul><li>The paper usually consisted of the alphabet or a religious verse or the Lord’s Prayer. </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes they were made of leather, silver, copper, ivory, and even gingerbread. </li></ul><ul><li>Hornbooks served as a tool for children for over two hundred years. </li></ul>
  5. 5. 17 th and 18 th Centuries <ul><li>Most printed material was meant for instruction rather than enjoyment. </li></ul><ul><li>There were not very many books, but they stayed in print for more than 200 years. </li></ul><ul><li>Books of this time were dominated by stern spiritual beliefs of Puritanism. </li></ul><ul><li>Children were expected to memorize John Cotton’s Catechism, stressing the salvation of their souls. </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Chapbook <ul><li>Small inexpensive pamphlets. </li></ul><ul><li>Short romances, ballads, and popular tales such as Jack the Giant Killer, and Tom Thumb. </li></ul><ul><li>Sold by peddlers. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Nursery Rhymes and More… <ul><li>Mother Goose – Mary Cooper published in 1744 under the title of Tommy Thumb’s Pretty Song Book. </li></ul><ul><li>Fairy tales by Charles Perrault in 1697. </li></ul><ul><li>Robinson Crusoe by Daniel Defoe in 1719. </li></ul><ul><li>Gulliver’s Travels by Jonathan Swift in 1726. </li></ul>
  8. 8. John Newbery <ul><li>Began the concept of literature for children. </li></ul><ul><li>English publisher. </li></ul><ul><li>Books should instruct and amuse. </li></ul><ul><li>“ A Little Pretty Pocket Book” 1744 - an illustrated catalogue of children's amusements based on the alphabet. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Little Goody Two Shoes” lasted for over a century. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Literature in the 1800s <ul><li>America after the Revolutionary War </li></ul><ul><li>Folktales / Grimm’s Brothers </li></ul><ul><li>Family Stories: Little Women, Heidi </li></ul><ul><li>Adventure Stories: Treasure Island, Swiss Family Robinson, Tom Sawyer </li></ul><ul><li>Science Fiction: Jules Verne </li></ul><ul><li>Fantasy: Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland </li></ul>
  10. 10. 19 th Century Illustration <ul><li>Illustrators began to receive as much recognition as authors. </li></ul><ul><li>Walter Crane </li></ul><ul><li>Randolph Caldecott </li></ul><ul><li>Kate Greenaway </li></ul>
  11. 11. 20 th Century <ul><li>Literary and artistic quality in children’s books </li></ul><ul><li>Growth of children’s publishing </li></ul><ul><li>Expansion of public and school library service to children </li></ul>
  12. 12. Trends <ul><li>Changes in marketing </li></ul><ul><li>Changes in usage </li></ul><ul><li>Enlightened parents </li></ul><ul><li>Bookstores specializing in children’s books </li></ul><ul><li>New publishers </li></ul><ul><li>New and established authors find receptive markets </li></ul><ul><li>Harry Potter / Stephanie Meyer </li></ul>

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