Turkey / Salihli Italy / Giulianova
We visited the geothermal energy center
in Kursunlu, 6 km outside Salihli.
Most houses in Salihli use this energy
to heat their houses.
There are 8 geothermal wells. 180 lt/sec hot
water is pumped to the city center. All the
water is cycled and heated again.
About 13,000 buildings make use of
geothermal energy and the municipality is
planning to increase this number up to 20,000
The name means Holy City and its
Turkish name means Cotton Castle
Pamukkale is a tourist attraction.
Hierapolis-Pamukkale was made a World
Heritage Site in 1988.
Hierapolis became a healing centre
where doctors used the thermal springs
as a treatment for their patients.
Pamukkale's terraces are made of travertine,
a sedimentary rock deposited by water from the
The former Roman Bath of the ancient city of
Hierapolis has been used as the site of the
Hierapolis Archaeology Museum since 1984.
Artifacts from the Caria, Pisidia and Lydia
regions are also on display in this museum.
The museum’s exhibition space consists of
three closed areas of the Hierapolis Bath and
the open areas in the eastern side which are
known to have been used as the library and
Most artifacts are made from marble and stones
The Antique Theater
The construction of the theater started in AD 62
during Flavian era, continued in Hadrian era and
completed in AD206(Servius era).
Ephesus was an ancient Greek city on the coast
of Ionia, three kilometers southwest of
present-day Selçuk in Izmir province, Turkey.
It was built in the 10th century. According to
estimates Ephesus had a population of 33,600
to 56,000 people in the Roman period, making
it the third largest city of Roman Asia Minor
after Sardis and Alexandria Troas.
The city was famed for the Temple of Artemis
(completed around 550 BC), one of the Seven
Wonders of the Ancient World.
The Library of Celcius
Celsus is used as a library and a
mausoleum. There were four woman
sculptures in front of the
building.They are called as mind,
destiny, virtue and science.
Ephesus was one of the seven churches
of Asia that are cited in the Book of
Revelation. The Gospel of John may
have been written here. The city was
the site of several 5th-century Christian
It is also the site of a large gladiators’
House of the Virgin Mary
The House of the Virgin Mary is a
Catholic and Muslim shrine located on
Mt. Koressos in the vicinity of Ephesus,
7 kilometres from Seljuk inTurkey.
The house was discovered in the 19th
century by following the descriptions
in the reported visions of Blessed Anne
Catherine Emmerich (1774–1824).
The synagogue was a section of a large
bath-gymnasium complex, that was in
use for about 450 – 500 years. In the
beginning, middle of the 2nd century
AD, the rooms the synagogue is
situated in were used as changing
rooms or resting rooms.
Sardes has involved the first relics of
theatre and archeologists are trying to
emerge into the light those relics.
According to the known history, first
Golden Money was coined in Sardes.
Sardes is famed in history as the place
where modern currency was invented.
St John’s Church is one of the seven
churches mentioned in Bible.
Unfotunately there are only a few
columns left from the church.
The name "Magnesia ad Sipylus" refers
to Mount Sipylus that towers over the
During the first centuries of the
Ottoman Empire, many of the sons
of Sultans received their education in
Manisa and the city is still commonly
known in Turkey as "the city of
When Hafsa Sultan was ill, his son called for
doctors of his time to find a cure. They made a
special paste and when Hafsa Sultan ate from it
she soon got well. Solomon the Magnificent
ordered them to make the paste in large
amounts and give away to his people. Since
then, every year Mesir Paste, prepared with 41
types of spices, is distributed to people from
the Sultan Mosque on Mesir Festival.
16th century hospice and mental hospital
built by Hafsa Sultan
The Dervishes lived in that house a humble life
reciting the Holy Quran and meditating Allah.
The Mevlevi life is based on “adab and erkan”
(discipline and rules of conduct)
In their conduct, they are very kind, graceful, and
Every part of the Mevlevi system of behavior bears a
symbolical meaning, and this can be observed in the
act of the whirling dervishes in ‘Sema’ rituals.