Regional is a favorite today. This concept of regionalism began during 1940s until today.
Sadly there were unknown reported data about the deaf individuals undergone thru this bad law.
Deaf people wandered and sold ABCs to earn living.
Mason Cogswell, Jonathan Whipple – very similar – idea of an institution for the deaf was introduced by Thomas Gallaudet and Laurent Clerc, and Zerah Whipple. “Asylum” - a way to remove the deaf “from the streets”. Institutions went out to the homes and retrieved deaf children as if “rescued” them – brought them to the institutions as inmates and objects of study. Identify, medically classify and rehabilitate the deaf. Institution is a new power not only to observe but to label and control the deaf people’s lives. The deaf became proprietary. High occurrences of sexual assaults, physical abuses, and harsh treatments - unreported and lack of evidence.
From 1930s to 1970s – Great progress of Human Services History. At the same time deaf clubs and association were flourishing. Very limited resource for deaf community.
Clubs were built by deaf people who worked in factory, and industrial jobs. Club is a place for deaf people to socialize as perfect for resource and information center. In the 20th Century it required membership fee to access for resource purpose. Included were job referrals, hunting for jobs, and peer support. Work, sports, lives = ex oralists, peddlers. Major concern was about peddler to destroy the deaf image – don’t beg for pity or for small earnings.
New technologies changed deaf people’s life. TTY access exploded in 1980s and telecaption decoders made by SEARS in 1978 became available. Deaf people lost interest in the Deaf clubs and so it was no need for them to go there for contact. Instead, they rather called via TTY. TTY freed them from visit the clubs.
From 1974s – prior to 2000s free service, free interpreters, free counselors. NCCC, FSW, CDHI, ASD, VR/BRS
Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990s – does it make any big difference? If so what? Of course telecommunication industry! What about human services? While this is an improvement over institutionalization, sterilization, and euthanasia, accommodations as a comprehensive response maintains the notion that access is a disabled individual's problem to solve. Undue Hardship is the one we have been in struggle with.
Today deaf workers use interpreters as means of access to the workplace. From 1940s to 1980s the work life shifts from factory and industrial job level to the different type of job level such as teachers, counselors, nurses, analysts, programmers, etc. Hearing people view ASL compared to “gesture” - that is why it makes more difficulty for deaf people to be promoted due to limited English.
Examples: GLAD and CSD are very successful business providers. Now agencies no longer provide free and unstructured social time. You need to make an appointment to see the service professional. We need to market our deaf culture as unique and important. Reframe the Culture of Deafness – Social Service Delivery Framework. Service professionals develop strategies which will educate and inform the community that full participation is a right, not a privilege.The frame is needed to separate deaf community from undefined group of those hearing impaired. There is no such existing definition of hearing impaired and so teach the public to replace hearing impaired by using new word: Deaf/deaf and hard of hearing.
Fear of banishment and elimination – no sign language/no communication. Hearing people view the deaf culture as ‘unfinished hearing people”. Deep divide between the way deaf people see themselves and the way hearing people see deaf people. LACK of Public Awareness – the public had other ideas about deaf people as very naïve and cannot imagine how deaf people could not enjoy life without sound.
Challenges of 2010: Regional ApproachRegional concept – old as it began during 1947s – but the govt did not do this until 1960s and decided to take this again. Chronic Fiscal Deficits -$10 Billion deficit over three years Demand - 20% to 30% of state’s current services spendingSlow population and economic – CT is only one state with no business growth since 1989. The government’s goal is to complete the 15 regional system by 2020. There are 169 towns including 19 cities.
How long does it take people to learn ASL? Missing is “shared language” – to communicate indirectly and directly. Laws and policy cannot be the only answer; therefore, as service professionals, we must continue to champion deafness as ordinary, respectable, and positive, not special. We must play in ensuring systemic change.
What are Separate but equal ? Miscategorize & MisidentifyNeed (instead of Right)Outdated Understanding of Eligibility Lack of AccessibilityProblem (instead of Access)27% people with disabilities being employed compared to 70% people without disabilities1 of 500 people w/ disabilities return to workService delivery biases – workers assume paper and pen as sufficient for communicationDeaf or hard of hearing are the same thing not considered as separate issues to the hearing view. Both deaf and hard of hearing can speak or lipread. Traditional non-existence support services – almost impossible to find service available. Specialized Qualified Professionals Shortage –very few but not enough
DISADVANTAGE: 75% who do not attend colleges may have disadvantage. They are the ones who need services while other 25% benefit from colleges where they are able to use the support services. 800 students mainstreaming in CT schools. Approx. 500,000 D/HH students across the USA attend colleges
Begin to build relationship with agencies, community organizations and service providers by using agreement – ensure we reach our common goal to share service needs – we are asked to develop materials like curriculum including trainings.
Business plan is considered as a starting point to help agencies and providers understand insights of our working relationship – types or specific disability service. over 75% of Service Delivery staff concentrate on compliance rather than a social definition of disability to determine eligibility for servicesSocial welfare models stress 'needs' rather than rights. Achieving full participation requires a change from a social welfare model to a social justice model with an emphasis on ethics and values as a way to reduce discrimination barriers.
Regionalism<br />By<br />CM Boryslawskyj<br />
Model Eugenical Sterilization Law<br />1896 - 1963<br />
Since 1870<br />To<br />1950<br />Deaf Peddlers <br />
The institutionalization of medical education <br />
American Welfare System<br />Social Security Act of 1935<br />