Real Gross Domestic Product
     Billions of 2005 Dollars
18
            Gross Domestic Product (GDP): The total          ...
Unemployment Rate
     Percent
12
                                                  Actual   Projected



10



 8



 6

...
Interest Rates
     Percent
10




 8

                 Corporate Bonds Rated Baa


 6


                                 ...
Issuance of Asset-Backed Securities

Trillions of Dollars
  Asset-Backed Security: A financial security whose payments
  a...
Vacant Housing Units
       Percentage of Total Units
15
                                          Housing units comprise ...
Net Business Fixed Investment
     Percentage of Gross Domestic Product
6



5



4



3



2
                Net Business...
Inventories
      Ratio to Sales
1.8
                                       Inventories: Stocks of goods
                 ...
Household Net Worth
       Ratio to Disposable Personal Income
6.5


                      Household Net Worth: The assets...
Trade-Weighted Exchange Value of the U.S. Dollar
      Index, March 1973 = 100
150
                        The index is a ...
Unemployed Workers per Job Opening
    Number
7



6



5


4



3



2


1



0
     2000       2002     2004       2006 ...
Long-Term Unemployment
     Percent
5

                 The long-term unemployment rate is the
                 percentage...
Inflation
      Percentage Change in Prices from Previous Year
12
            Overall Inflation: A measure based          ...
Labor Income
      Percentage of Gross Domestic Income
65
                                                          Actual...
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Economics Slideshow

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Economics Slideshow

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Economics Slideshow

  1. 1. Real Gross Domestic Product Billions of 2005 Dollars 18 Gross Domestic Product (GDP): The total Actual Projected market value of goods and services produced 16 domestically during a given period. Potential GDP: The level of real (inflation-adjusted) 14 gross domestic product that corresponds to a high GDP level of resource (labor and capital) use. 12 10 Potential GDP 8 6 0 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET OFFICE
  2. 2. Unemployment Rate Percent 12 Actual Projected 10 8 6 4 2 0 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET OFFICE
  3. 3. Interest Rates Percent 10 8 Corporate Bonds Rated Baa 6 Corporate Bonds Rated Aaa 10-Year 4 Treasury Notes Interest rates on corporate bonds are computed by Moody’s Investors Service; the bonds have 2 remaining maturities of at least 20 years. The Aaa rating denotes the highest investment grade of corporate securities; the Baa rating denotes the lowest investment grade. 0 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET OFFICE
  4. 4. Issuance of Asset-Backed Securities Trillions of Dollars Asset-Backed Security: A financial security whose payments are derived solely from the cash flows of an underlying asset, such as a pool of student loans. Asset-backed securities shown here do not include those backed by mortgages on commercial real estate or low-risk mortgages on residential properties. CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET OFFICE
  5. 5. Vacant Housing Units Percentage of Total Units 15 Housing units comprise rental 14 and owner-occupied dwellings. 13 12 11 10 9 0 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET OFFICE
  6. 6. Net Business Fixed Investment Percentage of Gross Domestic Product 6 5 4 3 2 Net Business Fixed Investment: Spending by businesses on nonresidential structures, 1 equipment, and software, less depreciation. Data are annual and are plotted through 2009. 0 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET OFFICE
  7. 7. Inventories Ratio to Sales 1.8 Inventories: Stocks of goods held by businesses for further 1.7 processing or for sale. 1.6 1.5 1.4 Data are the ratio of total inventories to total sales of manufacturers, 1.3 retailers, and merchant wholesalers. 1.2 0 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET OFFICE
  8. 8. Household Net Worth Ratio to Disposable Personal Income 6.5 Household Net Worth: The assets of 6.0 households minus their liabilities. 5.5 5.0 4.5 4.0 0 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET OFFICE
  9. 9. Trade-Weighted Exchange Value of the U.S. Dollar Index, March 1973 = 100 150 The index is a weighted average of the foreign exchange values of the U.S. dollar against the currencies of a large group of major U.S. trading partners, adjusted for inflation. 130 The index weights, which change over time, are derived from U.S. export shares and from U.S. and foreign import shares. 110 90 70 0 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET OFFICE
  10. 10. Unemployed Workers per Job Opening Number 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET OFFICE
  11. 11. Long-Term Unemployment Percent 5 The long-term unemployment rate is the percentage of people in the labor force who have 4 been unemployed for longer than 26 weeks. 3 2 1 0 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET OFFICE
  12. 12. Inflation Percentage Change in Prices from Previous Year 12 Overall Inflation: A measure based Actual Projected on the price index for personal 10 consumption expenditures. Core Inflation: A measure of the rate 8 of inflation that excludes changes in the prices of food and energy. 6 Core 4 Overall 2 0 -2 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET OFFICE
  13. 13. Labor Income Percentage of Gross Domestic Income 65 Actual Projected 64 63 62 61 60 59 0 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET OFFICE

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