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  1. 1. Thomas Hobbes <ul><li>Lived 1588 CE-1679 CE </li></ul><ul><li>English </li></ul><ul><li>Fled to France </li></ul><ul><li>Royalist </li></ul><ul><li>Wrote Leviathan </li></ul><ul><li>Considered first political scientist </li></ul>
  2. 2. What influenced Hobbes to think about political science?
  3. 3. Translate each excerpt from Hobbes’ Leviathan . Then, use your translations to explain how Hobbes believes authority is formalized.
  4. 4. What does Hobbes say about human nature? <ul><li>I put for a general inclination of all mankind, a perpetual and restless desire of power after power, that ceaseth only in death. </li></ul>
  5. 5. What does Hobbes think defines a society? <ul><li>During the time men live without a common power to keep them all in awe, they are in that conditions called war; and such a war, as if of every man, against every man. </li></ul>
  6. 6. What does Hobbes say should guide the society? The passions that incline men to peace, are fear of death; desire of such things as are necessary to commodious living; and a hope by their industry to obtain them.
  7. 7. What does Hobbes say the goal of formalized authority is? <ul><li>The only way to erect such a common power, as may be able to defend [men] from the invasion of foreigners, and the inquiries of one another... is to confer all their power and strength upon one man, or upon one assembly of men. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Hobbes on how people formalize authority <ul><li>We are all naturally mean and power-hungry, and equal in that we can all kill each other </li></ul><ul><li>This causes a constant state of war between people in nature </li></ul><ul><li>Men fear death and don’t always want to spend their time protecting themselves from their enemies </li></ul><ul><li>Because they fear death, men submit to the will of those who can best provide protection </li></ul>
  9. 9. How does Hobbes believe authority should be formalized?
  10. 10. Hobbes’ Conclusion <ul><li>Authority should be formalized as an Absolute Dictatorship. </li></ul><ul><li>Absolute : Unquestionable </li></ul><ul><li>Dictatorship : Rule by force </li></ul><ul><li>Formal authorities should be those who can best ensure order and protect from invaders </li></ul>