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Illinois Wildflowers for
the Home Garden
by Christopher David Benda
Home, Lawn, and
Garden Day
March 4, 2017
CHRISTOPHER DAVID BENDA, M.S.
Past President
Illinois Native Plant Society
Instructor, Flora of Southern Illinois
Southern...
www.illinoisbotanizer.com
Become a
member
today!
Kankakee Mallow (Iliamna remota), IL-E
Annual Gathering
Augustana College
Rock Island, IL
June 2 -4, 2017
Illinois Botany Facebook group
Illinois Botanists Big Year Competition
What are natural areas and nature preserves?
Illinois Natural Areas Inventory (INAI)
Category I – High Quality Natural Com...
0.07% in a natural condition
Illinois Natural Areas Inventory Update
the numbers:
19 counties
685 potential natural areas
33,727 photos taken
56,828 mi...
George B. Fell – Natural Land Institute
“We are living at the time of man’s final conquest over the wilderness.
What we ha...
Illinois Glaciation
Illinois Natural Divisions
1. Wisconsin Driftless
2. Rock River Hill Country
3. Northeastern Morainal
4. Grand Prairie
5. ...
Why use native plants?
1. Support native wildlife
2. Adapted to region
3. Less maintenance
4. Cheaper
EVOLUTION
Strategies for planting
1. Color
2. Bloom time
3. Species adapted for soil/light conditions
4. Ferns, grasses, shrubs
Plant Identification
Plant Identification
Plant Resources for Southern Illinois
Field Guide Books & Websites
Plant Resources for Southern Illinois
Field Guide Books & Websites
Common & Variegated (Asclepias syriaca & A. variegata)
Swamp Milkweed (Asclepias incarnata)
White Swamp Milkweed (Asclepias perennis)
Butterfly Milkweed (Asclepias tuberosa)
Prairie Milkweed (Asclepias sullivantii)
Tall Green & Horsetail (Asclepias hirtella & A. verticillata)
Green & Green-flowered (Asclepias
viridiflora & A. viridis)
Poke & Purple (Asclepias exaltata & A.
purpurescens)
Whorled Milkweed (Asclepias quadrifolia)
Mead’s & Oval-leaved Milkweed (Asclepias meadii & ovalifolia)
Climbing Milkweed – Matelea gonocarpos
Climbing Milkweed – Matelea obliqua
Illinois Beach Nature Preserve – Lake County
Bird’s-foot Violet (Viola pedata)
Queen-of-the-Prairie (Filipendula rubra), IL-T
Prairie Gentian (Gentiana puberulenta)
Prairie Lily (Lilium philadelphicum)
Michigan Lily (Lilium michiganense)
White Turtlehead (Chelone glabra)
Wild Hyacinth (Camassia scilloides)
Blazing Star (Liatris spicata)
Rattlesnake Master (Eryngium yuccifolium)
Gray-headed Coneflower (Ratibida pinnata)
Canada Milkvetch (Astragalus canadensis)
Ohio Spiderwort (Tradescantia ohiensis)
White Wild Indigo Bush (Baptisia alba)
Passionflower (Passiflora incarnata)
Bluestar (Amsonia tabernaemontana)
Prickly Pear Cactus (Opuntia humifusa)
Wild Lupine (Lupinus perennis)
New Jersey Tea (Ceanothus americanus)
Cleft Phlox (Phlox bifida)
Wood Betony (Pedicularis canadensis)
Blue Sage (Salvia azurea var. grandiflora), IL-T
Royal Catchfly (Silene regia)
Leafy Prairie Clover (Dalea foliosa), Fed-E, IL-E
Nachusa Grasslands – Lee and Ogle counties
Eastern Prairie Fringed Orchid (Platanthera leucophaea), Fed-T, IL-E
Shoe Factory Road Prairie Nature Preserve – Cook County
Bluff Spring Fen Nature Preserve – Cook County
Lockport Prairie Nature Preserve – Will County
Fults Hill Prairie Nature Preserve
Glade Coneflower - Echinacea simulata
Weston Cemetery Prairie Nature Preserve – McLean County
Prairie Soil Conservation
Munson Township Cemetery Prairie Nature Preserve – Henry County
Prospect Cemetery Nature Preserve – Ford County
Dead River – Illinois Beach Nature Preserve
Blue Flag Iris & Copper Iris (Iris schrevei & I. fulva)
Cardinal Flower (Lobelia cardinalis)
Spiderlily (Hymenocallis caroliniana)
Jewelweed (Impatiens capensis)
Deer Grove West – Cook County
White Trillium – Trillium flexipes
Red Trillium (Trillium erectum), IL-E
Liverleaf (Hepatica acutiloba)
Dwarf Larkspur– Delphinium tricorne
Wild Blue Phlox (Phlox divaricata)
Jacob’s Ladder (Polemonium reptans)
Virginia Bluebells (Mertensia virginica)
Celandine Poppy – Stylophorum diphyllum
Wild Columbine – Aquilegia canadensis
Doll’s Eyes (Actaea pachypoda)
Wild Geranium (Geranium maculatum)
Bellwort (Uvularia grandiflora)
Mayapple (Podophyllum peltatum)
Woodland Sunflower (Helianthus divaricatus)
Asters (Symphyotrichum spp.)
Busse Forest Nature Preserve – Cook County
Merwin Savanna Nature Preserve – McLean County
Spitler Woods Nature Preserve – Macon County
Simpson Township Barrens
Piney Creek Ravine Nature Preserve
Piney Creek Ravine Nature Preserve
Starved Rock State Park – LaSalle County
Small-flowered Fameflower (Phemeranthus parviflorus), IL-T
Partridgeberry (Mitchella repens)
Widow’s Cross (Sedum pulchellum)
Wild Orpine (Sedum telephioides), IL-T
Don’t forget about the fern, grasses, and shrubs!
Serviceberry (Amelanchier arborea)
Redbud (Cercis canadensis)
Flowering Dogwood (Cornus florida)
Pawpaw (Asimina triloba)
Red Buckeye (Aesculus pavia)
Ohio Buckeye (Aesculus glabra)
American Strawberry Bush (Euonymus americanus)
Virginia Sweetspire (Itea virginica)
Black Haw (Viburnum prunifolium)
Bladdernut (Staphylea trifoliata)
Silverbells (Halesia tetraptera)
Wild Azalea - Rhododendron prinophyllum
botanizer@gmail.com
www.illinoisbotanizer.com
Book in press
Wildflowers for the Home Garden
Wildflowers for the Home Garden
Wildflowers for the Home Garden
Wildflowers for the Home Garden
Wildflowers for the Home Garden
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Wildflowers for the Home Garden

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With so much of the state converted to agriculture and urbanized areas, it is ever so important that homeowners create mini-refuges on their properties when possible. Native wildlife need native plants to survive and there is a lot the average person can do to create habitat for these organisms in their own yards. Botanist Chris Benda will take the audience on a tour of Illinois by region, highlighting the many showy and interesting wildflowers that can be found in each region of the state. Emphasis will be on easy to grow species that are available in the nursery trade.

Published in: Environment
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Wildflowers for the Home Garden

  1. 1. Illinois Wildflowers for the Home Garden by Christopher David Benda Home, Lawn, and Garden Day March 4, 2017
  2. 2. CHRISTOPHER DAVID BENDA, M.S. Past President Illinois Native Plant Society Instructor, Flora of Southern Illinois Southern Illinois University Instructor The Morton Arboretum Technical Expert Consultant Illinois Endangered Species Protection Board Plant Ecologist Illinois Natural History Survey Instructor – Master Naturalist Somme Woods – Cook County Illinois Environmental Council
  3. 3. www.illinoisbotanizer.com
  4. 4. Become a member today!
  5. 5. Kankakee Mallow (Iliamna remota), IL-E Annual Gathering Augustana College Rock Island, IL June 2 -4, 2017
  6. 6. Illinois Botany Facebook group Illinois Botanists Big Year Competition
  7. 7. What are natural areas and nature preserves? Illinois Natural Areas Inventory (INAI) Category I – High Quality Natural Communities Category II – Threatened and Endangered Species Category III – Natural Preserve Category IV – Geologic Features Category VI – Unusual Concentration of Flora or Fauna (High Quality Streams) Category I – High Quality Natural Communities Category II – Threatened and Endangered Species Category III – Natural Preserve Category IV – Geologic Features Category VI – Unusual Concentration of Flora or Fauna (High Quality Streams)
  8. 8. 0.07% in a natural condition
  9. 9. Illinois Natural Areas Inventory Update the numbers: 19 counties 685 potential natural areas 33,727 photos taken 56,828 miles driven 632/984 days in the field
  10. 10. George B. Fell – Natural Land Institute “We are living at the time of man’s final conquest over the wilderness. What we have saved, and what we may save in the next few years, will be all the true wild nature that will remain to pass on from generation to generation in the years ahead. There will never be another chance.”
  11. 11. Illinois Glaciation
  12. 12. Illinois Natural Divisions 1. Wisconsin Driftless 2. Rock River Hill Country 3. Northeastern Morainal 4. Grand Prairie 5. Western Forest-Prairie 6. Illinois/Mississippi River Sand Areas 7. Upper Mississippi/Illinois River Bottomlands 8. Middle Mississippi Border 9. Lower Mississippi River Bottomlands 10. Southern Till Plain 11. Wabash Border 12. Ozarks 13. Shawnee Hills 14. Coastal Plain
  13. 13. Why use native plants? 1. Support native wildlife 2. Adapted to region 3. Less maintenance 4. Cheaper EVOLUTION
  14. 14. Strategies for planting 1. Color 2. Bloom time 3. Species adapted for soil/light conditions 4. Ferns, grasses, shrubs
  15. 15. Plant Identification
  16. 16. Plant Identification
  17. 17. Plant Resources for Southern Illinois Field Guide Books & Websites
  18. 18. Plant Resources for Southern Illinois Field Guide Books & Websites
  19. 19. Common & Variegated (Asclepias syriaca & A. variegata)
  20. 20. Swamp Milkweed (Asclepias incarnata)
  21. 21. White Swamp Milkweed (Asclepias perennis)
  22. 22. Butterfly Milkweed (Asclepias tuberosa)
  23. 23. Prairie Milkweed (Asclepias sullivantii)
  24. 24. Tall Green & Horsetail (Asclepias hirtella & A. verticillata)
  25. 25. Green & Green-flowered (Asclepias viridiflora & A. viridis)
  26. 26. Poke & Purple (Asclepias exaltata & A. purpurescens)
  27. 27. Whorled Milkweed (Asclepias quadrifolia)
  28. 28. Mead’s & Oval-leaved Milkweed (Asclepias meadii & ovalifolia)
  29. 29. Climbing Milkweed – Matelea gonocarpos
  30. 30. Climbing Milkweed – Matelea obliqua
  31. 31. Illinois Beach Nature Preserve – Lake County
  32. 32. Bird’s-foot Violet (Viola pedata)
  33. 33. Queen-of-the-Prairie (Filipendula rubra), IL-T
  34. 34. Prairie Gentian (Gentiana puberulenta)
  35. 35. Prairie Lily (Lilium philadelphicum)
  36. 36. Michigan Lily (Lilium michiganense)
  37. 37. White Turtlehead (Chelone glabra)
  38. 38. Wild Hyacinth (Camassia scilloides)
  39. 39. Blazing Star (Liatris spicata)
  40. 40. Rattlesnake Master (Eryngium yuccifolium)
  41. 41. Gray-headed Coneflower (Ratibida pinnata)
  42. 42. Canada Milkvetch (Astragalus canadensis)
  43. 43. Ohio Spiderwort (Tradescantia ohiensis)
  44. 44. White Wild Indigo Bush (Baptisia alba)
  45. 45. Passionflower (Passiflora incarnata)
  46. 46. Bluestar (Amsonia tabernaemontana)
  47. 47. Prickly Pear Cactus (Opuntia humifusa)
  48. 48. Wild Lupine (Lupinus perennis)
  49. 49. New Jersey Tea (Ceanothus americanus)
  50. 50. Cleft Phlox (Phlox bifida)
  51. 51. Wood Betony (Pedicularis canadensis)
  52. 52. Blue Sage (Salvia azurea var. grandiflora), IL-T
  53. 53. Royal Catchfly (Silene regia)
  54. 54. Leafy Prairie Clover (Dalea foliosa), Fed-E, IL-E
  55. 55. Nachusa Grasslands – Lee and Ogle counties
  56. 56. Eastern Prairie Fringed Orchid (Platanthera leucophaea), Fed-T, IL-E
  57. 57. Shoe Factory Road Prairie Nature Preserve – Cook County
  58. 58. Bluff Spring Fen Nature Preserve – Cook County
  59. 59. Lockport Prairie Nature Preserve – Will County
  60. 60. Fults Hill Prairie Nature Preserve
  61. 61. Glade Coneflower - Echinacea simulata
  62. 62. Weston Cemetery Prairie Nature Preserve – McLean County
  63. 63. Prairie Soil Conservation
  64. 64. Munson Township Cemetery Prairie Nature Preserve – Henry County
  65. 65. Prospect Cemetery Nature Preserve – Ford County
  66. 66. Dead River – Illinois Beach Nature Preserve
  67. 67. Blue Flag Iris & Copper Iris (Iris schrevei & I. fulva)
  68. 68. Cardinal Flower (Lobelia cardinalis)
  69. 69. Spiderlily (Hymenocallis caroliniana)
  70. 70. Jewelweed (Impatiens capensis)
  71. 71. Deer Grove West – Cook County
  72. 72. White Trillium – Trillium flexipes
  73. 73. Red Trillium (Trillium erectum), IL-E
  74. 74. Liverleaf (Hepatica acutiloba)
  75. 75. Dwarf Larkspur– Delphinium tricorne
  76. 76. Wild Blue Phlox (Phlox divaricata)
  77. 77. Jacob’s Ladder (Polemonium reptans)
  78. 78. Virginia Bluebells (Mertensia virginica)
  79. 79. Celandine Poppy – Stylophorum diphyllum
  80. 80. Wild Columbine – Aquilegia canadensis
  81. 81. Doll’s Eyes (Actaea pachypoda)
  82. 82. Wild Geranium (Geranium maculatum)
  83. 83. Bellwort (Uvularia grandiflora)
  84. 84. Mayapple (Podophyllum peltatum)
  85. 85. Woodland Sunflower (Helianthus divaricatus)
  86. 86. Asters (Symphyotrichum spp.)
  87. 87. Busse Forest Nature Preserve – Cook County
  88. 88. Merwin Savanna Nature Preserve – McLean County
  89. 89. Spitler Woods Nature Preserve – Macon County
  90. 90. Simpson Township Barrens
  91. 91. Piney Creek Ravine Nature Preserve
  92. 92. Piney Creek Ravine Nature Preserve
  93. 93. Starved Rock State Park – LaSalle County
  94. 94. Small-flowered Fameflower (Phemeranthus parviflorus), IL-T
  95. 95. Partridgeberry (Mitchella repens)
  96. 96. Widow’s Cross (Sedum pulchellum)
  97. 97. Wild Orpine (Sedum telephioides), IL-T
  98. 98. Don’t forget about the fern, grasses, and shrubs!
  99. 99. Serviceberry (Amelanchier arborea)
  100. 100. Redbud (Cercis canadensis)
  101. 101. Flowering Dogwood (Cornus florida)
  102. 102. Pawpaw (Asimina triloba)
  103. 103. Red Buckeye (Aesculus pavia)
  104. 104. Ohio Buckeye (Aesculus glabra)
  105. 105. American Strawberry Bush (Euonymus americanus)
  106. 106. Virginia Sweetspire (Itea virginica)
  107. 107. Black Haw (Viburnum prunifolium)
  108. 108. Bladdernut (Staphylea trifoliata)
  109. 109. Silverbells (Halesia tetraptera)
  110. 110. Wild Azalea - Rhododendron prinophyllum
  111. 111. botanizer@gmail.com www.illinoisbotanizer.com Book in press

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