Illinois Master Naturalist
September 11, 2013
Instructor: Christopher David Benda
Burden Falls Wilderness
Christopher D. Benda – Regional Ecologist
Illinois Natural Areas Inventory Update
Degognia Canyon – Jackson County
Photo credit – Randy Nyboer
Statewide Project
5 Regional Ecologists
Illinois Native Plant Society
Southern Chapter
www.facebook.com/southernillinoisplants
Technical
Expert
Consultant
The Flora of Southern Illinois
PLB 451 – Plant Biology Dept.
Southern Illinois University
Chigger Poem
Oh why oh why do there have to be chiggers
for a reaction in me they sure do trigger
The many little red bite...
Master Naturalist
Illinois Natural Areas Inventory
Natural Areas vs. Nature Preserves
Rare Plants and Unique Communities
T...
Illinois Natural Areas Inventory
(INAI)
Category I – High Quality Natural Communities
Category II – Threatened and Endange...
Illinois Natural Areas Inventory
Category I – High Quality Natural Communities
Illinois Natural Areas Inventory
Category II - Threatened and Endangered Species
Illinois Natural Areas Inventory
Category III – Nature Preserves
Illinois Natural Areas Inventory
Category IV – Outstanding Geological Features
Illinois Natural Areas Inventory
Category VI – Unusual Concentration of
Flora or Fauna and High Quality Streams
Unique Eco...
Timber Rattlesnakes – rookery (vs. den)
Timber Rattlesnakes
number seen: 8
Timber Rattlesnake – Crotalus horridus
Illinois Natural Areas Inventory
Natural Area = meaningless to landowner
Nature Preserve = highest protection by law
lando...
Original Inventory
Photo credit – Randy Nyboer
Why Update?
•New science regarding natural community classification
•Better remote sensing capabilities and GIS data
•Focu...
Site Selection - INAI
•Historical and Current Aerial Photos
•Soil and Topographic Maps
•Literature Search
•Database/File S...
Digitize Boundaries
Nomination Packets
Illinois Natural Areas Inventory
the numbers:
19 counties
687 total sites
305 IGS sites
204 visited
50 new sites nominated
Illinois Natural Areas Inventory
the numbers:
33,727 photos taken
56,828 miles driven
632/984 days in the field
The Natural Communities of
Southern Illinois
September 11th
, 2013
all photos & maps by presenter
except where noted
Camel...
Binomial Nomenclature
“The beginning of wisdom is to call
things by their rightful names.”
Kingdom
Phylum
Class
Order
Fami...
Latin Pronunciation
O Pronounce every letter except diphthongs
 Echinacea, Tradescantia, Opuntia humifusa, Ambrosia artem...
Plant Resources for Southern Illinois
Field Guide Books & Websites
Plant Humor
Q. How can you ID a dogwood tree?
Plant Humor
A. By its bark!
Gee whiz?! information
If you can’t tell a joke about it,
explain where the name comes
from, or tell story about the plant...
Natural Areas in Southern Illinois
109 sites
Natural Areas in Southwestern Illinois
Shawnee Hills & Shawnee Nat’l Forest
0.07% in a natural condition
Southern Illinois Natural Communities
FOREST
Upland Forest
• Xeric
• Dry
• Dry-mesic
• Mesic
Floodplain Forest
• Mesic
• W...
Camp Ondessonk – Pakentuck
Camp Ondessonk – Pakentuck
Camp Ondessonk – Pakentuck
Japanese Stiltgrass – Microstegium vimineum
Obligate
Vs.
Facultative
Symbiosis Can Be One Of Two
Conditions:
• 1. Obligatory: one organism cannot live
without the other.
• 2. Facultative: can...
Upland Forest/Woodland
•Xeric
•Dry
•Dry-mesic
•Mesic
Xeric/Dry Upland Forest/Woodland
Blackjack Oak - Quercus marilandica (6)
Post Oak - Quercus stellata (5)
Farkleberry – Vaccinium arboreum (6)
Lowbush Blueberry - Vaccinium pallidum (7)
Red Cedar - Juniperus virginiana (1)
Winged Elm - Ulmus alata (5)
Serviceberry - Amelanchier arborea (7)
Poverty Oats Grass - Danthonia spicata (3)
Goat’s Rue - Tephrosia virginiana (7)
Pencil Flower - Stylosanthes biflora (5)
Pussytoes – Antennaria parlinii (4)
False Dandelion - Krigia biflora (5)
Starry Campion – Silene stellata (6)
Barren
•Dry
•Dry-mesic
•Mesic (rare)
Provo Cemetery Barrens – Alexander County
Rock Chestnut Oak - Quercus prinus (9)
Barrens - Gyp Williams Hollow
Simpson Township Barrens
Simpson Township Barrens
Dry-mesic Upland Forest
White Oak – Quercus alba (5)
Flowering Dogwood – Cornus florida (5)
Redbud - Cercis canadensis (3)
Wild Azalea - Rhododendron prinophyllum (10)
Red Buckeye – Aesculus pavia (7)
Carolina Rose - Rosa carolina (4)
Prairie Rose - Rosa setigera (5)
Indian Physic – Porteranthus stipulatus (6)
Bee-balm - Monarda bradburiana & fistulosa (5, 4)
Pagoda Plant – Blephilia hirsuta (5)
Wild Oregano (Dittany) – Cunila origanoides (5)
Skullcaps – Scutellaria elliptica (6)
Gray’s Sedge - Carex grayi (6)
Large-fruited Panic Grass - Dichanthelium boscii (5)
Marginal Shield Fern – Dryopteris marginalis (6)
Adam & Eve Orchid – Aplectrum hyemale (7)
Cranefly Orchid -Tipularia discolor (7)
Twayblade Orchid – Liparis lilifolia (4)
Wood Betony – Pedicularis canadensis (7)
Eastern Hognose Snake
Heterodon platirhinos
Racer – Coluber constrictor
Eastern Box Turtle – Terrapene carolina
Northern Slimy Salamander
Plethodon glutinosus
Five-lined Skink - Plestiodon fasciatus
Broadhead Skink – Eumeces laticeps
Spicebush Swallowtail – Papilio troilus
Mesic Upland Forest – Cedar Creek
Tulip Tree – Liriodendron tulipifera (5)
Little Grand Canyon – Jackson County
Harbinger-of-Spring – Erigenia bulbosa (7)
Spring Beauty - Claytonia virginiana (1)
Dutchman’s Breeches – Dicentra cucullaria (5)
Squirrel Corn – Dicentra canadensis (7)
Goldenseal – Hydrastis canadensis (7)
Wild Ginseng – Panax quinquefolia (7)
Bloodroot – Sanguinaria canadensis (5)
Rue Anemone (5) vs. False Rue Anemone (5)
Blue Cohosh – Caulophyllum thalictroides (8)
Jacob’s Ladder – Polemonium reptans (5)
Bellwort – Uvularia grandiflora (7)
White Trillium – Trillium flexipes (7)
Other Trilliums – Trillium recurvatum (5) & viride (9)
Wild Leek – Allium tricoccum (7)
Yellow Trout Lily – Erythronium americanum (7)
Miami Mist – Phacelia purshii (4)
Wild Columbine – Aquilegia canadensis (5)
Blue-eyed Mary – Collinsia verna (5)
Wild Ginger – Asarum canadense (5)
Wild Hyacinth – Camassia scilloides (7)
Wild Columbo – Frasera caroliniensis (8)
Doll’s Eyes – Actaea pachypoda (7)
Soloman’s Seal – Polygonatum biflorum (7)
Soloman’s Plume – Smilacina racemosa (4)
Green Dragon – Arisaema dracontium (4)
Yellow Lady Slipper Orchid –
Cypripedium pubescens (8)
Bladdernut – Staphylea trifoliata (5)
Maidenhair Fern – Adiantum pedatum (6)
Maidenhair Spleenwort Fern –
Asplenium trichomanes (10)
Broad Beech Fern – Phegopteris hexagonoptera (7)
Herps
Gray Treefrog – Hyla chrysoscelis
Green Treefrog – Hyla cinerea
BREAK
Loess Hill Prairie – Fults Hill Prairie
Loess Hill Prairie – Fults Hill Prairie
Loess Hill Prairie – Fults Hill Prairie
1972 1995
Green Milkweed – Asclepias viridiflora (9)
Blue Hearts– Buchnera americana (10)
Crested Coralroot Orchid– Hexalectris spicata (10)
Cylindric Blazing Star –Liatris cylindracea (8)
Stickleaf –Mentzelia oligosperma (10)
Slender Heliotrope – Heliotropium tenellum (10)
Missouri Coneflower – Rudbeckia missouriensis (10)
Photo credit – Marty KemperPhoto credit – Debbie Newman
Flathead Snake
Coachwhip
Photo credit – Marty Kemper
Photo credit – Marty Kemper
Plains Scorpion – Centruoides vittatus
Glacial Drift Hill Prairie – Lake Murphysboro
Floodplain Forest – Hickory Bottoms, CCNWR
Cardinal Flower – Lobelia cardinalis (6)
Sensitive Fern – Onoclea sensibilis (5)
Copper Iris – Iris fulva (9)
Blue Flag Iris – Iris schrevei (5)
Purple Fringless Orchid – Platanthera peramoena (7)
White Swamp Milkweed – Asclepias perennis (10)
Swamp Milkweed – Asclepias incarnata (4)
Indian Pink - Spigelia marilandica (7)
Spider Lily – Hymenocallis caroliniana (9)
Dodder – Cuscuta gronovii (2)
Pink Turtlehead – Chelone obliqua (8)
Copperbelly Watersnake
Northern Watersnake – Nerodia sipedon
Marbled Salamander – Ambystoma opacum
Southern Flatwoods
Samson’s Snakeroot - Oxbexilum pendunculatum (6)
Shrubby St. Johnswort – Hypericum prolificum (6)
Swamp – Little Black Slough
Cypress Swamp – Little Black Slough
Cypress / Tupelo Swamp - Heron Pond
Buttonland Swamp – Lower Cache River
Swamp – LaRue Pine Hills
Winter’s Pond
Shrub Swamp
Buttonbush – Cephalanthus occidentalis
(4)
Arrowhead - Sagittaria latifolia (4)
Mosquito Fern – Azolla mexicana (8)
Marsh Mallow – Hibiscus lasiocarpos (5)
Pickerelweed – Pontederia cordata (8)
Water Lotus – Nelumbo lutea (5)
Cottonmouths
Eastern Newt – Notophthalmus viridescens
Illinois Chorus Frog – Pseudacris illinoensis
Stinkpot – Sternothorus odoratus
Stream – Bell Smith Springs
Seep – Greater Shawnee Hills
Cinnamon Fern – Osmunda cinnamomea (9)
Royal Fern – Osmunda regalis var. spectabilis (8)
Cretaceous Hills
Whorled Pogonia Orchid – Isotria verticillata (10)
Meadow Beauty – Rhexia virginica (10)
Sandstone Glade – Greater Shawnee Hills
Sandstone Glade - Garden of the Gods
Milk Snake – Lampropeltis triangulum
Todd Fink / Trigg Tower – Sandstone Glade
Lichen Grasshopper – Trimerotropis saxatilis
Small Bluets – Houstonia pusilla (3)
False Garlic – Nothoscordum bivalve (5)
Widow’s Cross – Sedum pulchellum (8)
Rushfoil – Crotonopsis elliptica (5)
Pineweed - Hypericum gentianoides (6)
Prickly Pear – Opuntia humifusa (5)
American Pennyroyal - Hedeoma pulgelioides (4)
Rough Buttonweed - Diodia teres (2)
American Agave - Manfreda virginiana (8)
Small-flowered Fameflower - Talinum parviflorum (10)
Blue Curls - Trichostema dichotomum (6)
Wild Orpine - Sedum telephioides (10)
Fence Lizard – Sceloporus undulatus
Six-lined Racerunner – Cnedimorphus sexlineatus
Degognia Canyon
Bishop’s Cap - Mitella diphylla (9)
Partridge-berry – Mitchella repens (8)
Shining Clubmoss – Huperzia lucidula (10)
Sphagnum Moss – Sphagnum compactum
Walking Fern – Asplenium rhizophyllum (8)
Resurrection Ferns – Polypodium virginianum
(8) and Pleopletis polypodioides (10)
Netted Chain Fern – Woodwardia areolata (8)
Spinulose Woodfern – Dryopteris carthusiana (6)
Bladder Fern – Cystopteris bulbifera (8)
Shooting Star – Dodecatheon frenchii (10)
Forbe’s Saxifrage – Saxifraga forbesii (10)
Hairy Synandra – Synandra hispidula (10)
Small-flowered Alumroot - Heuchera parviflora (8)
Spleenwort Fern - Asplenium pinnatifidum (10)
Cleft Phlox – Phlox bifida (7)
Copperhead
Cricket Frog – Acris crepitans
Piney Creek Ravine Nature Preserve
Swayne Hollow Ravine Nature Preserve
Mill Creek Natural Area
Shale Glade – Union County
Shale Glade – Berryville and McClure
LaRue Pine Hills
Cricket Frog – Acris crepitans
Zigzag Salamander – Plethodon dorsalis
Cave Salamander – Eurycea lucifuga
Cave Creek Glade – Limestone Glade
Hoary Puccoon – Lithospermum canescens (6)
Blue-eyed Grass – Sisyrinchium albidum (4)
Wild Petunia - Ruellia humilis (3)
Gray-headed Coneflower - Ratibida pinnata (4)
Obedient Plant - Physostegia virginiana (6)
Butterfly Milkweed - Asclepias tuberosa (5)
Marbleseed – Onosmodium molle var.
hispidissimum (8)
Blazing Stars – Liatris scabra (8) & aspera (7)
Prairie Dock - Silphium terebinthinaceum (4)
Silphium integrifolium – Rosinweed (5)
Cave Creek Glade – June 2010
Cave Creek Glade – June 2011
FGB = Full Glorious Bloom
Pale Purple Coneflower - Echinacea simulata (7)
Pale Purple Coneflower - Echinacea simulata
Blue Sage – Salvia azurea var. grandiflora (9)
Climbing Milkweed – Matelea obliqua (10)
Mead’s Milkweed – Asclepias meadii (10)
Pounds Hollow / Rim Rock
Bell Smith Springs
Natural Bridge
Jackson Hollow
Lusk Creek – Indian Kitchen
Other Unique Illinois Natural
Communities
•Calcareous Fen
•Forest Fen
•Seeps and Springs
•Bog
•Panne
•Beach/Foredune
•Nort...
Calcareous Fen
Valerian – Valeriana edulis
Forested Fen
Seeps and Springs
Bog
Panne
Beach/Foredune
Beach/Foredune
Northern Flatwoods
Savanna
Dolomite Prairie
Gravel Hill Prairie
Erigenia link
http://www.ill-inps.org/Erigenia
T & E Species Link
http://www.dnr.illinois.gov/ESPB/Documents/ETChecklist20...
Wildflowers of Southern Illinois
100 Best Nature Photos
http://www.flickr.com/photos/100801363@N03/
Questions?
Master naturalist session - Illinois Natural Areas Inventory
Master naturalist session - Illinois Natural Areas Inventory
Master naturalist session - Illinois Natural Areas Inventory
Master naturalist session - Illinois Natural Areas Inventory
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Master naturalist session - Illinois Natural Areas Inventory

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This is a presentation to the Illinois Master Naturalists about the Illinois Natural Areas Inventory and the natural communities of southern Illinois. This presentation was given on September 11, 2013 at the University of Illinois Extension Center in Waterloo, Illinois.

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Master naturalist session - Illinois Natural Areas Inventory

  1. 1. Illinois Master Naturalist September 11, 2013 Instructor: Christopher David Benda Burden Falls Wilderness
  2. 2. Christopher D. Benda – Regional Ecologist Illinois Natural Areas Inventory Update Degognia Canyon – Jackson County
  3. 3. Photo credit – Randy Nyboer Statewide Project 5 Regional Ecologists
  4. 4. Illinois Native Plant Society Southern Chapter www.facebook.com/southernillinoisplants Technical Expert Consultant
  5. 5. The Flora of Southern Illinois PLB 451 – Plant Biology Dept. Southern Illinois University
  6. 6. Chigger Poem Oh why oh why do there have to be chiggers for a reaction in me they sure do trigger The many little red bites feel like Braille And when they itch they make me want to wail! If you like evolution, then you must love the chigger For they would not be as bad if they happened to be bigger But an invisible invertebrate has all the advantage And leaves me with little else than to put on a bandage. I guess I could prevent them by staying on the trail Or if I took more time to scratch them with my nail I could spray myself with nasty chemicals and deet Or stay inside all together and beat the summer heat! But that is not my style, I was born to explore To see the nature and learn from it more Plus if there were less chiggers there’d be more tourists And it would be impossible to be a nature purist.
  7. 7. Master Naturalist Illinois Natural Areas Inventory Natural Areas vs. Nature Preserves Rare Plants and Unique Communities Threatened and Endangered Species Program
  8. 8. Illinois Natural Areas Inventory (INAI) Category I – High Quality Natural Communities Category II – Threatened and Endangered Species Category III – Natural Preserve Category IV – Geologic Features Category VI – Unusual Concentration of Flora or Fauna (High Quality Streams)
  9. 9. Illinois Natural Areas Inventory Category I – High Quality Natural Communities
  10. 10. Illinois Natural Areas Inventory Category II - Threatened and Endangered Species
  11. 11. Illinois Natural Areas Inventory Category III – Nature Preserves
  12. 12. Illinois Natural Areas Inventory Category IV – Outstanding Geological Features
  13. 13. Illinois Natural Areas Inventory Category VI – Unusual Concentration of Flora or Fauna and High Quality Streams Unique Ecological Features Unique Floral Assemblages Outstanding Invertebrate Cave Faunas Large Bat Hibernacula Other Unique Faunal Assemblages High Quality Streams (mussels)
  14. 14. Timber Rattlesnakes – rookery (vs. den)
  15. 15. Timber Rattlesnakes number seen: 8
  16. 16. Timber Rattlesnake – Crotalus horridus
  17. 17. Illinois Natural Areas Inventory Natural Area = meaningless to landowner Nature Preserve = highest protection by law landowner gives up a majority of their rights and land is protected in perpetuity Natural Areas vs. Nature Preserves 1st Illinois Nature Preserve Illinois Beach State Park Tell story of Bohm Woods site
  18. 18. Original Inventory Photo credit – Randy Nyboer
  19. 19. Why Update? •New science regarding natural community classification •Better remote sensing capabilities and GIS data •Focus on small and rare communities •Restoration, management, and recovery •Train a team of Natural Area Specialists for the state
  20. 20. Site Selection - INAI •Historical and Current Aerial Photos •Soil and Topographic Maps •Literature Search •Database/File Sources •Interviews with knowledgeable professionals
  21. 21. Digitize Boundaries
  22. 22. Nomination Packets
  23. 23. Illinois Natural Areas Inventory the numbers: 19 counties 687 total sites 305 IGS sites 204 visited 50 new sites nominated
  24. 24. Illinois Natural Areas Inventory the numbers: 33,727 photos taken 56,828 miles driven 632/984 days in the field
  25. 25. The Natural Communities of Southern Illinois September 11th , 2013 all photos & maps by presenter except where noted Camel Rock at Garden of the Gods Wilderness
  26. 26. Binomial Nomenclature “The beginning of wisdom is to call things by their rightful names.” Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus Species Animalia Cordata Reptilia Testudines Emydidae Emydoidea E. blandingii
  27. 27. Latin Pronunciation O Pronounce every letter except diphthongs  Echinacea, Tradescantia, Opuntia humifusa, Ambrosia artemisiifolia O “ch” is a “k” sound: Polystichum, Heuchera O If a word has two syllables, the accent always goes with the next to the last (called the penult); e.g., Àcer. O If a word has three or more syllables, the accent always goes either with the next to the last (penult) or the third from the last (called the antepenult).  Synandra hispidula, Onoclea sensibilis, Liriodendron tulipifera  phyllum – rhizophyllum, Podophyllum, triphyllum  ae Pellaea atropurpurea, Arisaema  au Daucus carota  Eu Teucrium, Leucanthemum  Oe (phoebe), Platanthera peramoena, Ipomoea  Ui Equisetum O “oi” is not a diphthong!  Pleopeltis polypodioides O Pronounce when ending with “e”  Silene, canadense, sessile, hyemale O Latinized last names (one or two i’s)  Dodecatheon frenchii, Emydoidea blandingii O Most trees have been feminized!  Quercus rubra, Fagus grandifolia, Ulmus americana
  28. 28. Plant Resources for Southern Illinois Field Guide Books & Websites
  29. 29. Plant Humor Q. How can you ID a dogwood tree?
  30. 30. Plant Humor A. By its bark!
  31. 31. Gee whiz?! information If you can’t tell a joke about it, explain where the name comes from, or tell story about the plant then: WHO CARES!!!
  32. 32. Natural Areas in Southern Illinois 109 sites
  33. 33. Natural Areas in Southwestern Illinois
  34. 34. Shawnee Hills & Shawnee Nat’l Forest
  35. 35. 0.07% in a natural condition
  36. 36. Southern Illinois Natural Communities FOREST Upland Forest • Xeric • Dry • Dry-mesic • Mesic Floodplain Forest • Mesic • Wet-mesic • Wet Flatwoods • Southern Flatwoods SAVANNA Barren • Dry Barren • Dry-mesic Barren • Mesic Barren PRAIRIE • Loess Hill Prairie • Glacial Drift Hill Prairie WETLAND Swamp • Swamp • Shrub Swamp Seeps and Springs • Seep • Acid Gravel Seep OPEN WATER • Pond STREAM • Small, Medium, Large • High, Medium, Low Gradient BEDROCK Glades • Sandstone Glade • Limestone Glade • Shale Glade Cliff • Dry Sandstone Cliff • Mesic Sandstone Cliff • Dry Limestone Cliff • Mesic Limestone Cliff • Sandstone Overhang CULTURAL
  37. 37. Camp Ondessonk – Pakentuck
  38. 38. Camp Ondessonk – Pakentuck
  39. 39. Camp Ondessonk – Pakentuck
  40. 40. Japanese Stiltgrass – Microstegium vimineum
  41. 41. Obligate Vs. Facultative
  42. 42. Symbiosis Can Be One Of Two Conditions: • 1. Obligatory: one organism cannot live without the other. • 2. Facultative: can live symbiotically but can survive without one another.
  43. 43. Upland Forest/Woodland •Xeric •Dry •Dry-mesic •Mesic
  44. 44. Xeric/Dry Upland Forest/Woodland
  45. 45. Blackjack Oak - Quercus marilandica (6)
  46. 46. Post Oak - Quercus stellata (5)
  47. 47. Farkleberry – Vaccinium arboreum (6)
  48. 48. Lowbush Blueberry - Vaccinium pallidum (7)
  49. 49. Red Cedar - Juniperus virginiana (1)
  50. 50. Winged Elm - Ulmus alata (5)
  51. 51. Serviceberry - Amelanchier arborea (7)
  52. 52. Poverty Oats Grass - Danthonia spicata (3)
  53. 53. Goat’s Rue - Tephrosia virginiana (7)
  54. 54. Pencil Flower - Stylosanthes biflora (5)
  55. 55. Pussytoes – Antennaria parlinii (4)
  56. 56. False Dandelion - Krigia biflora (5)
  57. 57. Starry Campion – Silene stellata (6)
  58. 58. Barren •Dry •Dry-mesic •Mesic (rare)
  59. 59. Provo Cemetery Barrens – Alexander County
  60. 60. Rock Chestnut Oak - Quercus prinus (9)
  61. 61. Barrens - Gyp Williams Hollow
  62. 62. Simpson Township Barrens
  63. 63. Simpson Township Barrens
  64. 64. Dry-mesic Upland Forest
  65. 65. White Oak – Quercus alba (5)
  66. 66. Flowering Dogwood – Cornus florida (5)
  67. 67. Redbud - Cercis canadensis (3)
  68. 68. Wild Azalea - Rhododendron prinophyllum (10)
  69. 69. Red Buckeye – Aesculus pavia (7)
  70. 70. Carolina Rose - Rosa carolina (4)
  71. 71. Prairie Rose - Rosa setigera (5)
  72. 72. Indian Physic – Porteranthus stipulatus (6)
  73. 73. Bee-balm - Monarda bradburiana & fistulosa (5, 4)
  74. 74. Pagoda Plant – Blephilia hirsuta (5)
  75. 75. Wild Oregano (Dittany) – Cunila origanoides (5)
  76. 76. Skullcaps – Scutellaria elliptica (6)
  77. 77. Gray’s Sedge - Carex grayi (6)
  78. 78. Large-fruited Panic Grass - Dichanthelium boscii (5)
  79. 79. Marginal Shield Fern – Dryopteris marginalis (6)
  80. 80. Adam & Eve Orchid – Aplectrum hyemale (7) Cranefly Orchid -Tipularia discolor (7)
  81. 81. Twayblade Orchid – Liparis lilifolia (4)
  82. 82. Wood Betony – Pedicularis canadensis (7)
  83. 83. Eastern Hognose Snake Heterodon platirhinos
  84. 84. Racer – Coluber constrictor
  85. 85. Eastern Box Turtle – Terrapene carolina
  86. 86. Northern Slimy Salamander Plethodon glutinosus
  87. 87. Five-lined Skink - Plestiodon fasciatus
  88. 88. Broadhead Skink – Eumeces laticeps
  89. 89. Spicebush Swallowtail – Papilio troilus
  90. 90. Mesic Upland Forest – Cedar Creek
  91. 91. Tulip Tree – Liriodendron tulipifera (5)
  92. 92. Little Grand Canyon – Jackson County
  93. 93. Harbinger-of-Spring – Erigenia bulbosa (7)
  94. 94. Spring Beauty - Claytonia virginiana (1)
  95. 95. Dutchman’s Breeches – Dicentra cucullaria (5)
  96. 96. Squirrel Corn – Dicentra canadensis (7)
  97. 97. Goldenseal – Hydrastis canadensis (7)
  98. 98. Wild Ginseng – Panax quinquefolia (7)
  99. 99. Bloodroot – Sanguinaria canadensis (5)
  100. 100. Rue Anemone (5) vs. False Rue Anemone (5)
  101. 101. Blue Cohosh – Caulophyllum thalictroides (8)
  102. 102. Jacob’s Ladder – Polemonium reptans (5)
  103. 103. Bellwort – Uvularia grandiflora (7)
  104. 104. White Trillium – Trillium flexipes (7)
  105. 105. Other Trilliums – Trillium recurvatum (5) & viride (9)
  106. 106. Wild Leek – Allium tricoccum (7)
  107. 107. Yellow Trout Lily – Erythronium americanum (7)
  108. 108. Miami Mist – Phacelia purshii (4)
  109. 109. Wild Columbine – Aquilegia canadensis (5)
  110. 110. Blue-eyed Mary – Collinsia verna (5)
  111. 111. Wild Ginger – Asarum canadense (5)
  112. 112. Wild Hyacinth – Camassia scilloides (7)
  113. 113. Wild Columbo – Frasera caroliniensis (8)
  114. 114. Doll’s Eyes – Actaea pachypoda (7)
  115. 115. Soloman’s Seal – Polygonatum biflorum (7)
  116. 116. Soloman’s Plume – Smilacina racemosa (4)
  117. 117. Green Dragon – Arisaema dracontium (4)
  118. 118. Yellow Lady Slipper Orchid – Cypripedium pubescens (8)
  119. 119. Bladdernut – Staphylea trifoliata (5)
  120. 120. Maidenhair Fern – Adiantum pedatum (6)
  121. 121. Maidenhair Spleenwort Fern – Asplenium trichomanes (10)
  122. 122. Broad Beech Fern – Phegopteris hexagonoptera (7)
  123. 123. Herps
  124. 124. Gray Treefrog – Hyla chrysoscelis
  125. 125. Green Treefrog – Hyla cinerea
  126. 126. BREAK
  127. 127. Loess Hill Prairie – Fults Hill Prairie
  128. 128. Loess Hill Prairie – Fults Hill Prairie
  129. 129. Loess Hill Prairie – Fults Hill Prairie
  130. 130. 1972 1995
  131. 131. Green Milkweed – Asclepias viridiflora (9)
  132. 132. Blue Hearts– Buchnera americana (10)
  133. 133. Crested Coralroot Orchid– Hexalectris spicata (10)
  134. 134. Cylindric Blazing Star –Liatris cylindracea (8)
  135. 135. Stickleaf –Mentzelia oligosperma (10)
  136. 136. Slender Heliotrope – Heliotropium tenellum (10)
  137. 137. Missouri Coneflower – Rudbeckia missouriensis (10) Photo credit – Marty KemperPhoto credit – Debbie Newman
  138. 138. Flathead Snake Coachwhip Photo credit – Marty Kemper
  139. 139. Photo credit – Marty Kemper Plains Scorpion – Centruoides vittatus
  140. 140. Glacial Drift Hill Prairie – Lake Murphysboro
  141. 141. Floodplain Forest – Hickory Bottoms, CCNWR
  142. 142. Cardinal Flower – Lobelia cardinalis (6)
  143. 143. Sensitive Fern – Onoclea sensibilis (5)
  144. 144. Copper Iris – Iris fulva (9)
  145. 145. Blue Flag Iris – Iris schrevei (5)
  146. 146. Purple Fringless Orchid – Platanthera peramoena (7)
  147. 147. White Swamp Milkweed – Asclepias perennis (10)
  148. 148. Swamp Milkweed – Asclepias incarnata (4)
  149. 149. Indian Pink - Spigelia marilandica (7)
  150. 150. Spider Lily – Hymenocallis caroliniana (9)
  151. 151. Dodder – Cuscuta gronovii (2)
  152. 152. Pink Turtlehead – Chelone obliqua (8)
  153. 153. Copperbelly Watersnake
  154. 154. Northern Watersnake – Nerodia sipedon
  155. 155. Marbled Salamander – Ambystoma opacum
  156. 156. Southern Flatwoods
  157. 157. Samson’s Snakeroot - Oxbexilum pendunculatum (6)
  158. 158. Shrubby St. Johnswort – Hypericum prolificum (6)
  159. 159. Swamp – Little Black Slough
  160. 160. Cypress Swamp – Little Black Slough
  161. 161. Cypress / Tupelo Swamp - Heron Pond
  162. 162. Buttonland Swamp – Lower Cache River
  163. 163. Swamp – LaRue Pine Hills Winter’s Pond
  164. 164. Shrub Swamp
  165. 165. Buttonbush – Cephalanthus occidentalis (4)
  166. 166. Arrowhead - Sagittaria latifolia (4)
  167. 167. Mosquito Fern – Azolla mexicana (8)
  168. 168. Marsh Mallow – Hibiscus lasiocarpos (5)
  169. 169. Pickerelweed – Pontederia cordata (8)
  170. 170. Water Lotus – Nelumbo lutea (5)
  171. 171. Cottonmouths
  172. 172. Eastern Newt – Notophthalmus viridescens
  173. 173. Illinois Chorus Frog – Pseudacris illinoensis
  174. 174. Stinkpot – Sternothorus odoratus
  175. 175. Stream – Bell Smith Springs
  176. 176. Seep – Greater Shawnee Hills
  177. 177. Cinnamon Fern – Osmunda cinnamomea (9)
  178. 178. Royal Fern – Osmunda regalis var. spectabilis (8)
  179. 179. Cretaceous Hills
  180. 180. Whorled Pogonia Orchid – Isotria verticillata (10)
  181. 181. Meadow Beauty – Rhexia virginica (10)
  182. 182. Sandstone Glade – Greater Shawnee Hills
  183. 183. Sandstone Glade - Garden of the Gods
  184. 184. Milk Snake – Lampropeltis triangulum
  185. 185. Todd Fink / Trigg Tower – Sandstone Glade
  186. 186. Lichen Grasshopper – Trimerotropis saxatilis
  187. 187. Small Bluets – Houstonia pusilla (3)
  188. 188. False Garlic – Nothoscordum bivalve (5)
  189. 189. Widow’s Cross – Sedum pulchellum (8)
  190. 190. Rushfoil – Crotonopsis elliptica (5)
  191. 191. Pineweed - Hypericum gentianoides (6)
  192. 192. Prickly Pear – Opuntia humifusa (5)
  193. 193. American Pennyroyal - Hedeoma pulgelioides (4)
  194. 194. Rough Buttonweed - Diodia teres (2)
  195. 195. American Agave - Manfreda virginiana (8)
  196. 196. Small-flowered Fameflower - Talinum parviflorum (10)
  197. 197. Blue Curls - Trichostema dichotomum (6)
  198. 198. Wild Orpine - Sedum telephioides (10)
  199. 199. Fence Lizard – Sceloporus undulatus
  200. 200. Six-lined Racerunner – Cnedimorphus sexlineatus
  201. 201. Degognia Canyon
  202. 202. Bishop’s Cap - Mitella diphylla (9)
  203. 203. Partridge-berry – Mitchella repens (8)
  204. 204. Shining Clubmoss – Huperzia lucidula (10)
  205. 205. Sphagnum Moss – Sphagnum compactum
  206. 206. Walking Fern – Asplenium rhizophyllum (8)
  207. 207. Resurrection Ferns – Polypodium virginianum (8) and Pleopletis polypodioides (10)
  208. 208. Netted Chain Fern – Woodwardia areolata (8)
  209. 209. Spinulose Woodfern – Dryopteris carthusiana (6)
  210. 210. Bladder Fern – Cystopteris bulbifera (8)
  211. 211. Shooting Star – Dodecatheon frenchii (10)
  212. 212. Forbe’s Saxifrage – Saxifraga forbesii (10)
  213. 213. Hairy Synandra – Synandra hispidula (10)
  214. 214. Small-flowered Alumroot - Heuchera parviflora (8)
  215. 215. Spleenwort Fern - Asplenium pinnatifidum (10)
  216. 216. Cleft Phlox – Phlox bifida (7)
  217. 217. Copperhead
  218. 218. Cricket Frog – Acris crepitans
  219. 219. Piney Creek Ravine Nature Preserve
  220. 220. Swayne Hollow Ravine Nature Preserve
  221. 221. Mill Creek Natural Area
  222. 222. Shale Glade – Union County
  223. 223. Shale Glade – Berryville and McClure
  224. 224. LaRue Pine Hills
  225. 225. Cricket Frog – Acris crepitans
  226. 226. Zigzag Salamander – Plethodon dorsalis
  227. 227. Cave Salamander – Eurycea lucifuga
  228. 228. Cave Creek Glade – Limestone Glade
  229. 229. Hoary Puccoon – Lithospermum canescens (6)
  230. 230. Blue-eyed Grass – Sisyrinchium albidum (4)
  231. 231. Wild Petunia - Ruellia humilis (3)
  232. 232. Gray-headed Coneflower - Ratibida pinnata (4)
  233. 233. Obedient Plant - Physostegia virginiana (6)
  234. 234. Butterfly Milkweed - Asclepias tuberosa (5)
  235. 235. Marbleseed – Onosmodium molle var. hispidissimum (8)
  236. 236. Blazing Stars – Liatris scabra (8) & aspera (7)
  237. 237. Prairie Dock - Silphium terebinthinaceum (4)
  238. 238. Silphium integrifolium – Rosinweed (5)
  239. 239. Cave Creek Glade – June 2010
  240. 240. Cave Creek Glade – June 2011 FGB = Full Glorious Bloom
  241. 241. Pale Purple Coneflower - Echinacea simulata (7)
  242. 242. Pale Purple Coneflower - Echinacea simulata
  243. 243. Blue Sage – Salvia azurea var. grandiflora (9)
  244. 244. Climbing Milkweed – Matelea obliqua (10)
  245. 245. Mead’s Milkweed – Asclepias meadii (10)
  246. 246. Pounds Hollow / Rim Rock
  247. 247. Bell Smith Springs
  248. 248. Natural Bridge
  249. 249. Jackson Hollow
  250. 250. Lusk Creek – Indian Kitchen
  251. 251. Other Unique Illinois Natural Communities •Calcareous Fen •Forest Fen •Seeps and Springs •Bog •Panne •Beach/Foredune •Northern Flatwoods •Savanna •Gravel Hill Prairie •Dolomite Prairie
  252. 252. Calcareous Fen
  253. 253. Valerian – Valeriana edulis
  254. 254. Forested Fen
  255. 255. Seeps and Springs
  256. 256. Bog
  257. 257. Panne
  258. 258. Beach/Foredune
  259. 259. Beach/Foredune
  260. 260. Northern Flatwoods
  261. 261. Savanna
  262. 262. Dolomite Prairie
  263. 263. Gravel Hill Prairie
  264. 264. Erigenia link http://www.ill-inps.org/Erigenia T & E Species Link http://www.dnr.illinois.gov/ESPB/Documents/ETChecklist2011.pdf
  265. 265. Wildflowers of Southern Illinois
  266. 266. 100 Best Nature Photos http://www.flickr.com/photos/100801363@N03/
  267. 267. Questions?

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