HIV AIDS

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HIV AIDS

  1. 1. HIV AIDS
  2. 2. WHAT IS HIV? WHAT IS AIDS?HIV and AIDS are “NOT” the same!!!
  3. 3. HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS
  4. 4. HIV and AIDS Once a persons HIV progresses to (or turnsinto) AIDS, the person will continue to haveAIDS for the rest of their life. While there aremany treatments for HIV/AIDS, at this point there is no cure. ORIGIN OF HIV SIV Chimpanzees Human
  5. 5. A scientist in Gabon, removes blood samples from achimpanzee. Researchers believe that an evolving AIDSvirus first spread to humans from wild African chimpanzees,which suffer from a similar virus called SIV.
  6. 6. AIDS DEFINING ILLNESS Cancer: Kaposis sarcoma & Invasive cervicalcancer Eye Problems: CMV retinitis Pneumonia: Pneumocystis cariniipneumonia(PCP) Toxoplasmosis: a parasitic disease Problems balancing the body, especially whenwalking Weight Loss, Memory Loss
  7. 7. WHAT DOES “NOT” CAUSE HIV? You can not get the virus by shakinghands, hugging, touching, or sitting next to aninfected person. You can not get the virus by sharing toiletseats, swimming pools, bike seats, playgrounds, sportsequipment etc. You can not get the virus by sharingbathroom, soaps, toothbrush, towels, scrubsponge, etc. You can not get the virus through mosquito bites –mosquitoes can however spread other diseases.
  8. 8. TRANSMISSION OF HIVThe HIV virus lives in: Human blood Semen Vaginal fluid Breast milk of infected persons.
  9. 9. Drug addicts & sex workers are at a greater risk of contracting HIV.
  10. 10. WAYS TO PREVENT AIDS EDUCATION NEEDLE EXCHANGE & PROTECTEDINTERCOURSE HIV VACCINES DIFFERENT IDEAS
  11. 11. Red Ribbon – the symbol of the fight against AIDS
  12. 12. TREATMENTThere are medicines that help people with AIDS.These are called antiretroviral medicines. People with aids take the following medicines tolive longer.•D4T (stavudine)•3TC (Lamivudine)•NVP (nevirapine)•AZT (zidovudine)•EFZ (efavirenz) HIV is a multi drug resistant.
  13. 13. HIV - A DEATH SENTENCE? No! Having HIV does not mean that a person is goingto die immediately. Of course, there is no cure for HIV or AIDS. But there are treatments that will delay the HIVvirus from destroying the immune system veryquickly.
  14. 14. TO DELAY HIV TURNING INTO AIDS, youhave to find out early and get treatment…..You should get tested if:- If a woman is pregnant and unsure about her HIVstatus If you had unprotected intercourse If you shared drug needles If you received untested blood in bloodtransfusion
  15. 15. RELIGION AND AIDS The topic of religion and AIDS has becomehighly controversial in the past twentyyears, primarily because many prominentreligious leaders have publicly declared theiropposition to the use of condoms! Some religious organizations have stated thatprayer can cure HIV/AIDS!!!!
  16. 16. WHO CAN GET HIV?‘Anyone’ can get HIV! The virus infects allraces, caste, creed, young or old, healthy orsick.In short, anyone who has been exposed to thebodily fluids in which the virus lives can getHIV.YOU CAN ALSO GET IT!!!!SO PROTECT YOURSELF!!!!
  17. 17. HIV/AIDS STATISTICSIndia has a population of one billion, around half ofwhom are adults. The first AIDS case in India wasdetected in 1986 and since then HIV infection has beenreported in all states and union territories.The spread of HIV in India has been uneven.Highest estimated adult HIV prevalence is found in:- Manipur (1.40%), Andhra Pradesh (0.90%), Mizoram (0.81%), Nagaland (0.78%), and Maharashtra (0.55%).
  18. 18. National Family Health Survey 2005-2006, HIV statisticsThe National Family Health Survey, conducted between 2005 and 2006, measured HIV prevalenceamong the general adult population of India, as presented in the table below. The survey found HIVprevalence among men to be considerably higher than that among women.The National Family Health Survey, which tested more than 100,000 people for HIV, also foundprevalence to be higher in urban areas (0.35%) than in rural areas (0.25%). HIV PREVALENCE(%) AGE GROUP MALE FEMALE TOTAL15-19 0.01 0.07 0.0420-24 0.19 0.17 0.1825-29 0.43 0.28 0.3530-34 0.64 0.45 0.5435-39 0.53 0.23 0.3740-44 0.41 0.19 0.3045-49 0.48 0.17 0.33 Total age 15-49 0.36 0.22 0.28
  19. 19. Thank you!

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