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# Morphs and allomorphs

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### Morphs and allomorphs

1. 1. MORPHOLOGICAL
2. 2. An inflectional morpheme never changes the grammatical category of a word. Example: old + (-er) = older (adj) (adj)
3. 3. A derivational morpheme can change the grammatical category of a word. Example: teach + (-er) = teacher (verb) (noun)
4. 4. Whenever there is a derivational suffix and an inflectional suffix attached to the same word, they always appear in that order. teach + (-er) = teacher teacher + (-s) = teachers (DS) (IS)
5. 5. PROBLEMS in
6. 6. Unidentifiable/ Inseparable Elements (i) Plural Form sheep man goose sheep men geese
7. 7. Unidentifiable/ Inseparable Elements (ii) PastTense read go cut read went cut
8. 8. Unidentifiable/ Inseparable Elements (iii) Noun Adjective law mouth legal oral
9. 9. Other Problems leg car polite win legal? carnivore? cosmopolite? window?
10. 10. MORPHS
11. 11. Morphs, the actual forms used to realize morphemes. Example: cats [cat + (-s)] bus [bus + (-es)]
12. 12. Allomorphs, any of the different forms of a morpheme. Example: Past Tense: called [-d], talked [-t], glided [-ed] Morpheme: [-d] Allomorphs /-d/ /-t/ /-ed/
13. 13. Example: Plural Formation: desks [-s], cars [-z], buses [-ez] Morpheme: [-s] Allomorphs /-s/ /-z/ /-ez/