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Baroque Northern Europe

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Baroque Northern Europe

  1. 1. Chapter 25 Northern Europe 1600 – 1700 Baroque in Flanders, Dutch Republic, France and England
  2. 2. Europe in the 17 th Century
  3. 3. Figure 25-2 PETER PAUL RUBENS, Elevation of the Cross, Antwerp Cathedral, Antwerp, Belgium, 1610. Oil on panel, 15’ 1 7/8” x 11’ 1 1/2” (center panel), 15' 1 7/8" x 4' 11" (each wing).
  4. 5. Baroque in Flanders
  5. 6. PETER PAUL RUBENS, drawing of Laocoön, ca. 1600-1608. Black-and-white chalk drawing with bistre wash, approx. 1’ 7” x 1’ 7”. Ambrosiana, Milan.
  6. 8. Figure 25-3 PETER PAUL RUBENS, Arrival of Marie de’ Medici at Marseilles, 1622–1625. Oil on canvas, approx. 5’ 1” x 3’ 9 1/2”. Louvre, Paris.
  7. 10. Figure 25-4 PETER PAUL RUBENS, Allegory of the Outbreak of War, 1638. Oil on canvas, 6’ 9” x 11’ 3 7/8”. Pitti Gallery, Florence.
  8. 12. Rubens, Garden of Love c. 1633 Oil on canvas, 198 x 283 cm Museo del Prado, Madrid
  9. 14. Rubens, An Autumn Landscape with a View of Het Steen c. 1635 Oil on wood, 137 x 235 cm National Gallery, London
  10. 15. Figure 25-5 ANTHONY VAN DYCK, Charles I Dismounted, ca. 1635. Oil on canvas, approx. 9’ x 7’. Louvre, Paris.
  11. 16. Figure 25-6 CLARA PEETERS, Still Life with Flowers, Goblet, Dried Fruit, and Pretzels, 1611. Oil on panel, 1’ 7 3/4” x 2’ 1 1/4”. Museo del Prado, Madrid.
  12. 17. Baroque in Holland (Dutch Republic)
  13. 18. Figure 25-8 GERRIT VAN HONTHORST, Supper Party, 1620. Oil on canvas, approx. 7’ x 4’ 8”. Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence.
  14. 19. Figure 25-9 FRANS HALS, Archers of Saint Hadrian, ca. 1633. Oil on canvas, approx. 6’ 9” x 11’. Frans Halsmuseum, Haarlem.
  15. 20. Figure 25-10 FRANS HALS, The Women Regents of the Old Men’s Home at Haarlem, 1664. Oil on canvas, 5’ 7” x 8’ 2”. Frans Halsmuseum, Haarlem.
  16. 21. Malle Babbe 1633-35 Oil on canvas, 75 x 64 cm Staatliche Museen, Berlin
  17. 22. The Merry Drinker 1628-30 Oil on canvas, 81 x 66,5 cm Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam
  18. 24. Figure 25-11 JUDITH LEYSTER, Self-Portrait, ca. 1630. Oil on canvas, 2’ 5 3/8” x 2’ 1 5/8”. National Gallery of Art, Washington (gift of Mr. and Mrs. Robert Woods Bliss).
  19. 25. Self-Portrait 1629 Oil on panel, 15,5 x 12,5 cm Alte Pinakothek, Munich Self Portrait as a Young Man 1634 Oil on canvas, 61 x 52 cm Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence
  20. 26. Self-portrait 1640 Oil on canvas, 102 x 80 cm National Gallery, London
  21. 27. Figure 25-15 REMBRANDT VAN RIJN, Self-Portrait, ca. 1659–1660. Oil on canvas, approx. 3’ 8 3/4” x 3’ 1”. The Iveagh Bequest, Kenwood House, London.
  22. 28. Self-Portrait 1659 Oil on canvas, 84,5 x 66 cm National Gallery of Art, Washington
  23. 29. Figure 25-12 REMBRANDT VAN RIJN, Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Tulp, 1632. Oil on canvas, 5’ 3 3/4” x 7’ 1 1/4”. Mauritshuis, The Hague.
  24. 30. Figure 25-13 REMBRANDT VAN RIJN, The Company of Captain Frans Banning Cocq (Night Watch), 1642. Oil on canvas (cropped from original size), 11’ 11” x 14’ 4”. Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam.
  25. 31. Figure 25-14 REMBRANDT VAN RIJN, Return of the Prodigal Son, ca. 1665. Oil on canvas, approx. 8’ 8” x 6’ 9”. Hermitage Museum, Saint Petersburg.
  26. 33. Figure 25-16 REMBRANDT VAN RIJN, Christ with the Sick around Him, Receiving the Children (Hundred Guilder Print), ca. 1649. Etching, approx. 11” x 1’ 3 1/4”. Pierpont Morgan Library, New York.
  27. 34. Figure 25-17 AELBERT CUYP, A Distant View of Dordrecht, with a Milkmaid and Four Cows, and Other Figures (The “Large Dort”), late 1640s. Oil on canvas, approx. 5’ 1” ´ 6’ 4 7/8”. National Gallery, London.
  28. 35. Figure 25-18 JACOB VAN RUISDAEL, View of Haarlem from the Dunes at Overveen, ca. 1670. Oil on canvas, approx. 1’ 10” x 2’ 1”. Mauritshuis, The Hague.
  29. 36. Figure 24-51 Detail Central detail of the city © 2005 Saskia Cultural Documentation, Ltd.
  30. 37. Figure 25-19 JAN VERMEER, The Letter, 1666. Oil on canvas, 1’ 5 1/4” x 1’ 3 1/4”. Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam.
  31. 40. JAN VERMEER, Allegory of the Art of Painting, 1670–1675. Oil on canvas, 4’ 4” x 3’ 8”. Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna.
  32. 45. Woman Holding a Balance 1662-63 Oil on canvas, 42,5 x 38 cm National Gallery of Art, Washington
  33. 46. Girl with a Pearl Earring c. 1665 Oil on canvas, 46,5 x 40 cm Mauritshuis, The Hague
  34. 48. Vermeer, The Little Street 1657-58 Oil on canvas, 54,3 x 44 cm Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam
  35. 49. Figure 25-20 JAN STEEN, The Feast of Saint Nicholas, ca. 1660–1665. Oil on canvas, 2’ 8 1/4” x 2’ 3 3/4”. Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam.
  36. 50. Figure 24-55 PIETER CLAESZ, Vanitas Still Life, 1630s. Oil on panel, 1’ 2” x 1’ 11 1/2”. Germanisches Nationalmuseum, Nuremberg.
  37. 51. Figure 25-22 WILLEM KALF, Still Life with a Late Ming Ginger Jar, 1669. Oil on canvas, 2’ 6” x 2’ 1 3/4”. Indianapolis Museum of Art, Indianapolis.
  38. 52. Figure 25-23 RACHEL RUYSCH, Flower Still Life, after 1700. Oil on canvas, 2’ 6” x 2’. The Toledo Museum of Art, Toledo (purchased with funds from the Libbey Endowment, gift of Edward Drummond Libbey).
  39. 53. <ul><li>Baroque in Flanders : Rubens—pageantry, opulent fabrics, large scale, vibrant colors with dynamic brushwork </li></ul><ul><li>Baroque in the Dutch Republic : </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on genre, portraiture, landscape and other non-religious subjects </li></ul><ul><li>Captures a moment in time, engages the viewer, alludes to narrative, interior spaces complex (Vermeer) dramatic but softened light </li></ul><ul><li>Rembrandt – religious and non-religious subjects, infused with dramatic mood, psychological insight (compare to Caravaggio, Durer, Holbein) </li></ul><ul><li>Hals and Leyster- portraiture: capture a moment in time, genre subjects, “all Prima” brushwork </li></ul>

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