visual dictionary- cavitywall

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visual dictionary- cavitywall

  1. 1. Air Barrier Paper Keeps air from penetrating through the cracks left during previous stages of the building process, such as the sheathing stage.
  2. 2. Attic Ventilation Soffit Vent- An opening under the eave of a roof, used Ridge Vent-A long, open assembly that allows air to to allow air to flow into the attic or the space below the roof sheathing. circulate in and out of a gable roof at the ridge.
  3. 3. Attic Ventilation Gable vent- A screened , louvered opening in a Roof Turbine- Same principle as other attic gable, used for exhausting excess heat and humidity from ventilator accept this one uses the power of the wind to the attic space. circulate the air in the attic space.
  4. 4. Backhoe -A backhoe can be tied to the back end of a front end loader. It is used to for digging holes for pipeline or a septic tank. Length of bucket- 3 ft
  5. 5. Batter Boards -One of a pair of horizontal boards which are nailed (at right angles to each other) to three posts set beyond the corners of a building excavation; used to indicate a desired location; strings, fastened to these boards, are used to indicate the exact corner of a building.
  6. 6. Brick Arches Parabolic Arch
  7. 7. Brick Arches Gothic Arch
  8. 8. Brick Arches Roman Arch With Keystone
  9. 9. Brick Arches-Centering -Temporary formwork for an arch, dome, or vault.
  10. 10. Brick Bond #1 Running - Simply means that every Wythe consists of stretchers that are placed so that head joints will center the bricks above and below it. -
  11. 11. Brick Bond #2 Common Bond- for every 5 or 6 rows of running bond there is one row of headers.
  12. 12. RowLocks
  13. 13. Header
  14. 14. Soldiers
  15. 15. Stretcher Rowlock
  16. 16. Brick Size Number 1 -Engineer Standard W- 3 ½ inches L- 8 inches H-2 ¾ inches
  17. 17. Brick Size Number 2 Standard W- 3 ½ or 3 5/8 inches L- 8 inches H- 2 ¼ inches
  18. 18. Bulldozer Tool that is used during the site work phase; used to move earth as required by operator.
  19. 19. Cladding Brick Clad Structure EFIS Clad Structure
  20. 20. Cladding Wood Board Clad Structure Stone Clad Structure- Random rubble
  21. 21. Cladding Wood Shake- A shingle split from a block of wood, pictured here are cedar shakes.
  22. 22. Code Requirements Window- Height = 25 inches IBC 24 inches- code met Code Egress- < or = 44 inches Width = 29 inches IBC 34 ¼ inches- code not met My Window- 44 ¼ Area = 5.0 sq ft IBC 5.7 sq ft- code not met My window is ¼ of an inch over the IBC regulation height. Sill Height From AFF = 44 ¼ IBC <=44 code not met
  23. 23. Code Requirement Stairs Pictured- Height of Riser- 7 ¼ inches IBC- 7 ¾ inch Max- Code Met Length of Tread- 10 ½ inches IBC- 10 inch minimum- Code -All IBC requirements have been met in theses photos Met
  24. 24. Concrete Joints Control Joint With Crack - A control joint is designed to induce cracking on a desired line.
  25. 25. Concrete Joints- Isolation Joint -This is a joint that is installed to allow separation between a concrete slab and another object such as a wall or in the case of these pictures a column.
  26. 26. Concrete Masonry Unit 1 cmu = 3 bricks
  27. 27. Concrete Masonry Unit - CMU is a block of hardened concrete, with or without hollow cores, designed to be laid in the same manner as a brick or stone; a concrete block. Each full block is nominally 8 inches high and 16 inches long. Pictured above is block that is 4 inches wide, the other measures 8 inches in width.
  28. 28. Decorative CMU Split Block
  29. 29. Decorative CMU Ribbed block
  30. 30. Doors Exterior Flush Door
  31. 31. Doors Panel Door -Stile -Top rail -Lock rail -Bottom rail
  32. 32. Doors -Transom -A small Window located above the door
  33. 33. Doors -Sidelight - A tall narrow window along the side of a door.
  34. 34. Electrical Components Transformer on Power Pole-An electrical Underground Box device that changes the voltage of alternating current.
  35. 35. Electrical Components Service Head - Location where the electric current first reaches the house.
  36. 36. Electrical Components Meter - The meter is the first destination of the electricity once it reaches the house, it is a device that keeps track of the amount of electricity used by the home.
  37. 37. Electrical Components Service Panel -A group of circuit breakers mounted in a steel box from which electricity is distributed throughout the building.
  38. 38. Electrical Components Duplex Receptacle - In the house access to 110 volts of electricity.
  39. 39. Framing Elements #1- Anchor Bolt #2- Sill Plate
  40. 40. Framing Elements #3- Floor Joist #4- Subflooring
  41. 41. Framing Elements #5- Sole Plate #6- Stud
  42. 42. Framing Elements #7- Top Plate #8- Ceiling Joist
  43. 43. Framing Elements #9- Rafter #10- Roof Decking
  44. 44. Framing Elements #11- Sheathing #12- Stringer
  45. 45. Front End Loader - Like the bulldozer the front end loader is used during the site work phase, the front shovel is designed to pick up dirt and soil and place it in a desired destination. Bull dozer are not designed to pick up.
  46. 46. Gypsum Board - An interior facing panel consisting of a gypsum core sandwiched between paper faces, also called drywall, plasterboard.
  47. 47. Heat Pump Advantage– Can work in reverse and cool air during the summer months. Disadvantage- Generally noisy and should be located as far as possible from outdoor social areas and bedrooms. Compressor/Condenser- Heats and cools air to Air Handling Unit – Directs air to desired desired temperature. rooms when entering the building.
  48. 48. Insulation-A material with a low thermal conductivity that is included in a building assembly for the purpose of reducing heat flow through the assembly. Batt Loose Fill
  49. 49. Insulation-A material with a low thermal conductivity that is included in a building assembly for the purpose of reducing heat flow through the assembly. Foamed Rigid Board
  50. 50. Lintel -A beam that carries the load of a wall across a window or door opening.
  51. 51. Mortar #1- Flush - Troweled -Size varied but averaged about 3/8’s of an inch - It was used on the outside of an apartment building, my guess is that it is type in M mortar.
  52. 52. Mortar #2- Concaved - 3/8 inch -Tooled -Located on the pout side wall of a shopping center. Also must be M type mortar.
  53. 53. Oriented Strand Board(OSB) -A nonveneered panel composed of long shreds of wood fiber oriented in specific directions and bonded together under pressure. Each layer is oriented perpendicular to the one above and below for added strength.
  54. 54. Plumbing Lavatory- Drain Pipe= 1 ½ inch
  55. 55. Plumbing Water Closet Drain Pipe = 3 inches
  56. 56. Plumbing Manufactured Tub
  57. 57. Plumbing Plumbing Roof Vent (VTR) - Vents that maintain a system of plumbing drain and waste lines atmospheric pressure by connecting them to the outdoor air.
  58. 58. Plumbing Integral Sink
  59. 59. Plywood Definition-A wood panel composed of an odd number of layers of wood veneer bonded together under pressure. Like OSB ply layers are placed on one another perpendicularly to add strength. Veneer- A thin layer, sheet or facing.
  60. 60. Rebar -The rebar in the photo is #4 because it is ½ an inch in thickness. - The small deformations are used to add more grip to the surrounding hardened concrete .
  61. 61. Steep Roof Drainage Gutter- a gutter is installed on the edge of the roof and is designed to catch rain water and direct it to a down spout.
  62. 62. Steep Roof Drainage Down Spout- Used to deliver rain water from the gutter to the splash block.
  63. 63. Steep Roof Drainage Splash Block- installed at the bottom of the down spout, it’s function is allow the rain water to splash off it’s surface saving the soil from erosion.
  64. 64. Steep Roof Materials Underlayment- Roof underlayment's are designed to protect the roof sheathing and structure from moisture penetration.
  65. 65. Steep Roof Materials Clay Tile Roof
  66. 66. Steep Roof Materials Shingles- A small unit of water resistant material nailed in overlapping fashion with many other such units to render a wall or sloping roof water tight. Pictured- Slate
  67. 67. Steep Roof Materials Preformed Metal Roof- A preformed metal roof is another option aside from shingles. The manufacturer will take metal sheets and join them together with a bended or creased seam. Typically Galvanized or aluminized steel, appears to be copper.
  68. 68. Steep Roof Shapes “Gable”
  69. 69. Steep Roof Shapes “Gambrel”
  70. 70. Steep Roof Shapes “Hipped”
  71. 71. Steep Roof Shapes “Mansard”
  72. 72. Steep Roof Terms: Ridge- The level intersection of two roof plans in a gable roof.
  73. 73. Steep Roof Terms: Valley-A trough formed by the intersection of two roof slopes
  74. 74. Steep Roof Terms: Eave – The horizontal edge at the low side of a sloping roof.
  75. 75. Steep Roof Terms: Rake – The sloping edge of steep roof.
  76. 76. Steep Roof Terms: Soffit – The undersurface of a horizontal element of a building, especially the underside of a stair or roof overhang.
  77. 77. Steep Roof Terms: Fascia- The exposed vertical face of an eave.
  78. 78. Steep Roof Terms: Roof without Fascia – An eave without fascia board installed.
  79. 79. Stone Random Rubble
  80. 80. Stone Coursed Rubble
  81. 81. Stone Random Ashlar
  82. 82. Stone Coursed Ashlar
  83. 83. Vapor Retarder - A layer of materiel intended to obstruct the passage of water vapor through a building assembly. Designed to put placed in the warm-in -winter side of the assembly.
  84. 84. Waterproofing -Am impervious membrane applied to the outside of a foundation to stop the penetration of water. -The water proofing used in the picture is liquid applied.
  85. 85. Weep Hole -Designed and placed in brick walls as an exit point for water that has collected between the brick veneer and the sheathing
  86. 86. Windows #1 Sliding- It is considered sliding because the opening action of the window is a sliding action.
  87. 87. Windows #2 Double Hung- Considered double hung because there are two windows in the unit and the two panes action is up and down.

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