Group 3 - Human Trafficking


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Group 3 - Human Trafficking

  1. 1. "Around the world, millions of people are living in bondage. They labor in fields and factories under brutal employers who threaten them with violence if they try to escape. They work in homes for families that keep them virtually imprisoned . They are forced to work as prostitutes or to beg in the streets, fearful of the consequences if they fail to earn their daily quota. They are women, men, and children of all ages, and they are often held far from home with no money, no connections, and no way to ask for help.This is modern slavery, a crime that spans the globe, providing ruthlessemployers with an endless supply of people toabuse for financial gain. Human trafficking is a crime with many victims: notonly those who are trafficked, but alsothe families they leave behind, some of whom never see their loved onesagain.
  2. 2. Human Trafficking is a crime against humanity. Human trafficking is theillegal trade of human beings for the purposes of reproductive slavery,commercial sexual exploitation, forced labor, or a modern-day form ofslavery. It involves an act of recruiting, transporting, transferring,harboring or receiving a person through a use of force, coercion or othermeans, for the purpose of exploiting them. Every year, thousands of men,women and children fall into the hands of traffickers, in their owncountries and abroad.Every country in the world is affected by trafficking, whether as a countryof origin, transit or destination for victims.
  3. 3. The Act (What is done)Recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring or receipt of personsThe Means (How it is done)Threat or use of force, coercion, abduction, fraud, deception, abuse of power or vulnerability, or giving payments or benefits to a person in control of the victimThe Purpose (Why it is done)For the purpose of exploitation, which includes exploiting the prostitution ofothers, sexual exploitation, forced labour, slavery or similar practices and theremoval of organs.
  4. 4. What do we really know about sex trafficking?Although trafficking of women and girls for sexual exploitation is a globalproblem, hard statistics on the numbers of women involved, and in whichcountries, are close to impossible to come by:• It is an illegal, underground business, and it is difficult to extrapolate the scaleof the problem from statistics on arrests and convictions, because manyvictims dont come forward for fear of retribution•The UNESCO TRAFFICKING STATISTICS PROJECT is a first step toward clarifyingwhat we know, what we think we know, and what we dont know abouttrafficking.
  5. 5. HUMAN TRAFFICKING: THE FACTSAn estimated 2.5 million people are in forced labour (including sexualexploitation) at any given time as a result of trafficking Of these:56% - are in Asia and the Pacific10% - are in Latin America and the Caribbean9.2% - are in the Middle East and Northern Africa5.2% - are in sub-Saharan countries10.8% - are in industrialized countries8% - are in countries in transition161 countries are reported to be affected by human trafficking by being asource, transit or destination.People are reported to be trafficked from 127 countries to be exploited in137 countries, affecting every continent and every type of economy
  6. 6. The Victims•The majority of trafficking victims are between 18 and 24 years of age•An estimated 1.2 million children are trafficked each year•95% of victims experienced physical or sexual violence during trafficking(based on data from selected European countries)•43% of victims are used for forced commercial sexual exploitation, ofwhom 98 per cent are women and girls•32% of victims are used for forced economic exploitation, of whom 56per cent are women and girls•Many trafficking victims have at least middle-level education
  7. 7. Profits•Estimated global annual profits made from the exploitation of all traffickedforced labour are US$ 31.6 billion Of this:US$ 15.5 billion - is generated in industrialized economiesUS$ 9.7 billion – is generated in Asia and the PacificUS$ 1.3 billion – is generated in Latin America and the CaribbeanUS$ 1.6 billion – is generated in sub-Saharan AfricaUS$ 1.5 billion – is generated in the Middle East and North AfricaWe know what works. We can begin to defeat sex trafficking if we severelypunish its national and multi-national profiteers, arrest its customers, offer a wayout to its prisoners, and create self-respecting economic alternatives for girlsand women who are at risk. The question is: "Will we?
  8. 8. TRAFFICKING IN INDIA:India is a source, destination, and transit country for men, women, andchildren trafficked for the purposes of forced labor and commercial sexualexploitation. NGOs estimate this problem affects 20 to 65 million Indians.India is also a destination for women and girls trafficked for the purpose ofcommercial sexual exploitation.Children are subjected to forced labor in various industries. There are alsovictims of labor trafficking among the thousands of Indians who heavilymigrate willingly every year for work as domestic servants and low-skilledlaborers such workers are the victims of fraudulent recruitment practices thatlead them directly into situations of forced labor, including debt bondage; inother cases, high debts incurred to pay recruitment fees leave themvulnerable to exploitation by unscrupulous employers in the destinationcountries, where some are subjected to conditions of involuntary servitude,including non-payment of wages, restrictions on movement, unlawfulwithholding of passports, and physical or sexual abuse.
  9. 9. GOVT STEPS:The Government of India prohibits some forms of trafficking for commercialsexual exploitation through the Immoral Trafficking Prevention Act (ITPA). Prescribed penalties :Acc .to the ITPA it is ranging from seven years’ to lifeimprisonment. India also prohibits bonded and forced labor through the Bonded LaborAbolition Act, the Child Labor Act, and the Juvenile Justice Act.These laws are ineffectually enforced, however, and their prescribedpenalties — a maximum of three years in prison —are not sufficiently stringent.Indian authorities also use Sections 366(A) and 372 of the Indian Penal Code,prohibiting kidnapping and selling minors into prostitution respectively, toarrest traffickers. Penalties under these provisions are a maximum of ten years’ imprisonmentand a fine.India’s Central Bureau of Investigation incorporated anti-trafficking traininginto its standard curriculum. In November, the Stateof Maharashtra developed an action plan to combat trafficking; it did not,however, allocate appropriate funding to accomplish the objectives of thisplan.
  10. 10. Measures to be taken for public Awareness•Spread Information of regarding risk of becoming a victim.•Spread information regarding risk of getting involved in traffickingbusiness.•Spread information regarding rights of victims.•Information regarding punishment for engaging in commercial sex.•Method of information of reporting a recruitment activities.•Information as hotline and available victim services.