Henry the VIII


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a presentation about Henry VIII of England and his six wives!! =)

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Henry the VIII

  1. 1. Karina Quick 2ºBach B
  2. 2. Summary <ul><li>About Henry VIII </li></ul><ul><li>Childhood </li></ul><ul><li>Death of Arthur-Succession </li></ul><ul><li>Catherine of Aragon </li></ul><ul><li>Anne Boleyn </li></ul><ul><li>Jane Seymour </li></ul><ul><li>Anne of Cleaves </li></ul><ul><li>Catherine Howard </li></ul><ul><li>Catherine Parr </li></ul><ul><li>Death </li></ul><ul><li>Children </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul><ul><li>Questions </li></ul>
  3. 3. About Henry VIII <ul><li>King of England and Lord of Ireland </li></ul><ul><li>Significant figure in the history of England </li></ul><ul><li>Separation from the Roman Catholic Church </li></ul><ul><li>Supreme Head of the English Church </li></ul><ul><li>Legal Union of England and Wales </li></ul><ul><li>Six wives – three children </li></ul><ul><li>Wanted more than one male heir to the throne. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Childhood <ul><li>Sixth child of Henry VII and Elizabeth of York . </li></ul><ul><li>Six siblings, only three — Arthur, Prince of Wales ; Margaret ; and Mary — survived infancy </li></ul><ul><li>First-rate education </li></ul><ul><li>Fluent in Latin, Spanish and French </li></ul><ul><li>Preparing for a life in the church </li></ul>
  5. 5. Death of Arthur-Succession <ul><li>1502-Arthur dies </li></ul><ul><li>Henry becomes Prince of Wales </li></ul><ul><li>Engaged to Arthur’s widow, Catherine of Aragon </li></ul><ul><li>Death of Henry VII </li></ul><ul><li>Marriage and Coronation – 17 years old </li></ul>
  6. 6. Catherine of Aragon <ul><li>Youngest surviving child of King Ferdinand II of Aragon and Queen Isabella I of Castile . </li></ul><ul><li>Engaged to Henry’s brother Arthur </li></ul><ul><li>Marriage to Henry – 24 years </li></ul><ul><li>Six pregnancies </li></ul><ul><li>Mary only surviving child </li></ul><ul><li>Henry falls in love with Anne Boleyn </li></ul><ul><li>Divorce </li></ul><ul><li>Dies 1536 - Cancer </li></ul>
  7. 7. Anne Boleyn <ul><li>Key figure in the political and religious upheaval that was the start of the English Reformation . </li></ul><ul><li>Daughter of Sir Thomas Boleyn and his wife, Lady Elizabeth Howard </li></ul><ul><li>1525 - Henry VIII falls in love with Anne – Pursuit </li></ul><ul><li>Annulment from Catherine </li></ul><ul><li>25 January 1533 – Wedding </li></ul><ul><li>Queen of England on 1 June 1533 </li></ul><ul><li>gave birth to the future Elizabeth I of England . </li></ul><ul><li>Unable to give male heir- incest with brother </li></ul><ul><li>Execution </li></ul>
  8. 8. Jane Seymour <ul><li>Daughter of Sir John Seymour of Wiltshire and Margery Wentworth . </li></ul><ul><li>She was not educated as highly as King Henry's previous wife </li></ul><ul><li>She became a maid-of- honour in 1532 to Queen Catherine and went on to serve Queen Anne Boleyn. </li></ul><ul><li>Wedding ten days after Anne’s execution </li></ul><ul><li>She was never crowned </li></ul><ul><li>Early 1537, Jane became pregnant . </li></ul><ul><li>Edward VI of England on 12 October 1537 </li></ul><ul><li>Queen Jane died on 24 October 1537 </li></ul>
  9. 9. Anne of Cleaves <ul><li>German noblewoman - second daughter of John III , Duke of Cleves, Julich, Berg, Count of Mark and Ravensbergand and Maria, Duchess of Julich-Berg . </li></ul><ul><li>Painted beautifully by Hans Holbein </li></ul><ul><li>Henry disappointed </li></ul><ul><li>However - married on 6 January 1540 </li></ul><ul><li>Non-consummation </li></ul><ul><li>Marriage was annulled on 9 July 1540 </li></ul><ul><li>Generous settlement </li></ul>
  10. 10. Catherine Howard <ul><li>Cousin of Anne Boleyn </li></ul><ul><li>She was the daughter of Lord Edmund Howard </li></ul><ul><li>Marriage - 28 July 1540 </li></ul><ul><li>Very attractive and beautiful </li></ul><ul><li>Repulsed by her husband's obesity . </li></ul><ul><li>Adultery committed while married to the King. </li></ul><ul><li>Execution </li></ul>
  11. 11. Catherine Parr <ul><li>Last of the six wives </li></ul><ul><li>most-married English Queen, with four husbands. </li></ul><ul><li>12 July 1543 – Marriage </li></ul><ul><li>First Queen of Ireland </li></ul><ul><li>Outlived Henry </li></ul><ul><li>Married Jane Seymour’s brother </li></ul><ul><li>Died after childbirth – Puerparal fever </li></ul>
  12. 12. Death <ul><li>Obesity – leg wound </li></ul><ul><li>Boils </li></ul><ul><li>Ulcers </li></ul><ul><li>Type II Diabetes </li></ul><ul><li>Death - 28 January 1547 </li></ul><ul><li>Buried in St George's Chapel in Windsor Castle , next to his wife Jane Seymour. </li></ul><ul><li>Son Edward succeeds </li></ul>
  13. 13. Children <ul><li>- Edward - first to reign Protestant– dies age 15 </li></ul><ul><li>- Mary - Catholic Reign – marries Phillip I Spain </li></ul><ul><li>Dies of cancer </li></ul><ul><li>- Elizabeth – Protestant – Most successful reign </li></ul>
  14. 14. CONCLUSION <ul><li>Henry came to the throne after his brother’s death </li></ul><ul><li>He had SIX wives </li></ul><ul><li>His divorce of Catherine separated the English Church from the Catholic Church – England becomes protesant . </li></ul><ul><li>Out of his six wives two were beheaded, two divorced, one died and one lived. </li></ul><ul><li>He had three children </li></ul>
  15. 15. Questions <ul><li>Do you think Henry was obsessed with finding a male heir? </li></ul><ul><li>Was it fair of him beheading two of his wives? </li></ul><ul><li>Out of his six wives, who do you think was the most important? </li></ul>
  16. 16. If you have enjoyed Henry’s life… The Tudors - Series The Other Boleyn Girl - Film