Errorcorrection

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PP slides from the session on Error Correction on the CELTA course

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Errorcorrection

  1. 1. Erer Korrection Error Correction
  2. 2. Errors… What..? …errors do learners make? When…? ..should we correct them? Why…? …do they happen? How…? …can we correct them?
  3. 3. What type of error? Problem with… a. word stress b. intonation c. word order d. choice of words e. register f. verb form … • 5 • 4 • 6 • 3 • 2 • 1
  4. 4. Why do learners make errors?
  5. 5. Why do learners make errors? • Transfer of systems from L1 • Overgeneralise in making hypotheses about application of rules • Fossilisation: learners get stuck and continue to use incorrect forms • Learners don’t know rules but try anyway • Slips due to hurry, tiredness, etc.
  6. 6. When to correct… • Will it help or hinder learning? • Am I correcting something that they haven’t learnt yet? • How will the student take the correction? • What is my intention in correcting?
  7. 7. When to correct… accuracy fluency
  8. 8. How to correct… Method Teacher prompts using terminology, eg ‘grammar’, ‘tense’, etc Teacher asks a question eg to check meaning Teacher repeats until the point of error e.g. Yesterday Reformulation Finger correction Delayed correction you...
  9. 9. How to correct… Method Advantages Disadvantages Teacher prompts Easy to use. Indicates error type. Learners need to be familiar with terminology. Teacher repeats Quick & easy. Indicates precisely where error is. T needs to use gesture & intonation well – correction not communication. Finger correction Very clear indication of where error is. Flexible – word in, word out, run words together, etc. Only works with short utterances. Takes practice to become confident.
  10. 10. How to correct… Method Advantages Disadvantages Teacher uses questions Good way to discover intended meaning Repairs communication Questions need to be clear & easy to answer to avoid confusion Reformulation Quick & easy Maintains flow of communication May have little impact – learners may not notice correction. Delayed correction Less impact – “served cold” Does not interfere with communication T has time to prepare
  11. 11. Errors… • Do you feel the same about errors as when you started? • Which quote do you most agree with now? • How would you best summarise your attitude to errors?

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