the ecocidal eye:


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the ecocidal eye:

  1. 1. the ecocidal eye: beyond the anthropocentric to a relational gaze in cinema we understand and relate to the world by the cultural works we createcathy fitzgerald, nz/irelandSunday 17 June 2012 1
  2. 2. PART 1: the anthropocentric gaze The 9 planetary boundaries recently adopted by the UN 2012 How have we managed to create such global change?Sunday 17 June 2012 2
  3. 3. ʻThe Great Accelerationʼ (last 50 years) in “Welcome to the Anthropoceneʼ viral video (2012)Sunday 17 June 2012 3
  4. 4. A profound crisis of ‘civilized’ cultureSunday 17 June 2012 4
  5. 5. CULTURAL ROOTS / characteristics of anthropocentric gaze? the hero, King Gilgameshʼs affect 4500 years ago in ancient IraqSunday 17 June 2012 5
  6. 6. The idea of the ʻGreat Chain of Beingʼ, was and continues to be an incredible powerful and in this example, a visual metaphor of divinely inspired hierarchy, giving man dominion over all he surveyedSunday 17 June 2012 6
  7. 7. Joseph Wright of Derby: Experiment on a bird with a gas pump Ironically while the enlightenment saw great improvements for humanity, for the natural world it was the dawn of new dark ageSunday 17 June 2012 7
  8. 8. ...that continues today in our biotech age Nature 2000: continuing desires: cathy fitzgeraldSunday 17 June 2012 8
  9. 9. Nature has almost disappeared from our view, almost like in the movie ‘Soylent Green’ 1972Sunday 17 June 2012 9
  10. 10. ‘probably no substantial dimension of film history that is so widely admired by a public audience and so frequently utilised in academic contexts has been so thoroughly ignored by film critics, historians and theorists as the nature (wildlife) film’, film theorist, Scott MacDonald 2006Sunday 17 June 2012 10
  11. 11. Bergerʼs highly influential book in early 70s unpacked the politics and power inherent in visual culture that perpetuates & supports dominant ideologies 18. 18.Sunday 17 June 2012 11
  12. 12. in european art Berger drew our attention to the fact that women were often portrayed in paintings as ʻthe surveyedʼ, as property, for male pleasure and prestige, that there is a power relationship in how men survey women, represent them and how men treat (exploit) women. ‘the surveyed, as property; there is a power relationship in how women are surveyed, represented and how men treat (exploit) women’ - the male gazeSunday 17 June 2012 12
  13. 13. It was the ʻmanifest destinyʼ of the invading Europeans to grow and develop this EMPTY new landSunday 17 June 2012 13
  14. 14. American Progress John Gast, 1878Sunday 17 June 2012 14
  15. 15. in recent ecocritical analysis of visual imagery the term ʻecopornographyʼ would appear to both be useful and bring attention to the politics of contemporary nature/indigenous representations. ≈Sunday 17 June 2012 15
  16. 16. in very recent ecocritical analysis of visual imagery the term ʻecopornographyʼ would appear to both be useful and attract attention to the politics of contemporary nature/indigenous representations.Sunday 17 June 2012 16
  17. 17. such cultural works have done little to overcome our estrangement from the natural worldSunday 17 June 2012 17
  18. 18. • Scott MacDonald who coined the word ʻecocinemaʼ believes • experimental cinema has potential in ʻretraining perceptionʼ....allowing an examination of the conventions of media- spectatorship (and production) that largely ignores the earthʼ 18 18Sunday 17 June 2012 18
  19. 19. IDENTIFY RESOLUTION: RELATIONAL PART 2: towards a relational gaze in cinema and my arts practiceSunday 17 June 2012 19
  20. 20. When one starts to look at ‘Nature’ in a creative practice, one feels like one is in a hall of mirrorsSunday 17 June 2012 20
  21. 21. Sunday 17 June 2012 21
  22. 22. Leading ecocritical thinkers are turning back to consider uncivilised worldviews where the word and concept of ʻnatureʼ didnʼt exist Tim Mortonʼs ʻDark EcologyʼSunday 17 June 2012 22
  23. 23. Jensen reminds us over and over that indigenous people from many parts of the world never, ever see the world as a metaphor, the way it has become in the west.Sunday 17 June 2012 23
  24. 24. ... artists should move towards ʻan ecological sympathyʼSunday 17 June 2012 24
  25. 25. ... in ʻlawyer-speakʼ, Polly Higgins suggests for peace and for the survial of all species that ʻthat we must urgently extend our duty of care to all lifeʼSunday 17 June 2012 25
  26. 26. I have been interested in the moments in my films where I stop speaking and allow space for other non-human presencesSunday 17 June 2012 26
  27. 27. see 40 yr+ residency in this forest as a continuing dialogue - my relational films becoming an audiovisual diary that I share with other humans online. :-) n followers ...15 millio ecoaSunday 17 June 2012 27
  28. 28. looking/listening with my camera and mic is certainly making me much more aware of the vast complexity of the dynamics of the living communities & elements - my neighbours that I need to relate toSunday 17 June 2012 28
  29. 29. ‘Tending’ Anderson writes suggests a healthy tension, a specific application of wisdom, of culture practices that fosters active relationsSunday 17 June 2012 29
  30. 30. ‘the future has an ancient heart’ A tiny forest in-the-making, in rural ireland, may have something to teach us about one most important living communities on the planet on which so many of us depend, as well as teaching us a thing or two about the wisdom of employing more kincentric perspectives in our cultural activities”Sunday 17 June 2012 30