Subjunctive Mood Spanish Intro

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This presentation gives an introduction to the main uses of subjunctive

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Subjunctive Mood Spanish Intro

  1. 1. El Subjuntivo<br />No es tan complicado…<br />
  2. 2. En Español<br />The subjuntivois not a tense; rather, it is a mood.<br />Tenserefers to when an action takes place (past, present, future), while mood merely reflects how the speaker feels about the action.<br />The subjunctive mood is rarely used in English, but it is widely used in Spanish.<br />
  3. 3. Further Explanation<br />In general, the subjunctive is a verb mood that is used to express an action or state of being in the context of the speaker's reaction to it.<br />Most commonly (although not always), the subjunctive verb is used in a clause that starts with the relative pronoun que(meaning "which," "that" or "who").<br />Frequently, the sentences that contain a subjunctive verb are used to express doubt, uncertainty, denial, desire, commands or reactions to the clause containing the subjunctive verb.<br />
  4. 4. Formula for when subjunctive is used -> S1 + V1 + QUE + S2 + V2<br />1st VERB<br />1st SUBJECT<br />2nd VERB<br />2nd Subject<br />This VERB has to TRIGGER the subjunctive. It must denote emotion, denial, uncertainty, volition, influence, desire, etc.<br />These must be different.<br />This verb will be in the subjunctive.<br />
  5. 5. Many common expressions introduce subjunctive clauses:<br />Es unapenaque... "It is a shame that..."<br />Quieroque... "I want..."<br />Ojalá... "I hope..."<br />Es importanteque... "It is important that..."<br />Me alegro de que... "I am happy that..."<br />Es buenoque... "It is good that..."<br />Es necesarioque... "It is necessary that..."<br />Dudoque... "I doubt that..."<br />
  6. 6. How to form:<br />Conjugate to the present tense first person singular form. (ex. hablar --> hablo)<br />Drop the o (hablo --> habl)<br />Add the opposite ending (habl --> hable, hables, hable, hablemos, habléis, hablen)<br />
  7. 7. Verb Endings<br />AR<br />ER<br />IR<br />
  8. 8. Irregulares<br />
  9. 9. MásIrregulares<br />
  10. 10. …MásIrregulares<br />
  11. 11. -CAR / -GAR / -ZARThese verbs change spelling to preserve vowel sound.<br />
  12. 12. Indicativo = Normal<br />No influence<br />Straight forward<br />Business-like…<br />No emotion<br />Just the facts, ma’am.<br />
  13. 13. Subjuntivo = Hippie Dude<br />Hypothetical…<br />Emotional…<br />Philosophizing…<br />Under the influence…<br />Doubting…<br />Unsure…<br />Desire…<br />In Denial…<br />Not based in reality…<br />
  14. 14. Subjunctive Triggers of Influence<br />}<br />Querer<br />Insistir en<br />Preferir<br />Mandar<br />Prohibir<br />Permitir<br />Desear<br />Recomendar<br />Sugerir<br />Pedir<br />Es necesario<br />Es urgente<br />Es importante<br />Es mejor<br />+ que + subjunctive<br />Sugieroquehables con tus padres.<br />
  15. 15. Subjunctive Triggers of Emotion<br />Alegrarse de<br />Esperar<br />Sentir<br />Temer<br />Tenermiedo de<br />Me gusta<br />Te molesta<br />Le sorprende<br />Es extraño<br />Es increible<br />Es mejor<br />Es bueno<br />Es malo<br />Es ridículo<br />Es terrible<br />Es unalástima<br />Es urgente<br />¡Quéextraño<br />¡Quélástima<br />}<br />+ que + subjunctive<br />Me alegro de quevayas a estudiar en México.<br />
  16. 16. Subjunctive Triggers of Doubt & Denial<br />}<br />No creer<br />Dudar<br />Negar<br />No escierto<br />No esseguro<br />No esverdad<br />Es posible<br />No esposible<br />Es probable<br />No es probable<br />Es improbable<br />No es improbable<br />No estarseguro/a (de)<br />+ que + subjunctive<br />Dudoquehayasestudiadopara el examen.<br />
  17. 17. Videos that Explain Usage<br />http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qlJxXPtv0cE&feature=related (Formation - Irregulars)<br />http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rTTcm9OAcDo&feature=related (Influence)<br />http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EOsgpBgQDiA&feature=related (Emotion)<br />http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sjLJgCkRkjM&feature=related (Doubt and Denial)<br />
  18. 18. Gracias!<br />

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