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It was the Best of Times (ISASA)

Aligning library goals with school goals is a vital step in ensuring that principals are aware of the enormous contribution teacher librarians make towards the success of educational programs.

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It was the Best of Times (ISASA)

  1. 1. Image from
  2. 2. This is the golden age of librarianship...Librarians are in the sweet spot of education.(Joyce Valenza)
  3. 3. A profession at the tipping point:time to change the game plan. (Karen Bonano)
  4. 4. It was the best of times, it was the worst of times... was the season of Light, it was the season of Darkness, it was the spring of hope, it was the winter of despair, we had everything before us, we had nothing before us... (Charles Dickens, A Tale of Two Cities)
  5. 5. Unfortunately, in Australia, over the past 15 years, principal autonomy in staffingalong with inadequate budgets have led to the decline of qualified teacher librarians(TLs) in Victoria, Tasmania, and the ACT.• 50% of Tasmanian schools and ACT primary schools now have no TLs.• In Victoria this could now be as high as 87% of metropolitan primary schools.• TLs are not required in WA primary schools.• In Queensland TLs may not be placed in the library. Seven state high school libraries on the Gold Coast now do not have TLs.• In South Australia 28% of primary libraries have no TLs.• In the NT only 5% of schools have qualified teacher librarians.• NSW is the only state still staffing trained teacher librarians in every school, but in primary schools they are generally used for teacher relief time, diminishing their leadership and teaching potential. ( More examples
  6. 6. Key Finding #1: “A school library program that is adequately staffed, resourced, and funded can lead to higherstudent achievement regardless of the socioeconomic or educational levels of the community.”School LibrariesWork!, 2008.Key Finding #2: "Children who attend schools with school libraries with better collections and superior staffingdo better on tests of reading." S. Krashen. “What do we know about libraries and reading achievement?” BookReport, 2002Key Finding #3: "Students learn more and produce better research products following planned, integratedinformation skills instruction by the teacher and teacher librarian together." K. Haycock. “What works:Integrated information skills instruction: Teacher Librarian 25, no. 2:39, 1997Key Finding #4: “Free voluntary reading is the best predictor of comprehension, vocabulary growth, spellingand grammatical ability and writing style.” M.Lonsdale, Impact of School Libraries on Student Achievement.ACER, 2003.Key Finding #5: Australian research has shown that the school library plays a critical role in supporting studentlearning. L. Hay. “Student learning through Australian school libraries” Synergy, Part 12005, and Part 2, 2006.
  7. 7. In March 2010, Julia Gillard initiated a House Inquiry into SchoolLibraries and Teacher Librarians. The committee’s report has now beenpublished. After 382 submissions and hearings in every state andterritory, the cross party House Committee on Education andTraining has come to grips with the complex issue of decliningnumbers of qualified teacher librarians in our state schools.The loss of tertiary training programs, inadequate staffing budgets, lackof national standards, ignorance of international research linking well-staffed and well-supported school libraries with student literacy andlearning and the loss of state school advisory services and theircorporate knowledge are just some of the causes identified in thehearings.
  8. 8. The Hub: Campaign for Quality School Libraries in Australia http://hubinfo.wordpress.comInitial Inquiry:Both the Government and the Opposition agreed that school libraries are an important andvaluable inclusion for every school.2 years on:“In the Federal Government’s new literacy plan there is no mention of resourcing or the inclusionof the library and the benefits afforded to schools by having a well stocked fiction section run bya professional TL, despite a Government Inquiry 2 years ago into school libraries whichessentially agreed that this was a good idea. Of the states, only NSW mandates a TL in everyschool. Other states are well down the path of ‘independent public schools’ which meansinequity across the public sector when it comes down to staffing and resourcing.” (Barbara Combes, Progress or Politics?)
  9. 9. School libraries at and beyond the tipping point
  10. 10. The Lilley Centre
  11. 11. Average of 1100 visits per day to the Library
  12. 12. Forum
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  14. 14. • Positive attitudes and perceptions about learning• Acquiring and integrating knowledge• Extending and refining knowledge• Using knowledge meaningfully• Productive habits of mind
  15. 15. Principals’constantdilemma:the paradoxof knowing youhave to changewhen you seemto be ahead. Image from
  16. 16.  Virtual assimilation classrooms Smart drugs A human hard-driv e for memory Haptic technol ogy Death of the schoolbook Kids will learn codin g with the Raspberr y Pi device Robots as teach ers Virtual lessons Moveabl e and modifiabl e schools The use of gestural interfaces The increasing presence of big multi -nationals in education Personal is e d technolog y Institution a l technolog y(Futurist expert Neil SelwynFaculty of Education, Monash University)(
  17. 17. • Our attention spans will become even shorter• Turnover in some industries will become greater, and time to mastery shorter• Just-in-time learning will become the norm as organisations demand more agilepeople performance improvement• Employees will become ‘masters of none’• We will become increasingly dependent on our devices as our ‘memory’ of corecontent• Mobile devices will be a workplace tool ‘norm’• The internet will become faster and available everywhere• Technology will become cheaper & more personalised• Employees as content producers will become the ‘norm‘ (Alison Bickford
  18. 18. We are at a point in history where we can decide to education or simply improve it. (Christopher Dede)• t is doing things better• is doing things differently to make things better• The ideal for schools is innovation with improvement Blend with to amplify the creativity rather than destroy it. (Jim Collins Great by Choice)
  19. 19. Right now, we should be asking ourselvesnot just how to do school better, but how to do it decidedly differently. Technological change is not additive: it is ecological, which means (Neil Postman) leadership/mar13/vol70/num06/Students-First,-Not-Stuff.aspx
  20. 20. ResearchReading
  21. 21. QCS OP ResultsInformation fluency Research Literacy Reading NAPLAN MySchool website
  22. 22. Critical thinkingInformation fluency School GoalsLiteracy Digital Citizenship
  23. 23. Reframing learning = reframing literacyUS National Council of Teachers of English - literacy is much more than simply reading and writing texts. 21st Century literacies include: • proficiency with the tools of technology, • an ability to manage, analyze, and synthesize multiple streams of simultaneous information • an ability to design and share information for global communities to meet a variety of purposes,-Not-Stuff.aspx
  24. 24. The Australian Curriculum includes literacy and critical and creative thinking as two of the seven general capabilities, along with ICT capability and ethical behaviour. Libraries teach all of these things already. General Capabilities in the Australian Curriculum January 2012 p 3
  25. 25. Information andCommunication Technologies(ICT)K–10 Cross CurricularFramework and SupportMaterials plusSkills Checklists
  26. 26. • 1994-2004 Study – Sothern and East African Consortium for Monitoring Education Quality (SACMEQ) – 49.9% of Grade 6 learners were not able to understand the meaning of basic written information (Equal Edn 2010a, p.5)• SAS - Grade 8 learners achieved lowest average test scores in 1999 (out of 41 countries) and 2003 (out of 50 countries) – Trends in International Maths and Science Studies (South Africa, DBE, 2008)• 2006 - Progress in International Reading Literacy Study – Grade 4 & 5 learners achieved the lowest scores out of 45 countries tested (South Africa, DBE, 2008)• 2007 study by SACMEQ – some, but minimal, change for Grade 6 learners. Out-performed by less affluent countries such as Botswana, Swaziland, Kenya and Tanzania (South Africa DBE, 2010, p.47) (Research by Margie Paton-Ash)
  27. 27. • Curriculum and Assessment Policy Statement (CAPS) ‘The CAPS will provide clear guidelines on what teachers ought to teach and assess on a grade-by-grade and subject basis.’• Annual National Assessment (ANA)- Become familiar with your curriculum documents- Show teachers how you could support and value to their units, based on your curriculum documents. It would be ideal if teachers were taught at university what TLs can do for them. In the meantime, you need to tell them!
  28. 28. that your stakeholdersautomatically will know what youcontribute to your school or your community’s culture. (Joyce Valenza) Develop ato let people know what you do as a teacher librarian. (Karen Bonano) Image from
  29. 29. • Put up in staffrooms• Hand out as ‘postcards’• Add to your website• Sizes available in Flickr 2011/06/what-do-tls-teach-poster.html
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  31. 31. We are only an endangered species if we allow ourselves to be! This is our tipping point. (Karen Bonano) Teacher Librarians, Luddites in musty book museums (ADHD Librarian)“The Los Angeles school district has targeted 85 TLs and are NOT allowingthem to return to teaching positions if they havent taught in a traditionalclassroom within the last 5 years. Currently, TLs are on the witness standtestifying to their teaching within the library.”
  32. 32. “Many of us are to blame for the attitudes Principals havetowards us – those who have created a ‘Queendom’ andoperated outside of the needs of staff and students! We are in a service industry and, as Karen Bonanno reminded us at the FutureLibraries Conference, ‘Libraries are about connections NOT collections’.” (OZTL_Net)
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  36. 36. Three key lessons:1. Librarians need to actively promote their role as CIO and influence the leadership of the school.2. School libraries need to evolve into iCentres, which house the knowledge-based resources essential to modern learning and schooling.3. The iCentre will need to provide students and staff with a ‘one-stop shop’ for all resourcing of technology and learning needs on a daily basis. (Dr Michael Hough, SLAQ/IASL Keynote, 2010)
  37. 37. Specialist staff, allocation of furniture and spaces, the purchase of new technologies and a culture that embraces change helped to create the Mt Alvernia iCentre, a placethat connects learners with the skills, tools and information they need for success. Website: Facebook: Animoto:
  38. 38.  Take an active role in such  Re tech: Research a n d T echnol ogy resources and practices that  E ve r y Y e a r 8 st ude n t h a s o n e 5 0 are relevant for education in m i n ut e R e t e c h l e sso n i n t h e i r the 21 st century. w e e k ly t i m e t a b le .  T h i s c l a ss i s de si g n ed t o sup p o r t t h e c ur r icul um b y p r o vidin g st ude n t s w i t h f o un da t io n sk i l l s i n r e se a rc h a n d t e c h n o l og y .  T h e C o l l e g e se e s t h e se a s e sse n t i al 2 1 st c e n t ur y sk i l l s f o r l i f e l o n g l e a r n ing. T h e c o n t e n t f o r t h i s c l a ss i s de si g ned b y i C e nt re st a f f i n c o n sul t a t i on w i t h t h e e L e a rning c o - o r dina t or a n d He a ds o f C ur r i cul um.
  39. 39. Implement the Australian  Support the implementation Curriculum Phase 1 subjects of the College curriculum in Prep to Year 9 within the through the provision of context of the Dimensions of resources, ICLT, programs Learning Framework. and services  Implement a program to develop, master and extend research and study skills and encourage competency in users of information so that they become independent life-long learners  Circulate Term 1 2013Maureen Twomey – School Library Ass’n award for DoL
  40. 40. Toorak College Information Fluency Program for Years 5-9 n+Fluency+Program Jenny Luca
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  42. 42. A school library’s Annual Operating Plan should includeanalyses and broad discussions under these keycomponents. Align everything to your school’s mission.  Curriculum and your teaching contribution  ICT integration  Resources  Administration  Human Resources  Long-term initiatives  Financial requests from budget (Jenni King, BBC)
  43. 43. Lead innovation in Enhance our people, Contemporary curriculum and performance and facilitiescurriculum delivery culture Library staff Curriculum, monitoring, Library environment information skills mentoring and and facilities and ICT integration development Quality resources to Library support the management and curriculum and administration encourage literacy
  44. 44. Principals want to see atransformation in learning Image from
  45. 45. Aim - to utilise outdoor education and the environmentto extend literacy and language skills. Malanda SHS Teacher Librarian and Tinaroo Environmental Centre
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  50. 50. Blog post -
  51. 51. All things about book trailers including instructions of appropriate sites with instructions &examples