Philosophy and Leadership. The Classical Model

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From classical leadership model (Bennis, Boyatzis etc) to a new one, based on the classical values, of ancient Greece of course.
What can make our world better?
Presented in Youth Time Summer School in Siena Italy, June 2014.

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Philosophy and Leadership. The Classical Model

  1. 1. Leadership & philosophy YOUTH TIME SUMMER SCHOOL SIENNA ITALY JUNE 24 2014
  2. 2. Leadership & philosophy
  3. 3. What we shall talk about… How we could become better leaders meaning useful people to our communities offering things to our teams for mutual benefit Or the poet leader Pattern in history
  4. 4. Everybody talks about them. Why?
  5. 5. 3 parts + 1 conclusion Part I Classical leadership Part II Classical philosophy and leadership Part III Modern philosophy and leadership Part IV So what?
  6. 6. leadership is an art poetry is an art is leadership also poetry? Lets suppose we do accept the classical leadership matrix, don’t we?
  7. 7. Part I Classical leadership
  8. 8. 1 2 3 4 INSIDE YOU OUTSIDE YOU MANAGE YOU MANAGE OTHERS
  9. 9. 1 INSIDE YOU OUTSIDE YOU MANAGE YOU MANAGE OTHERS
  10. 10. 1. Know thyself Know thyself means separating who you are and who you want to be, from what the world thinks you are and wants you to be
  11. 11. Know thyself Self- knowledge, self invention are lifetime processes …[…]… Noone can teach you how to become yourself except you.
  12. 12. Know thyself • You are your own best teacher • Accept responsibility, blame noone • You can learn anything you want to learn • True understanding comes from reflecting on your experience
  13. 13. Clear?
  14. 14. 2. how to learn II systems • Maintenance learning (maintain an existing system) • Shock learning (occurs when events overwhelm people) eg crises 2OUTSIDE YOU
  15. 15. 2. We have the Innovative learning • Anticipation (being active and imaginative rather that passive and habitual) • Learning by listening to others • Participation (shaping events, rather than being shaped by them) learning by action
  16. 16. Clear?
  17. 17. 3 MANAGE YOU
  18. 18. 3. Your values • Conflicts and resolutions
  19. 19. Conflicts and resolutions Conflicts • Blind trust vs suspicion • Independence vs depend. • Initiative vs imitation • Industry vs inferiority • Identity vs confusion • Intimacy vs isolation • Generosity vs selfishness • Illusion vs delusion Resolutions Hope Autonomy Purpose Competence Integrity Empathy Maturity Wisdom
  20. 20. Your values • Conflicts and resolutions • Test and measure yourself
  21. 21. What do you want? How can YOU best expresses YOU the first test is knowing what you want, knowing your abilities and capacities, and recognizing the differences between the two.
  22. 22. What do you want? How can YOU best expresses YOU the second test is knowing what drives you, knowing what gives you satisfaction and knowing the differences between the two.
  23. 23. What do you want? How can YOU best expresses YOU the third test is knowing what your values and priorities are, knowing what the values and priorities of your organization are and measuring the differences between the two.
  24. 24. What do you want? How can YOU best expresses YOU the fourth test is- having measured the differences between what you want and what you are able to do, and between what drives you and what satisfies you, and between what your values are and what the organisation’s values are….
  25. 25. The question: Are you able and willing to overcome those differences?
  26. 26. Your values • Conflicts & resolutions • Test & measures • Desire to succeed • A true sense of mastery of the task at hand • Strategic thinking • Synthesis
  27. 27. The means of self- expression are the steps to leadership • Reflection leading to resolution • Resolution leading to perspective • Perspective leading to point of view • Point of view leading to tests and measures • tests and measures leading to desire • Desire leading to mastery • Mastery leading to strategic thinking • Strategic thinking leading to full self expression • The synthesis of full- expression= leadership
  28. 28. The synthesis of full- self- expression= leadership
  29. 29. 4 MANAGE OTHERS
  30. 30. 4. You and others • Moving through chaos • Getting people on your side
  31. 31. Getting people on your side • Constancy. Even if the leader is being surprised, he stays on the course • Congruity. They practice what they teach • Reliability. They are ready to support anyone • Integrity. They honor their commitments and promises
  32. 32. You and others • Moving through chaos • Getting people on your side • Integrity is the basis of trust • Adopt to changes • Opportunity= empowerment • meaning= engagement • Learning= leading
  33. 33. 1 2 3 4
  34. 34. Lets put everything in a slide
  35. 35. The modern leadership matrix Know thyself Innovative learning the synthesis of full- self-expression= leadership Learning= leading INSIDE YOU OUTSIDE YOU MANAGE YOU MANAGE OTHERS
  36. 36. Part II Classical philosophy and leadership
  37. 37. The modern leadership matrix Know thyself Innovative learning the synthesis of full- self-expression= leadership Learning= leading INSIDE YOU OUTSIDE YOU MANAGE YOU MANAGE OTHERS
  38. 38. Lets connect them Alexander’s relation to Aristotle’s teaching, and also that he rejected some of them Parthenon as a societal art expression Plato’s philosophical dialogues Socrates Know Thyself
  39. 39. The modern leadership matrix Know thyself, then, means separating who you are and who you want to be from what the world thinks you are and wants you to be. Innovative learning Anticipation (being active and imaginative rather that passive and habitual) Learning by listening to others Participation (shaping events, rather than being shaped by them) full- expression= leadership Reflection leading to resolution Resolution leading to perspective Perspective leading to point of view Point of view leading to tests and measures tests and measures leading to desire Desire leading to mastery Mastery leading to strategic thinking Strategic thinking leading to full self expression The synthesis of full- expression= leadership You and others Moving through chaos Getting people on your side Integrity is the basis of trust Adopt to changes Opportunity= empowerment meaning= engagement Learning= leading
  40. 40. Self enhancement- Emotional awareness Emotional intelligence (EI) is the ability to monitor one's own and other people's emotions, to discriminate between different emotions and label them appropriately, and to use emotional information to guide thinking and behavior. In social psychology, self-assessment is the process of looking at oneself in order to assess aspects that are important to one's identity. It is one of the motives that drive self-evaluation, along with self verification and self enhancement.
  41. 41. How deep?
  42. 42. Do you think they were philosophers and not practitioners?
  43. 43. Several anecdotes suggest that Thales was not solely a thinker but was also involved in business and politics. One story recounts that he bought all the olive presses in Miletus after predicting the weather and a good harvest for a particular year. In another version of the same story, Aristotle explains that Thales reserved presses ahead of time at a discount only to rent them out at a high price when demand peaked, following his predictions of a particularly good harvest. This first version of the story would constitute the first creation and use of futures, whereas the second version would be the first creation and use of options. Aristotle explains that Thales' objective in doing this was not to enrich himself but to prove to his fellow Milesians that philosophy could be useful, contrary to what they thought.
  44. 44. Lets return to the story
  45. 45. WHY HIM?????
  46. 46. He was the wisest because he knew that he knew nothing
  47. 47. Died by drinking hemlock Accused for blasphemy and corrupting youth
  48. 48. Democratic Athens killed the most famous philosopher ever?
  49. 49. Does Socrates SELF ACCEPTANCE of death, remind you of anyone else?
  50. 50. Didn’t they both decide to die ?
  51. 51. (We are not going to discuss about that now, because we are now talking about leadership)
  52. 52. Philosophy is a dialogue / study about the Question of death • Do you know any famous death in Greece? (except Socrates) ? • What was the philosophers relation to that? • What is the leaders’ relation to that?
  53. 53. Lycurgus, Empedocles
  54. 54. Lycurgus, Empedocles Lycurgus was exiled to death Empedocles jumped into Etna, IT
  55. 55. How realistic is…. …To KNOW that you are going to die And not to be afraid of it.
  56. 56. How did this realization of death was translated by ancient Greek leaders? Any stories to share?
  57. 57. So realistic that led to sarcasm and cynicism
  58. 58. Self awareness that was creating people that were not afraid to die…. If not what do you need to do not to be afraid of dying?
  59. 59. PAUSE We are discussing about philosophy and Sparta?? Where is Athens? Some facts about this misperception
  60. 60. Socrates, Plato & Aristotle admired the Spartan system In fact Aristotle was exiled twice from Athens
  61. 61. But we know that Athens has Parthenon, Sparta had nothing to compare to that
  62. 62. Doric Ionian CorinthianAre you sure?
  63. 63. In terms of aesthetics, Parthenon is a Doric style temple (*why so much about Parthenon??)
  64. 64. Quite impressive, isnt it?
  65. 65. Ancient Greeks actually had a complete educational system that supported self awareness Both religious (faith) and educational (logos)
  66. 66. Who Am I? • Where am I going? • Why I am alive? • Why do we die? • Does God exist? • What the f* am I doing here??????????? • What is worth living for? Birth of philosophy, logos etc Ulysses Art & expression
  67. 67. Emotional awareness & poets Emotional intelligence (EI) is the ability to monitor one's own and other people's emotions, to discriminate between different emotions and label them appropriately, and to use emotional information to guide thinking and behavior. =
  68. 68. Emotions = drama Dramatic question being asked to the spectator -Real time -
  69. 69. Theater Theatre or theater is a collaborative form of fine art that uses live performers to present the experience of a real or imagined event before a live audience in a specific place. The performers may communicate this experience to the audience through combinations of gesture, speech, song, music, and dance. Elements of design and stagecraft are used to enhance the physicality, presence and immediacy of the experience.The specific place of the performance is also named by the word "theatre" as derived from the Ancient Greek θέατρον (théatron, "a place for viewing"), itself from θεάομαι (theáomai, "to see", "to watch", "to observe"). That what theater really is!!!!
  70. 70. Drama learning process 1. A Hero Acts> Actor <action 2. Lives his drama< dro <drastic 3. Meets truth <tragic – agony to spectator 4. Reaches Consciousness = self awareness = katharsis 5. Question of Life & Death values come into surface 6. So spectator LEARNS while he FEELS Place= theater, tragedy Music - dance= more action
  71. 71. The Hero – King • Acts> Actor <action • Lives a drama< dro <drastic • Meets truth <tragic • Reaches Consciousness = self awareness Spectator Question of Life & Death values So spectator LEARNS while he FEELS Reaches Consciousness = self awareness Place= theater, tragedy Music - dance= more action
  72. 72. So that is how Know Thyself really WAS happening
  73. 73. The Hero – King • Lives a drama< dro <drastic • Meets truth <tragic • Reaches Consciousness = self awareness • Through the POET POET
  74. 74. YOU How you want to live How you want to express that? How do you live How do you express YOU?
  75. 75. Idiots are out of Greek “Polis” Man is by nature a political animal. He who is unable to live in society, or who has no need because he is sufficient for himself, must be either a beast or a god. Aristotle  participating in social life was obligatory eg. Check term IDIOT describing selfish persons
  76. 76. Ancient Greeks, Social & Organizational awareness “We Greeks believe that a man who takes no part in public affairs is not merely lazy, but good for nothing” Thucydides One of the penalties for refusing to participate in politics is that you end up being governed by your inferiors. Plato “For as man is the best of all animals when he has reached his full development, so he is worst of all when divorced from law and justice.” Aristotle
  77. 77. Everybody talks about them. Why?
  78. 78. Ex- wrestler, burned his plays when 21 y.o. real name Aristocles His top student, left Academy after failed to succeed his teacher, to Lesvos and Vergina
  79. 79. Created a new poetical form, philosophical dialogue & gave us the world of IDEAS Created modern science with observation and experiment, studied nature & everything
  80. 80. They created the PHILOSOPHY LEGO for us to play today!!!
  81. 81. Man is by nature a political animal. law and justice in societies One of the penalties for refusing to participate in politics is that you end up being governed by your inferiors.
  82. 82. Man is by nature a political animal. law and justice One of the penalties for refusing to participate in politics is that you end up being governed by your inferiors.
  83. 83. Man is by nature a political animal. law and justice One of the penalties for refusing to participate in politics is that you end up being governed by your inferiors.
  84. 84. How can you set your self into action?
  85. 85. Through – what else- stories of course eg Hercules labours
  86. 86. Iliad & Odyssey
  87. 87. Heroes, myths are eternal patterns
  88. 88. Archetypes to inspire real people OR educational tool for youth to memorize easier? Thermopyles, Greece
  89. 89. Man is by nature a political animal. law and justice One of the penalties for refusing to participate in politics is that you end up being governed by your inferiors.
  90. 90. Got it. Next?
  91. 91. Relationship management & Influence whose influence was more than of Hellenistic Age?
  92. 92. Alexander’s Importance of education Στον πατέρα μου οφείλω το ζην, στον δάσκαλο μου το ευζην I owe my living to my father, but I owe my good life to my teacher.
  93. 93. Alexander’s bio notes • He had Achilles as a hero • His teacher was Aristotle • He never lost a battle • He built Alexandria’s almost everywhere • He was cosmopolitan AGAINST elitish Aristotle beliefs • He died in Babylon, summer 323 BC, 32 y.o. leaving no successor
  94. 94. Openness or Cosmopolitanism I am not an Athenian but a citizen of the world- Socrates
  95. 95. Man is by nature a political animal. law and justice One of the penalties for refusing to participate in politics is that you end up being governed by your inferiors.
  96. 96. What do they have in common? 1. Know thyself 2. Innovative learning 3. full- expression= leadership 4. Global influence
  97. 97. A complete theory for life and death that affected their actions in daily life. melancholic people that expressed through art, in order to ignore death, with beauty & harmony.
  98. 98. *beauty and harmony? why so much about Parthenon??
  99. 99. This why it is considered important
  100. 100. What have we learned from that? We need Heroes – doers Poets – doers
  101. 101. The classical philosophy model was a model that gave a full reply to life & death questions Through its art and expression So? Did any modern poets realized this?
  102. 102. Part III Modern philosophy and leadership
  103. 103. Lets see some modern examples of leaders through stories of course is the poet leader pattern being repeated?
  104. 104. Story no1.
  105. 105. French Revolution 1789
  106. 106. Who were the philosophers of 1789? Originating in the 17th century Francis Bacon, Baruch Spinoza, John Locke Pierre Bayle, Voltaire, Francis Hutcheson, David Hume and Isaac Newton In France, Enlightenment Encyclopédie by Denis Diderot and Jean le Rond d'Alembert with contributions by hundreds of leading intellectuals who were called philosophes, notably Voltaire, Rousseau and Montesquieu
  107. 107. Robespierre execution, 1794
  108. 108. Only a genius like Shakespeare could find the words to do Napoleon justice. Shakespeare has Cassius describe Julius Caesar. The words could apply to Napoleon. Why, man, he doth bestride the narrow world Like a Colossus, and we petty men Walk under his huge legs, and peep about To find ourselves dishonorable graves. — Julius Caesar, Act I, scene ii
  109. 109. 2nd story
  110. 110. Russian revolution, 1917
  111. 111. • Poet Marx • Hero Lenin/Stalin
  112. 112. Gulag Museum in Moscow
  113. 113. 3rd story
  114. 114. German Reich, 1933
  115. 115. Ubermensch & Nietzsche’s nihilism “God is dead. God remains dead. And we have killed him. Yet his shadow still looms. How shall we comfort ourselves, the murderers of all murderers? What was holiest and mightiest of all that the world has yet owned has bled to death under our knives: who will wipe this blood off us? What water is there for us to clean ourselves? What festivals of atonement, what sacred games shall we have to invent? Is not the greatness of this deed too great for us? Must we ourselves not become gods simply to appear worthy of it?” Nietzsche, The Gay Science, Section 125, tr. Walter Kaufmann
  116. 116. Conclusions? All ideologies tend to generate totalitarian personalities The rest is a matter of values and interest
  117. 117. Any non violent examples of philosophers -revolutionists?
  118. 118. Back to Jesus- Socrates model
  119. 119. Differences?
  120. 120. Logic
  121. 121. Faith
  122. 122. Logic VS Faith Guess who won!!!
  123. 123. Church did!!!
  124. 124. Did people became better? no F way and they still have the same questions
  125. 125. 1966
  126. 126. Part IV So what?
  127. 127. 2009
  128. 128. Are there no “good” examples?
  129. 129. “For classical learning I have ever been a zealous advocate” Thomas Jefferson
  130. 130. Thomas Jefferson "[As to] the extent to which classical learning should be carried in our country... The utilities we derive from the remains of the Greek and Latin languages are, first, as models of pure taste in writing. To these we are certainly indebted for the rational and chaste style of modern composition which so much distinguishes the nations to whom these languages are familiar... Second. Among the values of classical learning, I estimate the luxury of reading the Greek and Roman authors in all the beauties of their originals. And why should not this innocent and elegant luxury take its preeminent stand ahead of all those addressed merely to the sense?... Third. A third value is in the stores of real science deposited and transmitted us in these languages, to wit: in history, ethics, arithmetic, geometry, astronomy, natural history, etc.“ Thomas Jefferson to John Brazier, 1819. ME 15:208
  131. 131. US Founding Fathers
  132. 132. Decline process
  133. 133. Decline process
  134. 134. What can make us better?
  135. 135. Leadership and change
  136. 136. Aesthetics revolution
  137. 137. Beauty & values • “…happiness is an activity and a complete utilization of virtue, not conditionally but absolutely.” Aristotle
  138. 138. So who and WHERE are the poets today??
  139. 139. THANK YOU BUT

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