Brief history of the Greek Crisis 1830-2010

4,371 views

Published on

A short approach to the modern history of Greece and what brought Greece's current status. Is that a crisis?

Published in: Travel, Business
1 Comment
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
No Downloads
Views
Total views
4,371
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
4
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
80
Comments
1
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Brief history of the Greek Crisis 1830-2010

  1. 1. Brief history of the Greek Crisis and why it was never a “crisis” 1830-2010
  2. 2. some common sense to start with <ul><li>Greek crisis is not an economic crisis. Greece is a wealthy PLACE with strategic position, good climate, cultural heritage and huge natural recourses </li></ul><ul><li>Greek crisis is not actually even a crisis, even if it is told so.. </li></ul><ul><li>The crisis in the history of the modern Greek State. Greece was and is NOT as other the western European states, and Europeans DID KNOW THAT… </li></ul>
  3. 3. So lets check the Greek State political history and society evolution in parallel <ul><li>Political facts GREECE social status </li></ul>Y E A R S
  4. 4. GREECE JUST AFTER ITS LIBERATION FROM THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE (1830) <ul><li>POLITICAL FACTS </li></ul><ul><li>Families with power from the Ottoman Age still rule the Greek territory </li></ul><ul><li>Greek Church was the only internal institution at that time that survived </li></ul><ul><li>Greeks murdered the 1 st state Governor, Diplomat Ioannis Capodistrias </li></ul><ul><li>Great Powers have to send a king to the new kingdom (Otto) </li></ul><ul><li>British bankers finance political leaders of Greece </li></ul><ul><li>SOCIAL STATUS </li></ul><ul><li>Greeks used to hide their wealth from the Ottoman state in order NOT to pay taxes </li></ul><ul><li>Greeks rely on the agricultural section and the first structure of the state appears. </li></ul><ul><li>Greeks live with Arvanites -Albanians that are left after the Ottoman occupation </li></ul><ul><li>Germans –Bavarian Regents of Otto actually formed the new born State </li></ul>1 8 3 0 - 1 8 4 0
  5. 5. EUROPEAN KINGS AND GREECE 1 8 4 0 - 1 8 6 2 POLITICAL FACTS King Otto later loved Greece and gives the First Constitution (1843) Crete, Thessaly and Macedonia are still under the Ottoman Rule. Greeks believe in the liberation of these Greek populated areas and nationalism prevails with the King Otto support. SOCIAL STATUS Greece has to build a new common cultural identity that will unite all different social population in the region Greek society is poor and based in agriculture Military and church consist of the main social structure
  6. 6. GREEK NATIONALISM 1 8 6 2 - 1 9 2 2 POLITICAL FACTS Britain gives Ionian islands as a gift for King George (1862) New Constitution (1863) Families prevail in the political system - Nationalism is promoted First bankruptcy in 1893 Greece lost Greco Turkish wars of 1897, 1899 Venizelos rules as a political figure Greece enrolls the Balkan wars, WWI and is getting larger SOCIAL STATUS In the period 1890-1914, almost a sixth of the population of Greece emigrated, mostly to the United States and Egypt. Greece is still an agricultural society, having exports in currants, raisins and tobacco. Some Greeks grew rich as ship owners and merchants Little education in rural areas Olympic games of 1896 in Athens
  7. 7. GREECE IN WARS AGAIN 1 9 2 2 - 1 9 6 7 POLITICAL FACTS Catastrophe of Smyrna (Izmir) and political instability (1922) Right winged parties and regimes drive the country in the WW II Civil War after the liberation from the Nazis (1944-1949) Greece joins NATO (1952) Political instability and non governance of the country SOCIAL STATUS Greece has now more ethnic Greek population than ever Refugees are productive people that boost economy During the Civil War Greek rural areas are being devastated. Greece is a very poor state after the wars. In the 1950’s Greek economic miracle happens
  8. 8. MILITARY RULES GREECE 1 9 6 7 - 1 9 7 4 POLITICAL FACTS Military junta rules Greece (1967) King is being exiled from Greece since then Mass protests against the junta with the students in Athens (1973) Junta’s regime ends with the invasion of Turkey in Cyprus (1974) SOCIAL STATUS S econd wave of emigration mainly between 1950 and 1974. Most emigrated to Western Europe, the US, Canada, and Australia Agriculture is protected and pushed Tourism and construction are also developed Greece’s growth averaged 7% between 1950 and 1973, a rate second only to Japan's during the same period Rise of anti right wing feelings
  9. 9. GREECE AFTER THE JUNTA- 3 RD GREEK DEMOCRACY 1 9 7 4 - 1 9 8 1 POLITICAL FACTS Karamanlis comes to Greece after the end of junta regime Greece was not a Kingdom anymore New constitution (1975) Greece joins EU as the 10 th member, with Karamanlis initiative SOCIAL STATUS Official statistics show that in the period 1955-1973 Germany absorbed 603,300 Greek migrants, Australia 170,700, the US 124,000, and Canada 80,200 . Between 1974 and 1985, almost half of the emigrants of the post-war period had returned to Greece.  Greece is still agricultural economy, but many Greeks have came to major cities. Growth of tourism industry
  10. 10. THE LEFT “PASOK” ERA 1 9 8 1 - 1 9 9 9 POLITICAL FACTS Left wing PASOK wins the elections. His leader, Andreas Papandreou is a son of Greece ex Prime Minister and Professor of Economics in the States. The PASOK members are young people that were in the Athens Polytechnic Uprising (1973) PASOK overrules these 20 years with a small pause of Right wing Nea Dimokratia party (1990-1993) Families that ruled during the Ottoman Age, still rule the country SOCIAL STATUS Greeks are being massively employed in the public sector from their political leaders Greece is being given European funding for joining the EU that are used for cliental purposes In Greece there is miracle- everybody is new- rich- everybody is happy, no one cares about the future Greeks have stopped producing because of the European money directly given to them
  11. 11. GREECE AFTER EURO (NOT EURO 2004) 2 0 0 0 - 2 0 1 0 POLITICAL FACTS Descendents of families still control the decision system Karamanlis nephew, becomes a prime minister in 2004. Athens 2004 Olympic Games take place No vision is being given to the country Wildfires bring elections 2009 Son of Andreas Papandreou after winning the elections announces that Greece is a sinking ship SOCIAL STATUS Greece joins EURO Greeks work for 2004 with huge loans that are unknown After 2004 there is a “gap” in the economy, having no real vision Banks are a key player to the Greek society Greek economy is starting to decline Young people have no jobs Unemployment rate starts to rise seriously
  12. 12. TODAY 2 0 1 0 - 2 0 1 1 POLITICAL FACTS The young people that were in the Athens Polytechnic Uprising (1973) are still the ministers. Outdated. Young people are NOWHERE in the production, either in the political system. People need vision and no one can give it to them Politicians still speak the same, as they used 30 years ago Its a DEAD END, and only the politicians want EU support, the rest don’t There are no serious political representatives SOCIAL STATUS People have starting to realize what happened Families support the system Greek society is now an educated society People do not care about the next day any more, they are afraid of now and today Everybody is angry with the politicians, because there are no jobs in the market
  13. 13. Lets see the history highlights <ul><li>Greeks used to hide their wealth from the Ottoman state in order NOT to pay taxes </li></ul><ul><li>Military and church consist of the main social structure </li></ul><ul><li>First bankruptcy in 1893 </li></ul><ul><li>Some Greeks grew rich as ship owners and merchants </li></ul><ul><li>Catastrophe of Smyrna (Izmir) and political instability (1922) </li></ul><ul><li>Military junta rules Greece (1967) </li></ul><ul><li>Junta’s regime ends with the invasion of Turkey in Cyprus (1974) </li></ul><ul><li>Greece joins EU as the 10 th member, with Karamanlis initiative </li></ul><ul><li>Left wing PASOK wins the elections (1981) </li></ul><ul><li>Greeks are being massively employed in the public sector from their political leaders (1981-today) </li></ul><ul><li>In Greece there is miracle- everybody is new- rich- everybody is happy, no one cares about the future </li></ul>Conclusions Greeks have not learnt to cooperate with their state. They just see it as an income provider, an income have also to hide it. This is why Greece has double economy (with Romania and Bulgaria- ex Ottoman areas). Greeks have also learnt to spend and forgot to produce. Old existing mentality is the problem.
  14. 14. Some more facts <ul><li>In Greece rule the same app. 30 families for the last 200 years </li></ul><ul><li>Political leaders in Greece have been fed with European loans before 1830 from British bankers and with public money since today </li></ul><ul><li>There is no real market in Greece, politicians find jobs to voters, and there is no clear legislative framework </li></ul><ul><li>Greek State was for so many decades the major client of companies </li></ul><ul><li>Greece has all natural resources, but Greeks have lack of education and proper mentality for managing them </li></ul><ul><li>Money speculations do not solve the problem, on the contrary, they make it bigger. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Is that a “crisis”? Well I don’t think so.
  16. 16. And why did this happen? You can think by yourself who is gaining (and what) from this situation… Just watch the GLOBAL news!!

×