Rebuke the Fever!Now Simon’s mother-in-law was sufferingfrom a high fever, and they asked [Jesus]about her. Then he stood over her andrebuked the fever, and it left her. - Luke 4:38-39
The Facts of Malaria • A child in Africa dies every 45 seconds • 3.3 billion people are at risk • 250 million cases a year • Nearly 800,000 deaths each year
The Facts of MalariaChildren are more vulnerable, because adults in high incidentareas can develop a partial immunity to malaria over time.Those with other health conditions are also more vulnerable tomalaria.All four types of malaria can lie dormant in the body for longperiods of time. Relapses may occur months or even yearslater.There is no vaccine for malaria, although several are indevelopment and clinical trial. Parasitic infections arenotoriously difficult to vaccinate against.
The History of Malaria Few civilizations, in all of history, have escaped the disease. Some Egyptian mummies have signs of malaria. Hippocrates documented the distinct stages of the illness; Alexander the Great likely died of it, leading to the unraveling of the Greek Empire. Malaria may have stopped the armies of both Attila the Hun and Genghis Khan. The diseases name comes from the Italian malaria, meaning "bad air"; in Rome, where malaria raged for centuries, it was commonly believed that swamp fumes produced the illness. At least four popes died of it. George Washington suffered from malaria, as did Abraham Lincoln and Ulysses S. Grant. In the late 1800s, malaria was so bad in Washington, D.C., that one prominent physician lobbied—unsuccessfully—to erect a gigantic wire screen around the city. A million Union Army casualties in the U.S. Civil War are attributed to malaria, and in the Pacific theater of World War II casualties from the disease exceeded those from combat. Some scientists believe that one out of every two people who have ever lived have died of malaria.Source: National Geographic – May 2007
Malaria in the United StatesThe U.S. had recorded millions of malaria cases during the 1930s, mostlyin southern states. Then an intensive anti-malaria program waslaunched. In 1946 the Centers for Disease Control was founded inAtlanta specifically to combat malaria.Americas affluence was a major asset. Almost everyone could get to adoctor; windows could be screened; resources were available to bulldozemosquito-breeding swamps. Theres also the lucky fact that the countrystwo most common species of Anopheles mosquitoes prefer feeding oncattle rather than humans. By 1950, transmission of malaria was halted inthe U.S.Now most Americans who contract malaria are people who have traveledto malaria-prone countries. Many of our missionaries who work in Africaare at risk of contracting malaria.Source: National Geographic – May 2007
The Faces of Malaria Vulnerable populations: • Children under 5 and pregnant women • People living in poverty • People living with HIV and AIDS • 90 percent of malaria deaths are in Africa
The Costs of Malaria Malaria is expensive: • Treatment • Prevention • Lost productivity:Paul Jeffrey/ACT Alliance $12 billion a year • Loss of life and hope A countrys economic health has little chance of improving until its physical health is revitalized.
The Transmission of Malaria • Plasmodium parasite • Hosts: mosquitoes, humans • Spread by a bite from an infected mosquito • Affects human liver and red blood cells
Life Cycle of Plasmodium Parasite In Its Two Hosts There are four types of Plasmodium parasites: * P. falciparum (the most dangerous) * P. vivax * P. ovale * P. malariaeP. falciparum can affect the brain. Those that survive cerebral malaria mayhave long-terms residual effects including cerebral palsy, blindness,deafness, language problems and impaired cognition.
The Symptoms of MalariaEarly symptoms If left untreated• High fever • Seizures• Chills • Respiratory Distress• Nausea and vomiting • Anemia• Headaches • Organ Failure• Body aches • Coma• Fatigue • Death
ELCA Malaria Campaign Why us? Why now? • Following Christ’s call • Joining our companions in Africa • A moment in history: Millennium Development Goals
What is the mission of the ELCA Malaria Campaign?The ELCA Malaria Campaign enables our church to join with African companion churches in the global effortto prevent, treat, and contain malaria by 2015.What is the fund-raising goal of the ELCA Malaria Campaign?The ELCA Malaria Campaign’s goal is to raise $15 million by 2015.What are the education and awareness-raising goals of the campaign?The ELCA Malaria Campaign aims to educate every ELCA member about the disease of malaria and itscontinuing impact on people living in poverty in Africa, especially children under five and pregnant women. TheELCA Malaria Campaign believes that once Lutherans are informed about the problem they will want torespond to make a difference.Which countries does the ELCA Malaria Campaign support?Funds raised will benefit our Lutheran companion churches and companion organizations in eleven Africancountries: Angola, Central African Republic, Ethiopia, Liberia, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Tanzania,Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe.What kinds of programming does the ELCA Malaria Campaign support?The ELCA Malaria Campaign will work with partner churches and organizations in Africa on treatment,prevention and education.
Preventable. Treatable. Now.Malaria education Capacity-building• Village health teams • Strengthen organizational• Community education structures• Education in the church • Equip to participate in international funding efforts
One of the simplest and most effective tools inthe fight against malaria is an insecticide-treated B e d Ne t Studies show that the use of treated bed nets can reduce malaria transmission by as much as 90% in areas with high coverage. One bed net cancover an entire family and can last aboutfour years with proper care.
Progress Is Happening!Using available tools (bed nets, indoor spraying, preventive treatment for pregnantwomen and ACT treatment), 25 countries globally have reduced malaria deaths bymore than 50%, including four in Africa.After years of stagnant and increasing child deaths, recent data show a 28% drop inthe under-5 mortality rate over the previous 7 years. WHO and UNICEF attributemuch of this progress to the significant scale up of malaria control interventions.• Approximately 125,000 children under 5 in 10 African countries have been saveddue to malaria interventions between 2001 and 2007.• Following Zambias expansive malaria control program, malaria incidencedropped 50% and all-cause child mortality decreased by 35%.• In Rwanda, child malaria cases declined by 64% and child deaths from malariadropped by 66%.Source: The Malaria Policy Center, a project of Malaria No More
But There Is Still Much To Do!Get Involved! Pray • Pray for people with malaria • Pray for the ministry of our companions • Resources: www.elca.org/malaria
Get Involved! Learn and teach Educate yourself and others • www.elca.org/hunger/ toolkits • www.elca.org/malaria
Get Involved! Raise money • Synodical campaigns • Congregational campaigns • Ask your community • Be creative!
Get Involved!Free Resources to order and to download at www.elca.org/malaria
Get Involved!Ideas*Involve your Vacation Bible School or Sunday Schoolkids*Involve the Women of the ELCA in your congregation*Partner with other churches also doing malaria work*April 25, 2012 is World Malaria Day...maybe you can writean article for your school paper or church newsletter!*Write a skit*How about having “Malaria May” to raise awareness?*Read the Malaria Blog at elca.org/blogs andsee what other churches are doing*Organize a “Sleep Under”*Participate in a Miles Against Malaria Walk*Talk with your pastor and other adults and work together!
Get Involved! Give generously • What will be my own gift to the ELCA Malaria Campaign?
What your gift can do • $10 = net • $50 = medicine for 25 patients • $100 = train a village health team • $250 = protect 125 expectant mothers