Digistive system


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Digistive system

  1. 1. Digestive system Matspjälkningsapparaten Catherine Mortimer-Hawkins, Edsbergsskolan
  2. 2. What do we eat and why? <ul><ul><li>The main nutrients the body needs are: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>carbohydrates (kolhydrater) for energy; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>proteins (proteiner) for growth and repair; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>fats (fetter) to store energy; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>vitamins and minerals to keep the body healthy. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. What is carbohydrates, proteins and fats? Carbohydrate molecule protein molecule one amino acid one sugar molecule fat molecule glycerol fatty acids
  4. 4. The digestive system is really one long tube with an opening at each end. Stretched out it is a 9m tube! anus mouth But how does a 9m tube fit into a space, which is less than a metre long?
  5. 5. Okidoki!! Let’s go for a ride through your body!
  6. 6. Digestion begins in the mouth where food is broken down by the teeth. This is called mechanical breakdown . The small parts of food are mixed with saliva and swallowed.
  7. 7. After food is swallowed it enters the stomach, which is basically a muscular bag filled with hydrochloric acid. <ul><li>Two things happen to food in the stomach: </li></ul><ul><li>the chemical breakdown of food begins; </li></ul><ul><li>microbes are destroyed. </li></ul>muscle tissue food leaves the stomach food enters from the gullet
  8. 8. The stomach Digestive enzymes are the chemicals that break large food molecules into smaller molecules. Otherwise the molecules are to big for our body to take up!
  9. 9. Duodenum - tolvfingertarm <ul><li>Here the digested food is mixed with bile from the gallbladder and juices from the pancreas. </li></ul><ul><li>The bile: </li></ul><ul><li>Breaks up larger fat drops </li></ul><ul><li>to smaller droplets </li></ul><ul><li>The juices from the pancreas: </li></ul><ul><li>Neutralize the acid from the stomach </li></ul><ul><li>Mix the digested food with enzymes </li></ul>
  10. 10. Enzymes Pepsin glycerol + fatty acids Lipas Amylas long carbohydrate molecule sugar molecules long protein molecule amino acid molecules
  11. 11. The small intestine It is in the small instestine the small molecules gets through the thin walls and reaches the blood vessels. The walls are folded in so called villi (tarmludd).
  12. 12. The large intestine Here in the large intestine water is sucked back into the body. If this doesn’t work… then you get diarrhea. Coli bacteria lives in the large intestine and help making K-vitamins. They help with the last of the digestion and then also make methane gas…. … a fart in other words!
  13. 13. The anus The ex-food leaves the body through the anus. When the poo reaches the anus signals are sent to the brain to relax the muscles and the poo is pressed out.
  14. 14. Glossary <ul><li>carbohydrate – A nutrient in food that provides energy. </li></ul><ul><li>enzyme – A chemical that helps digestion by breaking large molecules into smaller ones. </li></ul><ul><li>fat – A nutrient in food that provides a store of energy. </li></ul><ul><li>large intestine – The organ where water is removed from undigested food. </li></ul><ul><li>minerals – Compounds in food that provide the elements needed in small amounts for a healthy diet. </li></ul><ul><li>protein – A nutrient in food needed for growth and repair. </li></ul><ul><li>small intestine – The organ where digestion is completed and digested food molecules are absorbed. </li></ul><ul><li>stomach – The organ where food is mixed with acid and enzymes. </li></ul><ul><li>vitamins – Substances found in food that are needed in </li></ul>