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The Future of Sharing Economy


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Within the context of Stadslab2050 Antwerp, I gave a presentation pondering on the sharing economy and it's future.

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The Future of Sharing Economy

  1. 1. what if.. 
 the future of sharing is not a “sharing paradigm”? Catherine Van Holder @cvanholder -
 Stadslab2050 - 23 juni 2016
  2. 2. W E A R E A F O R E S I G H T & D E S I G N S T U D I O W E S E E F U T U R E S A S T O O LS T O R E F R A M E C H A L L E N G E S A N D E N R I C H T H E I M A G I N AT I O N S PA C E W E M A K E I N O R D E R T O S PA R K D E B AT E A N D C ATA LY S E C H A N G E W E A R E PA N T O P I C O N “
  3. 3. TODAY
 how should we approach and aim for a sustainable, p2p driven future a quick dive 
 no answers
 reframing “sharing” 
 reframing “discussions”
 future appetisers
 inspirational examples

  4. 4. a tale of multiple futures a tale of two futures The sharing economy, as a feature of urban life, could evolve in promising or not-so-promising ways. 
 “It was the best of times, it was the worst of times, it was the age of wisdom, it was the age of foolishness. …” 
 April Rinne
  5. 5. WHAT IF tomorrow looks like A, B, C, D, … ?
  6. 6. megatrends wildcards (weak) signals of change WHAT IF? DESTEP demographics economics socio-cultural technology political environmental
  7. 7. sharing cities. sharing economy. p2p. collaborative consumption. networked society. gig economy. open access. open source. collaborative society. the commons. the on-demand economy. “
  8. 8. decentralisation
 in a hierarchical organised world
  9. 9. it’s like uber, but for ________ cleaning. food. wellness. parking. moving. babysitting. education. social welfare. flowers….
 governance? education? welfare? on-demand economy
  10. 10. www.airbnb.comimplications for governance?
  11. 11. Refugees Welcome is there need for cooperative structure?
  12. 12. the commons 
 in an urbanised neoliberal world
  13. 13. … managing urban areas has become one of the most important development challenges of the 21st century. Our success or failure in building sustainable cities will be a major factor in the success of the post-2015 UN development agenda “ John Wilmoth 
 Director of UN DESA’s Population Division urbanisation
  14. 14. Urban Commons in 2040 - Silke Helfrich
  15. 15. seoul, sharing city. 
 the city as a collective commons Sharing Cities - Duncan McLaren. Julian Agyeman lending libraries for tools, repair & books in apartments opening city parking lots and buildings tot the public off-hours supporting sharing economy startups like Woozoo - transforms older homes into shared housing has banned uber, and is instead working to develop its own open source cab-hailing app
  16. 16. The Atlantic - Gillian B. White the 1%
  17. 17. “the condition of man.. is a condition of war of everyone against everyone” “ Thomas Hobbs 
 17th Century Philopher human nature “Throughout life we are working with the two poles of autonomy and togetherness. Both are necessary and constitute our longings. We want to belong and to merge with other. We also want our own freedom and identity. These tensions are never fully resolved. In a state of mental well being we hold these poles in a dynamic balance.” “ Daniel Siegel
 21th Century NeuroBiologist
  18. 18. “Their organisations’ structures are not always easily understandable” “ Matt Stokes
  19. 19. “Their organisations’ structures are not always easily understandable” “ Matt Stokes
 Nesta Organisations like these are not only more democratic and inclusive. 
 They are networks rather than traditional bureaucracies, cultivating lateral rather than vertical links, and many of them are decentralised.
 They are agile and responsive to change – changing structures to respond to growth and scaling, regularly changing boards and councils, bringing in new people and constantly pushing back at forces of re- centralisation.
  20. 20. circularity
 in a linear structured world
  21. 21. it’s like ‘tournevie’ but for_______ consumer goods. light. ….
  22. 22. it’s nothing but a society in transition, stupid
  23. 23. Humanity is at a critical juncture. What is needed is as straightforward as it is profound. Our global civilization needs a new operating system, and fast. (…) The very same ways of thinking that brought about the industrial age and made possible many of our advancements, have also fueled the myriad crises that are now converging upon us. // Bernard Lietaer
  24. 24. DESTEP 
 demographic - multi-cultural society. ageing. economic — global. neoliberal. freelance economy. automation of jobs. socio-cultural - individualisation. technological — network society. automation. blockchain. IOT. life sciences. ecological — circularity. political — globalisation. urbanisation.
  25. 25. If we are suffering from the crash of our old institutions, we are also pioneering a new civilization. That means living with high uncertainty. It means expecting disequilibria and upset. And it means no one has the full and final truth about where we are going - or even where we should go.  // Alvin Tofler
  26. 26. the holy matrimony of sustainability
  27. 27. “valuable concept” 
 economical social how to design for sustainable futures social welfare : freelance economy. ageing society. global mobility earth centricity : circularity. biomimicry. … wellbeing : autonomy + connection. safety + exploration
  28. 28. blockchain. “One important takeaway for us has been that 
 the blockchain is a lot more complicated than 
 most people make it out to be.
 The blockchain is not a simple solution that will fix 
 everything that is wrong with today’s credentials. 
 But it does offer some possibilities for improving the system 
 we have today–and that’s what we are excited to explore.”
 MIT Media Lab
  29. 29. A database that contains all the transactions ever executed in the network. It consists of a permanent, distributed, digital ledger, resistant to tampering and carried out collectively by all the nodes of the system. 
 The blockchain technology potentially allows individuals and communities to redesign their interactions in politics, business and society at large, with an unprecedented process of disintermediation on large scale, based on automated and trustless transactions > “shift from trusting people to trusting math” financial transactions,
 social transactions,… register..
 aka book keeping bye bye notary
  30. 30. decentralisation
 in a central organised world a-labs - innovation city of antwerp
  31. 31. Because Crowley likes to take long, hot showers in the morning, he used to run out of hot water. But recently, a resident in his apartment building installed an industrial- grade hot water heater and is now selling hot water to other tenants to help with the cost. A chip in Crowley’s hot water faucet automatically dispenses bitcoins directly to a chip in the hot water heater. As Crowley turns the shower knob clockwise, more bitcoins are dispensed and more hot water streams from the shower head. A Typical Day in a Blockchain-Enabled World Circa 2030
  32. 32. what if? could this be a “valuable concept” ? ecological. economical . social
  33. 33. what would this mean in terms of governance, organisational principles? which socio-cultural effects could this have? 
 (and on a completely other note: how would the whole airbnb social housing debate look from such a perspective?)
  34. 34. mobility as a service
  35. 35. what if? EDITORIAL A Ride Into A Hybrid Future by Catherine Van Holder Societies in the developed world today have access to 
 two ways of transportation, private and public, which 
 exist alongside each other. We believe the combination 
 of Driverless Cars, Internet of Things, the Digital Wallet Revolution and the Sharing Economy points in the direction of a new type of hybrid mobility system. One without clear boundaries between private and public transport, at least from a functional design point of view.
  36. 36. what would this mean in terms of public transport? 
 what this be the end of insurance or just a transformation? would this imply custom taxation? basic free mobility like basic free electricity? do we need a centralised platform structure? or a cooperation?
  37. 37. what implications does this have for local carsharing initiatives? how to organise this glocal reality in the most sustainable way?
  38. 38. governance 2.0 services for a global world
  39. 39. “The blockchain is a disruptive technology with a tremendous transformative potential for our societies. Risks and benefits related to its possible applications, however, must be carefully weighted, avoiding utopian expectations, as well as the pitfalls of technocratic reasoning and determinism. If properly managed, decentralization of government services through permissioned blockchains is possible and desirable, since it can significantly increase public administration functionality. Decentralization of governance through open, distributed blockchains like Bitcoin, however, presents serious risks and drawbacks, which offset the benefits. A reasonable conclusion is that the blockchain-based governance should be seen as an organizational theory – with significant technical and managerial advantages for markets, private services, communities – while it is not meant to be a stand-alone political theory. Likewise, blockchain technology and decentralized platforms are not hyper-political, but rather pre-political tools. If not balanced out by the functions of centralized, political institutions, the blockchain-based governance risk to fall within the concept of amoral antipolitics,“dressed up in the language of inevitability concerning the working of globalization and the free-market” // Marcella Atzori
  40. 40. what could this mean for nation- states? for cities? what is needed for this new global blockchain based organisation to be sustainable?
  41. 41. … we are moving into a landscape where art and science, design and engineering are inseparable. At their intersection lies the new creative laboratory for the future of our narrative practices. “ Alex McDowell
  42. 42. so, what if.. 
 the future of sharing is not a “sharing paradigm” but a network organised urban glocal society based upon an updated more sustainable perspective of man and earth how would it look like?
  43. 43. thanks. 
 let’s meet in the future. yours sincerely,
 Catherine // THE END Catherine Van Holder @cvanholder -