Dd205 Spring2010 Class07


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A lecture describing the characteristics of relief.

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  • Bridges the 2 & 3 dimensional
  • Not far from The Thinker stands Rodin's monumental masterpiece, The Gates of Hell, installed in the garden of the Museum in 1937. By a decree of 16 August 1880, Rodin received a commission from the Directorate of Fine Arts for a monumental door which was to be decorated with low reliefs inspired by The Divine Comedy of Dante. This door was intended for the planned Museum of Decorative Arts in Paris to be built on the site of the Cour des Comptes, demolished in 1871 (this site is now occupied by the Musée d'Orsay). The subject was probably suggested by Rodin for it is known that he admired Dante and used to keep a copy of his book in his pocket. He started to work feverishly in a studio specially allocated to him for the purpose at the Dépôt des Marbres in Rue de l'Université. His initial idea was a composition in panels similar to the Door of Paradise in the Baptistery of Florence by Ghiberti (1425-1452). However, he soon changed his mind about dividing the door into sections, preferring the example of Michelangelo's Last Judgement in the Sistine Chapel. The third maquette (exhibited in room 10) shows that already in 1880 its composition was close to the one finally adopted.
  • Dd205 Spring2010 Class07

    1. 1. 3D Design<br />
    2. 2. Quiz: Write about this doorway. How does it relate to the reading?<br />
    3. 3. What is a relief?<br />A relief is a 3-dimensional form that holds a middle ground between 2-dimensional images and fully 3-dimensional objects<br />
    4. 4. Ancient Chinese Relief in Bone<br />
    5. 5. Relief Sculptures In Sita Caves<br />Ellora Caves, India<br />
    6. 6. Neutrality<br />Reliefs are viewed frontally similarly to paintings<br />Paintings are spatially neutral<br />Reliefs become active in the physical space<br />St George and the Dragon<br />1508<br />Marble, 128 x 182 cm<br />Musée du Louvre, Paris<br />Raphael, St. George Fighting the Dragon, 1505;<br />Oil on wood, 12×10 1/4 in (30×26 cm); Musée du Louvre, Paris<br />
    7. 7. Nativity, Annunication , the Annunciation to the Shepherds and Washing of the Infant Jesus, pulpit, Pisa Baptistery, Nicola Pisano<br />
    8. 8. Death of the Virgin, Strasbourg Cathedral<br />
    9. 9. What is Convex vs. Concave?<br />Convex: Areas of the relief surface that push into space<br />Concave: Space pushes back as concave areas.<br />
    10. 10. The Feast of Herod, Donatello<br />
    11. 11. Sacrifice of Isaac<br />By Ghiberti<br />Sacrifice of Isaac<br />By Brunelleschi<br />
    12. 12. What was the original purpose of relief?<br />To adorn architecture<br />Modulate the sun’s light and shadow <br />Help to elaborate the beliefs embodied by the building<br />
    13. 13. Notre Dame de Paris<br />
    14. 14. Bas-Relief<br />Low form of relief<br />Ancient Egyptian Bas-Relief<br />
    15. 15. Catacombs of Kom el-Shuqafa, the "Mound of Shards,” Egypt<br />
    16. 16. Rockefeller Center<br />New York, NY<br />
    17. 17. The Great Stupa at Sanchi<br />India<br />
    18. 18. What are Chiaroscuro & Modeling?<br />Chiaroscuro creates distinct contrasts between light and dark<br />Smooth, gradual transitions from shadowed to light areas characterize a modeled surface.<br />
    19. 19. Lorenzo Ghiberti (Italian, 1378-1380–1455)<br />Jacob and Esau relief, Gates of Paradise, 1425–52, from the east portal of the Baptistery of San Giovanni, Florence<br />
    20. 20. Gates of Paradise<br />Baptistry Doors, Florence<br />Ghiberti<br />
    21. 21. Rodin’s Gates of Hell<br />“La Porte de l’Enfer”<br />1880-1917<br />
    22. 22. ZonaArqueológica de Uxmal, Muna, Yucatán, México <br />
    23. 23. The Resurrection<br />Cathedral of Florence<br />Luca dellaRobbia<br />
    24. 24. Jean Goujon<br />Fontaine des Innocents, 1547-49<br />
    25. 25. Petra<br />6th Century BC<br />Modern-day Jordan<br />
    26. 26. 'The Meeting of Leo I and Attila', by Alessandro Algardi, 1646-53, Basilica di San Pietro, Vatican<br />
    27. 27. Trumpet Players<br />Detail from Cantoria<br />Luca dellaRobbia<br />marble, originally in Florence Cathedral<br />1431-38<br />
    28. 28. AugustePréault (1809-79) : Tuerie. <br />
    29. 29. Continuous vs. Discontinuous<br />A continuous surface is flowing and gradually changing<br />A discontinuous surface is constructed from flat, planar segments.<br />Joseph Havel<br />Curtains, 1999<br />KallmannMcKinnell & Knowles, 1968<br />
    30. 30. Discontinuous Surface <br />What are the flat segments of a discontinuous surface called?<br />Surface planes<br />Facets<br />Faces<br />
    31. 31. Geodesic Dome House<br />
    32. 32. Discontinuous Surface<br />What is the name of the relative direction at which the faces meet?<br />Face angle<br />
    33. 33. Walter Netsch<br />
    34. 34. Continuous vs. Discontinuous<br />Continuous<br />Organic<br />Degree of Curvature<br />Discontinuous<br />Geometric<br />Face Angles<br />
    35. 35. Antoni Gaudi's La Pedrera<br />
    36. 36. Peabody Terrace<br />Josep Luis Sert (1964)<br />Cambridge, MA<br />
    37. 37. Museum of Art & Design (pre-renovation)<br />New York, New York<br />
    38. 38. St. Patrick’s Cathedral<br />New York, New York<br />
    39. 39. Greg Taylor - Partner at Studio Formwork Research: Tectonic Architecture<br />
    40. 40. Kit Assemblage<br />Develop a three-dimensional design for a structure or device made up of ten or more individual parts. These should be simple geometric elements making up a more complex design form. The Assemblage should be developed in four stages:<br />Stage 1 – Design Proposal – single paragraph proposal with concept sketches of design and individual elements <br />Stage 2 – Digital parts list – digital renderings of the kit parts of your design labeled and organized.<br />Stage 3 – Orthographic views of kit parts and final construct<br />Stage 4 – Digital information board of the kit<br />
    41. 41. Extra Credit Assignment<br />Build your 3D object<br />Requirements:<br />Choose a material suitable to your 3D object (foam core, cardboard, plastic, wood, etc)<br />Schedule a meeting with me to discuss<br />Construct your 10 pieces to form your 3D object<br />Document your full process with photo/video/text<br />Present with your final Kit on April 7 (after Spring Break)<br />
    42. 42. Your Design Process<br />Make sure to document the ENTIRE design process<br />Identify the Problem<br />Generate Ideas<br />Sketches & Notes<br />Refine & Analyze<br />Create the Prototype<br />Decide on Prototype<br />Implement (Sell/Exhibit/Produce)<br />All Stages of design process should be presented at Step 4<br />
    43. 43. Homework – DUE APRIL 7<br />Stage 4 – Digital information board of the kit<br />Use Illustrator to lay out the items<br />Uselabels for each section (based on the stages of the assignment)<br />Professional Look<br />Name your Object<br />Be creative<br />SIZE: TABLOID<br />Export as PDF so that we can view in detail or zoomed out<br />Include all stages of kit assemblage<br />
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    47. 47. JUST AN EXAMPLE<br />