Philippine literature under republic

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Philippine literature under republic

  1. 1. Filipino poet, essayist and fiction writer. Critic Pedro Ricarte referred to Abadilla as the father of modern Philippine poetry, and was known for challenging established forms and literature's "excessive romanticism and emphasis on rime and meter".[1] Abadilla helped found the Kapisanang Panitikan in 1935 and edited a magazine called Panitikan.[1] His Ako ang Daigdig collection of poems is one of his better known works Alejandro Abadilla
  2. 2. Nobela ni Lazaro Francisco, ang Maganda pa ang Daigdig (1955) ay naglalahad sa buhay ni Lino Rivera. Si Lino ay anak ng magsasaka at dumanas ng pagdurusa sa sistemang piyudal. Nagbalik siya sa Pinyahan makaraan ang digmaan, at hinanap ang kaniyang anak na si Ernesto. Makikilala niya si Kumander Hantik na hihimukin siyang sumama sa kilusan upang wakasin ang bulok na sistemang agraryo. Tatanggi si Lino. Darating sa buhay niya si Pari Amando na nag-aari ng malalawak na lupain at magpapanukala ng pagbabago. Tahimik na sana ang pamumuhay ni Lino, lalo na't napaibig siya kay Bb. Sanchez. Darating ang sandali na masasangkot siya sa gulong, at pagbibintangang pumatay sa isang lalaki. Mabibilanggo siya, ngunit makatatakas, kasama ang iba pang bilanggo, at magbabalik sa kaniyang lalawigan. Ang pangkat ni Lino ang magsisilbing tagapagtanggol ng naaaping magsasaka. Sasapi rin siya sa pangkat ni Don Tito, na isang makapangyarihang panginoong maylupa. Magwawakas ang nobela sa bakbakan ng mga rebelde at tropa ng pamahalaan. Pagkaraan, maihahayag na walang sala si Lino na taliwas sa paratang na siya'y mamamatay- tao.
  3. 3. Hernandez was a journalist and labor organizer who led the biggest labor strike to hit Manila in 1947 and another massive one in 1948. The Philippine military started a crackdown against the communist movement in 1950. Hernandez was arrested on the suspicion that he was one of the leaders. He was imprisoned for 5 years. It was in jail that he would write his most notable works, Isang Dipang Langit (An Arm's Length Piece of the Sky), and the novels Luha ng Buwaya (Tears of the Crocodile) and portions of Ibong Mandaragit (Bird of Prey).
  4. 4. Sinulat ito dahil sa siya mismo ang katauhan sa tula, siya ay nabilanggo at nakaranas ng hirap sa buhay....
  5. 5. Alberto Florentino is a Filipino playwright and book publisher. His plays in English center on the conflicts in the everyday lives of ordinary Filipinos. The most famous among his works is The World is an Apple which earned him his first Palanca Award in 1954 and remains one of the most performed plays in the Philippines. His books of plays include: The World is an Apple and Other Prize Plays; The Portable Florentino; Memento Mori; Sangyugto; Panahon ng Digma; From Book to Stage; among others. He published/edited 75 books under his imprints from 1959 to 2001. Among them were the early works of his colleagues like Jose Garcia Villa (Poems 55, A Doveglion Book of Philippine Poetry, Poems in Praise of Love, Selected Stories from Footnote to Youth, The Essential Villa) Nick Joaquin (Portrait of the Artist as Filipino, Laval de Manila and Other Essays, The Song of Maria Clara and Other Poems, San Eustaquio, martir, Saint Eustachius, martyr)and Francisco Arcellana (Selected Stories, 15 Stories by Francisco Arcellana, The Essential Arcellana)among many others.
  6. 6. This play is set on the edge of a cemetery in an impoverished area of Manila. It tells the tale of the poverty stricken and the lifestyle of the urban poor. The characters in the story are Torio, Carding and Marina. They are underprivileged and deprived of life's basic necessities and resources. The moral of the story is that sometimes in life, people lose control over their senses, reason and rationality. When desperate enough, people go to any means possible in an effort to provide for their family and keep themselves alive.
  7. 7. Abadilla was born to an average Filipino family on March 10, 1906, in Salinas, Rosario, Cavite. He finished elementary school at Sapa Barrio School, then continued for high school education in Cavite City. After graduation, he worked for abroad into a small printing shop in Seattle, Washington. He edited several section of the Philippine Digest, Philippines-American Review and established Kapisanang Balagtas (Balagtas' Organization). In 1934, he returned to the Philippines where he finished AB Philosophy at the University of Santo Tomas. Until 1934, he became municipal councilor of Salinas before shifting to insurance selling job. Alejandro G. Abadilla (March 10, 1906–August 26, 1969), commonly known as AGA, was a Filipino poet, essayist and fiction writer. Critic Pedro Ricarte referred to Abadilla as the father of modern Philippine poetry, and was known for challenging established forms and literature's "excessive romanticism and emphasis on rime and meter". Abadilla helped found the Kapisanang Panitikan in 1935 and edited a magazine called Panitikan. His Ako ang Daigdig collection of poems is oneof his better known works.
  8. 8. According to Pedro Ricarte, Abadilla's major breakthrough in Philippine poetry was when he wrote the poem "Ako ang Daigdig" ("I Am the World") in 1955. Initially, poetry critics rejected the poem since it does not follow the traditional poetry that uses rhyme and meter. In the poem, the repetition of the words ako (I), daigdig (world) and tula (poem) leaves an impression that the poet, Abadilla, is not himself. The speaker of the poem says that he himself, his world of poem and his poems are united as one.
  9. 9. Ang kwentong ito ay tungkol sa pagbabalik-tanaw ng tagapagsalaysay sa tuwing nakakakita siya ng mga batang nag papalutang ng bangkang papel. Isang batang lalake ang nagising sa malakas na dagundong at nakasisilaw na liwanag subalit napagtanto niyang walang pumapatak sa kanilang bubungan. Hinanap niya ang kanyang ama sa kanyang ina ngunit pinatulog lamang siya nito sapagkat magpapalutang pa siya ng bangkang papel bukas. Subalit hindi niya napalutang ang mga bangkang papel dahil paggising niya kinabukasan ay nakita niya ang kanyang inang nakalugmok sa sahig habang hinahaplos-haplos ang buhok ng kanyang kapatid na si Miling. Napakaraming tao sa paligid at wala ni isa man sa kanila ang nagpaliwanag sa kanya sa nangyayari. Ayon sa malakas na tinig, pinalilikas na ang mga residente sa ligtas na pook kasama si Kapitan Isidro. Napag-alaman ng batang lalake na ang kanyang ama ay kasama sa labinlimang patay sa sagupaan ng mga kawal at taong- bayan. Tinanong niya ang kanyang ina kung bakit pinatay ng mga sundalo ang kanyang ama ngunit hindi rin alam ng kanyang ina ang sagot sa kanyang tanong dahil sa parehas nilang hinahanap ang kasagutan. •Ang isyung tinalakay sa kwento ay ang pagkawasak ng pamilya dahil sa gera. Unang nailathala ang maikling kwentong Bangkang Papel noong 1946, ang taon kung saan nagkamit ng Pilipinas ang tunay na kalayaan. Ito rin ang unang taon kung saan maaring maglathala ng mga kwento ang awtor. Bakas sa kwento ang kinimkim na saluobin ng awtor tungkol sa digmaan noong pinlanong sakupin ng mga Hapon ang Pilipinas.
  10. 10. Ang Paglilitis ni Mang Serapio" is about how powerful beggars questioned Mang Serapio's caring of a child. In their federacion this act is illegal because their payment to the federacion would be divided. This play describes how people in the lowest of all classes distinguish among themselves who are powerful and who are not. It depicts the life of poor people on the streets and how they strive everyday fighting for their principles and seeking to survive.
  11. 11. Diction is an important element of poetry. The way Carlos' poem speaks is in such a way that you will need to read it again just to get the actual meaning of the poem. He speaks in a much formal yet much complicated manner. The speaks in a way wherein you can understand the words but connecting them together makes your mind sweat. The speaker of the poem is a son/daughter . The poem didn't actually specify the gender of the speaker. But I am sure that the speaker is a human and a son/daughter since he or she addressed his or her parents as mama and papa. The Family Reunion is a play by T. S. Eliot. Written mostly in blank verse (though not iambic pentameter), it incorporates elements from Greek drama and mid-twentieth-century detective plays to portray the hero's journey from guilt to redemption. The play was unsuccessful when first presented in 1939, and was later regarded as unsatisfactory by its author, but has been successfully revived since the 1940s. Some critics have thought aspects of the tormented hero reflect Eliot's own difficulties with his estrangement from his first wife.
  12. 12. Bienvenido N. Santos (1911–1996) was a Filipino-American fiction, poetry and nonfiction writer. He was born and raised in Tondo, Manila. His family roots are originally from Lubao, Pampanga, Philippines. He lived in the United States for many years where he is widely credited as a pioneering Asian- American writer.
  13. 13. • Santos’s The Day the Dancers Came short story was adapted and made into a play entitled First Snow of November by Filipino fictionist and playwright Alfonso I. Dacanay. The stage version won first prize in the One-Act Play in English category during the 2005 Palanca Awards. [12] Santos’s tale was also adapted and made into a twenty- seven minute film with the same title as the short story.[6] • References
  14. 14. Kerima Polotan-Tuvera was a Filipino author. She was a renowned and highly respected fictionist, essayist, and Journalists, with her works having received among the highest literary distinctions of the Philippines. Some of her stories have been published under the pseudonym Patricia S. Torres. Kerima Polotan-Tuvera 4
  15. 15. Other items that literary critics focused on in The Summer Solstice included Joaquin's literary style and theme. In general, critics agree that Joaquin's stylistic genre was to present the way of life and culture in the Philippines during the transition from being Hispanic into American. Some critics praised Joaquin for his style of "setting the mood" for a presentation of a past full of mysticism, but others found Joaquin's melodrama as excessive thus pushing away from the story's "narrative logic and formal elements". The presentation of pagan rituals and Christian rites, superstitious and religious beliefs, the old and the new were argued to be more of a "fission" rather than a "fusion" due to the existence of the struggles occurring between the pairs mentioned. Contradicting descriptions of the Philippines during its pre-colonial past also led literary reviewers to regard Joaquin as a writer who was unable to "embrace" the ambience of such a time in Philippine history because he was more "nostalgic" of the colonial history of the country. Thus, Joaquin through The Summer Solstice and his other stories, was summarized as a search for his country's "national and cultural identity." "The Summer Solstice", also known as "Tatarin" or "Tadtarin",[1] is a short story written by Filipino National Artist for Literature Nick Joaquin.[2][3] In addition to being regarded as one of Joaquin's most acclaimed literary works, the tale is considered to be controversial.[2][3] The story narrates a ritual performed by women to invoke the gods to grant the blessing of fertility by dancing around a Balete tree that was already a century old. Joaquin later turned this short story into a play entitled Tatarin: A Witches' Sabbath in Three Acts, on which a film adaptation has been based.
  16. 16. was a Filipino author. In 1951, she was the recipient of the first ever Palanca Award for Short Story in Filipino, for her short story "Kuwento ni Mabuti", which has been cited as the most anthologized Tagalog language short-story
  17. 17. Lamberto E. Antonio, apart from being one of the leading and award- winning poets writing today in Filipino, is an editor, translator, film and television writer, and journalist. At the University of the East in 1964 he met Rio Alma and together with Rogelio Mangahas reinvented the Filipino and literary pages of the U.E. Dawn, and went on to carve their names in restoring Filipino as literary language. Like his cousin Roger, he is addressed as Koyang (elder brother), in the manner of Nueva Ecija Tagalogs, by younger poets.
  18. 18. This story is about the man who was really great, because of his work for his family just to give them a good life.This man is responsible. He is a good father that I wanted to have. I think this man is not alcoholic and he not want cigarette. He wants only to work and his family a simple life. And as future educator I will share this story to my student and I will them that finish first his study and after that be work hard, help your parents and your young brothers and sister too. Be a responsible person.
  19. 19. • A Tagalog saying goes like this: “Kung di makuha sa santong dasalan, e di kunin sa santong paspasan.” Rough English translation: If you can’t get her by praying to all the saints, then get her in blitzkrieg fashion. • It is seen as the standard dual tactic used by a Pinoy macho man to get the women he wants, where and when he wants them. The trick, supposedly, is to do it so audaciously and fast that the result becomes a fait accompli before anyone could object and resist. The unspoken assumption is that the girl will like it in the end despite all her protestations.
  20. 20. Si Fanny A. Garcia ay ipinanganak noong Pebrero 26, 1949 sa Malabon, Rizal na sa kasalukuyan ay Malabon City na. Isa siyang guro, manunulat, mananaliksik, editor, at tagapag- salin. Nagtapos ng Bachelor of Science sa edukasyon sa Unibersidad ng Pilipinas. Nakamit din niya ang kanyang Master of Arts at Ph.D.sa Filipino sa Malikhaing Pagsulat sa nasabing pamantasan..

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