By:-Lt. K Praveen KumarSlt. Vanya ShyamSlt. Bhavishya VinodSlt. Sonu George
SCOPE OF PRESENTATION EVOLUTION THEORY STUDIES GESTALT’S FACTORS IMPLICATIONS IN EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY
•Gestalt is a psychology term which means "unifiedwhole“•Theories of visual perception developed byGerman psychologists in the 1920s.•These theories attempt to describe how people tendto organize visual elements into groups or unifiedwholes when certain principles are applied•Gestalt was a holistic approach and rejected themechanistic perspectives of the stimulus - responsemodels
GESTALT STUDIES OF LEARNING INSIGHT AND MENTALITY OF APES Köhler: intelligence in apes Solving the problem: Could the chimp see the “whole” problem? Would proximity of objects influence solution of problem? Insight Spontaneous understanding of relationships
There is no line making a triangle, so how do we see one?
BISTABLE FIGURECan’t explain how we could see two different images thatalternate another one, glass/silhouette ???
If were thinking about theperils of growing old, well onaverage see the oldwoman. But if were focusedon the joys of youth andbeauty, its the youngwoman that will appear.
FIGURE/GROUND Failing to divide figure from ground
The Factor of Closure - brain attempts to complete part togenerate the whole.The Factor of Proximity - when elements are grouped closelytogether, they are percieved as wholes.The Factor of Similarity - learning is facilitated if similar ideas aretreated and linked together and then contrasted with opposing orcomplementary sets of ideas.The Figure-Ground Effect - eye tends to see the objects, ratherthan the spaces or holes between them.