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Direct Object and Direct Object Pronouns

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Direct Object and Direct Object Pronouns

  1. 1. Direct Object Pronouns lo,la, los, las
  2. 2. Direct Object <ul><li>The object that directly receives the action of the verb is called the direct object. </li></ul><ul><li>Ejemplo : </li></ul><ul><li>Bill hit the ball. </li></ul>“ Ball” receives the action of the verb “hit”.
  3. 3. Más ejemplos Pepito reads the book. “ Book” receives the action of the verb “reads”. Pepito hit Bill. Direct Object = Bill The direct object can also be a person.
  4. 4. Questions for direct object pronouns. <ul><li>The direct object pronoun answers the question “what” or “whom” with regard to what the subject of the sentence is doing. </li></ul><ul><li>Ejemplos : </li></ul><ul><li>Bill hit the ball. Pepito hit Bill. </li></ul>Bill hit what? Bill hit the ball. Pepito hit whom? Pepito hit Bill.
  5. 5. What do we do with the direct object? <ul><li>Often it is desirable to replace the direct object with a pronoun. </li></ul>For example: You could say… Paul bought the flowers. He took the flowers home and gave the flowers to his wife. … but… it would sound better if you say… Paul bought the flowers. He took them home and gave them to his wife.
  6. 6. Direct Object Pronouns <ul><li>When the pronoun replaces the name of the direct object, use the following pronouns: </li></ul>lo,la los,las él, ella, Ud. (it) ellos, ellas and Uds. <ul><li>In Spanish the direct object pronoun comes before the conjugated verb. </li></ul>
  7. 7. However … <ul><li>If there is an infinitive, the pronouns go before the conjugated verb or are attached to the end of the infinitive. </li></ul>¿Quién va a preparar la cena? Mi padre la va a preparar. Mi padre va a preparar la .
  8. 8. Ejemplos: Use D.O.P. <ul><li>Pepe tiene el lápiz. </li></ul>What does Pepe have? ¿Qué tiene Pepe? Pepe has the pencil. Pepe tiene el lápiz. Direct Object = el lapiz Replace el lápiz with a pronoun. (lo, la, los, las) Pepe lo tiene.
  9. 9. Mas Ejemplos <ul><li>Pepe usa las gafas de sol. </li></ul>What does Pepe use? ¿Qué usa Pepe? Pepe uses the sun glasses. Pepe usa las gafas de sol. Direct Object = las gafas de sol Replace las gafas de sol with a pronoun (lo, la, los, las) Pepe las usa.
  10. 10. Práctica <ul><li>Txt Act. </li></ul>

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