Malaysian Philosophy of Education


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Malaysian Philosophy of Education

  1. 1. CASSIDY LISUT TUBONGMALAYSIAN PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION1.0 INTRODUCTION Education in Malaysia is consists five stages of education which are Pre-schoolEducation, Primary Education, Secondary Education, Tertiary Education and Post-graduateEducation. Pre-school is not universal because only affluent family can send their kids toprofit the education in pre-school and the government just aid the rural that needed. Theprogrammes in pre-school are run by religious groups and open to all kids around four andfive years old. Meanwhile, primary education is consist of six years of education that referredto as Year 1 to Year 6 which is begin at six years old and ends at 12 years old. At the primaryeducation stage, student is requiring to undergo the UPSR (Ujian Penilaian Sekolah Rendah)that include the subjects of Malay Comprehension, Written Malay, English Language,Science and Mathematics. After the student has complete their education in primary school,they will further their next education in secondary school stage which consist of five years ofeducation that referred to as Form 1 to Form 5. In secondary education, student is requires toundergo two level of examinations which PMR (Penilaian Menengah Rendah) at end ofForm 3 and SPM (Sijil Pelajaran Malaysia) at the end of Form 5. Then, the student that havea pass result in their SPM examination will further their study either at the Form 6 orMatriculation Programmes. So, at the ends of the student study at the Form 6 or MatriculationProgrammes, the student can further their own study again at the tertiary education which arethe universities programmes before the student can get finish their study at the post-graduateeducation. Tertiary education is a programme that offers by public and private universitieswhich include of the degree program. Meanwhile, post-graduate degree such as the Master ofBusiness Administration (MBA) and the Doctor of Business Administration (DBA) arebecoming popular and offered by both the public universities and the private colleges. 1
  2. 2. CASSIDY LISUT TUBONGMALAYSIAN PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION1.1 Objectives of Essay 1. To learn about the Malaysian Philosophy of Education. 2. To learn about the vision and mission of education that implemented in Malaysia. 3. How to describe the 12 elements from the Malaysian Philosophy of Education. 2
  3. 3. CASSIDY LISUT TUBONGMALAYSIAN PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION1.2 Malaysian Philosophy of Education Basic for any education system must be based on the well defined philosophy thatbecomes the core of the education system. Malaysia experienced an educational reform in1980. The most significant feature of this reform is that it was based on philosophy ofeducation which was first documented in 1988. In Malaysia, the implementation of anyeducational policies must be in line with the Malaysian National Philosophy of Educationthat has been enacted. Malaysian National Philosophy of Education is express as follows, “Education in Malaysian is an on-going effort towards developing the potential of individual in holistic and integrated manner, so as to produce individuals who are intellectually, spiritually, emotionally and physically, and harmonious, based on a firm belief in and devotion to God. Such an effort is design to produce Malaysian citizen who are knowledge and competent, who posses high standard and who are responsible and capable of achieving a high level of personal well-being as well as being able to contribute to the betterment of society and the nation at large.” (Ministry of Education, 1988) The statement of Malaysian National Philosophy of Education as outline above ishoped that through education in Malaysia, the development of individuals or student will beachieve in term of his or her human development in a well balanced personality comprisingthe intellectual, spiritual, emotional and physical element. 3
  4. 4. CASSIDY LISUT TUBONGMALAYSIAN PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION1.3 Malaysian Education Vision The vision of Malaysian education systems are, 1. To be leading education consultant and education consultant and education event organizer. 2. To provide Quality Malaysian Education services to foreign students and to promote Malaysia as a centre for education excellent. Malaysian Education Vision, “Sekolah Unggul Penjana Generasi Terbilang” (Ministry of Malaysian Education) 4
  5. 5. CASSIDY LISUT TUBONGMALAYSIAN PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION1.4 Malaysian Education Mission The mission of Malaysian education systems are, 1. To be a well established and reputable in the education industry. 2. To create awareness among colleges and universities on the importance and relevance of global market exploration through Malaysian Education Fairs worldwide. Malaysian Education Mission, “Membangun Potensi Individu Melalui Pendidikan Berkualiti” (Ministry of Malaysian Education) 5
  6. 6. CASSIDY LISUT TUBONGMALAYSIAN PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION1.5 Human Capital Human capital is a set of skills which an employee acquires on the job, throughtraining and experience, and which increase that employee’s value in the marketplace. Knowledge Workers (K-citizens or K-Workers) Knowledge workers are people who use knowledge as a significant part of their workresponsibility. They use research skills to define problems and identify alternatives. As weknow, knowledge workers is both across a variety of information technology roles and amongprofessional. For example, the knowledge workers among professional are lawyers, teachers,engineers, scientists, nurses, physicians and architects. Besides, knowledge workers also have benefits to organizationwhich are, 1. Analyzing data to establish relationships 2. Assessing input in order to evaluate complex or conflicting priorities 3. Identifying and understanding trends 4. Making connections 5. Understanding cause and effect 6. Ability to brainstorm, thinking broadly (divergent thinking) 7. Ability to drill down, creating more focus (convergent thinking) 8. Producing a new capability 9. Creating or modify a strategy 6
  7. 7. CASSIDY LISUT TUBONGMALAYSIAN PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION These knowledge worker contributions are incontrast with activities that they would typically not be asked to perform, includingtransaction processing, routine task and simple prioritization of work. Then, a set oftransitional tasks includes roles that are seemingly routine, but not require deep technology,product, or customer knowledge to fulfill the function which are include providing technicalor customer support, handling unique customer issues and addressing open-ended inquiries. Generally, if the knowledge can be retained, knowledge worker contributions willserve to expand the knowledge assets of a company. While it can be difficult to measure, thisincreases the overall value of its intellectual capital. In cases where the knowledge assetshave a commercial value, companies may create patents around their assets, at which pointthe material becomes restricted intellectual property. In these knowledge intensive situations,knowledge workers play a direct, vital role in increasing the financial value of a company. 7
  8. 8. CASSIDY LISUT TUBONGMALAYSIAN PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION2.0 THE 12 ELEMENTS OF EDUCATION POLICY IN MOULDING HUMAN CAPITAL The Nation Education Philosophy we can see in details through the analysis that referto some of element. These are important elements which are contain in Nation EducationPhilosophy, 8
  9. 9. CASSIDY LISUT TUBONGMALAYSIAN PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION2.1 Continuous process Education is a process of getting and sharing the knowledge, skills, and competency.The process of getting and sharing occurs in continuously and directly since our kids until theends of our life. Generally, pre-school is a beginning process to build and produce the kidsmind which around one to six years old. In the time, kids will learn a basically about the 3Rswhich are reading, writing, and arithmetic in Malay and English, before they move to primaryschool. As a result, there are preparations for kids to continuous their learning and getting oftheir knowledge before they move to primary education. However, in primary schooleducation, kids or children will learns more about the subjects like, Science and Mathematics.In this case, Science and Mathematics is an important subject for student to develop andimprove themselves before they move to secondary school. Meanwhile, in secondary school,students will be adding their others subjects to strongly their mind again before they can gofar to getting their knowledge. For example, during stay in primary school students just getfive to seven subjects only, but in secondary school they can choose they own subject basedon their academic achievement. Then, after students has been complete their study ingovernment school or formal school, they can choose either they want to getting the Diplomacourses, matriculation programme, and Form 6. So, after they got finish they study there, theycan improve their knowledge again in degrees programmes at the public or privateuniversities. After end of their degrees courses learning, they can complete their knowledgein PhD (Doctor of Philosophy) level. Our individuality develops during our school time.Afterthe ends of school, every individuals can continuous their knowledge, skills and morality.Besides, the education process is continuous to help the individual to appropriate themselveswith a variety of differences.(Chong, 2008) 9
  10. 10. CASSIDY LISUT TUBONGMALAYSIAN PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION2.2 Develop individual potential Every individual are blessed by God with talent, potential, and ability. So, the talent,potential, and ability we can develop and increase. Talent, potential and ability can showthrough the social interaction with others peoples and environment. Education should to giveopportunity to every individual to develop their talents, potentials and abilities. (Chong,2008) 10
  11. 11. CASSIDY LISUT TUBONGMALAYSIAN PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION2.3 Holistic and concept development Talents, potentials and abilities cannot develop in separately. On the other hands, thetalents, potentials and abilities are circle because the talents, potentials, and abilities aresimilarities to prevent the defiance among the intellectual, spiritual, emotional, andphysical.(Chong, 2008) 11
  12. 12. CASSIDY LISUT TUBONGMALAYSIAN PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION2.4 Human well-balanced and harmonious It is very important for individuals who have knowledge, a good personality, believein God and have good morals and good health. Balance between the above four aspects willproduce individuals who can live in harmony with oneself and others. Such individuals havea resistance to face all challenges of life and willing to deal with any problems that arise.Knowledge is socially constructed in collaborative atmospheres that higher relevant lifeexperiences to share and greater flexibility for faculty and students. A good personality is about always thinking positively between their family andfriends. Furthermore, they have self confident, kind, generous, caring, and love their family,so, give them well-balance in life. We should have good morals because we live incommunity that has different thinking, races, and age. So, we learn the good moral that giveadvantages when we communicate with them. Good health’s we get from take the exercises and healthy food. For example, weshould know that what food suitable for our body and the nutrient we should take every day.Besides that, we also take the exercises three times a week to get the stamina and maintainour fit body.(Chong, 2008) 12
  13. 13. CASSIDY LISUT TUBONGMALAYSIAN PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION2.5 Belief in and devotion to God Acknowledge the existence of God because the creator of this universe is our God.When we know about the existence of God, we will afraid to do any problem that causes ofour sins.Acknowledge God as the creator of man and nature. Recognized that legal andnatural phenomena. So, we should thanks and appreciate what they give by our God.Therules set by God. So, accept what happens to us is the needed by our God. For example, ifone of our families is passed away, we cannot bring that person live again whatever we do.Furthermore, a couple can’t have own children, they can try other alternative to have childrensuch as adopted child. In our own religion, we learn about what is bad and good deed. If we make a baddeed, we will get punished by God compare than when we do the good thing we will receivebenefits by our God. Practice the teachings of all religions they chosen. In Islam, religion toldthat we should pray five times per day. But, we just pray three times per day so, we shouldpractice what the religion needed.(Chong, 2008) 13
  14. 14. CASSIDY LISUT TUBONGMALAYSIAN PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION2.6 Malaysia people are knowledgeable We should love knowledge without knowledge we are nothing. So, parents realizedthe important knowledge nowadays that gives benefits to their children in the future. Thecharacteristics of Malaysia people who have knowledge is love to read, always try to addknowledge for instance take the course, seminar, and continuing their further study.Try tofind the knowledge culture effort because to achieve vision 2020. Furthermore, our economywill increase when we have knowledge people to develop our country. Society should havebread and open minded because it easy to improve our education and expand our knowledgefrom learns from other countries that have different ways how to develop theircountry.(Chong, 2008) 14
  15. 15. CASSIDY LISUT TUBONGMALAYSIAN PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION2.7 Malaysia people with noble character The society should have good character and hold on to values and moral principle aslife.Moreover, we should take the task in dedication, perfect and efficient. It also givesadvantages that will produce quality product and believe from the customer if we give goodservice to them.We can also manage time and work in efficiently to produce good quality.We can manage time by doing own schedule and ask someone what we want to do. (Chong,2008) 15
  16. 16. CASSIDY LISUT TUBONGMALAYSIAN PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION2.8 Responsible people should reliable Aware in every task and responsibility is trust, clean and efficient. Comply withregulations and country laws. Effort to improve self, family, community, religious, race andcountry because we should all of have own weakness but we can improve self by continuinglearning in our life. Furthermore, we can add information from experience and perceiving inour life. (Chong, 2008) 16
  17. 17. CASSIDY LISUT TUBONGMALAYSIAN PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION2.9 Malaysian people are able to achieve well-being So, they should think critically and quiet when face any problem or make anydecision in life. It is because we have own solution to solve this problem. For instance, whenwe want to accept offer from any university, we should think how much the finance andwhich course suitable for you to take in that university. Besides, they have strong resistanceto facing the challenges of life. When they face any challenges such as debt that should pay inmonths so, how face that problem. The solution is find any job that high salary, borrow fromfriends and sell something valuable and so on. They cannot give up easily because of thisbarriers and life must going on. (Chong, 2008) 17
  18. 18. CASSIDY LISUT TUBONGMALAYSIAN PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION2.10 Malaysia people who can contribute to harmony and prosperity of society and country They should strive to foster national unity through the nature tolerant, belonging,respect and so on. Strive to promote national economic policy based on the set. When we canachieve develop economy help to change the life of our community. Often maintain politicalstability and national security. Nowadays, we use democracy systems in the country so,society have power to choose who want to become a leader. In addition, our developmenthave own security to protect our country from war and propaganda. Comply with theconstitution and the rule of the country. As a Malaysian people we should obey the rules ofour country. Defend our dignity, profession, religion, race and nation because to show that weare serious to develop the country and achieve vision 2020.(Chong, 2008) 18
  19. 19. CASSIDY LISUT TUBONGMALAYSIAN PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION2.11 Effort to achieve self-prosperous that havehigh physical and mental power If they want ability struggle in life they should have physical and mental power todefend any problem or challenging. We should have own style how to face our problem byget advice from other else and take the counselling.(Chong, 2008) 19
  20. 20. CASSIDY LISUT TUBONGMALAYSIAN PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION2.12 Contribute to harmonious and prosperous in family, society and country Our life is guideline by used the Rukun Negara. It is provide understanding aroundthe family and love our country.In addition, follow the norm of society because give themrealize that we are same didn’t care of colour skin, races, rich and poor. In Malaysia, we havedifferent races but we are united because we are under one nation.(Chong, 2008) 20
  21. 21. CASSIDY LISUT TUBONGMALAYSIAN PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION3.0 CONCLUSION As a result, education is a process of built and produce our personality andindividuality to be human capital that have good ethical and characteristics before theindividual can success in their life. In education, individual can learn a variety of knowledgewhich includes many courses. So, education is as a key to produce someone be a good humancapital. Education is lifelong learning process because we getting the education through theknowledge and the knowledge are getting since we born until the ends of our life. Besides,education also prepares ourselves with philosophy that can aid us to achieve our successfullife, meanwhile also improve our skills to develop our potential. 21