"Public art" is a broad term that refers to art in public spaces and includes architecture, landscape, and urban design.. (Argiro, 2004)As the field has grown, the definition of public art has evolved to include: place-making, environmental art and activism, cause-related art, and interdisciplinary performance events. http://www.americansforthearts.org/information_services/research/impact_areas/arts_environments/005.aspTypically, public art has been funded by city government for city-owned property. As private companies become more involved in city planning and development, the public art field sees a growing opportunity to obtain funding and space for future public art works. (AFTA)More recently state and local agencies have been created to support public art, particularly in new capital projects. – ½ of 1% in the state of washington http://www.arts.gov/artworks/?tag=art-in-public-places-program
''The folklore is it's Charlie (pitching) and Tim McCarver (catching),'' said Dave Chase, president and general manager of the Redbirds from 2002 to '09. The statue captures Lea's signature windup -- arching back, head peeking over his left shoulder and his high left leg kick hiding his left elbow before delivery. (http://www.commercialappeal.com/news/2011/nov/13/ex-pitcher-lea-found-dead-at-home/). Artists, Jim Green, Don Merkt, and Gary Sweeney colaboratively designed a multi media public art project at the Memphis Redbirds Stadium at AutoZone Park. According to the Urban Art Commission, this project was designed to heighten the community's sense of pride and is the first stadium of its kind to incorporate public art. (2000)
Cella also did the statue of Ron Santo & OmriAmrany was part of Nationals team.Sadly, the Banks statue is another boring batting stance post. The Harry Caray piece is interesting - I like the idea behind it, but I don't think it quite works. The disembodied heads don't look quite right. http://www.wezen-ball.com/2010-articles/february/baseballs-best-statues-by-ballpark.html
You see more of these with newer teams that do not have the history and tradition to showcase.
According to one baseball blogger, the Pirates have the best statues: Honus Wagner, Willie Stargell, Roberto Clemente, & a pair of NegroLeague statues. There's a lot to like about these statues. They're simple, elegant statues and aren't boring. Even the Stargell statue, with it's run-of-the-mill batting stance pose, looks great (it helps to have Stargell as your model). With the Mazeroski statue set to join these few, it's only going to get better. http://www.wezen-ball.com/2010-articles/february/baseballs-best-statues-by-ballpark.html 2010
Seattle artist Gerry Tsutakawa created a cast bronze sculpture of the abstract form of a catcher’s mitt or old-fashioned baseball glove. Standing nine feet tall and about twelve feet wide, this mitt identifies a natural place for fans to meet friends before or after the game. At the base of the "thumb", an aperture appears as an abstract symbol of the baseball in the mitt, where the ball is to be caught, or a hole where a fast ball burned through. Located just outside the northwest entrance to the Ballpark, the sculpture has become an icon of SAFECO FIELD and is enjoyed by all, whether a ticket-holder or not. Public Facilities District Board, http://www.ballpark.org/art.htmThe art selection process began with a Call for Artists sent to artists and arts organizations in Washington, Oregon and British Columbia – the primary geographic reach of the Mariners baseball team.SAFECO Field has 9 public art pieces, including the parking garage.Michael Snow: The Audience (1989) located at the SkyDome (now Rogers Centre in Toronto) a collection of larger than life depictions of fans located above the northeast and northwest entrances. Painted gold, the sculptures show fans in various acts of celebration.
A Note for Hope by Chicago artist Jeff Zimmerman.One of the few artworks that does not reflect baseball. Assisted by Rhodes students and Center for Outreach in the Development of the Arts staff, Zimmermann painted an original, five-story high mural on the east side of the vacant building located at 195 Madison Avenue. The building is owned by Rhodes trustee Wilton “Chick” Hill, and the mural will be visible from the stands of the Memphis Redbirds stadium. Since November 2007, the project has been in development with Hill working with Rhodes students on project management. The UrbanArt Commission provided advisory and logistical support in addition to coordinating the students' apprenticeship in public art planning methods. In essence, this project is the result of an extended class project. The largest exterior mural in Memphis, it was designated a cultural landmark by the State of Tennessee, and was featured in the New York Times and on the "Today Show". 7 Pieces of Public Art Every Memphian Should Know.One of the few baseball park artworks that does not directly speak to the sport.
Big Train in MotionThe statue of Hall of Famer Walter Johnson at Nationals Park in DC on Opening Day for the baseball game between the Washington Nationals and the Philadelphia Phillies. The Nats lost 9-8.
Yankee stadium has statues of legendary players inside, but brings to light question of what is publicness. Contrast this to Seattle’s view that public art there “is enjoyed by all, whether a ticket-holder or not.”
Carl R. Pohlad (August 23, 1915 – January 5, 2009) was a successful financier and the owner of the Minnesota Twins baseball franchise from 1984 (succeeding Calvin Griffith) until his death in 2009.Minnesota-based artist Bill Mack.baseball player status representing a season of Twins baseball, outside the main ticket area at Target Field, Minneapolis, MN, 08/14/10. Please credit Baseball Oogie Photography.
Owner Jeffrey Loria is an art dealer, and as Michael Kimmelman, a culture and society writer for the New York Times noted, “he cared more than most about aesthetics and took a gamble — part old-school civic improvement plan, part marketing strategy — that Miamians will recognize themselves in the stylishness of the place. (http://www.nytimes.com/2012/04/28/arts/design/marlins-park-in-miami-baseballs-newest-stadium.html?_r=1He has festooned concourses and stairwells with art, photographs and sculpture. With painted pink flamingoes, palm trees, blue marlins and flowing waves, it's supposed to be some sort of boisterous celebration of South Florida, but it looks more like a cheap design for a miniature golf course. Descriptions of this piece “monstrosity,” “garish”, “a joke” Artist Red Grooms, : Home Run Sculpture, 2010 – 2012, painted steel with mechanized elements.According to Anne Tschida with the Biscayne Times: The Marlins stadium features four site-specific projects that will make it stand out dramatically from other sports stadiums around the country. With a whopping $5.2 million budget from Miami-Dade’s Art in Public Places program (thanks to an ordinance allocating 1.5 percent of construction costs of county buildings for the purchase or commission of artworks), http://www.biscaynetimes.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=566:miami-scores-with-marlins-art&catid=38:art-a-culture&Itemid=154
Cruz-Diez, an icon in his native Venezuela and famous since the 1960s for his work involving sensory manipulation, will use a paving system based on color, line, and viewer perception to create visual signage to the various stadium entrances.At the east entrance, Arsham will erect his Orange Bowl tribute. Across this plaza, ten-foot-high reproductions of the letters that spelled out “Orange Bowl” on the old stadium will be scattered -- some standing, some leaning, some on their sides, “as though they had fallen from the old stadium and landed like that -- in a state between deconstruction and rebuilding,” Arsham says. So how were these artists -- two stalwarts of contemporary art and a well-respected up-and-comer -- chosen for this monumental undertaking? Through a process that was smooth, professional, and efficient -- not exactly what some cynics would expect of county government. “A call to artists was issued internationally,” says Brandi Reddick, communications and artists manager for Art in Public Places. “We received 432 applications, representing 19 countries. From these 432 applications, 18 artists were invited to develop site-specific project proposals.”Other art: “Baseball Manager” by Roy LichtensteinWarhol-ized players “We will have the finest artworks of any stadium in the nation,” says a proud Michael Spring, director of Miami-Dade’s Department of Cultural Affairs, which oversees Art in Public Places. “And our ballpark will be distinguished by how prominent and integrated the art is into the very architectural features of the facility.”Another big difference: You must pay to see the artwork in Dallas. Not so in Miami, notes Michael Spring: “You don’t need to buy a ticket to experience the work. You can be at home, watching the Marlins on TV, and cheering as Red Grooms’s sculpture ‘goes off,’ with marlins leaping and lasers blazing, or driving on the expressway at night witnessing Daniel Arsham’s super columns.”Unlike the Marlins’ front office, Spring has no problem commenting on the stadium’s ambitious public-arts projects: “Miami-Dade County will have the most culturally conceived sports facility in the nation, both architecturally and artistically.”
As the field has grown, the definition of public art has evolved to include: place-making, environmental art and activism, cause-related art, and interdisciplinary performance events. http://www.americansforthearts.org/information_services/research/impact_areas/arts_environments/005.aspBecker - Many public artists use unconventional materials and often work in partnerships with local people, architects and planners.
ST. Louis has a nice curriculum packet for the city’s public art, but doesn’t include any from Busch Stadium.
Ross Palmer BeecherSeattle artist Ross Palmer Beecher created two large "quilts" made from pieces of found metal stitched together with red wire similar to the stitching on a baseball. Pieces of discarded pop cans and other metal containers create the logos of all Major League Baseball teams. These logos are "sewn" onto license plates of the states from which that team hails, forming one of the quilts. The other quilt makes references to the history of baseball in the Pacific Northwest, recalling the Seattle Rainiers and earlier days of the Seattle Mariners. A series of such images is again made up of found metal and "sewn" onto old Washington license plates. This quilt is bordered with carved fir frames that are painted with familiar scenes from a baseball game. Her work is mounted on facing walls at the Main Concourse level at the southeast entry. Recesses have been built into the walls to hold her works, which are covered with tempered glass frames. I've walked past Ross Palmer Beecher's art at Safeco Field a million times but never really stopped to check it out 'til today. It's super cool.She made a giant quilt, with each piece representing one of baseball's 30 major league teams with their circa '99 logos, by stitching together aluminum cans and license plates from the teams' respective states. Also, there's another dozen or so pieces based on various Washington state team logos from over the years, including the Seattle Pilots, Seattle Rainiers, Tacoma Rainiers, Everett AquaSox, and the Spokane Chiefs. Each mini-quilt has a square wooden frame with a unique baseball-themed painting, bordered by a bunch of bottlecaps.
Public art power point
ART IN THE PARK: THE ROLE OF PUBLIC ART IN BASEBALL PARKS P R E S E N T E D A T T H E 2 4 TH C O O P E R S T O W N S Y M P O S I U MON BASEBALL AND AMERICAN CULTURE, MAY 31, 2012 Bryna Bobick & Leigh Hersey, University of Memphis
WHAT IS PUBLIC ART? PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION & POLICY VIEWPOINT• Public Art “…is the most publicly visible and is paid for largely by public funds.” (Hunting, 2005)
WHAT IS PUBLIC ART? ART PROFESSIONALS VIEWPOINTS• “’Public art’ is a broad term that refers to art in public spaces and includes architecture, landscape, and urban design.” (Argiro, 2004)• Public art is virtually any piece of art that is “created by artists for places accessible to and used by the public.” (Americans for the Arts, 2012)• Public art can be defined as artworks outside museum and gallery walls. (Russell, 2004)
DEVELOPMENT OF PUBLIC ART• Different approaches to public art began to occur quickly in the United States in 1967 when the National Endowment for the Arts (NEA) created its Art-In-Public Places Program. • The goal was to give the public access to the best art outside museum walls. (Lacy, 1995, Russell, 2004) • From 1967-1995 funded the creation of more than 700 works.• More recently state and local agencies have been created to support public art, particularly in conjunction with new capital projects. • 81% of public art programs are government programs; the remaining 19% are nonprofit organizations. (Becker, 2004)
AUTOZONE PARKMEMPHIS REDBIRDS Photos By Leigh Hersey
PUBLIC ART IN BASEBALL PARKS• Primary Types • Honor team’s history
WRIGLEY FIELD CHICAGO CUBSErnie Banks, “Mr. Cub” by Chicago artist Lou Cella Harry Carey, by Omri Amrany & Lou CellaPhoto by Kalea Yoshida; Used with permission Photo by fantabandfrugal, Licensed by Creative Commons.
PUBLIC ART IN BASEBALL PARKS• Primary Types • Honor team’s history • Showcase baseball experience
CHASE FIELDARIZONA DIAMONDBACKSBaseball: A Family Tradition, by Clarke ReidyPhotos by: John Hersey, Used with Permission
SCULPTURE SAFECO Field Rogers Centre Seattle Mariners Toronto Blue JaysMitt by Gerard Tsutakawa The Audience, by Michael SnowPhoto by Alan Cordova, Licensed by Creative Photo by Saschaporsche, Licensed by CreativeCommons. Commons
AUTOZONE PARK MEMPHIS REDBIRDSPhoto by Ian Sterling, Licensed by Creative Commons
PUBLIC ART FORMS• Statues• Sculpture• Murals• Kinetic
CHASE FIELDARIZONA DIAMONDBACKS George Rhodes, Based on Balls Photos by: John Hersey, Used with Permission
NEW BALLPARKS• Nationals Park, Washington Nationals, 2008
NATIONALS PARKWASHINGTON NATIONALS Walter Johnson, by Omri Amrany and Julie Rotblatt Photo by Kevin H., Licensed by Creative Commons
NEW BALLPARKS• Nationals Park, Washington Nationals, 2008• Yankee Stadium, New York Yankees, 2009• Citi Field, New York Mets, 2009
NEW YORK CITY Yankee Stadium Citi FieldNew York Yankees New York Mets Top: Mets Hall of Fame; Left: Jackie Robinson Pavillion. Photos by Ray Colon, License d by Creative CommonsYankee Stadium, Gate 6;Photo by Leigh Hersey
NEW BALLPARKS• Nationals Park, Washington Nationals, 2008• Yankee Stadium, New York Yankees, 2009• Citi Field, New York Mets, 2009• Target Park, Minnesota Twins, 2010
TARGET FIELD MINNESOTA TWINS Photo by Baseball Oogie Photography; used with permission Kirby PuckettHarmon Killebrew Photos by afagen, Licensed byPhoto by rburtzel, Licensed by Creative CommonsCreative CommonsPlayer statues by Minnesota-based artist Bill Mack.
NEW BALLPARKS• Nationals Park, Washington Nationals, 2008• Yankee Stadium, New York Yankees, 2009• Citi Field, New York Mets, 2009• Target Field, Minnesota Twins, 2010• Marlins Park, Miami Marlins, 2012
MARLINS PARK MIAMI MARLINSHome Run Sculpture, Red GroomsPhoto courtesy, Ed Solomon (aka Ed in South Florida); Used with permission.
MARLINS PARK MIAMI MARLINS Photos by Dan Lundberg, Licensed by Creative Commons.Plaza walkway by Carlos Cruz-Diez Orange Bowl, by Daniel Arsham
FULFILLING THE ROLES OF PUBLIC ART• “Public art makes public spaces more beautiful, encourages us to pause and interact with our environment, or reminds us of important people and events.” (Argiro, 2004)• “…place-making, environmental art and activism, cause-related art, and interdisciplinary performance events.” (Americans for the Arts, 2012)• “engage civic dialogue and community; attract attention and economic benefit; connect artists with communities; and enhance public appreciation of art.” (Becker, 2004)
BALLPARK ART & EDUCATION• Access to public art can be a benefit for students of all ages; however, it tends to be overlooked as learning and teaching resources. (Coutts, 2004) • Authors (Argiro 2004), Russell (2004) and (Buffington & Waldner, 2012) encourage art educators to take advantage of public art as original artwork for students to experience firsthand. • Just as often, public sculptures become such a part of our everyday experience that we overlook them altogether. However, when given a close, fresh look, these sculptures can be amazing teaching tools, and provide a great jumping-off point for discussions of history, math, science, and art. (Argiro, 2004)
SAFECO FIELD SEATTLE MARINERSQuilts, Ross Palmer BeecherPhotos courtesy: Steve Mandich, http://stevemandich.blogspot.com/2009_06_01_archive.html; used withpermission.
CONTACT INFORMATION Bryna Bobick, Ed.D Leigh N. Hersey, PhD Assistant Professor Assistant Professor Art Education Division of Public and Nonprofit Administration University of Memphis Director of Research Art and Communication Institute for Philanthropy and Building Nonprofit Leadership 3715 Central Avenue University of Memphis Memphis, TN 38152 130 McCord Hall Memphis, TN 38152 firstname.lastname@example.org 901-678-1754 email@example.comResearch sponsored in part bythe Institute for Philanthropy & Nonprofit Leadership at the University of Memphis. www.memphis.edu/ipnl