Where and when was he born?
He was born in Stratford-upon-Avon in
1564, xvi century.
2.When did he go to London?
After getting married to Anne Hathaway,
at a certain moment in his life.
In London: actor and
What did he do in London?
He performed as an actor and wrote plays
and poetry. He wrote: tragedies,
comedies and historical plays.
Why were theatres so important at that
They were the only type of entertainment
The Globe: characteristics
Many of his plays were performed in the
Globe.Theatres at that time were
different from today’s.
The plays took place in the open air in
daylight when the weather was
good.There was no scenery on the
stage. Boys played the female parts
THE GLOBE THEATRE
THE GLOBE: INSIDE
The Globe: parts
THEATRE: MORE DETAILS
Between two and three thousand
people, from all classes of society, were
in the audience.Toilets didn’t exist.
Did women go to the theatre?
Yes, they did though it was considered
immoral. That’s why many attended
performances with masks (not to be
Theatre: more information
Even legend says Queen Elizabeth I
attended the Globe secretly sometimes.
How much did it cost?(depended on the
comfort of the seats):
To stand in the yard-one penny
To sit in the gallery- two pennies
To have a cushion- three pennies
WHEN WERE THEY CLOSED?
During a short period of time theatres
were closed because they were blamed
for the Bubonic Plague (Black Death) as
The Puritans considered them immoral
and the Death was a God punishment.
Shakespeare died in 1616 and is buried
in Stradford’s Holy Triniy Church
TYPES OF PLAYS
Shakespeare wrote poetry and 38
plays: tragedies, comedies and
Hamlet, King Lear, Othello and
Macbeth are the most important ones.
In tragedies: the ending is sad, many
Time is against the characters
The main characters are men, and they
belong to aristocracy or monarchy( they
are queen, kings,nobles etc)
Lady Macbeth is an exception since she
is a main character with an important
They have a happy ending.
Time helps the characters to solve
Women have important parts and help
to find solutions (cross-dressing)
Characters don’t belong to monarchy.
This period of time xvi was called the
Renaissance period: ( the culture of
Greece and Rome was rediscovered)
For these reason many of his plays are
settled in Europe and Italy mainly:
Romeo and Juliet, Othello etc.
HIS TIME: RENAISSANCE
The printing press resulted in more
books, more education and knowledge.
• Humanism is also essential. God leaves his
place to man: the most important being in the
universe.We find characters who want
something: to be richer, to be more powerful, to
be more intelligent etc. These are humanist
Why do you think Shakespeare’s plays
have been so much adapted into
films,musicals, paintings, operas etc?
The answer is his topics are never out-of –
fashion because he speaks about feelings
( revenge, jealousy, ambition, love) so
these are topics that can take
Place in the XVI century or nowadays.
Shakespeare is also famous for his
quotations (citas) sentences that have
become so famous that take part of our
language, culture and everybody knows:
Hamlet’s : “to be or not to be; that’s the
Othello: “Be aware of the green-eyed monster
that mocks of the meat he feeds on
( refering to jealousy)”
It’s essential to understand other literary
works since authors quote him
Most of his characters have become
symbols: Othello is the symbol of
jealousy, Hamlet is the permanent
doubt, Macbeth is personified ambition
and so on.