Common AbbreviationsExplained (Urinary System Edition!)
Common AbbreviationsExplained (Urinary System Edition!)
Common AbbreviationsExplained (Urinary System Edition!)
Common AbbreviationsExplained (Urinary System Edition!)
Common AbbreviationsExplained (Urinary System Edition!)By: Casey Bishop
cath   (or catheterization)
cath   (or catheterization)
cath                (or catheterization)Latex, polyurethane, or silicone tubeused to drain urine from a patient’surinary b...
cath                (or catheterization)Latex, polyurethane, or silicone tubeused to drain urine from a patient’surinary b...
cath                (or catheterization)Latex, polyurethane, or silicone tubeused to drain urine from a patient’surinary b...
cath                (or catheterization)Latex, polyurethane, or silicone tubeused to drain urine from a patient’surinary b...
cath                (or catheterization)Latex, polyurethane, or silicone tubeused to drain urine from a patient’surinary b...
cath                (or catheterization)Latex, polyurethane, or silicone tubeused to drain urine from a patient’surinary b...
cath                (or catheterization)Latex, polyurethane, or silicone tubeused to drain urine from a patient’surinary b...
cath                (or catheterization)Latex, polyurethane, or silicone tubeused to drain urine from a patient’surinary b...
cath                (or catheterization)Latex, polyurethane, or silicone tubeused to drain urine from a patient’surinary b...
cath   (continued)
cath   (continued)
cath               (continued)More difficult to place in women dueto variances in anatomical structure
cath               (continued)More difficult to place in women dueto variances in anatomical structureFrequent cause of nos...
cath               (continued)More difficult to place in women dueto variances in anatomical structureFrequent cause of nos...
cath               (continued)More difficult to place in women dueto variances in anatomical structureFrequent cause of nos...
cath                (continued)More difficult to place in women dueto variances in anatomical structureFrequent cause of no...
cath                (continued)More difficult to place in women dueto variances in anatomical structureFrequent cause of no...
cath                 (continued)More difficult to place in women dueto variances in anatomical structureFrequent cause of n...
cath                  (continued)More difficult to place in women dueto variances in anatomical structureFrequent cause of ...
cath                  (continued)More difficult to place in women dueto variances in anatomical structureFrequent cause of ...
cath                  (continued)More difficult to place in women dueto variances in anatomical structureFrequent cause of ...
ESWL   (or extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy)
ESWL   (or extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy)                          Used to treat kidney                          st...
ESWL   (or extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy)                          Used to treat kidney                          st...
ESWL   (or extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy)                          Used to treat kidney                          st...
ESWL   (or extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy)                          Used to treat kidney                          st...
ESWL   (or extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy)                          Used to treat kidney                          st...
ESWL   (cont.)
ESWL   (cont.)
ESWL   (cont.)
ESWL   (cont.)
ESWL               (cont.)Can also be used to breakstones in ureters and thegallbladder but with lowerresults
ESWL               (cont.)Can also be used to breakstones in ureters and thegallbladder but with lowerresultsRelatively lo...
ESWL               (cont.)Can also be used to breakstones in ureters and thegallbladder but with lowerresultsRelatively lo...
ESWL               (cont.)Can also be used to breakstones in ureters and thegallbladder but with lowerresultsRelatively lo...
ESWL               (cont.)Can also be used to breakstones in ureters and thegallbladder but with lowerresultsRelatively lo...
BUN   (or blood urea nitrogen)
BUN   (or blood urea nitrogen)
BUN           (or blood urea nitrogen)Assessment of the amountof nitrogen (found withinurea molecules) in theblood
BUN              (or blood urea nitrogen)Assessment of the amountof nitrogen (found withinurea molecules) in thebloodIndic...
BUN              (or blood urea nitrogen)Assessment of the amountof nitrogen (found withinurea molecules) in thebloodIndic...
BUN              (or blood urea nitrogen)Assessment of the amountof nitrogen (found withinurea molecules) in thebloodIndic...
BUN              (or blood urea nitrogen)Assessment of the amountof nitrogen (found withinurea molecules) in thebloodIndic...
BUN   (cont.)
BUN               (cont.)Below normal levels indicatesreduced reabsorption of BUN bythe kidneys, usually as a result ofkid...
BUN               (cont.)Below normal levels indicatesreduced reabsorption of BUN bythe kidneys, usually as a result ofkid...
BUN               (cont.)Below normal levels indicatesreduced reabsorption of BUN bythe kidneys, usually as a result ofkid...
BUN               (cont.)Below normal levels indicatesreduced reabsorption of BUN bythe kidneys, usually as a result ofkid...
BUN               (cont.)Below normal levels indicatesreduced reabsorption of BUN bythe kidneys, usually as a result ofkid...
BUN               (cont.)Below normal levels indicatesreduced reabsorption of BUN bythe kidneys, usually as a result ofkid...
BUN               (cont.)Below normal levels indicatesreduced reabsorption of BUN bythe kidneys, usually as a result ofkid...
ARF   (or acute renal failure)
ARF   (or acute renal failure)
ARF   (or acute renal failure)                             Also known as AKI (acute kidney injury)
ARF   (or acute renal failure)                             Also known as AKI (acute kidney injury)                        ...
ARF   (or acute renal failure)                             Also known as AKI (acute kidney injury)                        ...
ARF   (or acute renal failure)                             Also known as AKI (acute kidney injury)                        ...
ARF   (or acute renal failure)                             Also known as AKI (acute kidney injury)                        ...
ARF   (or acute renal failure)                             Also known as AKI (acute kidney injury)                        ...
ARF   (or acute renal failure)                             Also known as AKI (acute kidney injury)                        ...
ARF   (or acute renal failure)                             Also known as AKI (acute kidney injury)                        ...
ARF   (or acute renal failure)                             Also known as AKI (acute kidney injury)                        ...
ARF   (or acute renal failure)                             Also known as AKI (acute kidney injury)                        ...
ARF   (or acute renal failure)                             Also known as AKI (acute kidney injury)                        ...
ARF   (cont.)
ARF   (cont.)
ARF              (cont.)Systemic symptoms include:   fatigue   loss of appetite   headache   GI upset   Heart arrhythmia/t...
ARF              (cont.)Systemic symptoms include:   fatigue   loss of appetite   headache   GI upset   Heart arrhythmia/t...
UTI   (or urinary tract infection)
UTI   (or urinary tract infection)
UTI   (or urinary tract infection)                                Bacterial (occasionally viral/fungal) infection of the  ...
UTI   (or urinary tract infection)                                Bacterial (occasionally viral/fungal) infection of the  ...
UTI   (or urinary tract infection)                                Bacterial (occasionally viral/fungal) infection of the  ...
UTI   (or urinary tract infection)                                Bacterial (occasionally viral/fungal) infection of the  ...
UTI   (or urinary tract infection)                                Bacterial (occasionally viral/fungal) infection of the  ...
UTI   (or urinary tract infection)                                Bacterial (occasionally viral/fungal) infection of the  ...
UTI   (or urinary tract infection)                                Bacterial (occasionally viral/fungal) infection of the  ...
UTI   (or urinary tract infection)                                Bacterial (occasionally viral/fungal) infection of the  ...
UTI   (or urinary tract infection)                                Bacterial (occasionally viral/fungal) infection of the  ...
UTI   (or urinary tract infection)                                Bacterial (occasionally viral/fungal) infection of the  ...
UTI   (or urinary tract infection)                                Bacterial (occasionally viral/fungal) infection of the  ...
UTI   (or urinary tract infection)                                Bacterial (occasionally viral/fungal) infection of the  ...
UTI   (or urinary tract infection)                                Bacterial (occasionally viral/fungal) infection of the  ...
UTI   (cont.)
UTI   (cont.)
UTI   (cont.)                50% of woman will have one                UTI in their lifetime with many                expe...
UTI   (cont.)                50% of woman will have one                UTI in their lifetime with many                expe...
UTI   (cont.)                50% of woman will have one                UTI in their lifetime with many                expe...
Urinary system Abbreviations
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Urinary system Abbreviations

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  • Urinary system Abbreviations

    1. 1. Common AbbreviationsExplained (Urinary System Edition!)
    2. 2. Common AbbreviationsExplained (Urinary System Edition!)
    3. 3. Common AbbreviationsExplained (Urinary System Edition!)
    4. 4. Common AbbreviationsExplained (Urinary System Edition!)
    5. 5. Common AbbreviationsExplained (Urinary System Edition!)By: Casey Bishop
    6. 6. cath (or catheterization)
    7. 7. cath (or catheterization)
    8. 8. cath (or catheterization)Latex, polyurethane, or silicone tubeused to drain urine from a patient’surinary bladder
    9. 9. cath (or catheterization)Latex, polyurethane, or silicone tubeused to drain urine from a patient’surinary bladder Inserted through urethra
    10. 10. cath (or catheterization)Latex, polyurethane, or silicone tubeused to drain urine from a patient’surinary bladder Inserted through urethra Tubes are commonly between 3.3 and 9.3 mm in diameter
    11. 11. cath (or catheterization)Latex, polyurethane, or silicone tubeused to drain urine from a patient’surinary bladder Inserted through urethra Tubes are commonly between 3.3 and 9.3 mm in diameterUsed to drain urine from a patient’sbladder
    12. 12. cath (or catheterization)Latex, polyurethane, or silicone tubeused to drain urine from a patient’surinary bladder Inserted through urethra Tubes are commonly between 3.3 and 9.3 mm in diameterUsed to drain urine from a patient’sbladderMay be permanent or indwelling (knownas a Foley catheter) or intermittent(known as a Robinson catheter)
    13. 13. cath (or catheterization)Latex, polyurethane, or silicone tubeused to drain urine from a patient’surinary bladder Inserted through urethra Tubes are commonly between 3.3 and 9.3 mm in diameterUsed to drain urine from a patient’sbladderMay be permanent or indwelling (knownas a Foley catheter) or intermittent(known as a Robinson catheter)Additional uses include:
    14. 14. cath (or catheterization)Latex, polyurethane, or silicone tubeused to drain urine from a patient’surinary bladder Inserted through urethra Tubes are commonly between 3.3 and 9.3 mm in diameterUsed to drain urine from a patient’sbladderMay be permanent or indwelling (knownas a Foley catheter) or intermittent(known as a Robinson catheter)Additional uses include: Used to inject liquids used for diagnostic procedures
    15. 15. cath (or catheterization)Latex, polyurethane, or silicone tubeused to drain urine from a patient’surinary bladder Inserted through urethra Tubes are commonly between 3.3 and 9.3 mm in diameterUsed to drain urine from a patient’sbladderMay be permanent or indwelling (knownas a Foley catheter) or intermittent(known as a Robinson catheter)Additional uses include: Used to inject liquids used for diagnostic procedures Used to administer medications
    16. 16. cath (or catheterization)Latex, polyurethane, or silicone tubeused to drain urine from a patient’surinary bladder Inserted through urethra Tubes are commonly between 3.3 and 9.3 mm in diameterUsed to drain urine from a patient’sbladderMay be permanent or indwelling (knownas a Foley catheter) or intermittent(known as a Robinson catheter)Additional uses include: Used to inject liquids used for diagnostic procedures Used to administer medications
    17. 17. cath (continued)
    18. 18. cath (continued)
    19. 19. cath (continued)More difficult to place in women dueto variances in anatomical structure
    20. 20. cath (continued)More difficult to place in women dueto variances in anatomical structureFrequent cause of nosocomialinfections
    21. 21. cath (continued)More difficult to place in women dueto variances in anatomical structureFrequent cause of nosocomialinfections Must be heavily maintained/ cleaned in order to prevent complications
    22. 22. cath (continued)More difficult to place in women dueto variances in anatomical structureFrequent cause of nosocomialinfections Must be heavily maintained/ cleaned in order to prevent complicationsComplication include:
    23. 23. cath (continued)More difficult to place in women dueto variances in anatomical structureFrequent cause of nosocomialinfections Must be heavily maintained/ cleaned in order to prevent complicationsComplication include: bacterial infection
    24. 24. cath (continued)More difficult to place in women dueto variances in anatomical structureFrequent cause of nosocomialinfections Must be heavily maintained/ cleaned in order to prevent complicationsComplication include: bacterial infection sepsis
    25. 25. cath (continued)More difficult to place in women dueto variances in anatomical structureFrequent cause of nosocomialinfections Must be heavily maintained/ cleaned in order to prevent complicationsComplication include: bacterial infection sepsis bladder stones
    26. 26. cath (continued)More difficult to place in women dueto variances in anatomical structureFrequent cause of nosocomialinfections Must be heavily maintained/ cleaned in order to prevent complicationsComplication include: bacterial infection sepsis bladder stones urethral injury
    27. 27. cath (continued)More difficult to place in women dueto variances in anatomical structureFrequent cause of nosocomialinfections Must be heavily maintained/ cleaned in order to prevent complicationsComplication include: bacterial infection sepsis bladder stones urethral injuryShould be used as last resort inincontinent patients
    28. 28. cath (continued)More difficult to place in women dueto variances in anatomical structureFrequent cause of nosocomialinfections Must be heavily maintained/ cleaned in order to prevent complicationsComplication include: bacterial infection sepsis bladder stones urethral injuryShould be used as last resort inincontinent patients
    29. 29. ESWL (or extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy)
    30. 30. ESWL (or extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy) Used to treat kidney stones non-invasively
    31. 31. ESWL (or extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy) Used to treat kidney stones non-invasively Developed in the early 1980s by Dornier MedTech Systems GmbH
    32. 32. ESWL (or extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy) Used to treat kidney stones non-invasively Developed in the early 1980s by Dornier MedTech Systems GmbH Works best with stones between 2-4mm in diameter
    33. 33. ESWL (or extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy) Used to treat kidney stones non-invasively Developed in the early 1980s by Dornier MedTech Systems GmbH Works best with stones between 2-4mm in diameter
    34. 34. ESWL (or extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy) Used to treat kidney stones non-invasively Developed in the early 1980s by Dornier MedTech Systems GmbH Works best with stones between 2-4mm in diameter
    35. 35. ESWL (cont.)
    36. 36. ESWL (cont.)
    37. 37. ESWL (cont.)
    38. 38. ESWL (cont.)
    39. 39. ESWL (cont.)Can also be used to breakstones in ureters and thegallbladder but with lowerresults
    40. 40. ESWL (cont.)Can also be used to breakstones in ureters and thegallbladder but with lowerresultsRelatively low overallcomplication rate around5-20%
    41. 41. ESWL (cont.)Can also be used to breakstones in ureters and thegallbladder but with lowerresultsRelatively low overallcomplication rate around5-20%Complications due to capillarydamage/hemorrhage include:
    42. 42. ESWL (cont.)Can also be used to breakstones in ureters and thegallbladder but with lowerresultsRelatively low overallcomplication rate around5-20%Complications due to capillarydamage/hemorrhage include: renal failure
    43. 43. ESWL (cont.)Can also be used to breakstones in ureters and thegallbladder but with lowerresultsRelatively low overallcomplication rate around5-20%Complications due to capillarydamage/hemorrhage include: renal failure hypertension
    44. 44. BUN (or blood urea nitrogen)
    45. 45. BUN (or blood urea nitrogen)
    46. 46. BUN (or blood urea nitrogen)Assessment of the amountof nitrogen (found withinurea molecules) in theblood
    47. 47. BUN (or blood urea nitrogen)Assessment of the amountof nitrogen (found withinurea molecules) in thebloodIndicates level of renalhealth
    48. 48. BUN (or blood urea nitrogen)Assessment of the amountof nitrogen (found withinurea molecules) in thebloodIndicates level of renalhealthNormal levels range from2.5-6.5 mmol/L or 7-21 mg/dL
    49. 49. BUN (or blood urea nitrogen)Assessment of the amountof nitrogen (found withinurea molecules) in thebloodIndicates level of renalhealthNormal levels range from2.5-6.5 mmol/L or 7-21 mg/dLUsually measuredalongside blood creatininelevels
    50. 50. BUN (or blood urea nitrogen)Assessment of the amountof nitrogen (found withinurea molecules) in thebloodIndicates level of renalhealthNormal levels range from2.5-6.5 mmol/L or 7-21 mg/dLUsually measuredalongside blood creatininelevels
    51. 51. BUN (cont.)
    52. 52. BUN (cont.)Below normal levels indicatesreduced reabsorption of BUN bythe kidneys, usually as a result ofkidney damage
    53. 53. BUN (cont.)Below normal levels indicatesreduced reabsorption of BUN bythe kidneys, usually as a result ofkidney damageAbove normal levels indicate overreabsorption of BUN, usually as aresult of dehydration
    54. 54. BUN (cont.)Below normal levels indicatesreduced reabsorption of BUN bythe kidneys, usually as a result ofkidney damageAbove normal levels indicate overreabsorption of BUN, usually as aresult of dehydrationOther causes of abnormal levelsof BUN include:
    55. 55. BUN (cont.)Below normal levels indicatesreduced reabsorption of BUN bythe kidneys, usually as a result ofkidney damageAbove normal levels indicate overreabsorption of BUN, usually as aresult of dehydrationOther causes of abnormal levelsof BUN include: acute renal failure
    56. 56. BUN (cont.)Below normal levels indicatesreduced reabsorption of BUN bythe kidneys, usually as a result ofkidney damageAbove normal levels indicate overreabsorption of BUN, usually as aresult of dehydrationOther causes of abnormal levelsof BUN include: acute renal failure gastrointestinal hemorrhage
    57. 57. BUN (cont.)Below normal levels indicatesreduced reabsorption of BUN bythe kidneys, usually as a result ofkidney damageAbove normal levels indicate overreabsorption of BUN, usually as aresult of dehydrationOther causes of abnormal levelsof BUN include: acute renal failure gastrointestinal hemorrhage old age
    58. 58. BUN (cont.)Below normal levels indicatesreduced reabsorption of BUN bythe kidneys, usually as a result ofkidney damageAbove normal levels indicate overreabsorption of BUN, usually as aresult of dehydrationOther causes of abnormal levelsof BUN include: acute renal failure gastrointestinal hemorrhage old age
    59. 59. ARF (or acute renal failure)
    60. 60. ARF (or acute renal failure)
    61. 61. ARF (or acute renal failure) Also known as AKI (acute kidney injury)
    62. 62. ARF (or acute renal failure) Also known as AKI (acute kidney injury) Rapid loss of kidney function due to a large range of probable causes
    63. 63. ARF (or acute renal failure) Also known as AKI (acute kidney injury) Rapid loss of kidney function due to a large range of probable causes Causes include:
    64. 64. ARF (or acute renal failure) Also known as AKI (acute kidney injury) Rapid loss of kidney function due to a large range of probable causes Causes include: Low blood volume
    65. 65. ARF (or acute renal failure) Also known as AKI (acute kidney injury) Rapid loss of kidney function due to a large range of probable causes Causes include: Low blood volume Obstruction of UT
    66. 66. ARF (or acute renal failure) Also known as AKI (acute kidney injury) Rapid loss of kidney function due to a large range of probable causes Causes include: Low blood volume Obstruction of UT Harmful substances encountered during renal filtration
    67. 67. ARF (or acute renal failure) Also known as AKI (acute kidney injury) Rapid loss of kidney function due to a large range of probable causes Causes include: Low blood volume Obstruction of UT Harmful substances encountered during renal filtration Complications include:
    68. 68. ARF (or acute renal failure) Also known as AKI (acute kidney injury) Rapid loss of kidney function due to a large range of probable causes Causes include: Low blood volume Obstruction of UT Harmful substances encountered during renal filtration Complications include: High potassium and BUN/creatinine levels
    69. 69. ARF (or acute renal failure) Also known as AKI (acute kidney injury) Rapid loss of kidney function due to a large range of probable causes Causes include: Low blood volume Obstruction of UT Harmful substances encountered during renal filtration Complications include: High potassium and BUN/creatinine levels acidosis
    70. 70. ARF (or acute renal failure) Also known as AKI (acute kidney injury) Rapid loss of kidney function due to a large range of probable causes Causes include: Low blood volume Obstruction of UT Harmful substances encountered during renal filtration Complications include: High potassium and BUN/creatinine levels acidosis uremia
    71. 71. ARF (or acute renal failure) Also known as AKI (acute kidney injury) Rapid loss of kidney function due to a large range of probable causes Causes include: Low blood volume Obstruction of UT Harmful substances encountered during renal filtration Complications include: High potassium and BUN/creatinine levels acidosis uremia failure of other organs
    72. 72. ARF (cont.)
    73. 73. ARF (cont.)
    74. 74. ARF (cont.)Systemic symptoms include: fatigue loss of appetite headache GI upset Heart arrhythmia/tachycardiaThree main causes Prerenal (decreased renal blood flow) Intrinsic (interglomular pathology) Postrenal (UTI obstruction)
    75. 75. ARF (cont.)Systemic symptoms include: fatigue loss of appetite headache GI upset Heart arrhythmia/tachycardiaThree main causes Prerenal (decreased renal blood flow) Intrinsic (interglomular pathology) Postrenal (UTI obstruction)
    76. 76. UTI (or urinary tract infection)
    77. 77. UTI (or urinary tract infection)
    78. 78. UTI (or urinary tract infection) Bacterial (occasionally viral/fungal) infection of the urinary tract
    79. 79. UTI (or urinary tract infection) Bacterial (occasionally viral/fungal) infection of the urinary tract Usually caused by E. Coli
    80. 80. UTI (or urinary tract infection) Bacterial (occasionally viral/fungal) infection of the urinary tract Usually caused by E. Coli Lower UTI called cystitis (bladder infection)
    81. 81. UTI (or urinary tract infection) Bacterial (occasionally viral/fungal) infection of the urinary tract Usually caused by E. Coli Lower UTI called cystitis (bladder infection) Upper UTI called pyelonephritis (kidney infection)
    82. 82. UTI (or urinary tract infection) Bacterial (occasionally viral/fungal) infection of the urinary tract Usually caused by E. Coli Lower UTI called cystitis (bladder infection) Upper UTI called pyelonephritis (kidney infection) More common in woman due to urethral proximity to anus
    83. 83. UTI (or urinary tract infection) Bacterial (occasionally viral/fungal) infection of the urinary tract Usually caused by E. Coli Lower UTI called cystitis (bladder infection) Upper UTI called pyelonephritis (kidney infection) More common in woman due to urethral proximity to anus Symptoms include:
    84. 84. UTI (or urinary tract infection) Bacterial (occasionally viral/fungal) infection of the urinary tract Usually caused by E. Coli Lower UTI called cystitis (bladder infection) Upper UTI called pyelonephritis (kidney infection) More common in woman due to urethral proximity to anus Symptoms include: dysuria (lower)
    85. 85. UTI (or urinary tract infection) Bacterial (occasionally viral/fungal) infection of the urinary tract Usually caused by E. Coli Lower UTI called cystitis (bladder infection) Upper UTI called pyelonephritis (kidney infection) More common in woman due to urethral proximity to anus Symptoms include: dysuria (lower) high urinary frequency (lower)
    86. 86. UTI (or urinary tract infection) Bacterial (occasionally viral/fungal) infection of the urinary tract Usually caused by E. Coli Lower UTI called cystitis (bladder infection) Upper UTI called pyelonephritis (kidney infection) More common in woman due to urethral proximity to anus Symptoms include: dysuria (lower) high urinary frequency (lower) lower back/flank pain (upper)
    87. 87. UTI (or urinary tract infection) Bacterial (occasionally viral/fungal) infection of the urinary tract Usually caused by E. Coli Lower UTI called cystitis (bladder infection) Upper UTI called pyelonephritis (kidney infection) More common in woman due to urethral proximity to anus Symptoms include: dysuria (lower) high urinary frequency (lower) lower back/flank pain (upper) fever (upper)
    88. 88. UTI (or urinary tract infection) Bacterial (occasionally viral/fungal) infection of the urinary tract Usually caused by E. Coli Lower UTI called cystitis (bladder infection) Upper UTI called pyelonephritis (kidney infection) More common in woman due to urethral proximity to anus Symptoms include: dysuria (lower) high urinary frequency (lower) lower back/flank pain (upper) fever (upper) nausea/vomiting (upper)
    89. 89. UTI (or urinary tract infection) Bacterial (occasionally viral/fungal) infection of the urinary tract Usually caused by E. Coli Lower UTI called cystitis (bladder infection) Upper UTI called pyelonephritis (kidney infection) More common in woman due to urethral proximity to anus Symptoms include: dysuria (lower) high urinary frequency (lower) lower back/flank pain (upper) fever (upper) nausea/vomiting (upper) pyuria (upper/lower)
    90. 90. UTI (or urinary tract infection) Bacterial (occasionally viral/fungal) infection of the urinary tract Usually caused by E. Coli Lower UTI called cystitis (bladder infection) Upper UTI called pyelonephritis (kidney infection) More common in woman due to urethral proximity to anus Symptoms include: dysuria (lower) high urinary frequency (lower) lower back/flank pain (upper) fever (upper) nausea/vomiting (upper) pyuria (upper/lower)
    91. 91. UTI (cont.)
    92. 92. UTI (cont.)
    93. 93. UTI (cont.) 50% of woman will have one UTI in their lifetime with many experiencing recurrences
    94. 94. UTI (cont.) 50% of woman will have one UTI in their lifetime with many experiencing recurrences Treatment usually consists of daily antibiotic such as nitrofuratoin or trimethoprim
    95. 95. UTI (cont.) 50% of woman will have one UTI in their lifetime with many experiencing recurrences Treatment usually consists of daily antibiotic such as nitrofuratoin or trimethoprim Upper UTIs are treated more aggressively with strong antibiotics such as ciprofloxacin and are many times admitted for surveillance

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