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Lab apparatus

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Lab apparatus

  1. 1. Lab apparatus
  2. 2. Beaker Beakers hold solids or liquids that will not release gases when reacted or are unlikely to splatter if stirred or heated.
  3. 3. Conical flask Conical (or Erlenmeyer) flasks hold solids or liquids that may release gases during a reaction or that are likely to splatter if stirred or heated.
  4. 4. Measuring cylinder A graduated measuring cylinder is used to measure volumes of liquids.
  5. 5. Test tubes 13 x 100 mm test tubes 10 x 75 mm test tubes Boiling tube
  6. 6. Test tube holder A test tube holder is useful for holding a test tube which is too hot to handle.
  7. 7. Test tube racks Test tube racks are for holding and organizing test tubes on the laboratory counter. Plastic racks may melt in contact with very hot test tubes.
  8. 8. Rubber bungs Rubber bungs or stoppers are used to close containers to avoid spillage or contamination. Containers should never be heated when there is a stopper in place.
  9. 9. Watch Glass A watch glass is used to hold a small amount of solid, such as the product of a reaction.
  10. 10. Stirring Rod A glass rod is used to manually stir solutions. It can also be used to transfer a single drop of a solution.
  11. 11. Funnel A funnel is used to aid in the transfer of liquid from one vessel to another.
  12. 12. Pipette A pipette or medicine dropper is used to transfer a small volume of liquid (less than one mL). On top of each dropper is a “rubber bulb”
  13. 13. Spatulas Spatulas are used to dispense solid chemicals from their containers.
  14. 14. Forceps Forceps (or tweezers) are used to pick up small objects.
  15. 15. Scalpel A scalpel is an extremely sharp bladed instrument used for surgery and dissections.
  16. 16. Burette A burette is used to deliver exact volumes of liquids, often during titrations.
  17. 17. Bunsen burner Bunsen burners are used for the heating of nonvolatile liquids and solids.
  18. 18. Tripod A tripod is used to support glassware, such as beakers and flasks, especially when heating substances.
  19. 19. Gauze A wire gauze sits on a tripod to provide a place to stand a beaker.
  20. 20. Heatproof mat A heat proof mat is used to prevent damage to a work surface from a hot object.
  21. 21. Clay Triangle The clay triangle is used as a support for porcelein crucibles when being heated over a Bunsen burner.
  22. 22. Evaporating Dish The evaporating dish is used for the heating of stable solid compounds and elements.
  23. 23. Crucible Crucibles are used for heating certain solids, particularly metals, to very high temperatures.
  24. 24. Crucible Tongs For handling hot crucibles; also used to pick up other hot objects. NOT to be used for picking up beakers!
  25. 25. Clamp stand A clamp stand (or retort stand) is used to hold test tubes and other equipment in place. Also known as a ringstand.
  26. 26. Clamp stand Boss Clamp Clamp stand
  27. 27. Litmus Paper Red litmus paper is used to identify bases. Blue litmus paper is used to identify acids.
  28. 28. Universal indicator paper Used to identify the pH of substances.

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