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K circle-qotm-02082104


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Slides from my quiz at K Circle on Dec 21, 2013

K circle-qotm-02082104

  1. 1. K Circle – Weekly Quiz December 21, 2013 Cartik K Saravanamuthu
  2. 2. Format • • • • • • • 1 – 15: Written 16 – 28: Infinite bounce 29 – 35: Connect (Written) 36 – 59: Infinite bounce 60 – 65: Connect (Written) 66 – 75: Infinite bounce 76 – 85: Written
  3. 3. Question 1 (W) • Born in Kadapa in 1440, died in 1530. She was named after the jasmine flower. • Translated the Sanskrit Ramayan into Telugu, using as few Sanskrit words as possible. • Her translation of the Ramayan called _____ Ramayan is one of the simplest and easiest to read versions of the epic in Telugu
  4. 4. Question 2 (W) • There is no consensus on when this poet, philosopher, and yogi lived. Maybe 15th, 16th or the 17th centuries • He is said to have lived in Kondaveedu and the Gandikota area of Kadapa, and his grave is in Kadiri town in Anantapur district • His poems were all just 4 lines long, and very simple to understand and recite • The last line of almost all his poems is “Viswadhaabhirama Vinura ____” • A large selection of his poems are part of high school Telugu curricula across the state • FITB or identify him
  5. 5. Question 3 (W) • An exceptional scholar and artist, who lived in the 14th century • He incorporated the Natya Shastra into the prevalent classical dance form in Andhra, the Yakshagna folk dance dramas, and the refined product is what we have in Kuchipudi today • Identify
  6. 6. Question 4 (W) • Born in Visakhapatnam in 1910, died in Madras in 1983, he was a noted Telugu writer • Winner of the Sahitya Akademi award in 1972 • He moved poetry forward from classical mythological themes to reflect more contemporary issues • He introduced free verse into his socially themed through his anthology called Maha Prasthanam • He penned the lyrics for over 1000 soundtracks in Telugu films starting with Ahuti in 1950 • Identify
  7. 7. Question 5 (W) • Born in 1450 in Palakurthi mandal in Warangal district, died in 1510, this Telugu poet is best known for translating the Bhagvatha Purana from Sanskrit to Telugu • This work, Andhra Maha Bhaagavatamu, is also known as ______ Bhagavathamu in his honor • His first work, Bhogini Dhandakamu, is the earliest available Dhandakam in Telugu • His second work, Virabhadra Vijayam, narrates the destruction wrought by Virabhadra, an avatar of Shiva, at the yagna performed by Daksha Prajapati (+1)
  8. 8. Question 6 (W) • An irrigation engineer and British general, born in Oxford, 1803, died in Surrey, UK in 1899 • He was involved in the construction of several anicuts all over South India, including the Kaveri, the Godavari, and the Krishna • His most successful project at Dowleswaram near Rajahmundry was completed in 1852 • A new barrage constructed upstream from Dowleswaram was named after him and dedicated to the nation in 1982 • For his work, he was honored by the British with the rank of Knight Commander of the Order of the Star of India (KSCI) in 1877 (+1)
  9. 9. Question 7 (W) • The last ruler of the Qutb Shahi dynasty, X ruled Golconda from 1672 – 1687, known for his benevolence and tolerance of other religions • The Brahmin brothers from Hanamkonda, Akkanna and Madanna, were his most important ministers • He hired Y as the Tehsildar of Palavancha taluk, who transferred public funds without X’s knowledge to build the Rama temple in Bhadrachalam • Y was jailed by X for this and subsequently, after divine intervention, absolved and acquitted • X’s defeat by Aurangzeb in 1687 ended the Qutb Shahi dynasty and he died in prison in Daulatabad after 12 years in captivity • Ironically, X’s name is the origin of an Urdu word for tyranny and authoritarianism, because of the slander spread by his Mughal enemies • X and Y, and the Urdu word (+3)
  10. 10. Question 8 (W) • A distinguished Urdu poet and a Marxist revolutionary, (b. 1908, d.1969) he was antagonistic to the Nizam • He founded the Progressive Writers Union in Hyderabad • Founded the Communist Party of AP, MLC Andhra Pradesh for 5 years, also known as Shayar-e-Inquilab • A leading figure in the 1946 – 47 Telangana Rebellion against the Nizam • Sahitya akademi award for Urdu poetry – 1969 • Penned lyrics for several Hindi film songs, one of which fetched a National award for singer Chhaya Ganguli in 1979 • Id the poet and the song (+2)
  11. 11. Question 9 (W) • Born 1862 near Yalamanchili in Visakhapatnam district, died in 1915, he was a noted Telugu poet, writer, and social reformer • He wrote the first Telugu play, Kanyasulkam, which is considered the greatest ever • He is also referred to with his other titles, Kavisekhara and Abhyudaya Kavita Pithamahudu
  12. 12. Question 10 (W) • The 23rd ruler of the Satavahana dynasty, he is acknowledged as the greatest in the lineage • He defeated foreign invaders, the Sakas and the Yavanas, during his rule between 78 and 102 CE, and his kingdom included Saurashtra, Kolhapur, portions of Karnataka, and may have extended as far south as Kanchi • He established a calendar called the Shaka or the __________ calendar which is still used by Gujaratis, Marathas, Telugus, Konkanis, and Kannadigas
  13. 13. 11. Identify (W) • An Indian film producer, actor, director, and cinematographer, born 1908 in Eluru, W. Godavari district, died 1994 • Recipient of the Dadasaheb Phalke award in 1982 • He played a small role in India’s first talkie Alam Ara in 1931 • Subsequently, he also played small roles in the first talkies in Tamil and Telugu, Kalidas and Bhakta Prahalada • He was associated with Prithviraj Kapoor’s Prithvi films. He directed his first Hindi film, Sharda, featuring Raj Kapoor in the lead • He directed Mana Desam in 1949, the debut for NTR • He directed Sivaji Ganesan in Manohara in 1954, one of Sivaji’s landmark films • His production company, started in 1956, produced many hits in Hindi such as Milan, Khilona, Sasural, and Ek Duuje Ke Liye • A research institute/hospital which bears his name is a famous landmark in Hyderabad • Another famous lab, which was synonymous with color movies in the 70s and 80s, was inaugurated in 1974 by his son in Madras
  14. 14. 12. Identify the speaker (W) • Audio link
  15. 15. 13. Ben-Jarvus Green Ellis (W) Running Back: Cincinnati Bengals Formerly with New England Patriots Signed by Patriots in 2008 WHAT IS HIS NICKNAME? (+1)
  16. 16. 14. Where is this located? (+1) (W) • Picture on next slide • Name the palace (+1)
  17. 17. 15. Identify this person (W) • B. 1868. D. 1908 • X is known as the father of South Indian cricket • X started the Madras Union Club (MUC), the first cricket club for Indians in the erstwhile Madras Presidency – The Madras Cricket Club (MCC) was “Europeans only” • X organized a series of matches between the MCC and the MUC, in particular, “the annual Presidency match” that started in 1908 (shortly after his death) and went on till 1952 • Because of the timing of this “annual Presidency match”, it was also commonly known as the “Y” match • X and Y (2 answers)
  18. 18. 16. Politically Incorrect • • • • There are two pictures on the next slide The one on the top is the original And the one below is the modified version I have blotted out two words from the blurb in the original picture on the top, that indicates what is being taught • Tell me what those two words are: __ _______
  19. 19. 16. Answer • La Belgique (Belgium will do) • There is a map of Belgium on the blackboard in the original • To be politically correct, the map on the blackboard was subsequently changed to “2 + 2”
  20. 20. 17. Identify
  21. 21. 17. Answer • This is MISTER MXYZPTLK • He is one of Superman’s enemies • An illusionist/jester who lives in the 5th dimension • He can only be beaten if someone gets him to say or spell his name backwards: KLTPZYXM
  22. 22. 18. What is this game called?
  23. 23. 18. Answer • KerPlunk • The sound when a marble or marbles tumble when released by a straw being removed
  24. 24. 19. •Identify (+1) •B. 1901. D. 1977 •He is known for pioneering something in comics. What is this? (+1)
  25. 25. 19. Answer • Royston Campbell Crane – Roy Crane • He was an American cartoonist • He pioneered the use of onomatopoeic sound effects in comics such as “POW”, “WHAM”, “KER-SPLASH” to what had been a completely visual medium • Also known for creating characters such as Buz Sawyer and Wash Tubbs
  26. 26. 20. What’s the good word? • X is a Yiddish term used in contract bridge and chess • X denotes circular commentating, a back and forth conversation outside the main issue, in which the people having the conversation (called X’ers) are not directly participating • An X’er is a non-participant person, offering (often) unwanted advice or commentary • X?
  27. 27. 20. Answer • X – KIBITZ • A person kibitzing is called a KIBITZER
  28. 28. 21. Identify the animal • Native to Southern and Eastern Africa • Its horn is used as a musical instrument sometimes in Jewish festivals such as Rosh Hashanah • The horn is also used in the Scouting movement’s Wood Badge training program, which when blown, signals the start of the Wood Badge training course or activity
  29. 29. 21. Native to Eastern and Southern Africa I
  30. 30. 21. Answer • (Greater) Kudu (Tragelaphus gen.)
  31. 31. 22. Vehicle Test • The X test known in Swedish as the Älgtest and in German as the Elchtest • It is used to determine how well a vehicle can avoid a suddenly appearing obstacle. • As such, it was first called the Evasive Maneuver Test • Its more popular name, the X test, was coined in 1997 by the German Süddeutsche Zeitung after the Swedish motor magazine Teknikens Värld flipped a Mercedes Benz A class in a test ostensibly made to measure the car’s ability to avoid hitting an X. • What is X?
  32. 32. 22. Answer
  33. 33. 23. Where in the world?
  34. 34. 23. Answer • Temple of Jupiter • Built during the reign of Augustus • Damascus, Syria
  35. 35. 24. Relative sizes • In the next slide are the images of the teeth of a modern day predator X and its long extinct and much larger ancestor Y which lived about 1.5 million years ago • Y’s common name in Latin translates to “huge or mighty tooth” for obvious reasons • Identify X and Y (+2) • Teeth are almost exclusively the only fossils that remain of Y (and X too, only they aren’t known as fossils). Why is this? (+1)
  36. 36. 24. Answer • X – Great white shark • Y – Megalodon (Carcharodon Megalodon) • Sharks have cartilaginous skeletons. Teeth and some vertebral centra are all that remain of them
  37. 37. 25. Delicate balances • From the 30s to the 90s, park rangers at Yellowstone National Park in the United States noticed a marked deterioration in woodland habitat, eroding land, dying plants, and loss of wetlands • After several measures (including massive culling of elks and coyotes) to remedy the situation, which did not help, populations of this apex predator (X), which had long since been extirpated (in the 20s) were reintroduced in the area in 1995 • The ecology improved dramatically, and these animals (X) were removed from the endangered list in 2008 • Typically, species such as X are known as Y species, Y is an architectural term that denotes the critical importance of species such as X to an ecological habitat (Y is critical to the architectural feature that it is a part of) • X(+1), Y(+1)
  38. 38. 25. Answers • X – Northern Rocky Mountain Gray Wolf (Canis lupus irremotus) • Y – Keystone species
  39. 39. 26.Identify the person (with mic) and where are they? (Jan 1960)
  40. 40. 26. Answers • Jacques Piccard • The Bathyscaphe Trieste after the first ever dive into the Challenger Deep in the Mariana Trench on January 23, 1960
  41. 41. 27. A phrase in Hindi • The currency of a neighboring nation is part of a common derogatory Hindi phrase that is used to indicate the low financial status of the addressee • What phrase?
  42. 42. 27. Answer • Do takey ka aadmi – A man worth two takas – Taka: The currency of Bangladesh
  43. 43. 28. Lakes •This is Lake Nyos in Cameroon •What is the purpose of this fountain?
  44. 44. 28. Answer • Lake Nyos has a very large concentration of Carbon Dioxide in its water (carbonic acid, soda water) • The Carbon dioxide comes from the volcano on which this crater lake sits • When the Carbon dioxide is released suddenly, it causes widespread death of livestock and people by poisoning • This phenomenon is called limnic eruption • The fountain is used to release the dissolved carbon dioxide (which is under high pressure at the lake bottom) and alleviate the danger
  45. 45. Connect (W) • Identify each person (+1) • If you get connection (+6)
  46. 46. Slide 1 29. Image 1 30. Image 2
  47. 47. Slide 2 31. Image 3 32. Image 4
  48. 48. Connect. 33. Image 5 34. Image 6
  49. 49. 35. Connection for the 6 people • +6
  50. 50. 36. Lazarus taxon • In 2013, researchers at the University of Newcastle in Australia, resurrected the genome of a frog that had gone extinct in 1983 • The embryos lived only for a few days but the team is optimistic of better results in the future • Rheobatrachus silus frogs or ______ ________ frogs were very, very unique • How?
  51. 51. 36. Answer • R. silus are also known as gastric brooding frogs • They swallowed their eggs and gave birth to live young frogs through their mouths
  52. 52. 37. Play • The play “Camping with Henry and Tom” written by Mark St Germain was released in 1995 • It won the Off Broadway Lucille Lortel Awards, including Outstanding Play of the Season • It is set around an actual event that took place in 1921, when the three main characters (X, Y and Z), men of much influence, went camping in the Maryland woods to escape civilization and their concerns • In the play, X (who is neither Tom nor Henry) is not very happy with his job and declares he would gladly resign so that W (his deputy who actually took over after X’s term ended) could take over • X, Y, Z, W? (+4)
  53. 53. 37. Answer • • • • X – Warren Harding Y – Thomas Alva Edison Z – Henry Ford W – Calvin Coolidge
  54. 54. 38. National Park • In 1883, Joseph Thompson was the first European to penetrate the feared Maasai region known as Empusel (dry, dusty place in the vernacular) • He was astonished by the variety of fauna – 400 species of birds, apart from elephants, cheetahs, hyenas, lions, impala, cape buffalo, wildebeest, giraffes, and zebras • This was set aside in 1906 as the “Southern Reserve” for the Maasai, and a game reserve in 1948 • In 1974, this place, with spectacular views of the Kilimanjaro, became a National Park • Which National Park?
  55. 55. 38. Answer • Amboseli National Park
  56. 56. 39. Scottish sport • This sport in Scotland involves throwing an X as far as possible from atop a platform (usually a whiskey barrel) • X is a savory pudding made by encasing a sheep’s heart, liver and lungs (pluck), minced with onion, oatmeal, spices, sugar, and stock, in a sheep’s belly and simmering it for ~ 3 hours • X is usually served with “neeps and tatties” • In the sport, one of the objectives is that X should still be edible (unbroken) AFTER it has been hurled. Otherwise, the throw is not legal • The current record stands at 217 feet, set in 2011. • However, the Aussie cricketer Tom Moody (coach of the Hyderabad Sunrisers) is said to have hurled one over 230 feet in 1989 • Rahul Dravid is also said to have tried a hand at this sport without much success • What is X? (+1) What are Neeps and Tatties? (+2)
  57. 57. 39. Answer • X – Haggis • Neeps – Turnips, Tatties - Potatoes
  58. 58. 40. Who wrote this about who? (+2) “For the first time in the history of the world, a young girl climbed into a tree one day a Princess, and after having what she described as a most thrilling experience, she climbed down from the tree next day, a Queen”
  59. 59. 40. Answer • Jim Corbett wrote this about Elizabeth R spending a day at Tree Tops in Kenya in February 5 - 6, 1952 when her father King George VI died
  60. 60. 41. Precious stone • This is a deep blue semi precious stone that was prized in antiquity because of its intense hue (picture coming up) • Mined in Badakshan province of Afghanistan as early as the 7th millenium BCE • It was used to make the eyebrows of Tutankhamun’s funeral mask • It was used by Renaissance and Baroque painters such as Titian, Vermeer, and Masaccio to shade the clothing of the central figure of their paintings, such as the Virgin Mary (coming up)
  61. 61. 41. Answer • Lapis Lazuli
  62. 62. 42. Government of Tamil Nadu Identify the temples from both emblems. Where are they located? (+2)
  63. 63. 42. Answer • Government of Tamil Nadu emblem has Srivilliputtur temple of Vishnu (Vatapatrasayi) • Government of Madras emblem had the Western tower of the Meenakshi temple in Madurai
  64. 64. 43. Of Ponytails • This question was first posed by Leonardo da Vinci • As an answer in 2012, researchers from the University of Cambridge came up with a ‘Ponytail Shape Equation’ to predict the shape of any ponytail • The equation factors in gravity, the springiness of hair, with a constant known as the X Number to predict if ponytails will be pointed or fan like • What is X?
  65. 65. 43. Answer • Rapunzel
  66. 66. 44. Identify • Referenced in Seinfeld when Elaine draws a cartoon for the New Yorker and inadvertently plagiarizes this Tom Wilson creation X • The day after the publication, in the show, the New Yorker receives a complaint from X, saying “The New Yorker is stealing my ideas” • First appeared in 1968 in the book “When you were not around” published by American greetings • Picture coming up
  67. 67. 44. Answer • Ziggy
  68. 68. 45. Great minds • He received the Nobel peace prize in 1962, which put him in a special bracket with Marie Curie and another unique bracket all by himself • Who are we talking about? (+1) • What are the unique brackets? (+2)
  69. 69. 45. Answer • Linus Pauling • He won the Nobel prize for Chemistry in 1954 • After the Nobel peace prize in 1962, he became the – only person to win two unshared Nobels – only person other than Marie Curie to win Nobels in different fields
  70. 70. 46. Medical phrase • This 2-word phrase arose in 1984 after a study by the Center for Disease Control (CDC) into the origin of AIDS • CDC studied the practices and sexual liaisons of homosexual men in California, New York, and some other states • They found a Canadian flight attendant, Gaetan Dugas, to be the hub of a network of sexual partners and therefore, they dubbed him _______ ____, the first person to be referred with this phrase • Later studies showed that they may have been unfair to poor Gaetan, who died in 1984 • What phrase?
  71. 71. 46. Answer • Patient Zero
  72. 72. 47. Noodling • Noodling is a rather bizarre fishing practice that is common to the Southern and Southwestern parts of the United States: such as Oklahoma, Arkansas, Tennessee, Alabama, and Mississippi • It has been legalized in Texas • It is used primarily to catch catfish but can be used for other fishes also • What is bizarre about noodling?
  73. 73. 47. Answer • Noodling: Is a fishing technique where fishermen wag their fingers in the water as bait to lure fish. They don’t use a line and a conventional bait • The catfish actually bite the fingers and hand, and are then hauled out with the same hand
  74. 74. 48. Identify •Actor, playwright •He is most famous for playing Mahatma Gandhi in Lage Raho Munnabhai (2006) and Shankar Dada Zindabad •On the Marathi stage, he is famous for a funny character he portrayed in a (partly) eponymous television serial _______ _________ on Doordarshan in the 80s •The TV series was based on a series of short stories by C. V. Joshi •To popular demand, he reprised this character in his play Hasva Phasvi •Identify (+1) •The character or the name of the TV series (+1)
  75. 75. 48. Answer • Dilip Prabhavalkar • Chimanrao was the character • The TV series was called Chimanrao Gundyabhau
  76. 76. 49. Royal Canadian Dragoon • • • • An armored regiment of the Canadian army The most senior cavalry regiment of Canada Colonel-in-chief is HRH Prince Charles In Commonwealth countries where the British monarch is the head of state, most army regiments feature the St Edward’s crown on their cap badge • The RCD is markedly different (picture coming up) • Identify the animal on the cap badge (+1) • Why is this animal featured here? (+1)
  77. 77. 49. Answers • The animal is the Springbok • In the 1903 Boer war, the RCD was advancing on Pretoria and set up camp in a field • They were about to be ambushed by Boer forces sneaking upon them through the fields • The erratic behavior of the springboks grazing nearby alerted them of the danger • The Boer forces were then defeated
  78. 78. 50. Inscription from 1903
  79. 79. 50. “To preserve this superb specimen of old Indian architecture, the interior was filled in. By order of The Hon’ble J.A. Bourdillon C.S.I LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR OF BENGAL A.D. 1903” • Where will you find this inscription? (+1)
  80. 80. 50. Answer • Sun temple, Konark, Odisha
  81. 81. 51. Where is this tomb? • This is the tomb of Y, built in the Indo-Afghan style out of red sandstone located in X • X was also the birthplace of Y • X is also famous for the Rohtasgarh fort built by Raja Harishchandra for his son Rohitaswa around the 7th century AD • Picture coming up • Identify X and Y (+2)
  82. 82. 51. Answer • X – Sasaram, Bihar • Y – Sher Shah Suri (1486 – 1545)
  83. 83. 52. Confusing title • Born 1904 in Mughalsarai • He was born ___ _______ Srivastava • Educated at East Central Railway Inter college in Mughalsarai and Varanasi • He graduated with a first class degree from Kashi Vidyapeeth in 1926 • He was given a title, meaning scholar, along with the degree, according to the institution’s practice • This title stuck and eventually became a part of his name, replacing his original surname of Srivastava • He has a connection to a place in which the monument shown on the next slide is located • Who? (+1)
  84. 84. 52. Answer • Lal Bahadur “Shastri” • Monument of courage is in Tashkent, Uzbekistan
  85. 85. 53. Where in the world? • Pictures on next slides • First picture is a French painting of this place from around 1839 • The second picture is a photograph of this place as it exists today • The last picture is iconic, a doorway looking out to the ocean • Where is this place? What is its significance? (+2)
  86. 86. 53. Answer • This is a museum called House of Slaves • Situated on Goree Island just 3 km off the coast from Dakar, Senegal • A memorial to the Atlantic slave trade • The doorway is called the Gate of No Return from where African slaves bound for the Americas were boarded into waiting cargo ships
  87. 87. 54. Hindi short story I • ____ ___ ______ is the name of a city and the tehsil of the district of the same name in Punjab province of Pakistan • The name comes from the name of a Sikh saint prefixed with the Punjabi word for “pond” • The same name is also the title of a short story by Saadat Hassan Manto about the lives of the inmates of a Lahore mental asylum set in the Partition era • The story is a satirical look at the reactions of the inmates to the news of Partition vis-à-vis the madness that engulfed the “sane” world • Recently, there have been calls by sections to change the name of the city, given its Sikh origins • What? (+1)
  88. 88. 54. Answer • Toba Tek Singh
  89. 89. 55. Hindi short story II • This short story ____ ____ ___ by Chandradhar Sharma Guleri narrates the story of two Punjabi soldiers fighting in World War II in France and a childhood sweetheart • This was made into a movie of the same name in 1960 starring Sunil Dutt and Nanda, directed by Moni Bhattacharjee • Song clip from movie
  90. 90. 55. Answer • Usne Kaha Tha
  91. 91. 56. Identify the town • Located in Koderma district in Jharkhand • It was once a major mining center for mica and its residents included several prosperous businessmen who owned mansions, luxury imported cars, and thoroughbreds • Had the most telephone connections and phone calls made in India at one point • Became famous in 1957 because of its association with All India Radio’s Vividh Bharati programme • Most of the song requests came from this town • Many Indian listeners doubted the existence of this town and a legend began to grow around it • The name became synonymous with any insignificant or lesser known place • References to this town are found in several Hindi movies and songs • Which town? (+1)
  92. 92. 56. Answer • Jhumri Talaiya
  93. 93. 57. German legend • This rock (picture on next slide) lies on the Rhine gorge between Koblenz and Bingen in Germany • A legend of a siren combing her hair on this rock and causing distracted sailors to wreck their boats originated in a ballad extension of a novel by Brentano in 1801 and by a later adaptation of the same concept by Heinrich Henne in 1824 in a poem • In 1837, Friedrich Silcher set this poem to music in a song titled X that is now well known in German speaking lands • Plenty of musicians including Franz Liszt have set this poem to music as well • X? (+1)
  94. 94. 57. Answer • Lorelei
  95. 95. 58. Moviemaking • In Hollywood, shooting requires the assistance of people known as X’s (plural or as a/an X in singular) who are lighting and rigging technicians • One of the main functions of these people is to work closely with the camera department to provide camera support – Especially if the camera is mounted on a dolly, a crane, or in an unusual position such as a ladder • The second main function is to work with the electrical department to create necessary lighting set-ups for a shot • In the second role, X’s work closely with Y’s (another group of people) who are electricians responsible for the electrification and sometimes, even design, of the lighting plans for a particular shot • X and Y? (+2)
  96. 96. 58. Answers • X – Grip • Y – Gaffer
  97. 97. 59. Sea life • Flounder are demersal flatfish, they typically inhabit the bottom of estuaries in the North Atlantic and Pacific oceans • Their bodies are heavier than water, and they ambush their prey which includes small fish, fish spawn, and some tiny crustaceans • They typically lie on the bottom of the ocean floor, and conceal themselves as protection from predators • The larvae of flounder are no different from the larvae of other common fish • However, during development, between the larval and the juvenile stage, something remarkable happens • What? (+2)
  98. 98. 59. Answer • As a larva, flatfish has eyes on both sides of its head • As it grows, the eye migrates across the snout and finishes up on the same side as the other eye • Since it lies on the ocean floor as an adult, it is better served by the eyes in this manner
  99. 99. Connect coming up (W) • 5 images. Identify the person in each (+1) • Get the connection (+5)
  100. 100. Connect 60. Image 1 62. Image 3 64. Image 5 65. Connection? (+5) 61. Image 2 63. Image 4
  101. 101. 66. Chemist • He was in the employ of Carlsberg brewery, where he was head of the Chemistry department between 1876 and 1900 • He was given the job to determine the amount of protein in the grain used in the malt industry – Less protein meant more beer • Unsatisfied with the existing methods in analytical chemistry to try and determine the answer, he made a breakthrough • Standard chemistry textbook method (Class XII) • The chemist? (Picture on next slide)
  102. 102. 66. Answer • Johan Kjeldahl – Kjeldahl’s method for the quantitative determination of nitrogen in compounds (1883)
  103. 103. 67. Number plate • The vehicle registration number plates in Canada’s largest territory (equivalent of Union Territories in India) of Nunavut are unique. • In what way are they unique? (+1)
  104. 104. 67. Answer
  105. 105. 68. Adaptations • When Disney adapted Kipling’s novel The Jungle Book for Hollywood in 1967, the character King Louie was included • Why was King Louie not featured in the novel? (+1) • Disney initially considered X to be the voice for King Louie but chose Y to avoid controversy. • X and Y? (+2) Video clip of King Louie coming up
  106. 106. 68. Answer • Reason why King Louie does not feature in Rudyard Kipling’s Jungle Book – Orangutans are not native to India • X – Louis Armstrong • Y – Louis Prima
  107. 107. 69. What are these? • BOXN, BCNA, BTPN, BOBYN, BLCB, HCPV, NMG, BVZI
  108. 108. 69. Answers • Designations of freight wagons (most common) in Indian Railways • BOXN – Open top box car for transporting coal etc • BCNA – Closed wagons for transporting cement etc • BTPN – Oil tanker wagons • BLCB – Flat cars used for transporting rails, girders, coils, etc • BOBYN – Open top hopper wagons used for transporting gravel • HCPV – High capacity parcel vans for transporting parcels etc • NMG – For transporting automobiles • BVZI – Caboose, last car for the guard of the train
  109. 109. BCNA BOXN BLCB
  110. 110. BOBYN BTPN BVZI
  111. 111. 70. Hyderabad connection • Given are two sets of place names. Give me the two places in the Greater Hyderabad area that belong to these sets resp. and complete them • Set 1: Ludhiana, Lucknow, Tughlakabad, Izzatnagar, Bhagat ki Kothi, Ratlam, Mughal Sarai, Jhansi, Abu Road, Vatva, Kalyan, Itarsi, Katni, Samastipur, Gonda, Andal, Siliguri, Barddhaman, New Guwahati City, Malda Town, Howrah, Jamalpur, Patratu, Bokaro Steel City, Raipur, Bondamunda, Kharagpur, Visakhapatnam, Pune, Krishnarajapuram, Vijayawada, Gooty, Kazipet, Guntakal, Hubli, Erode, Ernakulam, Golden Rock, ___________ (+1) • Set 2: Ludhiana, Ghaziabad, Kanpur, Mughal Sarai, Gomoh, Howrah, Angul, Visakhapatnam, Vijayawada, Arakkonam, Erode, Kazipet, Royapuram, Vasai Road, Tata, Bhilai, Kalyan, Vadodara, Ajni, New Katni Junction, Itarsi, Jhansi, Asansol, Bhusawal, _________ (+1)
  112. 112. 70. Answer • Set 1: Maula Ali – Diesel Loco Sheds (BG) • Set 2: Lallaguda – Electric Loco Sheds (BG)
  113. 113. 71. John Lawrence • John Lawrence ______ (1899 – 1944) was a general manager of Tata Steel • A stadium was built in 1939 by Tata Steel to honor him • It hosted its last international cricket game in 2006 – Unlikely to host any future games because of a very new stadium in a nearby town • What stadium?
  114. 114. 71. Answer • Keenan Stadium, Jamshedpur • Named after John Lawrence Keenan • Hosted its last international cricket match in 2006, an ODI • Because of the new Jharkhand State Cricket Association (JSCA) stadium in Ranchi, Keenan may have hosted its last international cricket match
  115. 115. 72. Faulty Meme • In 1901, a physician named Duncan MacDougall recorded the weights of 6 of his patients as they were dying from tuberculosis in Massachusetts, USA • He came up with a “finding” that has since been refuted in the scientific literature several times over • However, this finding has given rise to a meme __ ____ that lives to this day • This meme is also the title of a 2003 Hollywood movie starring Sean Penn, Naomi Watts and Benicio del Toro • FITB(+1)
  116. 116. 72. Answer • 21 grams – Purportedly the weight of the human soul • The movie “21 grams” starred Sean Penn, Benicio del Toro, and Naomi Watts
  117. 117. 73. Score • Most recently, in April 2013, the Queensland Gallery of Modern Art commissioned the Aussie instrumental group, “Hazards of Swimming Naked” to compose the original music and perform live along with the screening of this show _________: ____ _________ ___ _______ (more commonly known only by the first dash) as part of its Monsters film program • In 2010, the Mallarme Chamber Players of Durham, NC, USA commissioned composer Eric J. Schwartz to compose an experimental chamber music score for live performance along with the screenings of the film. • In 2009, the American film scoring ensemble, The Rats & People Motion Picture Orchestra, premiered its new score for the same show as part of Vanderbilt University’s International Lens film series • In 2006, a French composer Alexis Savelief, finished his score for the same show, intended to be performed live with cello octet, three synthesizers and two percussionists • These are some of the more recent attempts to substitute for the original score for the movie, written in 1922 by Hans Erdmann, which has been lost • Id the show/movie (+1) • Why was the score lost? (+1)
  118. 118. 73. Answer • The title of the original movie was Nosferatu: eine Symphonie des Grauens or Nosferatu: A Symphony of Horror or simply, Nosferatu • It was an unauthorized adaptation of Bram Stoker’s Count Dracula, with names and other details changed, because the production company could not obtain the rights to the novel • Stoker’s heirs sued the adaptation and a court ordered all the prints to be destroyed • One survived somehow (minus the score of course)
  119. 119. 74. Connect • Austin Podmore Williams, the chief mate of the Jeddah, which sailed from Singapore in 1880 and was presumed sunk en route to Jeddah. Austin abandoned ship along with the crew. The passengers, left to their fate, somehow survived • A mining disaster in Chasnala, Bihar in 1975 where nearly 400 miners were killed
  120. 120. 74. Answer • The tragedy of Chasnala was woven into the storyline of Yash Chopra’s Kaala Patthar (1979) of a disgraced man seeking redemption • Austin Williams’ life was the basis for the character of Lord Jim, in the novel of the same name by Joseph Conrad • The character of Lord Jim was the inspiration for the character Vijay Pal Singh played by Amitabh Bachchan
  121. 121. 75. Connect and what comes next?
  122. 122. 75. Answer Capuccino
  123. 123. 76. Nice guy (W) • He was a pre-Islamic poet, a Christian, who lived in Ha’il in the Arabian peninsula, died in 578 AD, known for his generosity • He is mentioned in the Hadiths by the Prophet Mohammad • He features in the Arabian Nights • He is exalted by the Persian poet Sa’ad in Gulistan as “_____ ___ no longer exists but his exalted name will remain famous for virtue to eternity” (+1) • His name is a phrase commonly used in Urdu/Persian/Arabic to describe a generous person • The title of the movie (clip coming up)
  124. 124. 77. Holy Place (W) • • • • • • • • • • • • A temple in a village X in Odisha is named after a local legend A rich merchant promised to marry his daughter to a poor, yet noble and intelligent young man On a pilgrimage to Kashi, the old man fell sick and was abandoned by his companions The young man tended to the sick old man and helped him recover The promise of marriage was made in gratitude On returning to the village, the old man reneged on his promise and instead decided to marry his daughter off to the wealthy local headman The young man sought the help of the Lord Krishna who agreed to testify in person at the village The young man was asked to lead the Lord to the village but was asked never to look back However, when he did look back, the Lord disappeared and a statue remained there The statue is worshipped to this day in this village The village and the temple are known by a 2–word phrase _____ ______, in honor of the Lord who agreed to bear “witness” to the old man’s promise ACK title
  125. 125. 78. (W) • The name of a comune (municipality) in the province of Como in the Italian region of Lombardy • It is located on the extreme end of the cape that bifurcates the lake Como into two regions • Pictures coming up
  126. 126. 79. (W) • The second largest city in Myanmar (Burma), and the last Royal capital • Located 445 miles to the North of Yangon on the east bank of the Irrawaddy, and the capital of the region of the same name • Despite the rise of Nyapidaw, it remains Upper Burma’s hub for commerce, education and health • Picture coming up
  127. 127. 80. (W) • The site of the ancient Egyptian city of Thebes, this city is known as the “world’s greatest open air museum” • It houses the temple complexes of Karnak and _____ • Immediately across the Nile, lie the tomb complexes known collectively as the Necropolis, including the Valley of the Kings and the Valley of the Queens • Picture coming up
  128. 128. 81. (W) • In Utah, a flamingo escaped from Salt Lake City’s Great Aviary in 1987 and lived by the shores of the Great Salt Lake subsisting primarily on brine shrimp • After plenty of sightings by the locals in the unusual environs, he/she became a local celebrity • He/she was last seen in Idaho in 2005 and is believed to have perished in the winter of 2005 – 2006 • What was the flamingo called by the locals?
  129. 129. 82. (W) • This story was first heard by a Frenchman Antoine Galland from a Maronite scholar named Youhenna Diab (“Hanna”) from Aleppo in 1709 • Galland incorporated the translation into his book Les Mille ut Une Nuits which was published in 1717. • Eventually, this story found its way into a very famous collection of stories from a different part of the world • Which story?
  130. 130. 83. (W) • A theme restaurant chain, ______ __________ was launched by Bruce Willis, Sylvester Stallone, Demi Moore and Arnold Schwarzenegger in 1991 in New York • It was the brainchild of Bryan Kestner, a former actor and development executive • He was backed by Keith Barish, financier, real estate developer, and Hollywood producer, and Robert Earl, former president and CEO of Hard Rock Café • In the USA, this chain has restaurants in locations including Orlando, Myrtle Beach, and New York City • Outside the USA, this chain has restaurants in Duisburg, London, Niagara Falls (Canada), and Disneyland Paris
  131. 131. 84. (W) • The first patent for this product was taken by Gowin Knight in England in 1760 and Edward Beran in 1769 • These were known to the French much earlier • The St Peter’s church in Philadelphia had these in 1761 • A large modern building that adopted these was the RCA building in Rockefeller Center, New York in 1930 • One of the largest orders for these products was placed by the Burlington ________ _____ Company of Burlington, Vermont, USA, which supplied these to the Empire State Building in New York City • The blanks are the name of the product
  132. 132. 85 (W) • Born Stephen Allan Weinberg in 1942, he is a business magnate • As of 2012, he was worth $2.9 billion and the 419th richest man in the world • Picture coming up
  133. 133. Answers - Written 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Molla/Mollamamba Vemana/Vema Siddhendra Yogi Sri Sri Pothana Sir Arthur Cotton X - Tana Shah, Y – Ramadasu, Urdu word - Tanashahi Makhdoom Mohiuddin, Aap ki Yaad Aati Rahi Raat Bhar (Gaman) 9. Gurazala Appa Rao 10. Gautamiputra Satakarni or Salivahana
  134. 134. 11. Answer • Akkineni Lakshmi Vara Prasada Rao – L V Prasad
  135. 135. 12. Answer
  136. 136. 13. Answer • Ben-Jarvus Green Ellis’ nickname: – THE LAW FIRM
  137. 137. 14. Answer • Rajbari Palace • Cooch Behar, West Bengal
  138. 138. 15. Answer • Mothavarapu Buchi Babu Naidu – Annual Buchi Babu cricket tournament is held in his honor • The fixture between MCC and MUC was commonly known as the “Pongal” match
  139. 139. Slide 1 29. Image 1 30. Image 2 29. Image 1: Kunwar Digvijay Singh, hockey legend (K D Singh Babu, Lucknow) 30. Image 2: Michael Knachtbull, 5th Baron Brabourne (Mumbai)
  140. 140. Slide 2 31. Image 3 32. Image 4 31. Image 3: Mangalam Chinnaswamy (Bengaluru) 32. Image 4: M A Chidambaram Chettiyar (Chennai)
  141. 141. Connect. 33. Image 5 34. Image 6 33. Image 5: S K Wankhede (Mumbai) 34. Image 6: Sawai Man Singh II (Jaipur) 35. Connection: Cricket grounds in India that have hosted Tests
  142. 142. Connection 60. David Buick 62. Antoine Lemat de la Mothe, sur de Cadillac 64. Ransom E Olds 61. Chief Pontiac 63. Louis Chevrolet 65. GM Stable
  143. 143. 76. Answer • Hatim al-Tayee (Hatim Tai)
  144. 144. 77. Answer • Sakshi Gopal (near Puri)
  145. 145. Answers 78.Bellagio 79.Mandalay 80.Luxor 81.Pink Floyd (Flamingo) 82.Aladdin 83.Planet Hollywood 84.Venetian Blinds (The Venetian) 85.Steve Wynn (The Wynn)