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When In Rome


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Published in: Technology, Education

When In Rome

  1. 1. When in Rome: Teaching 21st Century Students Using 21st Century Tools Presented at 12th Annual Instructional Technology Conference April 1-3, 2007 Carter F. Smith Assistant Professor, Criminal Justice Administration Middle Tennessee State University
  2. 2. 387 A.D. <ul><li>When St. Augustine arrived in Milan, he observed that the Church did not fast on Saturday as did the Church at Rome. </li></ul><ul><li>He consulted St. Ambrose, bishop of Milan, who replied: &quot;When I am at Rome, I fast on a Saturday; when I am at Milan, I do not. Follow the custom of the Church where you are.&quot; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The comment was changed to &quot;When they are at Rome, they do there as they see done&quot; by Robert Burton in his Anatomy of Melancholy. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eventually it became </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>&quot; When in Rome, do as the Romans do .&quot; </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(Wallechinsky & Wallace, 1981) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. When in Rome, do as the Romans do <ul><li>21 st Century translation (Higher Ed. Version) </li></ul><ul><li>When Teaching Those </li></ul><ul><li>Who Come to Learn, </li></ul><ul><li>Why Not Teach </li></ul><ul><li>the Way They Learn? </li></ul>
  4. 4. Why do something different? <ul><li>The Roman empire is growing. Our civilization is still the largest, but as we age we will lose our dominance. </li></ul><ul><li>It is predicted that our country will be dependent on Romans for survival within 15 years. </li></ul><ul><li>By providing the Romans with the proper training now, we can help assure their success in the future. </li></ul>
  5. 5. What should we do differently? <ul><li>Use communications methods Romans have already adopted. </li></ul><ul><li>Find the most effective teaching style, not the most familiar one. </li></ul><ul><li>Teach to provoke thought and retention, not boredom and brain damage. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Is what we're doing working? <ul><li>Romans have tolerated our minimally effective teaching and communication style for many years. </li></ul><ul><li>They have adapted, but have developed a far superior method of communication on their own. </li></ul><ul><li>By learning and using their method we can drastically increase the effectiveness of information transfer and demonstrate to them that we are willing to make an effort (and communicate with them). </li></ul><ul><li>This is expected to pay big dividends in the future when we are all under the control of the Roman empire. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Romans Today <ul><li>Online presence (almost since birth). </li></ul><ul><li>Integrate technology into their lives. </li></ul><ul><li>Use social networking sites/virtual communities to supplement (not replace) relationships. </li></ul><ul><li>Are better reached by active learning methods. </li></ul><ul><li>Need to hone collaborative skills. </li></ul>
  8. 8. How could we do it better? <ul><li>We are accustomed to a “learning” communication style that emphasizes one-way communication. </li></ul><ul><li>Romans have consistently demonstrated a preference for two-way communication. </li></ul><ul><li>Only by finding ways to convey information to them in two-way communication methods can we expect to catalyze their learning experience. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Which two-way communication methods should we use? <ul><li>Written </li></ul><ul><ul><li>E-mail </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Instant messaging </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Message boards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Text messages </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Verbal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Phone calls </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Face-to-face communication </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Which is the preferred method? </li></ul>
  10. 10. How do we know it will work? <ul><li>Ask them! Romans are able to respond to inquiries with thoughtful answers. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Let’s stop talking in front of them as if they aren’t in the room! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Try it! Invest the time in learning their language. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Schedule a trip to Rome. Get first-hand exposure to the culture. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Test it! Conduct your own research and decide for yourself. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If it doesn't work, maybe you'll get a couple of “cool points” you didn't have before. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Roman Culture <ul><li>Vocabulary includes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Emoticons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Abbreviations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Average day includes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>School </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Friends </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Relationships include </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Face-to-face </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Written communication </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Adapting to Roman Culture <ul><li>Collaborative Learning </li></ul><ul><li>Using Established Social Networks </li></ul><ul><li>Creativity and Imagination </li></ul>
  13. 13. How much will it cost us? <ul><li>The investment will depend on where you are now and where you want to be. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Added time may be needed to learn the language and adjust your communication methods. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Overnight change is not recommended, nor will it be as effective. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>In order for maximum results, ensure that a few Romans witness your struggles through the transformation. </li></ul><ul><li>If you really want to make an impact, enlist selected Romans to guide you through the process. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Cost for use <ul><li>Email - $0 </li></ul><ul><li>Social Networking site - $0 </li></ul><ul><li>IM account - $0 </li></ul><ul><li>Text messaging on mobile phone $? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Depends on provider </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Communication with students . . . </li></ul>
  15. 15. What will we get from the investment? <ul><li>You'll experience the joy of learning something new. </li></ul><ul><li>You are likely to get envious looks from your peers. </li></ul><ul><li>Ultimately, you'll find that it takes less time to communicate more information. </li></ul><ul><li>In the end, you will have the satisfaction of equipping an entire generation of Romans with the tools and weapons needed to rule the world. </li></ul>
  16. 16. What is the alternative? <ul><li>Failure to adapt may result in premature job loss, or ineffective performance. </li></ul><ul><li>As a result, the Romans with whom you are engaged will be ill-prepared for future assignments. </li></ul><ul><li>Though this may not be tremendously damaging in the short-term, over time the failure to adapt will have exponential cataclysmic results. </li></ul><ul><li>The future of the free world is in your hands. </li></ul>
  17. 17. How do we get started? <ul><li>One step at a time. </li></ul><ul><li>Get an account. </li></ul><ul><li>Familiarize. </li></ul><ul><li>Try it out. </li></ul><ul><li>Try it again. </li></ul><ul><li>Remember </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rome wasn't built in a day! </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Start with . . . <ul><li>Feedback from a specific event in class. </li></ul><ul><li>Providing additional information on something in which there was interest. </li></ul><ul><li>Wishing a happy birthday, enjoyable break, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Inviting to an event, guest speaker . . . </li></ul><ul><li>Using your imagination. </li></ul>
  19. 19. What do the Romans think about this? <ul><li>Romans experiencing these techniques, many for the first time, have been heard making the following comments. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>like you said in class . . . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ok, so i need to talk to you if u have some free time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Thank you so much for all of your help </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I am so glad that you put that link up. I am doing a paper on gangs for my english glass </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Its almost wierd having my teacher on facebook. but its pretty cool that u can get on &quot;our level&quot; </li></ul></ul>
  20. 23. Tour Options <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Asking uTubers for HELP with homework! </li></ul><ul><li>MySpace and Your Job Search </li></ul><ul><li>Our Lives, Our Facebooks </li></ul><ul><li>Facebook Myspace Documentary UCLA.. </li></ul><ul><li>lazycop </li></ul>
  21. 24. When in Rome: Teaching 21st Century Students Using 21st Century Tools CU L8R