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Abraham Maslow (1908-1970) Humanistic-Existential Paradigm Self-actualization Theory
Maslow’s Assumptions <ul><li>Human nature is basically good, not evil </li></ul><ul><li>Normal human development involves ...
Central Human Motive <ul><li>Self-Actualization </li></ul>
Maslow’s Assumptions... <ul><li>Psychopathology  results from the frustration of a human being’s essential nature </li></ul>
<ul><li>Self-Actualization </li></ul><ul><li>Esteem </li></ul><ul><li>Love </li></ul><ul><li>Safety </li></ul><ul><li>Phys...
Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs PHYSIOLOGICAL OR SURVIVAL NEEDS MOST NEEDS HAVE TO DO WITH SURVIVAL PHYSICALLY AND PSYCHOLOGIC...
Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs PHYSIOLOGICAL OR SURVIVAL NEEDS SAFETY NEEDS ON THE WHOLE AN INDIVIDUAL CANNOT SATISFY ANY LEV...
Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs PHYSIOLOGICAL OR SURVIVAL NEEDS SAFETY NEEDS LOVE, AFFECTION, AND BELONGINGNESS NEEDS
Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs PHYSIOLOGICAL OR SURVIVAL NEEDS SAFETY NEEDS LOVE, AFFECTION, AND BELONGINGNESS NEEDS ESTEEM N...
Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs SELF- ACTUALIZATION NEED FOR MASLOW EMPHASIZES NEED FOR SELF ACTUALIZATION IS A HEALTHY  INDIV...
Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs SELF- ACTUALIZATION NEED FOR MASLOW EMPHASIZES NEED FOR SELF ACTUALIZATION IS A HEALTHY  INDIV...
Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs PHYSIOLOGICAL OR SURVIVAL NEEDS SAFETY NEEDS LOVE, AFFECTION, AND BELONGINGNESS NEEDS ESTEEM N...
Maslow’s Definition of a  Self-actualized Person <ul><li>Has no mental illness </li></ul><ul><li>Satisfied in basic needs ...
Some Characteristics of  Self-actualizing persons <ul><li>Superior perception of reality </li></ul><ul><li>Increased accep...
Some Characteristics of  Self-actualizing persons..... <ul><li>Increased autonomy and resistance to conformity </li></ul><...
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Maslow Hierarchy Of Needs

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Maslow Hierarchy Of Needs

  1. 1. Abraham Maslow (1908-1970) Humanistic-Existential Paradigm Self-actualization Theory
  2. 2. Maslow’s Assumptions <ul><li>Human nature is basically good, not evil </li></ul><ul><li>Normal human development involves the actualization of this inherent goodness </li></ul>
  3. 3. Central Human Motive <ul><li>Self-Actualization </li></ul>
  4. 4. Maslow’s Assumptions... <ul><li>Psychopathology results from the frustration of a human being’s essential nature </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Self-Actualization </li></ul><ul><li>Esteem </li></ul><ul><li>Love </li></ul><ul><li>Safety </li></ul><ul><li>Physiological </li></ul>Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs
  6. 6. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs PHYSIOLOGICAL OR SURVIVAL NEEDS MOST NEEDS HAVE TO DO WITH SURVIVAL PHYSICALLY AND PSYCHOLOGICALLY
  7. 7. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs PHYSIOLOGICAL OR SURVIVAL NEEDS SAFETY NEEDS ON THE WHOLE AN INDIVIDUAL CANNOT SATISFY ANY LEVEL UNLESS NEEDS BELOW ARE SATISFIED
  8. 8. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs PHYSIOLOGICAL OR SURVIVAL NEEDS SAFETY NEEDS LOVE, AFFECTION, AND BELONGINGNESS NEEDS
  9. 9. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs PHYSIOLOGICAL OR SURVIVAL NEEDS SAFETY NEEDS LOVE, AFFECTION, AND BELONGINGNESS NEEDS ESTEEM NEEDS
  10. 10. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs SELF- ACTUALIZATION NEED FOR MASLOW EMPHASIZES NEED FOR SELF ACTUALIZATION IS A HEALTHY INDIVIDUAL’S PRIME MOTIVATION
  11. 11. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs SELF- ACTUALIZATION NEED FOR MASLOW EMPHASIZES NEED FOR SELF ACTUALIZATION IS A HEALTHY INDIVIDUAL’S PRIME MOTIVATION SELF-ACTUALIZATION MEANS ACTUALIZING ONE’S POTENTIAL BECOMING ALL ONE IS CAPABLE OF BECOMING
  12. 12. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs PHYSIOLOGICAL OR SURVIVAL NEEDS SAFETY NEEDS LOVE, AFFECTION, AND BELONGINGNESS NEEDS ESTEEM NEEDS SELF- ACTUALIZATION NEED
  13. 13. Maslow’s Definition of a Self-actualized Person <ul><li>Has no mental illness </li></ul><ul><li>Satisfied in basic needs </li></ul><ul><li>Fully exploited talents </li></ul><ul><li>Motivated by values </li></ul>
  14. 14. Some Characteristics of Self-actualizing persons <ul><li>Superior perception of reality </li></ul><ul><li>Increased acceptance of self, of others, and of nature </li></ul><ul><li>Increased spontaneity </li></ul><ul><li>Increased detachment and desire for privacy </li></ul><ul><li>Greater freshness of appreciation and richness of emotional reaction </li></ul>
  15. 15. Some Characteristics of Self-actualizing persons..... <ul><li>Increased autonomy and resistance to conformity </li></ul><ul><li>Higher frequency of peak experiences </li></ul><ul><li>Increased identification with the human species </li></ul><ul><li>Improved interpersonal experiences </li></ul><ul><li>More democratic character structure </li></ul><ul><li>High levels of creativity </li></ul>

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