Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

3G2 - Third Generation Gangs


Published on

Some gangs evolve/transition through three generations: Turf gangs, Market-oriented drug gangs, and a mix of political and mercenary elements
Third Generation Gangs, or 3G2, have Economic and military power equal or better than many nation-states, a propensity for indiscriminate violence, intimidation, coercion, transcending borders, and targeting nation-states. They are a significant national security threat and both a regional and transnational phenomenon.

Published in: Education, Business
  • Be the first to like this

3G2 - Third Generation Gangs

  1. 1. 3G2 Based on the coining and development of the phrase Third Generation Street Gangs by John P. Sullivan and Dr. Robert Bunker
  2. 2. Third Generation Street Gangs <ul><li>Some gangs evolve/transition through three generations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Turf gangs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Market-oriented drug gangs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mix of political and mercenary elements </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Three factors determine evolutionary potential <ul><li>Politicization </li></ul><ul><li>Internationalization </li></ul><ul><li>Sophistication </li></ul>
  4. 4. Characteristics of Street Gang Generations
  5. 5. First Generation Gangs <ul><li>Traditional street gangs with a turf orientation </li></ul><ul><li>Operate at the lower end of extreme societal violence </li></ul><ul><li>Loose leadership </li></ul><ul><li>Focus their attention on turf protection and gang loyalty within their immediate environs </li></ul><ul><li>Criminal enterprise - largely opportunistic and local </li></ul><ul><li>Limited in political scope and sophistication </li></ul>
  6. 6. Second Generation Gangs <ul><li>Engaged in business </li></ul><ul><li>Entrepreneurial and drug-centered </li></ul><ul><li>Protect markets and use violence to control their competition </li></ul><ul><li>Have a broader, market focused, sometimes overtly political agenda </li></ul><ul><li>Operate in a broader spatial or geographic area. </li></ul><ul><li>Operations sometimes involve multi-state and even international areas. Tendency for centralized leadership and sophisticated operations for market protection places them in the center of the range of politicization, internationalization and sophistication </li></ul>
  7. 7. Third Generation Gangs <ul><li>Evolved political aims </li></ul><ul><li>Operate or aspire to operate globally </li></ul><ul><li>Use sophistication to garner power, aid financial acquisition and engage in mercenary-type activities </li></ul><ul><li>Most third generation gang s have been primarily mercenary in orientation; yet, in some cases they have sought to further their own political and social objectives </li></ul>
  8. 8. Potential Third Generation Gangs: <ul><li>18th Street </li></ul><ul><li>Mara Salvatrucha </li></ul><ul><li>Gangster Disciples </li></ul><ul><li>Vice Lords </li></ul><ul><li>Calle Treinta </li></ul><ul><li>Pagad </li></ul><ul><li>Hard Livings </li></ul>
  9. 9. Third generation gang activity <ul><li>Can lead to: </li></ul><ul><li>Control of parts of targeted counties or subregions within a country </li></ul><ul><li>Creation of enclaves that are essentially para-states, or </li></ul><ul><li>Taking either indirect or direct control of an entire state and establishing a criminal, narco-state―or a narco-criminal state </li></ul>
  10. 10. Third Generation Gangs <ul><li>Can generate the economic and military power to equal or better that of many nation-states. </li></ul><ul><li>Have a propensity for indiscriminate violence, intimidation, coercion, transcending borders, and targeting nation-states </li></ul><ul><li>Pose significant national security threats </li></ul><ul><li>Are both a regional and transnational gang phenomenon </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Voice/fax - 206-600-5463 </li></ul>