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Plagiarism<br />In academic medicine<br />Carrie L Saarinen April 2009<br />
Plagiarism<br />What image flashes in your mind?<br />What groups are generally associated?<br />What are your concerns?<b...
That’s great you applied to med school!<br />Plagiarism<br />I did everything I could to ensure my grades are good enough....
Plagiarism<br /><ul><li>Fear of failure
Pressure to succeed
Overwhelmed with school work
Encouragement from peers
Grades</li></li></ul><li>Plagiarism<br />Paraphrasing inadequately<br />Failure to cite properly<br />Unsure what is actua...
Plagiarism<br />Professional ethics<br />Self-plagiarism<br />Plagiarism of ideas<br />Plagiarism of text<br />Unintention...
Case: Albert Schatz, PhD<br />Albert Schatz was formally recognized as discoverer of streptomycin, 50 years and decades af...
News: Peer review process<br />UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers recently published findings from a study involvi...
Case: Michael Gunn<br />In 2004, Michael Gunn, a student at University of Kent (UK) sued the university after being caught...
Case: Admissions essays<br />In 2007 admissions committee members in the UK read:<br />370 essays which included the exact...
Plagiarism<br />What opportunities exist for a student to cheat in medical school?<br />Do you know of any instances?<br /...
Plagiarism<br />What is the educator’s role?<br />Identifying cases of plagiarism <br />Preventing plagiarism<br />Educati...
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Plagiarism in Academic Medicine

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This presentation is one of three created for a professional development workshop designed for medical school faculty. Creating the workshop project was an assignment for a graduate level course in library sciences. (I got an A!) Please ask permission for re-use.

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Plagiarism in Academic Medicine

  1. 1. Plagiarism<br />In academic medicine<br />Carrie L Saarinen April 2009<br />
  2. 2. Plagiarism<br />What image flashes in your mind?<br />What groups are generally associated?<br />What are your concerns?<br />What do you know about plagiarism?<br />
  3. 3. That’s great you applied to med school!<br />Plagiarism<br />I did everything I could to ensure my grades are good enough.<br />A study by The Center for Academic Integrity found that almost 80% of college students admit to cheating at least once.<br />According to a survey by the Psychological Record 36% of undergraduates have admitted to plagiarizing written material.<br />A poll conducted by US News and World Reports found that 90% of students believe that cheaters are either never caught or have never been appropriately disciplined.<br />Facts source: http://www.plagiarism.org/plag_facts.html<br />
  4. 4. Plagiarism<br /><ul><li>Fear of failure
  5. 5. Pressure to succeed
  6. 6. Overwhelmed with school work
  7. 7. Encouragement from peers
  8. 8. Grades</li></li></ul><li>Plagiarism<br />Paraphrasing inadequately<br />Failure to cite properly<br />Unsure what is actual ‘general knowledge’<br />Inability to identify original sources<br />
  9. 9. Plagiarism<br />Professional ethics<br />Self-plagiarism<br />Plagiarism of ideas<br />Plagiarism of text<br />Unintentional plagiarism<br />
  10. 10. Case: Albert Schatz, PhD<br />Albert Schatz was formally recognized as discoverer of streptomycin, 50 years and decades after Selman A. Waksman was awarded a Nobel Prize for the discovery.<br />
  11. 11. News: Peer review process<br />UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers recently published findings from a study involving the use of a computer program which compared abstracts, looking for commonalities in citations.<br />Out of millions of abstracts analyzed, 72,000 were suspicious and, out of those, 207 pairs were considered possible cases of plagiarism.<br />The study resulted in 83 internal investigations by journal editors and dozens of retractions.<br />(Science 6 March 2009: Vol. 323. no. 5919) <br />
  12. 12. Case: Michael Gunn<br />In 2004, Michael Gunn, a student at University of Kent (UK) sued the university after being caught for, and admitting to, plagiarism. He claimed that he had been cheating for three years and had never been informed or confronted about it, therefore he did not know it was wrong.<br />The case was settled out of court.<br />
  13. 13. Case: Admissions essays<br />In 2007 admissions committee members in the UK read:<br />370 essays which included the exact phrase “a fascination for how the human body works . . .”<br />234 essays including an anecdote about ‘burnt pyjamas’<br />175 which alluded to a relationship with an “elderly or infirm grandfather”<br />Source: TimesOnline UK News – Education<br />http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/uk/education/article1485294.ece<br />March 8, 2007 Alexandra Frean, Education Editor<br />
  14. 14. Plagiarism<br />What opportunities exist for a student to cheat in medical school?<br />Do you know of any instances?<br />How were those instances handled?<br />Would you feel comfortable confronting a student?<br />
  15. 15. Plagiarism<br />What is the educator’s role?<br />Identifying cases of plagiarism <br />Preventing plagiarism<br />Educating students on avoiding unintentional plagiarism<br />
  16. 16. Plagiarism<br />How is plagiarism identified?<br />How can we prevent plagiarism?<br />How can we educate students about plagiarism?<br />How do we confront plagiarism?<br />Is the honor code enough?<br />
  17. 17. Plagiarism<br />Educational Tips http://www.plagiarism.org/learning_center/home.html<br />OWL (Purdue) Avoiding Plagiarism http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/589/01/<br />Avoiding plagiarism, self-plagiarism… http://facpub.stjohns.edu/~roigm/plagiarism/Index.html<br />“The Applicants Who All Had Burnt Pyjamas” Alexandra Frean, TimesOnline UK News March 8 2007, http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/uk/education/article1485294.ece<br />PersonalStatement101.com Plagiarism http://www.personalstatement101.com/plagiarism.php<br />Admissionsessays.com – medical School Essays http://www.admissionsessays.com/medical_school/essay_development.html<br />
  18. 18. All images used in this presentation are from the Microsoft Clipart Library for PowerPoint 2007. <br />Carrie L Saarinen April 2009<br />

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