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By the People, For the Peoplethe story of the crowdsourcing of StreeetBumpUniversity College London May 29, 2013Urban Data...
1961-19771978 -1988 (today)1977-19781988 - today1996 - 20042007 -½ Ma½ Ve½ SFe
Fabio Carrera•Professor at Worcester Polytechnic Institute•BSEE, MSCS (WPI)•PhD in Urban Information Systems and Planning ...
OUTlinePremisesHistory of ProjectThe StreetBump AppStreetBump 2.0
OUTlinePremisesHistory of ProjectThe StreetBump AppStreetBump 2.0
PremisesRoad Damage and Road RepairsPrevention vs. Cure
PremisesRoad Damage and Road RepairsPrevention vs. Cure
Potholes and their Cost• $400/yr per driver• $67 Billion in US (2008)• D+ for maintenance
PremisesRoad Damage and Road RepairsPrevention vs. Cure
An ounce of Prevention is worth a Pound of Cure…
Pavement Surveys (expensive)
Alternative: Citizen Damage Reports
Even Better: STREETBUMPAutomatic Road Surveys from Smartphone…
OUTlinePremisesHistory of ProjectThe StreetBump AppStreetBump 2.0
HistoryVenice Turbulence MapperBoston Pothole Mapper
Venice Moto Ondoso
Wake-induced Canal Wall Damage
National Geographic Magazine (August 1999)Mapping Canal Wall Damage
Venice Turbulence MapperChiu, D., Lacasse, C., Menard, K., (2004). Mapping Turbulent Motorboat Discharges in theCanals of ...
Mapping Boat Wake Turbulence
HistoryVenice Turbulence MapperBoston Pothole Mapper
from Venice to Boston…WPI Global Project Centers
The Pothole MapperAngelini, N., Brache, J., Gdula, M., Shevlin, C., (2006). GPS CoordinatedPothole Mapping. WPI Major Qual...
Automatically Mapping Potholes
Pothole Mapper in Mayor Menino’s SUV(circa 2006)
OUTlinePremisesHistory of ProjectThe StreetBump AppStreetBump 2.0
The Advent of SmartphonesWhat year was the 1st iPhone introduced?
The First iPhoneJune 28, 2007.
Reporting Problems with AppsGood idea, but user must…a)know about appb)have app installedc)remember about itd)use it to re...
Automating Reports using SensorsAccelerometers andDigital CompassGPSWifi and Cellular Data
StreetBump: a Pothole Mapping app2008• Android app• Detects Bumps over threshold• Records location on server and• Acc. For...
StreetBump: Collecting Data AutomaticallyTurn it on and forget about it…(originally intended for City vehicles)
StreetBump: Mapping all BumpsHow can we tell if it is REALLY a pothole?
StreetBump: Crowdsourcing Potholes• No attempt at classification on the fly• All Bumps over threshold are recorded on serv...
Identifying Potholes: Innocentive Challenge• $25,000 prize• 250,000 seekers• 700 solvers• 19 solutions• 3 winnersOpen algo...
StreetBump: Crowdsourced all the way• 6+ theses (publically available on the web)• 15+ students• Venice and Boston Project...
StreetBump: Crowdsourced all the way• 6+ theses (publically available on the web)• 15+ students• Venice and Boston Project...
StreetBump: Crowdsourced all the way• 6+ theses (publically available on the web)• 15+ students• Venice and Boston Project...
StreetBump: Crowdsourced all the way• 6+ theses (publically available on the web)• 15+ students• Venice and Boston Project...
StreetBump: Crowdsourced all the way• 6+ theses (publically available on the web)• 15+ students• Venice and Boston Project...
StreetBump: Crowdsourced all the way• 6+ theses (publically available on the web)• 15+ students• Venice and Boston Project...
StreetBump: Crowdsourced all the way• 6+ theses (publically available on the web)• 15+ students• Venice and Boston Project...
OUTlinePremisesHistory of ProjectThe StreetBump AppStreetBump 2.0
StreetBump.org
Pothole Agents
carrera@wpi.edufabiocarrera.comcarrera.fabio@gmail.comCitizapps.comStreetbump.orgTHANKS!
StreetBump - The total crowdsourcing of a pothole mapping app
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StreetBump - The total crowdsourcing of a pothole mapping app

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Urban Data Management Symposium 2013 (Univ. College London)

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StreetBump - The total crowdsourcing of a pothole mapping app

  1. 1. By the People, For the Peoplethe story of the crowdsourcing of StreeetBumpUniversity College London May 29, 2013Urban Data Management Symposium Fabio Carrera
  2. 2. 1961-19771978 -1988 (today)1977-19781988 - today1996 - 20042007 -½ Ma½ Ve½ SFe
  3. 3. Fabio Carrera•Professor at Worcester Polytechnic Institute•BSEE, MSCS (WPI)•PhD in Urban Information Systems and Planning (MIT)•Venice, Boston and Santa Fe Project Centers (WPI)•100’s of City Projects for past 25 years•Several smartphone appsRelated Papers & Conferences:•Scholar.google.com (Fabio Carrera)•Carrera 2012 (AIC)•Carrera 2004 (MIT Dissertation)•Carrera & Ferreira (2007)•Carrera & Hewitt (2006)
  4. 4. OUTlinePremisesHistory of ProjectThe StreetBump AppStreetBump 2.0
  5. 5. OUTlinePremisesHistory of ProjectThe StreetBump AppStreetBump 2.0
  6. 6. PremisesRoad Damage and Road RepairsPrevention vs. Cure
  7. 7. PremisesRoad Damage and Road RepairsPrevention vs. Cure
  8. 8. Potholes and their Cost• $400/yr per driver• $67 Billion in US (2008)• D+ for maintenance
  9. 9. PremisesRoad Damage and Road RepairsPrevention vs. Cure
  10. 10. An ounce of Prevention is worth a Pound of Cure…
  11. 11. Pavement Surveys (expensive)
  12. 12. Alternative: Citizen Damage Reports
  13. 13. Even Better: STREETBUMPAutomatic Road Surveys from Smartphone…
  14. 14. OUTlinePremisesHistory of ProjectThe StreetBump AppStreetBump 2.0
  15. 15. HistoryVenice Turbulence MapperBoston Pothole Mapper
  16. 16. Venice Moto Ondoso
  17. 17. Wake-induced Canal Wall Damage
  18. 18. National Geographic Magazine (August 1999)Mapping Canal Wall Damage
  19. 19. Venice Turbulence MapperChiu, D., Lacasse, C., Menard, K., (2004). Mapping Turbulent Motorboat Discharges in theCanals of Venice, Italy. WPI Major Qualifying Project.
  20. 20. Mapping Boat Wake Turbulence
  21. 21. HistoryVenice Turbulence MapperBoston Pothole Mapper
  22. 22. from Venice to Boston…WPI Global Project Centers
  23. 23. The Pothole MapperAngelini, N., Brache, J., Gdula, M., Shevlin, C., (2006). GPS CoordinatedPothole Mapping. WPI Major Qualifying Project.
  24. 24. Automatically Mapping Potholes
  25. 25. Pothole Mapper in Mayor Menino’s SUV(circa 2006)
  26. 26. OUTlinePremisesHistory of ProjectThe StreetBump AppStreetBump 2.0
  27. 27. The Advent of SmartphonesWhat year was the 1st iPhone introduced?
  28. 28. The First iPhoneJune 28, 2007.
  29. 29. Reporting Problems with AppsGood idea, but user must…a)know about appb)have app installedc)remember about itd)use it to reportStreetBump eliminates issues c and d
  30. 30. Automating Reports using SensorsAccelerometers andDigital CompassGPSWifi and Cellular Data
  31. 31. StreetBump: a Pothole Mapping app2008• Android app• Detects Bumps over threshold• Records location on server and• Acc. Forces (3 data windows)• Orientation• Bearing• Entropy• Downloadable data• Settable parameters
  32. 32. StreetBump: Collecting Data AutomaticallyTurn it on and forget about it…(originally intended for City vehicles)
  33. 33. StreetBump: Mapping all BumpsHow can we tell if it is REALLY a pothole?
  34. 34. StreetBump: Crowdsourcing Potholes• No attempt at classification on the fly• All Bumps over threshold are recorded on server• Potholes are confirmed by REPEAT hits at same location• Potholes have “signatures” that differ from• Speed bumps• Railroad tracks• Bridge joints• Manholes… etc.• Swerving confirms presence of potholes
  35. 35. Identifying Potholes: Innocentive Challenge• $25,000 prize• 250,000 seekers• 700 solvers• 19 solutions• 3 winnersOpen algorithms forPOST-PROCESSING
  36. 36. StreetBump: Crowdsourced all the way• 6+ theses (publically available on the web)• 15+ students• Venice and Boston Project Centers
  37. 37. StreetBump: Crowdsourced all the way• 6+ theses (publically available on the web)• 15+ students• Venice and Boston Project Centers• $30,000 grant• Shared IP
  38. 38. StreetBump: Crowdsourced all the way• 6+ theses (publically available on the web)• 15+ students• Venice and Boston Project Centers• $30,000 grant• Shared IP
  39. 39. StreetBump: Crowdsourced all the way• 6+ theses (publically available on the web)• 15+ students• Venice and Boston Project Centers• $30,000 grant• Shared IP• Free app• Automatic Mapping• Open Source
  40. 40. StreetBump: Crowdsourced all the way• 6+ theses (publically available on the web)• 15+ students• Venice and Boston Project Centers• $30,000 grant• Shared IP• Free app• Automatic Mapping• Open Source• $25,000 prize• 700 solvers -> 3 Winners• Post-Processing Algorithms
  41. 41. StreetBump: Crowdsourced all the way• 6+ theses (publically available on the web)• 15+ students• Venice and Boston Project Centers• $30,000 grant• Shared IP• Free app• Automatic Mapping• Open Source• $25,000 prize• 700 solvers -> 3 Winners• Post-Processing Algorithms• StreetBump.org
  42. 42. StreetBump: Crowdsourced all the way• 6+ theses (publically available on the web)• 15+ students• Venice and Boston Project Centers• $30,000 grant• Shared IP• Free app• Automatic Mapping• Open Source• $25,000 prize• 700 solvers -> 3 Winners• Post-Processing Algorithms• StreetBump.org• 10,000 + downloads• 1,000’s of contributors• 100’s of staff users
  43. 43. OUTlinePremisesHistory of ProjectThe StreetBump AppStreetBump 2.0
  44. 44. StreetBump.org
  45. 45. Pothole Agents
  46. 46. carrera@wpi.edufabiocarrera.comcarrera.fabio@gmail.comCitizapps.comStreetbump.orgTHANKS!

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