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Catchingup

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A presentation summarizing the book "Catching Up or Leading the Way" by Young Zhao that highlights the differences between the American and Chinese education system.

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Catchingup

  1. Young Zhao
  2. <ul><li>About the Author </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Raised in China </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Has taught in China </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Currently Education Professor at Michigan State </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Purpose of Text </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Achievement Gap </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Differences between U.S. and Chinese Systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Education’s role in the 21 st Century </li></ul></ul>
  3. <ul><li>The Gap </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Racial Achievement Gap </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>International Performance Gap </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Current Answer </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Standards Based Reforms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No Child Left Behind </li></ul></ul>
  4. <ul><li>&quot;Accountability is an exercise in hope.  When we raise academic standards children raise their academic sights.  When children are regularly tested, teachers know where and how to improve.  When scores are known to parents, parents are empowered to push for change.  When accountability for our schools is real,  the results for our children are real.&quot;  George W. Bush U.S. Department of education , 2002 </li></ul>
  5. <ul><li>Racial Gap </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not defined by race but rather by poverty </li></ul></ul><ul><li>International Gap </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1964 – First FIMS international test given </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Keith Baker in 2007 ran an analysis of the economic predictions those scores made 40 years later. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A negative correlation exists </li></ul></ul>
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  7. <ul><li>1957 Sputnik </li></ul><ul><li>The Russians </li></ul><ul><li>NDEA </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First Federal tinkering </li></ul></ul>
  8. <ul><li>1983 Nation at Risk </li></ul><ul><li>1984 budget halved </li></ul><ul><li>Fear Japan </li></ul>
  9. <ul><li>&quot;Bring God back into the classroom.  Encourage tuition tax credits for families using private schools.  Support vouchers.  Leave the primary responsibility for education to parents.  And please abolish that abomination, the Department of Education&quot; </li></ul>
  10. <ul><li>Standardized Tests </li></ul><ul><li>AYP </li></ul><ul><li>Stringent Outcomes </li></ul>
  11. <ul><li>&quot;Being able to reduce the quality of education to some kind of score that allows comparison across different states appeals to the public in a simplistic fashion.  It is misleading, but immensely popular. &quot;   page 33 </li></ul>
  12. <ul><li>1/131 on the 2007-2008 competitive index </li></ul><ul><li>2/3 of the 300,000 patents issued in 2002 went to the U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>From 1983-2006 our per capita income went from $9,494 to $26,352 </li></ul><ul><li>1993 – 2003 number of college grads increased 40% </li></ul>
  13. <ul><li>&quot;Although not perfect, the United States is perhaps one of the few countries in the world where individuals are so-valued.  To a much greater degree than others in the world, American have espoused the belief of Albert Einstein that, &quot;all that is valuable in human society depends upon the opportunity for development accorded the individual &quot;.  page </li></ul>
  14. <ul><li>Value of the Individuality </li></ul><ul><li>Strength in Diversity </li></ul>
  15. <ul><li>&quot;Although not perfect, the United States is perhaps one of the few countries in the world where individuals are so-valued.  To a much greater degree than others in the world, American have espoused the belief of Albert Einstein that, &quot;all that is valuable in human society depends upon the opportunity for development accorded the individual &quot;.  page 47 </li></ul>
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  17. <ul><li>2004-2007 Values Survey </li></ul><ul><ul><li>82% of Americans want an interesting job </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>42% what an important job </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>18% of Chinese want an interesting job </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>23% of Chinese want an important job </li></ul></ul>
  18. <ul><li>Premiere Wen’s Anxiety </li></ul><ul><ul><li>November 2006 meeting with Qian Xuessen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of innovation on the part of Chinese students </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Innovation = progress and profitability </li></ul></ul>
  19. <ul><li>How to teach innovation? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chinas Patent Office </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In invention category 72% of patents went to foreigners and 5.4% to the native Chinese </li></ul></ul></ul>
  20. <ul><li>1. Access </li></ul><ul><li>2. Success of Graduates </li></ul>
  21. <ul><li>Keju Exam </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Began in 605 AD </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Focused on memorizing Confucian Classics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Only method of mobility </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Gaoko </li></ul><ul><ul><li>College entrance exam began in 70s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Until 2005 the only determinant for entry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Still determines mobility – citizenship system </li></ul></ul>
  22. <ul><li>Gaofeng – dineng: high scores low ability </li></ul><ul><li>Teenage depression / suicide </li></ul><ul><li>Obesity on the Rise </li></ul><ul><li>IELTS – China below the average for nations with 8 years of English. 5.45 / 9 average. 6 needed by most companies. </li></ul>
  23. <ul><li>World is changing for both cultures </li></ul><ul><li>Communication is Instant / Cheap </li></ul><ul><li>Trade increases </li></ul><ul><li>Population mobility </li></ul><ul><li>Immigration and Emigration </li></ul>
  24. <ul><li>Web 2.0 has led to incredible technology growth </li></ul><ul><li>Where does virtual and real begin and end. </li></ul><ul><li>New opportunities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Online economy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communication changes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Traditional model upended </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gold farming / ebay/ esports </li></ul></ul>
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  27. <ul><li>What do we need to know? </li></ul><ul><li>America’s egocentric perception. </li></ul><ul><li>We all need each other: Global Village </li></ul><ul><li>Cooperation over Competition </li></ul>
  28. <ul><li>Systems can learn from each other. </li></ul><ul><li>21 st Century Skills </li></ul><ul><li>Their world is not our world </li></ul><ul><li>Policy choices often have unintended consequences </li></ul>
  29. <ul><li>www.soulycatholichs.blogspot.com </li></ul><ul><li>Twitter: caroy </li></ul><ul><li>www.charlieroy.wordpress.com </li></ul><ul><li>BUY THE BOOK!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! </li></ul>

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