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11-Not Canada: Newfoundland

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Week 11 in Canada in the World

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11-Not Canada: Newfoundland

  1. 1. 11-Not Canada: Newfoundland HIST 124: Canada in the World 23 November 2011
  2. 2. Today, 3 Points • Linked to previous classes • Conrad/Finkel, ch. 14
  3. 3. 3 Points 1. Fish, whales and Skrealings 2. Empires and Colonizers 3. Not Canada
  4. 4. 1. Fish, Whales & Skrealings • Early contact
  5. 5. Aboriginals • Beothuk (and Little Passage) • Mi’Kmaq • Inuits
  6. 6. Beotuks • Nomadic, fishermen, hunter gatherers • Coastal • Small populations • Linguistic isolate
  7. 7. Beotuks • «Red Indians» • Probably not Skrealings
  8. 8. Beothuks • Extinct in 1829 • † Shanawdithit Desmaduit, 1819
  9. 9. Norse • Atlantic expansion, 800 to 1000 • Greenland, 982, Erik Thorvaldsson • Vinland, c1000, Lief Eiriksson, Thórfinn Thordarson, Freydis Eiriksdaughter, Thorvald Eiriksson
  10. 10. Myth • Massachussets, Rhode Island, Cape Cod
  11. 11. New research • Newfoundland • Anse-aux-Meadows • 1961, Helde and Anne Stine Ingstad
  12. 12. Newer research • Research Sagas in original Norse language • Environmental research • Birgitta Wallace
  13. 13. Vindand • Greenland • Helluland • Markland • Vinland
  14. 14. Fishermen • Cod • Whale
  15. 15. Grand Banks
  16. 16. Bristol Bankers
  17. 17. 2. Empires and Colonizers • Competition for possession of Newfoundland
  18. 18. Competition • 1380-1497 • Giovanni Caboto, 1497 • Sir Humphrey Gilbert, 5 Aug. 1583
  19. 19. 1556
  20. 20. Competition • Between France and GB • Cod
  21. 21. England’s «oldest» colony
  22. 22. Battle for St. John’s, 1697
  23. 23. Colonization • Inaffective mostly • Plaisance (1662), Placentia (1713) • Avalon Peninsula, Ferryland
  24. 24. After Utrecht • Newfoundland is British • Saint-Pierre et Miquelon, «French Shore» are French
  25. 25. 3. Not Canada • Not before 1949
  26. 26. Not Canada • Government • 1713-1730 • Naval Governors,1730-1815 • Reform Era, 1815-32 • Representative Government, 1832-1855 • Amalgamated Assembly, 1842-8 • Responsible Government, 1855-1933

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