Scholars in the Blogosphere

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Presentation given on April 18, 2012 for the Promotion & Tenure Brown Bag Lecture Series at the School of Library and Information Science at Indiana University Bloomington.

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Scholars in the Blogosphere

  1. 1. SCHOLARS IN THEBLOGOSPHERE CAROLYN.HANK@MCGILL.CA Assistant Professor ▪ School of Information Studies P&T BROWN BAG LECTURE SERIES ▪ 18 APR 2012 ▪ SLIS ▪ IUB
  2. 2. BLOG Questionnaires Interviews BLOGGER Blog Analysis03 | xx units & data sources research questions
  3. 3. History| Economics | Law | BioChemPhys ACADEMIC BLOG PORTAL <http://www.academicblogs.org>06 | xx population blogs
  4. 4. 1. PUBLICLY AVAILABLE2. PUBLISHED IN ENGLISH3. KNOWLEDGE OR PERSONAL BLOG4. TIME-STAMPED POSTS5. ACTIVELY PUBLISHED TO6. AT LEAST 1 YEAR OLD7. PERSONAL IDENTIFIERS (RE: AUTHORSHIP)8. AUTHORED BY 1 OR MORE “SCHOLARS”06 | xx blog eligibility population
  5. 5. 8a. [CO-BLOGS] POSTED W/IN 1 MONTH8b. [CO-BLOGS] MEETS SCHOLAR CRITERIA9. [ALL BLOGS] BLOGGER CONTACT INFO blogger eligibility
  6. 6. part 1
  7. 7. History| Economics | Law | BioChemPhys (29%) 125 Single-Blogs | 63 Co-Blogs06 | xx eligible blogs (N=644) population
  8. 8. 107 Single-Bloggers | 187 Co-Bloggers eligible bloggers
  9. 9. RR 1: QI: 63% | QII: 46% | QI/II: 52% Completed sample: 153 respondentsOutcome rates derived from Internet surveys of specifically named personsfrom the American Association for Public Opinion Research (AAPOR, 2009) questionnaires (N=294)
  10. 10. 24 semi-structured phone interviews72 (47%) of QI & QII respondents expressed interest interviews
  11. 11. Coded 93 blogs Authorship Attributes Blog Elements & Features57 to 63 Indicators Rights & Disclaimers Authority & Audience (on/off blog) Blog Publishing Activity Post Features Archiving blog analysis (SR: 49.5%)
  12. 12. results
  13. 13. OCCUPATION % post-secondary institution BLOGGER
  14. 14. OCCUPATIONDistinguished/ Chaired Prof. Professor/ Full Prof. + % (n=58) BLOGGER
  15. 15. AGE years mean real age (range 25 to 70 years old) BLOGGER
  16. 16. AGE years mean professional age (range 0 to 39 years) BLOGGER
  17. 17. ESTABLISHED PUBLICATION AND SERVICE HISTORYBLOGGER
  18. 18. IDENTITY 84 % 8% 13% Real name | Both | PseudonymBLOG
  19. 19. BLOG AGE years mean blog age (57% between 5 to 8 years old)BLOG
  20. 20. BLOG HISTORY % first blog published to BLOGGER
  21. 21. BLOG INSTANCES % publish to 2 or more blogs BLOGGER
  22. 22. BLOGGING OVER TIME About the same 35% Somewhat less 25% A lot less 17% Somewhat more 14% A lot more 8% BLOGGER
  23. 23. MICROBLOGGING % do not tweet BLOGGER
  24. 24. POSTING % make all of their posts publicly available BLOGGER
  25. 25. POSTING % update their blog 1+ times per week BLOGGER
  26. 26. POSTING % published a new post within the previous weekBLOG
  27. 27. POSTING posts Average posts per month (range 1 to 324)BLOG
  28. 28. PRIMARY AUDIENCE Everyone else 8% students, family, friends, others General public 32% Colleagues and 61% professional peers 0% 100% BLOGGER
  29. 29. SCHOLARSHIP Public 100% Allows use andScholarly exchange 94% record 80% Subject to critical review 68% 66% agree with all three criteria Association of Research Libraries (1986). Braxton, J.M., Luckey, W., BLOGGER & Helland, P. (2002).
  30. 30. INVITATIONS % … to present BLOGGER
  31. 31. INVITATIONS % … to collaborate BLOGGER
  32. 32. INVITATIONS % … to serve BLOGGER
  33. 33. INVITATIONS % … to publish BLOGGER
  34. 34. SCHOLARY LIFE PROMOTION GREATER VISIBILITY WORK ENJOYMENT TEACHING QUALITY SHARING PRE-PUBS IMPROVED WRITING EFFICIENCY NEITHER WRITING QUALITY IMPAIRED RESEARCH QUALITY RESEARCH CREATIVITYRESEARCH PRODUCTIVITY 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% BLOGGER
  35. 35. ENGAGEMENT % employ a post commenting feature BLOGGER
  36. 36. ENGAGEMENT % respond to comments BLOGGER
  37. 37. COMMENTS % of most recent posts had zero commentsBLOG
  38. 38. COMMENTS 2009 45% 40% 35% 30%POSTS 25% 20% 15% 10% 5% 0% 0 1 2-3 4-5 6-10 11-19 ≥ 20 COMMENTSBLOG
  39. 39. COMMENTS So looked at earlier postsBLOG
  40. 40. RIGHTS & USE Copyright Statement (n=34) Creative Commons (n=13) % no rights or use statements at blog or post levelBLOG
  41. 41. DISCLAIMERS Own opinion Notresponsible Advice % have an explicit or implicit disclaimer-style statementBLOG
  42. 42. COMMENT POLICYModeration Tone & languageCopyright & licenses % have an explicit or implicit comment policy or guidelinesBLOG
  43. 43. EDITING Spelling/ Grammar Rephrasing Incorrect InfoPublished before % ready edit posts after publication BLOGGER
  44. 44. … only 2 blogs includeda policy or statementBLOG
  45. 45. DELETING Duplicate Post“Post Regret”Too sensitive or revealing % delete posts after publication BLOGGER
  46. 46. PRESERVATION % Agree preservation for public access & useinto the indefinite future (strongly or somewhat) BLOGGER
  47. 47. PRESERVATION Personal access/use 16% Short-term future Public access/use 19% Short-term future Personal access/use 76% Indefinite future Public access/use 80% Indefinite future 0% 100% BLOGGER
  48. 48. SAVING % Purposefully save entire blog via an archiving service or independently BLOGGER
  49. 49. SAVING Export tools Personal back-upsDocument/text files Via syndication services % Purposefully save some blog components BLOGGER
  50. 50. if?What
  51. 51. SADNESS RELIEF DOUBT ANGER C’EST LA VIE
  52. 52. Pretty bad. Devastated, both emotionally and professionally. Very sad.SADNESS RELIEF DOUBT ANGER C’EST LA VIE
  53. 53. I’d do something drastic [in response]. Mad as hell. Pretty peeved. Angry & upset.SADNESS RELIEF DOUBT ANGER C’EST LA VIE
  54. 54. I don’t have to do it anymore. I get half an hour of my life back.SADNESS RELIEF DOUBT ANGER C’EST LA VIE
  55. 55. Probably have a drink & forget about it. Not welcomed but not tragic … I’d get over it. Pour another cup of coffee & get Drop out … back to work. until something else comes along.SADNESS RELIEF DOUBT ANGER C’EST LA VIE
  56. 56. It would take an extreme catastrophe. How would that happen?SADNESS RELIEF DOUBT ANGER C’EST LA VIE
  57. 57. PRESERVATION PRIORITY Works-in- progress Scientific & Book Scholarly Reviews Research Books Books Traditional Books Peer- Publications Books Reviewed DissertationsLaw review Published Publications & Theses articles Papers Peer- Self- Class Published Reviewed Lab Publications Blogs Papers Publications Notebooks Select Journal Blog Posts Filter Pedagogical Monographs articles Research & Tools Books Blogs Informal Blogs Journal Teaching Journal Publications Filter articles materials Teaching articles Blogs Blogs Blogs Blogs Journal materials Blogs Blogs Blogs Email articles Journal Blogs articles Journal Journal Personnel Blogs Blogs articles articles Communications Blogs HIGHER LOWER
  58. 58. BLOG DELETION % have deleted a blog BLOGGER PERCEPTIONS
  59. 59. 100%90%80%70% Blogger Co-Author(s)60% Provider/Host/Network50% Search Engine Public Trust40%30%20% RESPONSIBILITY CAPABILITY BLOGGER PERCEPTIONS preservation
  60. 60. 100%90%80% Blogger Co-Author(s)70% Provider/Host/Network60% Search Engine50% Public Trust40% Natl Library30% Natl Archive20% Instl Library Instl Archive10% Instl IT Dept 0% RESPONSIBILITY CAPABILITY BLOGGER PERCEPTIONS preservation
  61. 61. Better things to do Personal responsibilityPersonal communications Bad experienceBLOGGER PERCEPTIONS
  62. 62. first line of defense
  63. 63. first line of defense
  64. 64. final line of defense
  65. 65. part 2 … or, what’s next
  66. 66. 1. PUBLICLY AVAILABLE2. PUBLISHED IN ENGLISH3. KNOWLEDGE OR PERSONAL BLOG4. TIME-STAMPED POSTS5. ACTIVELY PUBLISHED TO6. AT LEAST 1 YEAR OLD7. PERSONAL IDENTIFIERS (RE: AUTHORSHIP)8. AUTHORED BY 1 OR MORE “SCHOLARS”BLOG
  67. 67. AVAILABLE BUT INACTIVENot activelypublished to in previous 3 months (n=156) % left no message behind on where they went or if they would be backBLOG
  68. 68. DEAR JOHN … THE BLOG BREAK-UP POSTBLOG
  69. 69. THE BIBLIOBLOGOSPHEREA Comparison of Communicationand Preservation Perceptions and Practices between Blogging LIS Scholar-Practitioners and LIS Scholar-Researchers Awarded 2012 OCLC/ALISE LIS Research Grant (Co-PI: Dr. Cassidy Sugimoto, Indiana-Bloomington)
  70. 70. THANK YOUCAROLYN HANKEmail: carolyn.hank@mcgill.caPhone: (001)514.398.4684Slideshare: http://www.slideshare.net/carolynhank/Slideshow: QUESTIONS?

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