CONSIDERATIONSFOR PRESERVINGBLOGADEMIASCHOLAR BLOGGERS’ PERCEPTIONS,PREFERENCES & PRACTICES      CAROLYN.HANK@MCGILL.CA   ...
BLOG                    Questionnaires                    Interviews          BLOGGER                    Blog Analysis03 |...
Purposive SamplingAcademic Blog    Portal  <http://www.academicblogs.org>                              population
History| Economics | Law | BioChemPhys06 | xx                       population                                  blogs
1. PUBLICLY AVAILABLE2. PUBLISHED IN ENGLISH3. KNOWLEDGE OR PERSONAL BLOG4. TIME-STAMPED POSTS5. ACTIVELY PUBLISHED TO6. A...
8a. [CO-BLOGS] POSTED W/IN 1 MONTH8b. [CO-BLOGS] MEETS SCHOLAR CRITERIA9. [ALL BLOG] BLOGGER CONTACT INFO                 ...
part 1
RESEARCH QUESTIONS    How do scholars who    blog perceive their blog    in relation to their    cumulative scholarly    r...
RESEARCH QUESTIONS     How do scholars who     blog perceive their blog     in relation to long-term     stewardship?     ...
RESEARCH QUESTIONS     What blog characteristics     impact preservation?     What blogger behaviours     impact preservat...
History| Economics | Law | BioChemPhys                                  (29%)          125 Single-Blogs | 63 Co-Blogs06 | ...
107 Single-Bloggers | 187 Co-Bloggers                     eligible bloggers
RR 1: QI: 63% | QII: 46% | QI/II: 52%    Completed sample:     153 respondentsOutcome rates derived from Internet surveys ...
24 semi-structured phone interviews72 (47%) of QI & QII respondents expressed interest                                    ...
Coded 93 blogs                            Authorship Attributes                            Blog Elements & Features57 to 6...
results
OCCUPATION                                     %               post-secondary institution BLOGGER (SUPPLEMENT)
OCCUPATIONDistinguished/ Chaired Prof.    Professor/   Full Prof. +                   %                         (n=58)  BL...
AGE                                     years                  mean real age              (range 25 to 70 years old) BLOGG...
AGE                                   years               mean professional age                 (range 0 to 39 years) BLOG...
GENDER                                   %                        are male BLOGGER (SUPPLEMENT)
100% have                 ESTABLISHED published  at least 1 unit types.                 PUBLICATION   49% 7+unit types .  ...
peer-reviewed articleconference proceedingsessay.article.op-ed (other)book chapter book reviewmonograph (author) comment (...
SERVICE                                         91% have                                         performed                ...
BLOG INSTANCES                                  %            publish to 2 or more blogs  BLOGGER
MICROBLOGGING                          %           do not tweet BLOGGER
BLOG HISTORY                                 %            first blog published to  BLOGGER
BLOG AGE                             years             mean blog age       (57% between 5 to 8 years old)BLOG
HOST LOCATION       Paid host    Blog networkCommercial Server                                     %                    fr...
APPLICATION                           %        use Blogger or WordPressBLOG
IDENTITY         84         %                        8%   13%       Real name | Both | PseudonymBLOG
BLOGGING                             %           update their blog 1+             times per week BLOGGER
BLOGGING                          %        published a new post       within the previous weekBLOG
CO-BLOGGERSHIP        32       334             mean count of             primary authorsBLOG
POSTING                                %            make all of their posts             publicly available  BLOGGER
POSTING                                            posts                   Average posts per month   (2,726 posts publishe...
POST ANALYSISText 99%             Links 82% (avg. 5)  544 total words    Photos 16% 79 quoted words465 original words   Ot...
PRIMARY AUDIENCE           Everyone else                  8% students, family, friends, others         General public     ...
ENGAGEMENT                           %             employ a post           commenting feature BLOGGER
ENGAGEMENT                            %           respond to comments BLOGGER
ENGAGEMENT                               %           post comments to other           blogs 1+ times per week BLOGGER
COMMENTS                            %           of most recent posts           had zero commentsBLOG
COMMENTSSo looked at postsfrom 1 year earlierBLOG
COMMENTS 2009        45%        40%        35%        30%POSTS        25%        20%        15%        10%         5%     ...
RIGHTS & USE Copyright Statement       (n=34)  Creative Commons       (n=13)                                  %           ...
DISCLAIMERS     Own   opinion       Notresponsible   Advice                             %              have an explicit or...
COMMENT POLICYModeration     Tone &  languageCopyright &   licenses                          %               have an expli...
EDITING   Spelling/ Grammar Rephrasing Incorrect InfoPublished before                          %           ready          ...
… only 2 blogs includeda policy or statementBLOG
DELETING Duplicate       Post“Post Regret”Too sensitive or     revealing                             %                   d...
SCHOLARSHIP                                   Public 100%                                   Allows use andScholarly       ...
INVITATIONS                                        %                         … to present  BLOGGER (SUPPLEMENT)
INVITATIONS                                       %                    … to collaborate  BLOGGER (SUPPLEMENT)
INVITATIONS                                      %                         … to serve  BLOGGER (SUPPLEMENT)
INVITATIONS                                        %                         … to publish  BLOGGER (SUPPLEMENT)
conference proceedings   essay.article.op-ed (other)                               book review                            ...
SCHOLARY LIFE          PROMOTION     GREATER VISIBILITY     WORK ENJOYMENT    TEACHING QUALITY     SHARING PRE-PUBS       ...
PRESERVATION                                          %  Agree preservation for public access & useinto the indefinite fut...
PRESERVATION Personal access/use      16%    Short-term future Personal access/use      19%    Short-term future Personal ...
ACCESS          Google             98%      Technorati             77%Internet Archive             80%       Library of Co...
BLOGGING OVER TIME            About the same 35%            Somewhat less 25%            A lot less 17%            Somewha...
if?What
SADNESS           RELIEF              DOUBT          ANGER            C’EST LA VIE
Pretty  bad.               Devastated,           both emotionally and              professionally.                      Ve...
I’d do something    drastic [in response].                        Mad as hell.   Pretty  peeved.                        An...
I don’t have to           do it anymore.       I get half an                                 hour of my                   ...
Probably                              have a drink &                              forget about it.          Not welcomed  ...
It would take an                      extreme catastrophe.                      How would                     that happen?...
PRESERVATION PRIORITY               Works-in-               progress      Scientific & Book       Scholarly Reviews       ...
BLOG DELETION                                  %                 have deleted a blog BLOGGER PERCEPTIONS
100%90%80%70%                                      Blogger                                         Co-Author(s)60%        ...
100%90%80%                                    Blogger                                       Co-Author(s)70%               ...
Better things to do Personal responsibilityPersonal communications      Bad experienceBLOGGER PERCEPTIONS
first line of defense
first line of defense
final line of  defense
Dynamic, changingCo-producer dependencies    Understandability       Versioning     Rights and Use Some Archiving Activity
part 2
1. PUBLICLY AVAILABLE2. PUBLISHED IN ENGLISH3. KNOWLEDGE OR PERSONAL BLOG4. TIME-STAMPED POSTS5. ACTIVELY PUBLISHED TO6. A...
1. PUBLICLY AVAILABLE2. PUBLISHED IN ENGLISH3. KNOWLEDGE OR PERSONAL BLOG4. TIME-STAMPED POSTS5. ACTIVELY PUBLISHED TO6. A...
THANK YOUCAROLYN HANKEmail: carolyn.hank@mcgill.caPhone: (001)514.398.4684Web: http://ils.unc.edu/~hcarolynSlideshow:     ...
(Sept 2011) Considerations for Preserving Blogademia: Scholar Bloggers’ Perceptions, Preferences, and Practices
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(Sept 2011) Considerations for Preserving Blogademia: Scholar Bloggers’ Perceptions, Preferences, and Practices

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Event: BlogForever 2nd Project Meetings, Thessaloniki, Greece, September 8, 2011.

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(Sept 2011) Considerations for Preserving Blogademia: Scholar Bloggers’ Perceptions, Preferences, and Practices

  1. 1. CONSIDERATIONSFOR PRESERVINGBLOGADEMIASCHOLAR BLOGGERS’ PERCEPTIONS,PREFERENCES & PRACTICES CAROLYN.HANK@MCGILL.CA Assistant Professor ▪ School of Information Studies BLOGFOREVER PROJECT MEETING 2 ▪ 8 SEPT 2011 ▪ THESSALONIKI
  2. 2. BLOG Questionnaires Interviews BLOGGER Blog Analysis03 | xx units & data sources research questions
  3. 3. Purposive SamplingAcademic Blog Portal <http://www.academicblogs.org> population
  4. 4. History| Economics | Law | BioChemPhys06 | xx population blogs
  5. 5. 1. PUBLICLY AVAILABLE2. PUBLISHED IN ENGLISH3. KNOWLEDGE OR PERSONAL BLOG4. TIME-STAMPED POSTS5. ACTIVELY PUBLISHED TO6. AT LEAST 1 YEAR OLD7. PERSONAL IDENTIFIERS (RE: AUTHORSHIP)8. AUTHORED BY 1 OR MORE “SCHOLARS”06 | xx blog eligibility population
  6. 6. 8a. [CO-BLOGS] POSTED W/IN 1 MONTH8b. [CO-BLOGS] MEETS SCHOLAR CRITERIA9. [ALL BLOG] BLOGGER CONTACT INFO blogger eligibility
  7. 7. part 1
  8. 8. RESEARCH QUESTIONS How do scholars who blog perceive their blog in relation to their cumulative scholarly record? SUPPLEMENTAL
  9. 9. RESEARCH QUESTIONS How do scholars who blog perceive their blog in relation to long-term stewardship? Who do they perceive as responsible as well as capable for blog preservation? SUPPLEMENTAL
  10. 10. RESEARCH QUESTIONS What blog characteristics impact preservation? What blogger behaviours impact preservation? SUPPLEMENTAL
  11. 11. History| Economics | Law | BioChemPhys (29%) 125 Single-Blogs | 63 Co-Blogs06 | xx eligible blogs (N=644) population
  12. 12. 107 Single-Bloggers | 187 Co-Bloggers eligible bloggers
  13. 13. RR 1: QI: 63% | QII: 46% | QI/II: 52% Completed sample: 153 respondentsOutcome rates derived from Internet surveys of specifically named persons fromthe American Association for Public Opinion Research (AAPOR, 2009) questionnaires (N=294)
  14. 14. 24 semi-structured phone interviews72 (47%) of QI & QII respondents expressed interest interviews
  15. 15. Coded 93 blogs Authorship Attributes Blog Elements & Features57 to 63 Indicators Rights & Disclaimers Authority & Audience (on/off blog) Blog Publishing Activity Post Features Archiving blog analysis (SR: 49.5%)
  16. 16. results
  17. 17. OCCUPATION % post-secondary institution BLOGGER (SUPPLEMENT)
  18. 18. OCCUPATIONDistinguished/ Chaired Prof. Professor/ Full Prof. + % (n=58) BLOGGER (SUPPLEMENT)
  19. 19. AGE years mean real age (range 25 to 70 years old) BLOGGER (SUPPLEMENT)
  20. 20. AGE years mean professional age (range 0 to 39 years) BLOGGER (SUPPLEMENT)
  21. 21. GENDER % are male BLOGGER (SUPPLEMENT)
  22. 22. 100% have ESTABLISHED published at least 1 unit types. PUBLICATION 49% 7+unit types . AND SERVICE HISTORY BLOGGER (SUPPLEMENT)
  23. 23. peer-reviewed articleconference proceedingsessay.article.op-ed (other)book chapter book reviewmonograph (author) comment (journal)book review (other) monograph (editor) textbook BLOGGER (SUPPLEMENT)
  24. 24. SERVICE 91% have performed at least 1 of Journal editor/ 38% these service associate editor activitiesManuscript/book 70% evaluator Journal article 79% referee 0% 100% BLOGGER (SUPPLEMENT)
  25. 25. BLOG INSTANCES % publish to 2 or more blogs BLOGGER
  26. 26. MICROBLOGGING % do not tweet BLOGGER
  27. 27. BLOG HISTORY % first blog published to BLOGGER
  28. 28. BLOG AGE years mean blog age (57% between 5 to 8 years old)BLOG
  29. 29. HOST LOCATION Paid host Blog networkCommercial Server % free blog publishing and hosting service BLOG
  30. 30. APPLICATION % use Blogger or WordPressBLOG
  31. 31. IDENTITY 84 % 8% 13% Real name | Both | PseudonymBLOG
  32. 32. BLOGGING % update their blog 1+ times per week BLOGGER
  33. 33. BLOGGING % published a new post within the previous weekBLOG
  34. 34. CO-BLOGGERSHIP 32 334 mean count of primary authorsBLOG
  35. 35. POSTING % make all of their posts publicly available BLOGGER
  36. 36. POSTING posts Average posts per month (2,726 posts published August 1-31, 2010; range 324)BLOG
  37. 37. POST ANALYSISText 99% Links 82% (avg. 5) 544 total words Photos 16% 79 quoted words465 original words Other image elements 16% BLOG
  38. 38. PRIMARY AUDIENCE Everyone else 8% students, family, friends, others General public 32% Colleagues and 61% professional peers 0% 100% BLOGGER
  39. 39. ENGAGEMENT % employ a post commenting feature BLOGGER
  40. 40. ENGAGEMENT % respond to comments BLOGGER
  41. 41. ENGAGEMENT % post comments to other blogs 1+ times per week BLOGGER
  42. 42. COMMENTS % of most recent posts had zero commentsBLOG
  43. 43. COMMENTSSo looked at postsfrom 1 year earlierBLOG
  44. 44. COMMENTS 2009 45% 40% 35% 30%POSTS 25% 20% 15% 10% 5% 0% 0 1 2-3 4-5 6-10 11-19 ≥ 20 COMMENTSBLOG
  45. 45. RIGHTS & USE Copyright Statement (n=34) Creative Commons (n=13) % feature 1 or more statements or licensesBLOG
  46. 46. DISCLAIMERS Own opinion Notresponsible Advice % have an explicit or implicit disclaimer-style statementBLOG
  47. 47. COMMENT POLICYModeration Tone & languageCopyright & licenses % have an explicit or implicit comment policy or guidelinesBLOG
  48. 48. EDITING Spelling/ Grammar Rephrasing Incorrect InfoPublished before % ready edit posts after publication BLOGGER
  49. 49. … only 2 blogs includeda policy or statementBLOG
  50. 50. DELETING Duplicate Post“Post Regret”Too sensitive or revealing % delete posts after publication BLOGGER
  51. 51. SCHOLARSHIP Public 100% Allows use andScholarly exchange 94% record 80% Subject to critical review 68% 66% agree with all three criteria Association of Research Libraries (1986). Braxton, J.M., Luckey, W., BLOGGER (SUPPLEMENT) & Helland, P. (2002).
  52. 52. INVITATIONS % … to present BLOGGER (SUPPLEMENT)
  53. 53. INVITATIONS % … to collaborate BLOGGER (SUPPLEMENT)
  54. 54. INVITATIONS % … to serve BLOGGER (SUPPLEMENT)
  55. 55. INVITATIONS % … to publish BLOGGER (SUPPLEMENT)
  56. 56. conference proceedings essay.article.op-ed (other) book review book chapter peer-reviewed article book review (other) monograph (author) comment (journal) monograph (editor) textbookBLOGGER (SUPPLEMENT)
  57. 57. SCHOLARY LIFE PROMOTION GREATER VISIBILITY WORK ENJOYMENT TEACHING QUALITY SHARING PRE-PUBS IMPROVED WRITING EFFICIENCY NEITHER WRITING QUALITY IMPAIRED RESEARCH QUALITY RESEARCH CREATIVITYRESEARCH PRODUCTIVITY 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% BLOGGER (SUPPLEMENT)
  58. 58. PRESERVATION % Agree preservation for public access & useinto the indefinite future (strongly or somewhat) BLOGGER
  59. 59. PRESERVATION Personal access/use 16% Short-term future Personal access/use 19% Short-term future Personal access/use 76% Indefinite future Public access/use 80% Indefinite future 0% 100% BLOGGER
  60. 60. ACCESS Google 98% Technorati 77%Internet Archive 80% Library of Congress 50%BLOG
  61. 61. BLOGGING OVER TIME About the same 35% Somewhat less 25% A lot less 17% Somewhat more 14% A lot more 8% BLOGGER
  62. 62. if?What
  63. 63. SADNESS RELIEF DOUBT ANGER C’EST LA VIE
  64. 64. Pretty bad. Devastated, both emotionally and professionally. Very sad.SADNESS RELIEF DOUBT ANGER C’EST LA VIE
  65. 65. I’d do something drastic [in response]. Mad as hell. Pretty peeved. Angry & upset.SADNESS RELIEF DOUBT ANGER C’EST LA VIE
  66. 66. I don’t have to do it anymore. I get half an hour of my life back.SADNESS RELIEF DOUBT ANGER C’EST LA VIE
  67. 67. Probably have a drink & forget about it. Not welcomed but not tragic … I’d get over it. Pour another cup of coffee & get Drop out … back to work. until something else comes along.SADNESS RELIEF DOUBT ANGER C’EST LA VIE
  68. 68. It would take an extreme catastrophe. How would that happen?SADNESS RELIEF DOUBT ANGER C’EST LA VIE
  69. 69. PRESERVATION PRIORITY Works-in- progress Scientific & Book Scholarly Reviews Research Books Books Traditional Books Peer- Publications Books Reviewed DissertationsLaw review Published Publications & Theses articles Papers Peer- Self- Class Published Reviewed Lab Publications Blogs Papers Publications Notebooks Select Journal Blog Posts Filter Pedagogical Monographs articles Research & Tools Books Blogs Informal Blogs Journal Teaching Journal Publications Filter articles materials Teaching articles Blogs Blogs Blogs Blogs Journal materials Blogs Blogs Blogs Email articles Journal Blogs articles Journal Journal Personnel Blogs Blogs articles articles Communications Blogs HIGHER LOWER
  70. 70. BLOG DELETION % have deleted a blog BLOGGER PERCEPTIONS
  71. 71. 100%90%80%70% Blogger Co-Author(s)60% Provider/Host/Network50% Search Engine Public Trust40%30%20% RESPONSIBILITY CAPABILITY BLOGGER PERCEPTIONS preservation
  72. 72. 100%90%80% Blogger Co-Author(s)70% Provider/Host/Network60% Search Engine50% Public Trust40% Natl Library30% Natl Archive20% Instl Library Instl Archive10% Instl IT Dept 0% RESPONSIBILITY CAPABILITY BLOGGER PERCEPTIONS preservation
  73. 73. Better things to do Personal responsibilityPersonal communications Bad experienceBLOGGER PERCEPTIONS
  74. 74. first line of defense
  75. 75. first line of defense
  76. 76. final line of defense
  77. 77. Dynamic, changingCo-producer dependencies Understandability Versioning Rights and Use Some Archiving Activity
  78. 78. part 2
  79. 79. 1. PUBLICLY AVAILABLE2. PUBLISHED IN ENGLISH3. KNOWLEDGE OR PERSONAL BLOG4. TIME-STAMPED POSTS5. ACTIVELY PUBLISHED TO6. AT LEAST 1 YEAR OLD7. PERSONAL IDENTIFIERS (RE: AUTHORSHIP)8. AUTHORED BY 1 OR MORE “SCHOLARS”BLOG
  80. 80. 1. PUBLICLY AVAILABLE2. PUBLISHED IN ENGLISH3. KNOWLEDGE OR PERSONAL BLOG4. TIME-STAMPED POSTS5. ACTIVELY PUBLISHED TO6. AT LEAST 1 YEAR OLD7. PERSONAL IDENTIFIERS (RE: AUTHORSHIP)8. AUTHORED BY 1 OR MORE “SCHOLARS”BLOG
  81. 81. THANK YOUCAROLYN HANKEmail: carolyn.hank@mcgill.caPhone: (001)514.398.4684Web: http://ils.unc.edu/~hcarolynSlideshow: QUESTIONS?

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