1.What’s the difference?1. Margot says: “I like the story of Romeo & Juliet.”2. She says she likes the story of Romeo & Juliet.3. She said she liked the story.1: direct speech2 and 3: indirect or reported speech= we report the meaning of what was saidrather than the exact words. No quotation marks.
REPORTED SPEECH 2.What’s the difference?Romeo said: “I like it here so much.”Romeo said he liked it there so much.Christian told me: “She looks gorgeous today.”He told me she looked gorgeous that day.If you report something that someone saidin a different place or time to where you heard it,you must change the place or time.= PERSON, PLACE AND TIME MUST CHANGE
REPORTED SPEECH 3.What’s the difference?Christian told me: “She looks gorgeous.”He told me she looked gorgeous.When the reporting verb is in the past tense (told),the tense of the verb in the statementhas to be in the past too (looked).= TENSE CHANGE
REPORTED SPEECH 4.What’s the difference?“I will spend my time with him”, Tine said.Tine said she would spend her time with him.= MODAL VERBS change in reported speech:will, can, must have, shall, may becomewould, could, had to have, should, might
REPORTED SPEECH 5.What’s the difference?Caroline says: “Close the door.”Caroline ordered me to close the door.Imperatives change into „to + infinitive‟
REPORTED SPEECH 6.What’s the difference?Jane asked: “When does the train leave?”Jane asked when the train left.“Are you writing a letter?”, I asked him.I asked if/whether he was writing a letter.If you report a question, be careful:Wh-questions -> wh-question (word order!)yes/no-questions -> if/whether
‘Stop all the clocks’ – Auden (p.110) Theme of the poem? The loss of a person, a lost love (very emotional poem!) Structure of the poem? 16 lines (4 by 4), in 4 quatrains or stanzas First stanza: - strong imperatives: show something very bad has happened! - normal events of daily life are no longer allowed: (clocks ticking, telephones ringing, dogs barking, pianos playing) Second stanza: - 3 other more public happenings must change as well! (they must mourn) - ‘He is Dead’: 1) personal reference to his great lover in capitals because: a big statement in the sky or 2) reference to God (biblical meaning)
‘Stop all the clocks’ – Auden (p.110) Third stanza: - very personal (my… my… my) - ‘he was my North, my South, my East and West’ (the man is compared to all directions, time schedule, relaxation time) = ‘metaphor’=> line 9-11: the dead man was (the love of) his life! -line 12: maybe the poem is not about death but about love, the end of their relationship?! (= love sickness) Fourth stanza: - imperatives: now much stronger: heavenly bodies must be destroyed - last line: very dramatic, pessimistic meaning: his life is hopeless now because the relationship with that man meant everything to the speaker-> study this poem! Test on Tuesday (5 E: 26/03) (5G: 16/04)-> take your textbook with you